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Journal Articles

The Threats of nuclear and radiological terrorism, and their countermeasures

Naoi, Yosuke

Gekkan Chian Foramu, 25(3), p.51 - 59, 2019/03

This reports describes the status quo of the nuclear and radiological terrorism around the world based on the cases that have actually occurred in the past, and summarizes how nuclear terrorism should be prevented, what should be done in order to internationally enhance nuclear security, and what countermeasures are to be actually taken in the international society.

Journal Articles

Development of detection and measurement technologies for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Security at JAEA

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Seya, Michio; Tomikawa, Hirofumi; Hori, Masato; Naoi, Yosuke

Proceedings of INMM 59th Annual Meeting (Internet), 8 Pages, 2018/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of human resource capacity building assistance for nuclear security

Noro, Naoko; Nakamura, Yo; Hirai, Mizuki; Kobayashi, Naoki; Kawata, Norio; Naoi, Yosuke

Modern Environmental Science and Engineering, 3(5), p.309 - 313, 2017/05

The paper introduces methodologies of ISCN for nuclear security training curricula development. The paper focuses on the contribution of ISCN for curriculum development of IAEA transport security training course which ISCN hosted in 2015.

Journal Articles

JAEA's contribution for R&D and human resource development on implementing IAEA safeguards

Naoi, Yosuke; Oda, Tetsuzo; Tomikawa, Hirofumi

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 58(9), p.536 - 541, 2016/09

Japan has been promoting nuclear energy research and development, and the use of nuclear energy for only peaceful purposes in accordance with Atomic Energy Basic Acts enacted in 1955. In order to ensure limited to their peaceful utilization, it has been performing a nuclear material accountancy and reporting it based on bilateral nuclear agreement (Japan and the United States, Japan and France, Japan and Canada and so on) before concluding the comprehensive safeguards agreement with the IAEA. After the conclusion of that in 1977, the Japanese national law had been revised. The nuclear material accountancy and its reports to the IAEA have been implemented based on the revised law. In 1999, Japan ratified the additional protocol. Then it has been responding a new obligation in the additional protocol. The correctness and completeness of the declaration of nuclear activities in Japan have been verified by the IAEA, and then the "broader conclusion" was given to Japan in 2004. There indicates no diversion or undeclared nuclear activities in Japan. Since then Japan has been obtaining the "broader conclusion" every year. In this report we will report the JAEA's contribution to the IAEA safeguards on technical research and development and human resource development.

Journal Articles

Development of human resource capacity building assistance for nuclear security

Noro, Naoko; Nakamura, Yo; Hirai, Mizuki; Kobayashi, Naoki; Kawata, Norio; Naoi, Yosuke

Proceedings of 18th International Symposium on the Packaging and Transport of Radioactive Materials (PATRAM 2016) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2016/09

The paper describes the methdologies ISCN has adopted to develop its training curricula on nuclear security. ISCN has been working closely with the international partners to build its own capacity, especially with the Sandia National Laboratories of the United States. The paper then focuses on the joint course development between IAEA and ISCN on the International Training Course on Transport Security which ISCN hosted in 2015.

JAEA Reports

Report of "The 2014 International Forum on Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy, Nuclear Non-proliferation and Nuclear Security; Future direction toward promoting non-proliferation and the ideal method of developing human resources using Centers of Excellence(COEs) following the New Strategic Energy Plan"

Yamaga, Chikanobu; Tomikawa, Hirofumi; Kobayashi, Naoki; Naoi, Yosuke; Oda, Tetsuzo; Mochiji, Toshiro

JAEA-Review 2015-023, 108 Pages, 2015/10

JAEA-Review-2015-023.pdf:15.22MB

The JAEA held "International Forum on Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy, Nuclear Non-proliferation and Nuclear Security -Future direction toward promoting non-proliferation and the ideal method of developing human resources using COEs following the New Strategic Energy Plan -" on 3 December 2014. In the Forum, officials and experts from Japan, the United States explained their efforts. Discussion was made in two panels, entitled "Effective and efficient measures to ensure nuclear non-proliferation based on domestic and foreign issues and the direction and role of technology development" and "Roles of nuclear security COEs and future expectations". In Panel Discussion 1, how to implement effective and efficient safeguards was discussed. In Panel Discussion 2, panelists discussed current status of NSSCs and COEs, new role for COEs and regional cooperation. This report includes abstracts of keynote speeches, summaries of two panel discussions and materials of the presentations in the forum.

