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JAEA Reports

Annual report for research on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste in fiscal year 2022

Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Sueoka, Shigeru; Ishihara, Takanori; Ogawa, Hiroki; Hakoiwa, Hiroaki; Watanabe, Tsuyoshi; Nishiyama, Nariaki; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Ogata, Manabu; et al.

JAEA-Research 2023-005, 78 Pages, 2023/10

JAEA-Research-2023-005.pdf:6.51MB

This annual report documents the progress of research and development (R&D) in the 1st fiscal year of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency 4th Medium- and Long-term Plan (fiscal years 2022-2028) to provide the scientific base for assessing geosphere stability for long-term isolation of high-level radioactive waste. The plan framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques. The current status of R&D activities with previous scientific and technological progress is summarized.

Journal Articles

Water contents in aggregates and cement pastes determined by gravimetric analysis and prompt $$gamma$$-ray analysis

Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Noto, Takuma*; Nakajima, Hitoshi*; Kosako, Kazuaki*; Kato, Takahiro*; Kuroiwa, Yoichi*; Kurabe, Misako*; Sasaki, Yuki*; Torii, Kazuyuki*; Maeda, Makoto; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 332(2), p.479 - 486, 2023/02

Journal Articles

Weyl-Kondo semimetal behavior in the chiral structure phase of Ce$$_{3}$$Rh$$_{4}$$Sn$$_{13}$$

Iwasa, Kazuaki*; Suyama, Kazuya*; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakajima, Kenji; Raymond, S.*; Steffens, P.*; Yamada, Akira*; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Aoki, Yuji*; Kawasaki, Ikuto; et al.

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 7(1), p.014201_1 - 014201_11, 2023/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Measurement of local temperature around the impact points of fast ions under grazing incidence

Kokabu, Hiroki*; Yoon, S.*; Lee, H.*; Nakajima, Kaoru*; Matsuda, Makoto; Sataka, Masao*; Tsujimoto, Masahiko*; Toulemonde, M.*; Kimura, Kenji*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 460, p.34 - 37, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron scattering cross section of nano-diamond with particle diameter of approximately 5 nm in energy range of 0.2 meV to 100 meV

Teshigawara, Makoto; Tsuchikawa, Yusuke*; Ichikawa, Go*; Takata, Shinichi; Mishima, Kenji*; Harada, Masahide; Oi, Motoki; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Kai, Tetsuya; Kawamura, Seiko; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 929, p.113 - 120, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:86.99(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A nano-diamond is an attractive neutron reflection material below cold neutron energy. The total neutron cross section of a nano-diamond was derived from a neutron transmission measurement over the neutron energy range of 0.2 meV to 100 meV because total neutron cross section data were not available. The total cross section of a nano-diamond with particle size of approximately 5 nm increased with a decrease in neutron energy to 0.2 meV. It was approximately two orders of magnitude larger than that of graphite at 0.2 meV. The contribution of inelastic scattering to the total cross section was to be shown negligible small at neutron energies of 1.2, 1.5, 1.9, 2.6, and 5.9 meV in the inelastic neutron scattering measurement. Moreover, small-angle neutron scattering measurements of the nano-diamond showed a large scattering cross section in the forward direction for low neutron energies.

Journal Articles

Temperature of thermal spikes induced by swift heavy ions

Matsuzaki, Shota*; Hayashi, Hiroaki*; Nakajima, Kaoru*; Matsuda, Makoto; Sataka, Masao*; Tsujimoto, Masahiko*; Toulemonde, M.*; Kimura, Kenji*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 406(Part B), p.456 - 459, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:37.79(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Tracing temperature in a nanometer size region in a picosecond time period

Nakajima, Kaoru*; Kitayama, Takumi*; Hayashi, Hiroaki*; Matsuda, Makoto; Sataka, Masao*; Tsujimoto, Masahiko*; Toulemonde, M.*; Bouffard, S.*; Kimura, Kenji*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 5, p.13363_1 - 13363_8, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:41.28(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Temperature of thermal spikes in amorphous silicon nitride films produced by 1.11 MeV C$$_{60}^{3+}$$ impacts

