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Journal Articles

Phenomenological level density model with hybrid parameterization of deformed and spherical state densities

Furutachi, Naoya*; Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(5), p.412 - 424, 2019/05

A phenomenological level density model that has different level density parameter sets for the state densities of the spherical and the deformed states, and the optimization of the parameters using the experimental data of the average s-wave neutron resonance spacing are presented. The transition to the spherical state from the deformed one is described using the parameters derived from a microscopic nuclear structure calculation. The nuclear reaction calculation has been performed by the statistical model using the present level density. Resulting cross sections for various reactions with the spherical, deformed and transitional target nuclei shows a fair agreement with the experimental data, which indicates the effectiveness of the present model. The role of the rotational collective enhancement in the calculations of those cross sections is also discussed.

Journal Articles

Neutron energy dependence of delayed neutron yields and its assessments

Minato, Futoshi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(9), p.1054 - 1064, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:38.14(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Incident neutron energy dependence of delayed neutron yields of uranium and plutonium isotopes are investigated. A summation calculation of decay and fission yield data is employed, and the energy dependence of the latter part is considered in a phenomenological way. Our calculation systematically reproduces the energy dependence of delayed neutron yields by introducing an energy dependence of the most probable charge and the odd-even effect. We also tested modification of the evaluated fission yield data of the JENDL/FPY-2011 by replacing fission yields of some important delayed neutron precursors with those of the present result. New yield data show improvements in delayed neutron yield, not changing accuracy of the original decay heat calculation.

Journal Articles

$$^{99}$$Mo yield using large sample mass of MoO$$_{3}$$ for sustainable production of $$^{99}$$Mo

Tsukada, Kazuaki; Nagai, Yasuki*; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki*; Kawabata, Masako*; Minato, Futoshi; Saeki, Hideya*; Motoishi, Shoji*; Ito, Masatoshi*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(4), p.043201_1 - 043201_5, 2018/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:49.95(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Cutting-edge studies on nuclear data for continuous and emerging need, 4; Nuclear chart; Magnificent landscape of nuclei

Koura, Hiroyuki; Minato, Futoshi; Iimura, Hideki

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 60(1), p.35 - 40, 2018/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Interference effect between neutron direct and resonance capture reactions for neutron-rich nuclei

Minato, Futoshi; Fukui, Tokuro

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 163, p.00037_1 - 00037_5, 2017/11


The capture reaction can be divided into two parts, that is the compound and direct processes. For most stable nuclei, the compound process occupies a large part of the neutron capture cross section. However, it has been pointed out that the direct process comes to play a comparable role to the compound one at a low energy in light and neutron-rich nuclei, where the number of resonance state at the neutron threshold energy is relatively small. In addition, there is an interference term between the direct and compound processes. However, it is usually neglected for most nuclei, because either of the compound or the direct process is more important than the other, its contribution becomes negligible. However, some experiment data have given an implication of the existence of the interference effect, and Mengoni and Otsuka reported that the experimental results of capture cross section can be described by taking into account it. It is then natural as a next step to have a concern whether the interference effect comes to play a role for neutron-rich nuclei as well. We therefore calculate the neutron capture reaction for neutron-rich nuclei and study the interference effect on it. We will present some results for neutron-rich nuclei and the interference effect becomes important.

Journal Articles

Measurement and estimation of the $$^{99}$$Mo production yield by $$^{100}$$Mo($$n,2n$$)$$^{99}$$Mo

Minato, Futoshi; Tsukada, Kazuaki*; Sato, Nozomi*; Watanabe, Satoshi*; Saeki, Hideya*; Kawabata, Masako*; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Nagai, Yasuki*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(11), p.114803_1 - 114803_6, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:52.47(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have measured the yield of $$^{99}$$Mo, the mother nuclide of $$^{99m}$$Tc used in nuclear diagnostic procedure. $$^{99}$$Mo was produced by $$^{100}$$Mo($$n$$,$$2n$$)$$^{99}$$Mo using neutrons with thermal energy up to about 40 MeV, provided by C($$d$$,$$n$$). The $$^{99}$$Mo yield agrees with an estimated yield with the use of the latest data of C($$d$$,$$n$$) and the evaluated cross section given in the JENDL. Based on this, a new calculation was carried out to produce $$^{99}$$Mo to seek for a good economical condition. Various conditions such as the $$^{100}$$MoO$$_{3}$$ sample mass, the distance between the carbon target and the sample, the radius of the deuteron beam, and the neutron irradiation time were considered. The calculated $$^{99}$$Mo yield indicates that about 30% of the $$^{99}$$Mo demand in Japan can be fulfilled with a single accelerator. The elusion of $$^{99m}$$Tc from the $$^{99}$$Mo twice per day would meet about 50% of the $$^{99}$$Mo demand.

