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Possible options for efficient wide-band polychromatic measurements using chopper spectrometers at pulsed sources

中島 健次; 菊地 龍弥*; 河村 聖子; 神原 理*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 272, p.02012_1 - 02012_8, 2022/11

パルス源の冷中性子チョッパー分光計であるAMATEASで、単一測定条件での時間枠を増やす試みのいくつかを紹介する。方法の1つは、飛行時間図で介在する軌道を許可することにより、$$E$$$$_{rm i}$$で選択可能な使用可能な幅を増やすことができるということである。われわれの経験に基づいて、パルス源でのチョッパー分光計でのパルス繰り返し周波数増倍に基づく多色$$E$$$$_{rm i}$$測定の条件について説明する。広帯域多色$$E$$$$_{rm i}$$測定の最適化と一般化された定式化された条件が提案される。既存の分光計および最適化されたチョッパー分光計の基準設計へのわれわれのアイデアの適用についても説明し、パルス整形チョッパーを変更することによって効率を改善するさらなる可能性を示唆する。



石川 諒椰*; 鈴木 正敏*; 木野 康志*; 遠藤 暁*; 中島 裕夫*; 岡 壽崇; 高橋 温*; 清水 良央*; 鈴木 敏彦*; 篠田 壽*; et al.

KEK Proceedings 2022-2, p.61 - 66, 2022/11



Reactor physics experiment in a graphite moderation system for HTGR, 3

深谷 裕司; 沖田 将一朗; 神田 峻*; 後藤 正樹*; 中嶋 國弘*; 左近 敦士*; 佐野 忠史*; 橋本 憲吾*; 高橋 佳之*; 宇根崎 博信*

KURNS Progress Report 2021, P. 101, 2022/07



$$Q$$-dependent collective relaxation dynamics of glass-forming liquid Ca$$_{0.4}$$K$$_{0.6}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{1.4}$$ investigated by wide-angle neutron spin-echo

Luo, P.*; Zhai, Y.*; Falus, P.*; Garc$'i$a Sakai, V.*; Hartl, M.*; 古府 麻衣子; 中島 健次; Faraone, A.*; Z, Y.*

Nature Communications (Internet), 13, p.2092_1 - 2092_9, 2022/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The relaxation behavior of glass formers exhibits spatial heterogeneity and dramatically changes upon cooling towards the glass transition. However, the underlying mechanisms of the dynamics at different microscopic length scales are not fully understood. We measured the $$Q$$-dependent coherent intermediate scattering function of a prototypical ionic glass former Ca$$_{0.4}$$K$$_{0.6}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{1.4}$$, in the highly viscous liquid state. In contrast to the structure modulated dynamics for $$Q$$ $$<$$ 2.4 $AA$^{-1}$$, i.e., at and below the structure factor main peak, for $$Q$$ $$>$$ 2.4 $AA$^{-1}$$, beyond the first minimum above the structure factor main peak, the stretching exponent exhibits no temperature dependence and concomitantly the relaxation time shows smaller deviations from Arrhenius behavior. This finding indicates a change in the dominant relaxation mechanisms around a characteristic length of 2.6 AA, below which the relaxation process exhibits a temperature independent distribution and more Arrhenius-like behavior.


Breakdown of linear spin-wave theory and existence of spinon bound states in the frustrated kagome-lattice antiferromagnet

Mattan, K.*; 小野 俊雄*; 河村 聖子; 中島 健次; 南部 雄亮*; 佐藤 卓*

Physical Review B, 105(13), p.134403_1 - 134403_8, 2022/04

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Enhanced covalency and nanostructured-phonon scattering lead to high thermoelectric performance in $$n$$-type PbS

Rathore, E.*; Juneja, R.*; Sarkar, D.*; Roychowdhury, S.*; 古府 麻衣子; 中島 健次; Singh, A. K.*; Biswas, K.*

Materials Today Energy (Internet), 24, p.100953_1 - 100953_9, 2022/03

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:93.52(Chemistry, Physical)