Kitayama, Takumi*; Nakajima, Kaoru*; Suzuki, Motofumi*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Saito, Yuichi; Matsuda, Makoto; Sataka, Masao*; Tsujimoto, Masahiko*; Isoda, Shoji*; Kimura, Kenji*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 354, p.183 - 186, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:17.86(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

"Relative rates method" for evaluating the effect of potential geological environmental change due to uplift/erosion to radionuclide migration of high-level radioactive waste

Ebashi, Takeshi; Kawamura, Makoto*; Inagaki, Manabu*; Koo, Shigeru*; Shibata, Masahiro; Itazu, Toru; Nakajima, Kunihiko*; Miyahara, Kaname; Apted, M. J.*

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol.1665, p.39 - 45, 2014/07

In Japan, the likelihood of uplift/erosion on repository performance and waste isolation can be typically greatly reduced or excluded by careful siting, however, the inability to completely exclude the uplift/erosion scenario may require an analysis of the consequences of such a scenario. For this purpose, an assessment approach has been developed to more realistically treat the effect of uplift/erosion for a hypothetical repository located in sedimentary host rock. A key advantage to this approach is the extrapolation of the geohistory of modern analogue sites to develop credible initial inputs for future volunteer sites that may be poorly characterized at the initial stages of site investigation. In addition, the approach provides a systematic basis for bounding the range of possible evolution in thermal-hydrological-mechanical-chemical conditions of a repository experiencing different uplift/ erosion rates.

Journal Articles

Discrete fracture network modeling based on in-situ data at underground gallery, 2

Nakajima, Makoto*; Seno, Shoji*; Onoe, Hironori; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Sawada, Atsushi

Dai-42-Kai Gamban Rikigaku Ni Kansuru Shimpojiumu Koenshu (CD-ROM), p.107 - 112, 2014/01

Japan Atomic Energy Agency is proceeding with the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project in order to establish comprehensive techniques for the investigation, analysis and assessment of the deep geological environment in fractured crystalline rock for geological disposal of high level radioactive wastes. We have carried out discrete fracture network modeling, groundwater flow and particle tracking simulation in order to understand the important factors for the solute transport characterizations. In this paper, a method for estimating hydraulic parameter of discrete fracture network model based on in-situ data at underground gallery are described.

Journal Articles

Quantitative analysis of cisplatin sensitivity of human esophageal squamous cancer cell lines using in-air micro-PIXE

Tanaka, Naritake*; Kimura, Hitoshi*; Faried, A.*; Sakai, Makoto*; Sano, Takaaki*; Inose, Takanori*; Soda, Makoto*; Okada, Koji*; Nakajima, Masanobu*; Miyazaki, Tatsuya*; et al.

Cancer Science, 101(6), p.1487 - 1492, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:31.92(Oncology)

We examined the intracellular localization of cisplatin, a key chemotherapeutic agent, in esophageal cancer cell lines and determined their sensitivity to cisplatin using in-air micro-PIXE. Two human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell lines, TE-2 and TE-13, were examined for their response to cisplatin using MTT assay, flow cytometry and DNA fragmentation assays. Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was also used to evaluate the mRNA expression of multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2) in both cell lines. Platinum localizations of intracellular and intranuclear were measured using in-air micro-PIXE. TE-2 cells were more sensitive to cisplatin than TE-13 cells. The results of this study suggest that in-air micro-PIXE could be a useful quantitative method for evaluating the cisplatin sensitivity of individual cells. Finally, we speculate that MRP2 in the cell membrane may play an important role in regulating cisplatin sensitivity of ESCC cells.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

JAEA Reports

Study on reciprocal relation of pore water pressure with genetic algorithm and neural network model(Contract research)