Journal Articles

Theoretical investigation of two-particle two-hole effects on spin-isospin excitations through charge-exchange reactions

Fukui, Tokuro*; Minato, Futoshi

Physical Review C, 96(5), p.054608_1 - 054608_8, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:52.65(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Low-lying dipole strength in $$^{52}$$Cr

Shizuma, Toshiyuki*; Hayakawa, Takehito*; Daito, Izuru*; Ogaki, Hideaki*; Miyamoto, Shuji*; Minato, Futoshi

Physical Review C, 96(4), p.044316_1 - 044316_10, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:52.65(Physics, Nuclear)

The low-lying dipole strength in $$^{52}$$Cr was measured in nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments using a quasi-monochromatic, linearly polarized photon beam. The parities of the excited dipole states were determined by the intensity asymmetry of resonantly scattered $$gamma$$-rays with respect to the polarization plane of the incident photon beam. The summed magnetic dipole (M1) strength was determined as $$sum B(M1)uparrow=5.64(34) mu_N^2$$ at excitation energies between 7.5 and 12.1 MeV; the summed electric dipole (E1) strength was obtained as $$sum B(E1)uparrow=73.7(23) times 10^{-3} e^2$$ fm$$^2$$. The observed M1 and E1 strengths were compared via random phase approximation calculations using the Skyrme interaction. The effects of 2 particle-2 hole configuration mixing and tensor force on dipole strength distributions were investigated.

Journal Articles

Nuclear data evaluation of long-lived fission products; Microscopic vs. phenomenological optical potentials

Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu; Minomo, Kosho*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kunieda, Satoshi; Furutachi, Naoya

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 146, p.12032_1 - 12032_4, 2017/09


Phenomenological optical potential is known to be able to describe the elastic scattering process. It is applied widely to the nuclear data evaluation of the cross section. Many kinds of the optical potential have been studied so far. However, the parameters in the phenomenological optical potentials are determined so as to reproduce existing experimental data, so that use of it for unmeasured nuclei such as neutron-rich nuclei is not necessarily reliable. Recently, a new optical potential derived from the microscopic effective reaction theory (MERT) was proposed. Since the formulation of MERT is based on the NN effective interaction, any parameterizations in the optical potential aren't needed. Therefore, it is capable of calculating nuclei whose scattering cross section isn't measured. We incorporate the optical potentials of MERT in code CCONE and start nuclear data evaluation of several nuclei. In this work, we discuss difference of cross sections evaluated by MERT's optical potentials and conventional phenomenological ones.

Journal Articles

Status of the JENDL project

Iwamoto, Osamu; Shibata, Keiichi; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kunieda, Satoshi; Minato, Futoshi; Ichihara, Akira; Nakayama, Shinsuke

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 146, p.02005_1 - 02005_6, 2017/09


Journal Articles

Proton-neutron random phase approximation studied by the Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model in the Su(2)$$times$$Su(2) Group

Minato, Futoshi

Acta Physica Polonica B; Proceedings Supplement, 10(1), p.131 - 138, 2017/00

The random phase approximation (RPA) is one of the useful approaches to describe a collective motion of nuclei. However, RPA intrinsically considers only 1 particle-1 hole (1p1h) excitations, as a result it fails to describe the width of the excited states, for example the Gamow-Teller (GT) state. To include higher-order particle-hole excitations, one can extend RPA to Second RPA (SRPA) which includes 2p2h excitations in a similar way to RPA with the quasi-boson-approximation (QBA). However, it fails to describe the GT distribution even with those model. A part of the problem may arise from the use of QBA. In past studies, SRPA was compared with exact solution using the Lipkin Model and the validity of application of QBA to them was examined. In this work, we examine proton-neutron SRPA (pnSRPA) in SU(4) basis. SU(4) is naturally required in this case to take into account two different particles having two levels each. The first and second excited states are calculated by the diagonalization of Hamiltonian and pnSRPA.

