Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 22

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

Experimental study of the $$Gamma_{p1}/Gamma_{p0}$$ ratios of resonance states in $$^{8}$$Be for deducing the $$^{7}$$Be($$n$$,$$p_{1}$$)$$^{7}$$Li$$^{*}$$ reaction rate relevant to the cosmological lithium problem

Iwasa, Naohito*; Ishikawa, Shunki*; Kubono, Shigeru*; Sakakibara, T.*; Kominato, Kazuya*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Matsuda, Makoto; Hirose, Kentaro; Makii, Hiroyuki; Orlandi, R.; et al.

Physical Review C, 103(1), p.015801_1 - 015801_5, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Abnormally enhanced diamagnetism in Al-Zn-Mg alloys

Nishimura, Katsuhiko*; Matsuda, Kenji*; Lee, S.*; Nunomura, Norio*; Shimano, Tomoki*; Bendo, A.*; Watanabe, Katsumi*; Tsuchiya, Taiki*; Namiki, Takahiro*; Toda, Hiroyuki*; et al.

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 774, p.405 - 409, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:64.55(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Post-deposition early-phase migration and retention behavior of radiocesium in a litter-mineral soil system in a Japanese deciduous forest affected by the Fukushima nuclear accident

Koarashi, Jun; Nishimura, Shusaku; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Takeuchi, Erina; Muto, Kotomi

Chemosphere, 165, p.335 - 341, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:22.53(Environmental Sciences)

We established field lysimeters in a Japanese deciduous broad-leaved forest soon after the Fukushima nuclear accident to continuously monitor the downward transfer of $$^{137}$$Cs at three depths: the litter-mineral soil boundary and depths of 5 cm and 10 cm in the mineral soil. Observations were conducted at two sites within the forest from May 2011 to May 2015. Results revealed similar temporal and depth-wise variations in $$^{137}$$Cs downward fluxes for both sites. The $$^{137}$$Cs downward fluxes generally decreased year by year at all depths, indicating that $$^{137}$$Cs was rapidly leached from the forest-floor litter layer and was then immobilized in the upper (0-5 cm) mineral soil layer through its interaction with clay minerals. The decreased inventory of mobile (or bioavailable) $$^{137}$$Cs observed during early stages after deposition indicates that the litter-soil system in the Japanese deciduous forest provides only a temporary source for $$^{137}$$Cs recycling in plants.

Journal Articles

Year-round variations in the fluvial transport load of particulate $$^{137}$$Cs in a forested catchment affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Matsunaga, Takeshi; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Takeuchi, Erina; Muto, Kotomi; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Nishimura, Shusaku; Koarashi, Jun; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Sato, Tsutomu*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 310(2), p.679 - 693, 2016/11

AA2015-0821.pdf:3.78MB

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:41.55(Chemistry, Analytical)

Particulate $$^{137}$$Cs in stream water was collected continuously for two years in order to assess the long-term trend of the $$^{137}$$Cs discharge from the forest environment. Sampling was conducted from December 2011 to December 2013 in a mountainous stream, which received the $$^{137}$$Cs from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. A seasonal increase in fluvial transport load of particulate $$^{137}$$Cs associated with suspended solids (SS) was observed in August and September when rainfall was abundant. The particulate $$^{137}$$Cs concentration decreased at a faster rate than the rate due to radioactive decay. This decrease might be resulted from redistribution of the easily eroded and polluted soil surface due to heavy rain events such as typhoons. These findings indicate that the particulate $$^{137}$$Cs load was subject to the inter-annual variations in rainfalls, and decreased gradually over a long period of time due to a decrease in $$^{137}$$Cs concentration in SS.

Journal Articles

High flux pinning efficiency by columnar defects dispersed in three directions in YBCO thin films

Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Nishimura, Takahiro*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Mitsugi, Fumiaki*; Ikegami, Tomoaki*; Ishikawa, Norito

Superconductor Science and Technology, 29(10), p.105006_1 - 105006_7, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:60.05(Physics, Applied)

A systematic investigation of flux pinning by widely direction-dispersed columnar defects (CDs) in YBa$$_{2}$$Cu$$_{3}$$Oy thin films was carried out by using heavy-ion irradiation: a parallel configuration of CDs aligned along the $$c$$-axis, and two trimodal splay configurations composed of crossing CDs; relative to the $$c$$-axis, where the splay plane defined by the three irradiation angles is perpendicular (trimodal-A) or parallel (trimodal-B) to the transport current direction. The trimodal configurations show high pinning efficiency over a wide range of magnetic field orientations compared to the parallel one at low magnetic field. In particular, trimodal-B shows the higher critical current density of the two trimodal configurations.