Journal Articles

Overview of activities and outcomes at ISCN related to Japanese commitment at nuclear security summit process

Naoi, Yosuke; Kobayashi, Naoki; Mochiji, Toshiro; Senzaki, Masao; Seya, Michio

Proceedings of 37th ESARDA Annual Meeting (Internet), p.100 - 110, 2015/08

In April 2010 at the Nuclear Security Summit in Washington, D.C., Japan made a commitment to establish a center of excellence on nuclear nonproliferation and security. This center would support capacity building for strengthening nuclear nonproliferation and security mainly in the Asian region and also would engage in development of technology related measurement and detection of nuclear material including nuclear forensics based on international cooperation. According to this statement, Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) was established under Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) in December 2010. Since its establishment four years ago, ISCN has developed its activities, having already conducted 74 training courses for the nuclear nonproliferation and security fields and having trained 2,096 participants from 49 countries (including Japan) and three international organizations. As for technical development on detection and measurement of nuclear material, ISCN has carried out substantial outcome with the international cooperation of U.S. and EU/JRC. It can be said that it is a significant achievement of the Nuclear Security Summit process. This paper will overview the outcome of ISCN's activities over the past four years.

Journal Articles

Overview of JAEA-ISCN's NDA development programs (for INMM)

Seya, Michio; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Tomikawa, Hirofumi; Naoi, Yosuke; Kureta, Masatoshi; Harada, Hideo; Hajima, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Hironobu

Proceedings of INMM 56th Annual Meeting (Internet), 10 Pages, 2015/07

ISCN of JAEA has conducted (with collaborations with JAEA other centers) the following development programs of advanced NDA technologies since its establishment. (1) Measurement test of the using PNAR-NDA system for Fugen spent fuel assemblies, (2) Basic development of NRF-NDA technologies using LCS $$gamma$$-rays, (3) Development of alternative to $$^{3}$$He neutron detection technology, (4) Development of neutron resonance densitometry. ISCN has just started the following new programs (also with collaborations with JAEA other centers). (5) Demonstration of NRF-non-destructive detection technology for nuclear security using LCS $$gamma$$-rays, (6) Development of active neutron NDA techniques using a pulsed neutron (D-T) source, (7) Feasibility study on monitoring of high active liquid waste in tanks inside cell. This paper presents the results of basic technology development programs already done and introduces above new programs.

Journal Articles

Capacity building cooperation on nuclear security; Japan's experience of COE cooperation with Indonesia

Noro, Naoko; Naoi, Yosuke; Matsuzawa, Reina

Proceedings of INMM 56th Annual Meeting (Internet), 9 Pages, 2015/07

For effective human capacity building, COE collaboration is an essential factor. As Japan's COE, ISCN has expanded its capacity to provide nuclear security training and infrastructure development support with the strong support from U.S. This paper describes the methodology and contents of ISCN's human resource development cooperation with Indonesia through COEs. The purpose of this paper is to provide a model for capacity building cooperation in nuclear security by introducing Japan's experience, and thus contribute to strengthen regional as well as global nuclear security.

Journal Articles

20 years of achievement and future challenge for international capacity building regardings safeguards and SSAC at Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA)

Senzaki, Masao; Naoi, Yosuke; Kuribayashi, Toshihiro; Okumura, Yukiko

Book of Abstracts, Presentations and Papers of Symposium on International Safeguards; Linking Strategy, Implementation and People (Internet), 8 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA has supported to HRD of mainly Asian countries in the field of SGs and SSAC, and works closely with governmental organizations in Japan, and with the IAEA, the US DOE, EC, the flame work of FNCA, APSN. This paper presents the efforts, contributions and future challenges of JAEA to HRD regarding SGs and SSAC, through international cooperation, which have been taking place for around 20 years.