We demonstrate a high thermoelectric figure of merit (zT) of 1.45 at 900 K for Ge doped (4-10 mol%) $$n$$-type PbS, which is the one of the highest values among all $$n$$-type PbS-based thermoelectric materials. This high performance is achieved by simultaneous (a) enhancement of covalency in chemical bonding which increases the electrical conductivity, and (b) reduction of lattice thermal conductivity to an ultra-low value of 0.56 W m$$^{-1}$$K$$^{-1}$$ at 900 K by the introduction of nanometer-sized (5-10 nm) precipitates of Pb$$_{2}$$GeS$$_{4}$$ in PbS matrix which strongly scatter the heat-carrying phonons. The presence of low-lying transverse acoustic (TA) and longitudinal acoustic (LA) phonon modes at 48.24 cm$$^{-1}$$ and 91.83 cm$$^{-1}$$, respectively are experimentally revealed from inelastic neutron scattering (INS) experiments. The softening of low-frequency modes at a higher temperature and ultra-short phonon lifetime (1-4.5 ps) further explain the ultra-low thermal conductivity.


Mictomagnetism and suppressed thermal conduction of the prototype high-entropy alloy CrMnFeCoNi

Yang, J.*; Ren, W.*; Zhao, X.*; 菊地 龍弥*; Miao, P.*; 中島 健次; Li, B.*; Zhang, Z.*

Journal of Materials Science & Technology, 99, p.55 - 60, 2022/02

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:44.66(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

物性測定と中性子散乱を組み合わせることにより、面心立方高エントロピー合金CrMnFeCoNiの磁気および熱輸送特性を調べた。DCおよびAC帯磁率は、温度領域全体で反強磁性および強磁性相互作用が共存する常磁性挙動を示し、それぞれ、常磁性から反強磁性への遷移、反強磁性から強磁性への遷移、およびスピン凍結に対応して、約80, 50、および20Kで3つの異常が見られる。電気伝導率と熱伝導率はNiに比べて大幅に低下しており、格子熱伝導率の温度依存性はガラスのようなプラトーを示す。非弾性中性子散乱測定は弱い非調和性を示唆し、熱輸送は欠陥散乱によって支配されると思われる。


Magnons and spinons in Ba$$_{2}$$CoTeO$$_{6}$$; A Composite system of isolated spin-$$frac{1}{2}$$ triangular Heisenberg-like and frustrated honeycomb Ising-like antiferromagnets

児島 佑樹*; 栗田 伸之*; 田中 秀数*; 中島 健次

Physical Review B, 105(2), p.L020408_1 - L020408_6, 2022/01

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:75.84(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Experimental analysis on dynamics of liquid molecules adjacent to particles in nanofluids

橋本 俊輔*; 中島 健次; 菊地 龍弥*; 蒲沢 和也*; 柴田 薫; 山田 武*

Journal of Molecular Liquids, 342, p.117580_1 - 117580_8, 2021/11

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Chemistry, Physical)



Flow regime and void fraction predictions in vertical rod bundle flow channels

Han, X.*; Shen, X.*; 山本 俊弘*; 中島 健*; 孫 昊旻; 日引 俊*

International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 178, p.121637_1 - 121637_24, 2021/10

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:60.2(Thermodynamics)

This paper studies the flow regimes, their transitions and the drift-flux correlations in upward gas-liquid two-phase flows in vertical rod bundle flow channels. The flows are classified into 5 flow regimes, namely, bubbly, finely dispersed bubbly, cap-bubbly, churn and annular flows according to their different flow characteristics. Transition criteria between the flow regimes are proposed mechanistically. Those criteria can correctly predict 83% of the existing experimental observation of the flow regime. The drift-flux correlations for the distribution parameter and the drift velocity are also improved. The void fractions predicted by those correlations are compared with the existing experimental data, showing satisfactory agreement with mean relative error of 8%.