Journal Articles

Fluvial discharges of particulate and dissolved radiocesium from a forest and its monthly trend

Muto, Kotomi; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Takeuchi, Erina; Nishimura, Shusaku; Koarashi, Jun; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Matsunaga, Takeshi

KEK Proceedings 2015-4, p.252 - 257, 2015/11

As a result of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, a large amount of radiocesium released into the atmosphere was deposited in forests. This study estimated the monthly trend in the fluvial discharges of radiocesium from a forest. The study site was a forested catchment in Kitaibaraki City. Radiocesium in river water was collected with a filtration system as both particulate and dissolved components. Filters and columns including dissolved Cs absorbent were replaced every month. The collected suspended solids were sieved into 2000-3000 $$mu$$m, 500-2000 $$mu$$m, 75-500 $$mu$$m, and $$<$$75 $$mu$$m fractions. The $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in the samples were measured using $$gamma$$-ray spectrometry with Ge semiconductor detectors. The $$^{137}$$Cs discharge increased with the river water discharge. The particulate $$^{137}$$Cs discharge was dominant in both 2013 and 2014. The $$^{137}$$Cs discharge rate of the dissolved component increased in winter, when the river water discharge decreased.

Journal Articles

A Passive collection system for whole size fractions in river suspended solids

Matsunaga, Takeshi; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Takeuchi, Erina; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Nishimura, Shusaku; Koarashi, Jun; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Sato, Tsutomu*; Nagao, Seiya*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1291 - 1295, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:65.3(Chemistry, Analytical)

An innovative, yet simple method for the passive collection of radioactive materials in river water has been developed and validated. The method employes large filter vessels, containing multiple cartridge filters. River water is led to the system naturally using a drop of the riverbed by hose from upstream. This method makes long-term, unmanned monitoring possible. In addition to regular radioactivity analyses, this method provides an opportunity for the characterization of suspended materials based on its ample collection quantities (more than several tens of grams). This method may also be applicable to sediment-bound chemicals.

Journal Articles

Overview of national centralized tokamak program; Mission, design and strategy to contribute ITER and DEMO

Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Akiba, Masato; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Inoue, Nobuyuki; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 49, p.S428 - S432, 2006/12

To contribute DEMO and ITER, the design to modify the present JT-60U into superconducting coil machine, named National Centralized Tokamak (NCT), is being progressed under nationwide collaborations in Japan. Mission, design and strategy of this NCT program is summarized.

Journal Articles

Overview of the national centralized tokamak programme

Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Fujita, Takaaki; Takase, Yuichi*; Sakurai, Shinji; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kurita, Genichi; Morioka, Atsuhiko; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(3), p.S29 - S38, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:54.82(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The National Centralized Tokamak (NCT) facility program is a domestic research program for advanced tokamak research to succeed JT-60U incorporating Japanese university accomplishments. The mission of NCT is to establish high beta steady-state operation for DEMO and to contribute to ITER. The machine flexibility and mobility is pursued in aspect ratio and shape controllability, feedback control of resistive wall modes, wide current and pressure profile control capability for the demonstration of the high-b steady state.

Journal Articles

Engineering design and control scenario for steady-state high-beta operation in national centralized tokamak

Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1599 - 1605, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:89.26(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design study of national centralized tokamak facility for the demonstration of steady state high-$$beta$$ plasma operation

Tamai, Hiroshi; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujita, Takaaki; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ichimura, Makoto*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 45(12), p.1676 - 1683, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:51.32(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Design studies are shown on the National Centralized Tokamak facility. The machine design is carried out to investigate the capability for the flexibility in aspect ratio and shape controllability for the demonstration of the high-beta steady state operation with nation-wide collaboration, in parallel with ITER towards DEMO. Two designs are proposed and assessed with respect to the physics requirements such as confinement, stability, current drive, divertor, and energetic particle confinement. The operation range in the aspect ratio and the plasma shape is widely enhanced in consistent with the sufficient divertor pumping. Evaluations of the plasma performance towards the determination of machine design are presented.

Journal Articles

Development of a Rhenium-186-labeled MAG3-conjugated bisphosphonate for the palliation of metastatic bone pain based on the concept of bifunctional radiopharmaceuticals

Ogawa, Kazuma*; Mukai, Takahiro*; Arano, Yasushi*; Ono, Masahiro*; Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Ishino, Seigo*; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Nishimura, Hiroshi*; Saji, Hideo*

Bioconjugate Chemistry, 16(4), p.751 - 757, 2005/07

 Times Cited Count:59 Percentile:12.15(Biochemical Research Methods)