Journal Articles

Overview of JENDL-4.0/HE and benchmark calculations

Kunieda, Satoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Minato, Futoshi; Okamoto, Tsutomu; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Kitatani, Fumito; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2016-004, p.41 - 46, 2016/09

Neutron- and proton-induced cross-section data are required in a wide energy range beyond 20 MeV, for the design of accelerator applications. New evaluations are performed with recent knowledge in the optical and pre-equilibrium model calculations. We also evaluated cross-sections for p+$$^{6,7}$$Li and p+$$^{9}$$Be which have been highly requested from a medical field. The present high-energy nuclear data library, JENDL-4.0/HE, includes evaluated cross-sections for incident neutrons and protons up to 200 MeV (for about 130 nuclei). We overview substantial features of the library, i.e., (1) systematic evaluation with CCONE code, (2) challenges for evaluations of light nuclei and (3) inheritance of JENDL-4.0 and JENDL/HE-2007. In this talk, we also focus on the results of benchmark calculation for neutronics to show performance of the present library.

Journal Articles

Microscopic nuclear structure calculation for nuclear data evaluation of various nuclei produced via nuclear transmutation of long-lived fission products

Furutachi, Naoya; Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu

JAEA-Conf 2016-004, p.93 - 98, 2016/09

To investigate feasibility of the nuclear transmutation of long-lived fission products (LLFPs), nuclear data used in the simulation calculation of transmutation system is essential. To improve the precision of simulation calculation, the nuclear data of various nuclei produced via nuclear transmutation of LLFPs involved in the simulation is also important. Since wide range of nuclei are expected to be produced depends on the method of transmutation, and there are no available experimental data for some of them, a systematic information based on a microscopic calculation is desirable. In this work, we have performed microscopic nuclear structure calculation to derive the structure parameters used in the nuclear data evaluation. We have calculated deformation parameters and ground-state spin and parities for Z = 30-55 medium nuclei including odd-even and odd-odd nuclei, expected to be produced via the transmutation of $$^{79}$$Se, $$^{93}$$Zr, $$^{107}$$Pd and $$^{135}$$Cs, using Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) theory. The calculation was done by HFBTHO code. The results are compared with the available experimental data, and reliability of the prediction with the present method is discussed.

Journal Articles

Activation cross-section file for decommissioning of LWRs

Shibata, Keiichi; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kunieda, Satoshi; Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu

JAEA-Conf 2016-004, p.47 - 52, 2016/09

It is required to estimate radioactive products accurately for the decommissioning of LWRs. We have developed the neutron-induced activation cross-section file for this purpose. The products consist of 227 nuclides with half-lives larger than 30 days and 12 nuclides with very long half-lives. Target nuclei were selected by considering possible paths leading to the required products. The activation cross sections of these targets were taken from JENDL-4.0, JENDL/A-96 and the post JENDL-4.0 evaluations. As a result, we produced the activation cross-section file with 302 nuclides. Comparing with other evaluations, there exists a large difference especially for the capture cross sections leading to meta-stable states. The data will be released in FY2016 after achieving further improvements.

Journal Articles

Calculation of beta decay half-lives and delayed neutron branching ratio of fission fragments with Skyrme-QRPA

Minato, Futoshi

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 122, p.10001_1 - 10001_13, 2016/06


 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:34.66

Nuclear beta-decay and delayed neutron (DN) emission is important for the $$r$$-process nucleosynthesis after the freeze-out and stable and safe operation of nuclear reactors. Even though radioactive beam facilities have enabled us to measure beta-decay and DN branching ratio of neutron-rich nuclei apart from the stability line in the nuclear chart, there are still a lot of nuclei which one cannot investigate. In particular, information on DN is rather scarce than that of $$T_{1/2}$$. To predict $$T_{1/2}$$ and DN branching ratios, we recently developed a method which comprises QRPA and Hauser-Feshbach model. In this work, we calculate fission fragments with $$T_{1/2}le50$$. We obtain the RMS deviation from experimental half-life of 5.06. However, there are odd-even staggering when looking at theoretical $$T_{1/2}$$ along an isotopic chain, which is not observed experimentally. There are also deviations of DN branching ratios. We discuss the cause of these problems and how to remedy them.

Journal Articles

Estimation of a 2p2h effect on Gamow-Teller transitions within the second Tamm-Dancoff approximation

Minato, Futoshi

Physical Review C, 93(4), p.044319_1 - 044319_11, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:36.63(Physics, Nuclear)

Two-particle two-hole (2p2h) effect on Gamow-Teller (GT) transition for neutron-rich nuclei is studied by the second Tamm-Dancoff-Approximation (STDA) with the Skyrme interaction. Unstable $$^{24}$$O and $$^{34}$$Si, and stable $$^{48}$$Ca nuclei are chosen to study quenching and fragmentation of the GT strengths. The correlation of 2p2h configurations induces 20% quenching and downward shift of GT giant resonances (GTGRs). The residual interaction exchanging angular momentum by $$Delta L=2$$, appeared in the tensor force part as well as the central force part, gives a meaningful effect to the GT distributions. 15 to 20% of the total GT strengths are brought to high energy region above GTGRs. In particular, the tensor force brings strengths to high energy more than 60 MeV. STDA calculation with a small model space for 2p2h configuration is also studied and experimental data of $$^{48}$$Ca is reproduced successfully.

