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論文

Update of Bragg edge analysis software "GUI-RITS"

及川 健一; 佐藤 博隆*; 渡辺 賢一*; Su, Y. H.; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 鬼柳 善明*; 長谷美 宏幸

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2605, p.012013_1 - 012013_6, 2023/10

Spectral data of Bragg-edge imaging, which is one of the energy-resolved neutron imaging methods, can be analyzed by single-edge analysis and full-pattern analysis with the Bragg-edge analysis code RITS developed by Sato et al. This program has a function to generate neutron transmission data considering wavelength-dependent pulse-shape function, atomic number density, crystalline structure, etc., and to extract these parameters from the measured data by the nonlinear least-squares fitting. Last year, we worked on updating the operating environment of the platform Scientific Linux 6 and the language Python 2, which have been discontinued, to Windows 10 and Python 3, and added some functions to improve usability. GUI-RITS for the windows platform has been released to users. In this presentation, we will show concrete examples of the results of the analysis of the same data by the old and new programs, and compare the efficiency of data analysis.

論文

Development of an areal density imaging for boron and other elements

土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 阿部 雄太; 及川 健一; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 佐藤 一憲

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2605, p.012022_1 - 012022_6, 2023/10

中性子断面積の大きいホウ素の面密度分布を、エネルギー分析型中性子イメージングにより取得する方法を開発した。一般に、中性子感度が非常に高い元素の測定では、元素量が多くなると中性子の自己遮蔽効果が無視できず、定量的な測定が困難になる。この効果を回避するために、既知の断面積データを用いたエネルギースペクトル解析を試み、J-PARCの物質・生命科学実験施設において、定量的な二次元イメージング像の取得を実証した。本発表では、一例として福島第一原子力発電所のシビアアクシデントの研究において得られた模擬溶融試験体デブリの測定結果を紹介する。この取り組みは、溶融過程における制御棒からのホウ素の挙動を調査するものである。ホウ素の中性子断面積は、広い範囲で中性子エネルギーの平方根に反比例し、模擬燃料集合体に含まれる他の物質とは大きく異なる。試料の中性子透過率を中性子イメージング検出器で測定し、二次元的なホウ素の面密度分布を得た。同様に、鉄やジルコニウム等比較的感度の低い他元素の面密度分布も導出することを試みた。

論文

Residual stress relaxation by bending fatigue in induction-hardened gear studied by neutron Bragg edge transmission imaging and X-ray diffraction

Su, Y. H.; 及川 健一; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 堀野 孝*; 井戸原 修*; 三阪 佳孝*; 友田 陽*

International Journal of Fatigue, 174, p.107729_1 - 107729_12, 2023/09

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:67.19(Engineering, Mechanical)

A novel procedure, double induction quenching (DIQ), effective for improving the fatigue strength of gear products, has been used for producing gears with steep gradients of compressive residual stress generated in the tooth surface. We performed a Bragg edge imaging experiment at a pulsed neutron source to determine the spatial distribution of the {110} lattice spacing (d$$_{110}$$) and the broadening of the {110} Bragg edge (w$$_{110}$$) on the DIQ gear product after tooth-bending fatigue tests to which different loading cycles were applied. No significant difference occurred in the d$$_{110}$$ and the w$$_{110}$$at Hofer 's critical section of the teeth with different loading conditions within the accuracy of data analysis. However, we detected a decrease in the w$$_{110}$$ and changes in the residual lattice strain distribution in the axial direction along the tooth root directions at the opposite side of Hofer 's critical section for both teeth after 3$$times$$10 $$^{5}$$ and 8$$times$$10 $$^{5}$$ cycles, relieving the compressive residual stresses during the fatigue process. The residual stress close to the gear tooth surface determined by X-ray diffraction using sequential polishing showed a slight relaxation and redistribution from the tensile side in the hoop direction, complementary to the neutron Bragg edge imaging.