Rhenium-186-1-hydroxyethylidene-1,1-diphosphonate ($$^{186}$$Re-HEDP) has been used for the palliation of metastatic bone pain. Delayed blood clearance and high gastric uptake of radioactivity have been observed upon injection, due to the instability of $$^{186}$$Re-HEDP in vivo. In this study, on the basis of the concept of bifunctional radiopharmaceuticals, we designed a stable $$^{186}$$Re-mercaptoacetylglycylglycylglycine (MAG3) complex-conjugated bisphosphonate ($$^{186}$$Re-MAG3-HBP). After purification by HPLC, $$^{186}$$Re-MAG3-HBP was synthesized with a radiochemical purity of over 95%. In biodistribution experiments, the radioactivity level of$$^{186}$$Re-MAG3-HBP in bone was significantly higher than that of $$^{186}$$Re-HEDP. Blood clearance of $$^{186}$$Re-MAG3-HBP was faster than that of $$^{186}$$Re-HEDP. In addition, the gastric accumulation of $$^{186}$$Re-MAG3-HBP radioactivity was lower than that of $$^{186}$$Re-HEDP. In conclusion, $$^{186}$$Re-MAG3-HBP is expected to be a useful radiopharmaceutical for the palliation of metastatic bone pain.

Journal Articles

Design of a radiopharmaceutical for the palliation of painful bone metastases; Rhenium-186-labeled bisphosphonate derivative

Ogawa, Kazuma*; Mukai, Takahiro*; Arano, Yasushi*; Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Nishimura, Hiroshi*; Saji, Hideo*

Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals, 47(11), p.753 - 761, 2004/11

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:36.99(Biochemical Research Methods)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Influence of UNH crystal on heat transfer performance of crystallizer

Higuchi, Hidetoshi; Koizumi, Kenji; Washiya, Tadahiro; Morita, Shinichi; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Nishimura, Kenji*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

no journal, , 

Influence of UNH crystal on heat transfer performance of Crystallizer.

Oral presentation

Development of advanced reprocessing system using high selective and controllable precipitants

Noda, Kyoko*; Takao, Koichiro*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Harada, Masayuki*; Nogami, Masanobu*; Maruyama, Koichi*; Takahashi, Hiroaki*; Kim, S.-Y.; Sato, Makoto; Mineo, Hideaki; et al.

no journal, , 

We have been developing an advanced reprocessing system for spent FBR fuels based on precipitation method using pyrrolidone derivatives. In previous investigation, N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (NCP) is used as a precipitant, which is able to precipitate selectively UO$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$ ions in HNO$$_{3}$$ solution, and a process consisting of two separation steps; selective U precipitation step and U-Pu co-precipitation step, was developed. In order to make the process more effective and more economical, we are now studying precipitation of U and Pu with other pyrrolidone derivatives. The outline of the study and main results obtained until now are shown in this presentation.

Oral presentation

Development of advanced reprocessing system using high selective and controllable precipitants, 6; Investigation on thermal decomposition behaviors of uranium-pyrrolidone compounds and fuel production steps

Shibahara, Takahiro*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Nishimura, Kenji*; Morita, Yasuji; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

no journal, , 

Thermal decomposition of precipitants of U(VI) with pyrrolidone derivatives was investigated for the development of an advanced reprocessing system for spent FBR fuels based only on precipitation method using the pyrrolidone derivatives. We have examined N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (NCP), N-n-butyl-2-pyrrolidone (NBP) and N-propyl-2-pyrrolidone (NProP) as the precipitants. It was found that U(VI) precipitates with those precipitants were decomposed at higher than 450 $$^{circ}$$C and such thermal treatment produced U oxides with low impurities.

Oral presentation

Development of advanced reprocessing system using high selective and controllable precipitants, 1; Overview of system and recent advances on precipitation behavior of uranyl ions

Nogami, Masanobu*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Takao, Koichiro*; Noda, Kyoko*; Sugiyama, Yuichi*; Harada, Masayuki*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*; Morita, Yasuji; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; et al.

no journal, , 

A reprocessing system for spent FBR fuels based on the two precipitation processes has been proposed. In this system, first only U(VI) species are precipitated using pyrrolidone derivatives (NRP) with low hydrophobicity and donicity, and secondly residual U(VI) and Pu(IV, VI) are precipitated simultaneously using pyrrolidone derivative with high precipitation ability. In order to develop such a reprocessing method, behavior of uranyl ions in HNO$$_{3}$$ has been studied using various novel NRP. In this presentation, recent advances on precipitation behavior and of uranyl ions and calcination of U(VI)-NRP will be introduced.

Oral presentation

Fluvial discharges of particulate and dissolved radiocesium from a forest catchment

Takeuchi, Erina; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Nishimura, Shusaku; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Koarashi, Jun; Matsunaga, Takeshi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Radiocesium in a mountainous forested catchment; Inventory, distribution, and fluvial discharge

Takeuchi, Erina; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Nishimura, Shusaku; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Koarashi, Jun; Matsunaga, Takeshi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Temporal variation in the downward flux of radiocesium in temperate deciduous forest soils

Nishimura, Shusaku; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Koarashi, Jun; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Matsunaga, Takeshi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

22 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)