Journal Articles

JAEA-ISCN development programs of advanced NDA technologies of nuclear material

Seya, Michio; Kobayashi, Naoki; Naoi, Yosuke; Hajima, Ryoichi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Hironobu; Harada, Hideo

Book of Abstracts, Presentations and Papers of Symposium on International Safeguards; Linking Strategy, Implementation and People (Internet), 8 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-ISCN has been implementing basic development programs of the advanced NDA technologies for nuclear material (NM) since 2011JFY (Japanese Fiscal Year), which are (1) NRF (Nuclear resonance fluorescence) NDA technology using laser Compton scattered (LCS) $$gamma$$-rays (intense mono-energetic $$gamma$$-rays), (2) Alternative to $$^{3}$$He neutron detection technology using ZnS/B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ ceramic scintillator, and (3) NRD (Neutron resonance densitometry) using NRTA (Neutron resonance transmission analysis) and NRCA (Neutron resonance capture analysis). These programs are going to be finished in 2014JFY and have demonstration tests in February - March 2015.

Journal Articles

Basic technology development of advanced non-destructive detection / Measurement of nuclear material for nuclear security and nuclear nonproliferation

Seya, Michio; Naoi, Yosuke; Kobayashi, Naoki; Nakamura, Takahisa; Hajima, Ryoichi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Hironobu; Harada, Hideo

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nippon Shibu Dai-35-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2015/01

The Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting (based on collaborations with JAEA other centers) the following basic technology development programs of advanced non-destructive detection/measurement of nuclear material for nuclear security and nuclear non-proliferation. (1) The demonstration test of the Pu-NDA system for spent fuel assembly using PNAR and SINRD (JAEA/USDOE(LANL) collaboration, completed in JFY2013), (2) Basic development of NDA technologies using laser Compton scattered $$gamma$$-rays (Demonstration of an intense mono-energetic $$gamma$$-ray source), (3) Development of alternative to He-3 neutron detection technology, (4) Development of neutron resonance densitometry (JAEA/JRC collaboration)This paper introduces above programs.

Journal Articles

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA)'s international capacity building regarding safeguards and SSAC; 20 years of achievement and future challenges

Senzaki, Masao; Naoi, Yosuke; Kuribayashi, Toshihiro; Hamada, Kazuko; Okumura, Yukiko

Proceedings of INMM 55th Annual Meeting (Internet), 10 Pages, 2014/07

JAEA has supported to HRD of mainly Asian countries in the field of SGs and SSAC, and works closely with governmental organizations in Japan, and with the IAEA, the U.S. DOE, EC, the flame work of FNCA, APSN. This paper presents the efforts, contributions and future challenges of JAEA to HRD regarding SGs and SSAC, through international cooperation, which have been taking place for around 20 years.

Journal Articles

Activities at the integrated support center for nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security, and trilateral harmonization among Japan, ROK, and China

Naoi, Yosuke; Kobayashi, Naoki; Senzaki, Masao

Proceedings of INMM 55th Annual Meeting (Internet), 9 Pages, 2014/07

Within the Asian region, China and ROK also committed at the 2010 Security Summit to establishing similar training centers. ROK established one in February 2014, and China started construction on its center in October 2013, aiming to commence activities in 2015. In 2013, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started discussions with these three countries for the harmonization of the contents of their centers' training activities. The purpose of these discussions is to avoid duplication of effort, since three centers of a similar kind will be established in the Asian region. In these discussions, ISCN has taken the lead to find ways to make this harmonization a reality. This paper will present the result of ISCN's activities over the past three and a half years; the current situation of the cooperation among the three countries, Japan, China, and ROK; and the future efforts to be made.

Journal Articles

Lessons learned and the prospects of ISCN's nuclear security capacity building support

Hamada, Kazuko; Naoi, Yosuke; Senzaki, Masao

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Security; Enhancing Global Efforts (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2014/03

This paper describes challenges to nuclear security capacity building support, introduces ISCN's experience in addressing these challenges, and discusses how to apply lessons learned to advance our nuclear security capacity building support.