JAEA Reports

JENDL decay data file 2015

Katakura, Junichi*; Minato, Futoshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-030, 97 Pages, 2016/03


JENDL Decay Data File 2015 (JENDL/DDF-2015) has been produced. The decay data of nuclides with mass numbers from 1 to 260 are included. The nuclides with unknown $$gamma$$- and/or beta-emission are also included in order to keep decay chains. The data of 1,284 fission product nuclides with mass from 66 to 172 remain unchanged from JENDL/FPD-2011 except several corrections which had been claimed by users, and those of the newly added 1,953 nuclides are taken from ENSDF. Finally, the decay data of 3,237 nuclides including 244 stable nuclides were compiled as JENDL/DDF-2015 file.

JAEA Reports

Improvement of WWW chart of the nuclides interface

Okamoto, Tsutomu; Minato, Futoshi; Koura, Hiroyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-029, 30 Pages, 2016/03


The booklet "chart of the nuclides" is issued every 4 years since 1976 from Nuclear Data Center, JAEA. The chart of the nuclides for WWW (World Wide Web) was developed in 1999 in order to be available from internet browser. Internet connection speeds, browser functions and JavaScript libraries has, however, progressed at present compared with the internet technology in those days. In connection with the release of the 2014 edition of the chart of the nuclides, the interface of the WWW chart of the nuclides has been improved by introducing new internet technologies aiming at enhancing convenience on accessibilities via browsers. We introduced a scrolling screen that would make capabilities of easy screen movement on a map with the addition of the drag scrolling function. Considering smart phone access, the light-weight edition which introduced automatic switch was prepared. The new system results in reduction in access time and usefulness in mobile environment. The method of making figures of the chart was reconsidered due to addition of new decay schemes to the 2014 edition. SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) was adopted so as to make figures easily. It is concluded that the accessibilities of WWW chart of the nuclides are substantially improved from the previous version by introducing the new technologies.

Journal Articles

Revision of the JENDL FP fission yield data

Katakura, Junichi*; Minato, Futoshi; Ohgama, Kazuya

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 111, p.08004_1 - 08004_5, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:0.23

The JENDL FP Fission Yield Data Library (JENDL/FPY-2011) was released in 2011. Although the data of the yield file are successfully applied to decay heat summation calculations, there have been reported some inadequacies when applied to delayed neutron related subjects. And also from sensitivity analyses of summation calculation, some fission yield data in the JENDL file have been claimed to have some problems. In order to remedy those problems some yield data of the JENDL file have been re-examined and revised. The following is one example. The yield data of $$^{86}$$Ge for thermal neutron fission of $$^{235}$$U is given to be 6.277$$times10^{-3}$$ in JENDL/FPY-2011 which has been claimed to be too large. The re-examination and re-calculation of the fission yield data now give the new value of 3.437$$times10^{-6}$$ which seems to be more reasonable. There are some other nuclides indicated by the sensitivity analyses. The process of the re-examination of those nuclides and the revised yield data will be presented in the workshop WONDER 2015.

Journal Articles

Compilation for chart of the nuclides 2014; A Comprehensive decay data

Koura, Hiroyuki; Katakura, Junichi*; Tachibana, Takahiro*; Minato, Futoshi

JAEA-Conf 2015-003, p.147 - 152, 2016/03

A chart of the nuclides 2014 version is now preparing to be published from JAEA. This will be the latest successive version of the chart since 1977, and continues every (approximately) four years until 2010. These charts include decay data of isotopes as half-lives, decay modes, and some isomeric states. In addition, the periodic table of elements, fundamental physical constants, thermal neutron capture and fission cross sections are tabulated. The latest version is now compiled with recent experimental data until the end of June in 2014. In the compilation process, we improved in the following parts: (1) Neutron or proton-unbound nuclei in the lighter region. (2) Drawing the neutron and proton-drip lines, and a boundary line of $$beta$$-delayed neutron emission. (3) 1- or 2-proton-emission theoretical half-lives are added for unmeasured nuclei in addition to original three partial half-lives of $$alpha$$-decay, $$beta$$-decay and spontaneous fission. We compiled totally 3150 nuclides, which were experimental identified including 2914 life-measured nuclei. We will show overview of the chart with some statistics and examples.

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