Dimensional reduction by geometrical frustration in a cubic antiferromagnet composed of tetrahedral clusters

大熊 隆太郎*; 古府 麻衣子; 浅井 晋一郎*; Avdeev, M.*; 幸田 章宏*; 岡部 博孝*; 平石 雅俊*; 竹下 聡史*; 小嶋 健児*; 門野 良典*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 12, p.4382_1 - 4382_7, 2021/07

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:71.12(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Dimensionality is a critical factor in determining the properties of solids and is an apparent built- in character of the crystal structure. However, it can be an emergent and tunable property in geometrically frustrated spin systems. Here, we study the spin dynamics of the tetrahedral cluster antiferromagnet, pharmacosiderite, via muon spin resonance and neutron scattering. We find that the spin correlation exhibits a two-dimensional characteristic despite the isotropic connectivity of tetrahedral clusters made of spin 5/2 Fe$$^{3+}$$ ions in the three-dimensional cubic crystal, which we ascribe to two-dimensionalisation by geometrical frustration based on spin wave calculations. Moreover, we suggest that even one-dimensionalisation occurs in the decoupled layers, generating low-energy and one-dimensional excitation modes, causing large spin fluctuation in the classical spin system.


Spin glass behavior and magnetic boson peak in a structural glass of a magnetic ionic liquid

古府 麻衣子; 綿貫 竜太*; 榊原 俊郎*; 河村 聖子; 中島 健次; 松浦 直人*; 上木 岳士*; 阿久津 和宏*; 山室 修*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.12098_1 - 12098_8, 2021/06

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:26.73(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Glassy magnetic behavior has been observed in a wide range of crystalline magnetic materials called spin glass. Here, we report spin glass behavior in a structural glass of a magnetic ionic liquid, C4mimFeCl$$_{4}$$. Magnetization measurements demonstrate that an antiferromagnetic ordering occurs at $$T_{rm N}$$ = 2.3 K in the crystalline state, while a spin glass transition occurs at $$T_{rm SG}$$ = 0.4 K in the structural glass state. In addition, localized magnetic excitations were found in the spin glass state by inelastic neutron scattering, in contrast to spin-wave excitations in the ordered phase of the crystalline sample. The localized excitation was scaled by the Bose population factor below $$T_{rm SG}$$ and gradually disappeared above $$T_{rm SG}$$. This feature is highly reminiscent of boson peaks commonly observed in structural glasses. We suggest the "magnetic" boson peak to be one of the inherent dynamics of a spin glass state.


Mode distribution analysis for superionic melt of CuI by coherent quasielastic neutron scattering

川北 至信; 菊地 龍弥*; 田原 周太*; 中村 充孝; 稲村 泰弘; 丸山 健二*; 山内 康弘*; 河村 聖子; 中島 健次

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011071_1 - 011071_6, 2021/03




Recent update of AMATERAS; A Cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer

中島 健次; 河村 聖子; 古府 麻衣子; 村井 直樹; 稲村 泰弘; 菊地 龍弥*; 若井 大介*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011089_1 - 011089_7, 2021/03



Sequence-dependent hydration water dynamics of dodecameric DNA

中川 洋; 米谷 佳晃*; 中島 健次; 河村 聖子; 菊地 龍弥*; 稲村 泰弘; 片岡 幹雄*; 河野 秀俊*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011101_1 - 011101_6, 2021/03

5'CGCG$$underline{rm AATT}$$CGCG'3 and 5'CGCG$$underline{rm TTAA}$$CGCG'3のDNAについて、軽水と重水のコントラストを利用した中性子準弾性散乱による水和水ダイナミクスを測定した。この2つのDNAは計算機によってそれぞれ硬い分子と柔らかい分子であることが分かっている。どちらの配列も約240KにDNAと水和水のどちらも動力学転移が観測された。転移温度以上では、水和水の平均自乗変位は硬い配列の方が小さかった。また水和水の緩和時間は硬いほうが長かった。ピコ秒時間スケールの水和水ダイナミクスは配列依存的なDNAの硬さと関係していることを示唆した。