Seno, Shoji*; Kunimaru, Takanori; Nakajima, Makoto*; Toida, Masaru*; Watanabe, Kunio*; Sohail, A. R.*

JAEA-Research 2008-126, 120 Pages, 2009/12

JAEA-Research-2008-126.pdf:29.29MB

At first, to exclude the influences of working of nature such as tide and atmospheric pressure from the source data, an analysis with Bayesian model was progressed. As the result of the estimation of these influences calculated by BAYTAP-G (Bayesian Tidal Analysis Program Grouping Model), it was found that the influence of the atmospheric pressure was comparatively large and that of tide was comparatively small.

Journal Articles

A Script generator API for the full-scale three-dimensional vibration simulation of an entire nuclear power plant within AEGIS

Kim, G.; Suzuki, Yoshio; Teshima, Naoya; Nishida, Akemi; Yamada, Tomonori; Araya, Fumimasa; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Nakajima, Norihiro; Kondo, Makoto

Proceedings of 1st International Conference on Parallel, Distributed and Grid Computing for Engineering (PARENG 2009) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2009/04

JAEA Reports

Illustration of an approach to evaluate the effect of the uplift and denudation for a groundwater scenario of a geological disposal concept in a hypothetical sedimentary rock

Ebashi, Takeshi; Kawamura, Makoto; Inagaki, Manabu; Koo, Shigeru*; Shibata, Masahiro; Itazu, Toru; Nakajima, Kunihiko*; Miyahara, Kaname

JAEA-Research 2008-117, 36 Pages, 2009/03

JAEA-Research-2008-117.pdf:3.18MB

It is considered that it is possible to avoid the effect of the uplift and denudation process on geological disposal system by siting and a repository design. However, since the uplift/denudation continues far into the future, it is important to enhance the confidence of the methodology to evaluate such an effect, based on the understanding of geohistorical information and potential impact on the disposal system. This paper presents an evolution pattern of the geological environment and the influence analysis in terms of system performance affected by the uplift and denudation process based on the relevant conceptual models for groundwater scenarios of the disposal system for a hypothetical sedimentary rock. As a result, it is indicated that the conceptual model is capable to identify a specific combination of patterns of system evolution of the geological environment in terms of features on the uplift and denudation process, and also provides technical basis for setting up parameters of nuclide migration model and the subsequent influence analysis. Consequently, it is also indicated that the evaluation methodology applied in this study is valuable to evaluate the uplift/denudation phenomena with specific geological environment, and the results obtained by the analysis could be valuable information for site investigation and/or the prediction of a future change trend for the uplift/denudation.

Journal Articles

Development of three-dimensional virtual plant vibration simulator on grid computing environment ITBL-IS/AEGIS

Suzuki, Yoshio; Nishida, Akemi; Araya, Fumimasa; Kushida, Noriyuki; Akutsu, Taku; Teshima, Naoya; Nakajima, Kohei; Kondo, Makoto; Hayashi, Sachiko; Aoyagi, Tetsuo; et al.

Journal of Power and Energy Systems (Internet), 3(1), p.60 - 71, 2009/00

Center for computational science and e-systems of Japan Atomic Energy Agency is carrying out R&D in the area of extra large-scale simulation technologies for solving nuclear plant structures in its entirety. Specifically, we focus on establishing a virtual plant vibration simulator on inter-connected supercomputers intended for seismic response analysis of a whole nuclear plant. The simulation of a whole plant is a very difficult task because an extremely large dataset must be processed. To overcome this difficulty, we have proposed and implemented a necessary simulation framework and computing platform. The computing platform enables an extra large-scale whole nuclear plant simulation to be carried out on a grid computing platform ITBL-IS and AEGIS. The simulation framework based on the computing platform has been applied to a linear elastic analysis of the reactor pressure vessel and cooling systems of the nuclear research facility, HTTR.