Journal Articles

Human resource development at the integrated support center for nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security

Naoi, Yosuke; Hamada, Kazuko; Noro, Naoko

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 55(9), p.524 - 528, 2013/09

The Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) provides training courses for Asian countries and the domestic concerned parties. ISCN has developed its original curriculum for these courses jointly with the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) in the U.S. The base of the curriculum was the training course on the physical protection training course developed by SNL. In cooperation with SNL, ISCN developed the Physical Protection Exercise Field and the Virtual Reality system as tools for its original training programs. ISCN has already received over 1,200 participants from 33 countries (including Japan) to its human resources development activities (as of June 2013). In addition, ISCN expands its activities to organize workshops in order to promote understanding of the IAEA's revised recommendation on the physical protection of nuclear material, and to foster the nuclear security culture. Here, these activities of ISCN will be introduced.

Journal Articles

Development of centers of excellence play major role in international capacity building

Naoi, Yosuke; Noro, Naoko; Scharmer, C.*

Proceedings of INMM 54th Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2013/07

ISCN was established under JAEA in December 2010. Making use of Japan's knowledge and experience in peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy/Sandia National Laboratories, the IAEA, and other countries, ISCN now significantly contributes to strengthening nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security in Asian countries. This paper will present the initiating and planning activities, the cooperation and collaboration efforts, and the identification of the capacity-building techniques that were used for the highly successful and rapid establishment of ISCN as an internationally recognized COE. The initiating and planning efforts, with the support of the Japanese government. Significant challenges were identified and addressed. The collaboration efforts with the experience base at Sandia National Laboratories and the cooperation with the IAEA and other organizations provided valuable resources to support the development of ISCN's capabilities.

Journal Articles

Toward a strong bond between INSA and ISCN

Naoi, Yosuke

KINAC Newsletter (Internet), 2013(1), P. 7, 2013/06

The Korea Institute of Nonproliferation and Control (KINAC) will establish the International Nuclear Security Academy (INSA) in February 2014 to offer domestic and international capacity-building programs on nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security and to conduct research and development on physical protection. China will also establish the same kind of international center. In this article, the author proposes how to collaborate and coordinate among these centers. Although the IAEA's participation is essential in this framework, the system should be organized by the states involved. As for the possible content of the cooperation, some ideas might be (1) to share the needs of the countries to be supported, (2) to develop curricula together, (3) to jointly prepare and share training materials. Because the Chinese center will not be able to start its activities until around 2016, the initial emphasis must be on establishing a strong bond between Japan and ROK.

Journal Articles

The Human capacity building support activities of the Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security and the cooperation with the International or foreign organizations which handles human capacity building support

Kobayashi, Naoki; Naoi, Yosuke; Wakabayashi, Shuji; Naito, Aisaku; Hamada, Kazuko; Noro, Naoko; Matsuzawa, Reina

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nippon Shibu Dai-33-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2012/10

The Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency has started its human capacity building activities, domestically and internationally, for the government officials and employees of companies of emerging nuclear power countries mainly in Asia. In this paper, I will describe the activities of ISCN on capacity building for these countries and also I will briefly describe, focusing on nuclear security, the activities of IAEA, Sandia National Laboratory of United States and the development of human capacity building support activities of neighboring countries of China and Korea. By doing this, I will describe the relationship and cooperation of ISCN with these organizations and talk about my personal views of the future development with these organizations and ISCN.

Journal Articles

Development of regional training course for physical protection of nuclear material and facilities at Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security

Naoi, Yosuke; Kobayashi, Naoki; Hamada, Kazuko; Noro, Naoko; Matsuzawa, Reina; Wakabayashi, Shuji; Nonaka, Nobuyuki; Senzaki, Masao; Scharmer, C.*; Duggan, R.*; et al.

Proceedings of INMM 53rd Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2012/07

At the 2010 Washington Nuclear Security Summit, Japan committed to establish a regional center for the strengthening of nuclear security, mainly in Asia, through capacity building support including human resources training and infrastructure development assistance. In accordance with this statement, the Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) was inaugurated in December 2010 in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). This paper describes the ISCN training activities and introduces the developing new training course on physical protection.

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