Freezable and unfreezable hydration water; Distinct contributions to protein dynamics revealed by neutron scattering

山本 直樹*; 古府 麻衣子; 中島 健次; 中川 洋; 柴山 修哉*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 12(8), p.2172 - 2176, 2021/03

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:46.9(Chemistry, Physical)



Relevance of hydrogen bonded associates to the transport properties and nanoscale dynamics of liquid and supercooled 2-propanol

Zhai, Y.*; Luo, P.*; 長尾 道弘*; 中島 健次; 菊地 龍弥*; 川北 至信; Kienzle, P. A.*; Z, Y.*; Faraone, A.*

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 23(12), p.7220 - 7232, 2021/03

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:32.31(Chemistry, Physical)

2-Propanol was investigated, in both the liquid and supercooled states, as a model system to study how hydrogen bonds affect the structural relaxation and the dynamics of mesoscale structures, of approximately several Angstroms, employing static and quasi-elastic neutron scattering and molecular dynamics simulation. Dynamic neutron scattering measurements were performed over an exchanged wave-vector range encompassing the pre-peak, indicative of the presence of H-bonding associates, and the main peak. The dynamics observed at the pre-peak is associated with the formation and disaggregation of the H-bonded associates and is measured to be at least one order of magnitude slower than the dynamics at the main peak, which is identified as the structural relaxation. The measurements indicate that the macroscopic shear viscosity has a similar temperature dependence as the dynamics of the H-bonded associates, which highlights the important role played by these structures, together with the structural relaxation, in defining the macroscopic rheological properties of the system. Importantly, the characteristic relaxation time at the pre-peak follows an Arrhenius temperature dependence whereas at the main peak it exhibits a non-Arrhenius behavior on approaching the supercooled state. The origin of this differing behavior is attributed to an increased structuring of the hydrophobic domains of 2-propanol accommodating a more and more encompassing H-bond network, and a consequent set in of dynamic cooperativity.


Field-tuned magnetic structure and phase diagram of the honeycomb magnet YbCl$$_3$$

Hao, Y. Q.*; Wo, H. L.*; Gu, Y. M.*; Zhang, X. W.*; Gu, Y. Q.*; Zheng, S. Y.*; Zhao, Y.*; Xu, G. Y.*; Lynn, J. W.*; 中島 健次; et al.

Science China; Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy, 64(3), p.237411_1 - 237411_6, 2021/03

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:44.19(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report thermodynamic and neutron diffraction measurements on the magnetic ordering properties of the honeycomb lattice magnet YbCl$$_3$$. We find YbCl$$_3$$ exhibits a N${'e}$el type long-range magnetic order at the wavevector (0, 0, 0) below T$$_N$$ = 600 mK. This magnetic order is associated with a small sharp peak in heat capacity and most magnetic entropy release occurs above the magnetic ordering temperature. The magnetic moment lies in-plane, parallel to the monoclinic a-axis, whose magnitude m$$_{rm Yb}$$ = 0.86(3) $$mu_B$$ is considerably smaller than the expected fully ordered moment of 2.24 $$mu_B$$ for the doublet crystal-field ground state. The magnetic ordering moment gradually increases with increasing magnetic field perpendicular to the ab-plane, reaching a maximum value of 1.6(2) $$mu_B$$ at 4 T, before it is completely suppressed above $$sim$$9 T. These results indicate the presence of strong quantum fluctuations in YbCl$$_3$$.


Reactor physics experiment in a graphite-moderation system for HTGR

深谷 裕司; 後藤 実; 中川 繁昭; 中嶋 國弘*; 高橋 和暉*; 左近 敦士*; 佐野 忠史*; 橋本 憲吾*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 247, p.09017_1 - 09017_8, 2021/02



Reactor noise analysis for a graphite-moderated and -reflected core in KUCA

左近 敦士*; 中嶋 國弘*; 高橋 和暉*; 芳原 新也*; 佐野 忠史*; 深谷 裕司; 橋本 憲吾*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 247, p.09009_1 - 09009_8, 2021/02


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