Journal Articles

Development of three-dimensional virtual plant vibration simulator on grid computing environment ITBL-IS/AEGIS

Suzuki, Yoshio; Nakajima, Norihiro; Araya, Fumimasa; Hazama, Osamu; Nishida, Akemi; Kushida, Noriyuki; Akutsu, Taku; Teshima, Naoya; Nakajima, Kohei; Kondo, Makoto; et al.

Proceedings of 16th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-16) (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2008/05

Journal Articles

Integrated framework for simulating behaviors of nuclear power plants under earthquakes

Hazama, Osamu; Kushida, Noriyuki; Matsubara, Hitoshi; Nishida, Akemi; Suzuki, Yoshio; Araya, Fumimasa; Aoyagi, Tetsuo; Nakajima, Norihiro; Kondo, Makoto

Proceedings of 9th MpCCI User Forum, p.118 - 124, 2008/00

In order to safely and stably supply energy by nuclear means, structural integrity and design standards of the plant including factors such as aging must be confirmed, and its future conditions must be predicted with high reliability. Although full-scale experimentations are favorable for acquiring necessary information and carrying out investigative studies of the nuclear structures, such experiments are for most cases physically and financially impossible. Our objective is to establish an integrated full-scale simulation framework for simulating and quantitatively investing the vibration behavior of nuclear power plant equipments under earthquakes.

JAEA Reports

Assessment of uncertainties associated with the characterization of the geological environment in the Tono Area -Japanese fiscal year, 2005- (Contract research)

Toida, Masaru*; Suyama, Yasuhiro*; Mori, Takayuki*; Inaba, Takeshi*; Atsumi, Hiroyuki*; Tanaka, Toshiyuki*; Kobayashi, Ichizo*; Nakajima, Makoto*; Ogata, Nobuhisa

JAEA-Research 2007-071, 159 Pages, 2007/09

JAEA-Research-2007-071.pdf:48.05MB

"Geoscientific research" at the Tono Area is developing site investigation, characterization and assessment techniques for understanding of geological environment. Their important goal is to establish a methodology for analyzing uncertainties in a heterogeneous geological environment and to develop investigation techniques for efficiently reducing the uncertainties. In Fiscal Year 17, in addition to information from the MIZ-1 borehole investigation, present knowledge has been compiled. The proposed technique has been improved through conceptual geological modeling and groundwater analyses at the Tono Area. Design options for handling geological uncertainties based on the characterization of the geological environment have also been tested. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: (1) It was shown that the fracture group with NW strike has high correlation with maximum measured transmissivity. This was maybe caused by the effect of regional in situ stress. (2) Through conceptual geological modelling and groundwater analysis, a procedure for modelling of the geological environment with heterogeneous characteristics was proposed. (3) From the viewpoint of improving the design of an underground facility, the existence of uncertainties of the geological environment with heterogeneous characteristics requests multiple options. A design option should be adapted to the geological environment with heterogeneous characteristics.

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation system "three-dimensional virtual plant vibration simulator" for nuclear plants by using assembled structural analysis

Nishida, Akemi; Matsubara, Hitoshi; Tian, R.; Hazama, Osamu; Suzuki, Yoshio; Araya, Fumimasa; Nakajima, Norihiro; Tani, Masayuki; Kondo, Makoto

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 6(3), p.376 - 382, 2007/09

Unexpected accidents such as oil-tank fires caused by the earthquake and breakage of pipes of nuclear plants have occurred over the past several years. Higher reliability is thus now increasingly expected to maintain the safety of infrastructures. We have been intensely focused on the construction of an analysis system called the "three-dimensional virtual vibration testbed," which is a numerical simulation system for a nuclear plant which considers the interconnection of machines, pipes, buildings, and their foundations under real operating conditions. In this paper, the "part-wise analysis method" is proposed in which each structural component is treated independently and analyzed as an assembly structure. Further, the system configurations in a parallel distribution environment are described. This study shows one of the successful examples of the application of this method to a nuclear-plant cooling system that has tens of millions of degrees of freedom.

124 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)