論文

Orientation mapping of YbSn$$_{3}$$ single crystals based on Bragg-dip analysis using a delay-line superconducting sensor

宍戸 寛明*; Vu, TheDang*; 相澤 一也; 小嶋 健児*; 小山 富男*; 及川 健一; 原田 正英; 奥 隆之; 曽山 和彦; 宮嶋 茂之*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 56(4), p.1108 - 1113, 2023/08

Recent progress in high-power pulsed neutron sources has stimulated the development of the Bragg dip and Bragg edge analysis methods using a two-dimensional neutron detector with high temporal resolution to resolve the neutron energy by the time-of-flight method. A delay-line current-biased kinetic inductance detector (CB-KID) is a two-dimensional superconducting sensor with a high temporal resolution and multi-hit capability. Here, it is demonstrated that a delay-line CB-KID with a $$^{10}$$B neutron conversion layer can be applied to high-spatial-resolution neutron transmission imaging and spectroscopy up to 100 eV. Dip structures are observed in the transmission spectra of YbSn$$_{3}$$ single crystals, induced by Bragg diffraction and nuclear resonance absorption. The orientation mapping of YbSn$$_{3}$$ crystals is successfully drawn based on the analysis of observed Bragg dip positions in the transmission spectra.

論文

Spatial distribution and preferred orientation of crystalline microstructure of lead-bismuth eutectic

伊藤 大介*; 佐藤 博隆*; 大平 直也*; 齊藤 泰司*; Parker, J. D.*; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 及川 健一

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 569, p.153921_1 - 153921_6, 2022/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:35.78(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To develop a lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) cooled nuclear reactor, phase transition phenomena of LBE are very important. In the solidification of LBE, the crystalline structure is varied with the cooling process. The volumetric expansion of LBE must be clarified for the safety of an LBE cooled nuclear reactor. The time dependence of the volumetric expansion depends on the crystalline microstructure. In this study, the crystalline microstructure of the LBE samples solidified with the different cooling processes was investigated by the neutron Bragg edge imaging technique. Spatially integrated and local microstructure characteristics of LBE samples were analyzed. Characteristics of preferred orientation of LBE microstructure were clarified.

論文

Non-destructive characterization of the spatial variation of $$gamma$$/$$gamma$$$$^{'}$$ lattice misfit in a single-crystal Ni-based superalloy by energy-resolved neutron imaging

Malamud, F.*; Santisteban, J. R.*; Gao, Y.*; 篠原 武尚; 及川 健一; Tremsin, A.*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 55(2), p.228 - 239, 2022/04

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:33.74(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Lattice misfit in nickel-based superalloys is one of the important microstructural parameters that control their mechanical properties, such as creep behaviour at high temperatures. Here, energy-resolved neutron imaging experiments are performed at a spallation neutron source to determine the spatial variation of lattice misfit on a second-generation nickel-based single-crystal superalloy specimen produced from a failed low-cycle fatigue specimen. An analysis of the position and width of those Laue peaks in the obtained transmission spectra allows determination of the lattice parameters of the $$gamma$$ and $$gamma$$$$^{'}$$ phases that compose the specimen, as well as the strain misfit and the misorientation between them. An analytical model is developed to describe the full wavelength pattern of Laue peaks arising from a specimen composed of two single crystals, and this model is used to perform least-squares refinements of the spectra measured at different positions of the specimen.

論文

Determination of site occupancy of boron in 6H-SiC by multiple-wavelength neutron holography

林 好一*; Lederer, M.*; 福本 陽平*; 後藤 雅司*; 山本 裕太*; 八方 直久*; 原田 正英; 稲村 泰弘; 及川 健一; 大山 研司*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 120(13), p.132101_1 - 132101_6, 2022/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Applied)

The local structure around boron doped in a 6H-type silicon carbide (SiC) was investigated using neutron holography. Three dimensional atomic images reconstructed from multiple-wavelength holograms revealed the boron substitution for both silicon and carbon. To determine the boron locations accurately, we calculated holograms with varying occupancies of six different sites and fitted the image intensities with those obtained from the experimental holograms by the steepest descent method. As a result, it was found that boron atoms were selectively located at the Si-C-cubic site layer. Furthermore, boundaries right above the boron locations were suggested from the absence of atomic images in the upper region of the reconstruction.

論文

High spatial resolution neutron transmission imaging using a superconducting two-dimensional detector

宍戸 寛明*; 西村 和真*; Vu, TheDang*; 相澤 一也; 小嶋 健児*; 小山 富男*; 及川 健一; 原田 正英; 奥 隆之; 曽山 和彦; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 31(9), p.2400505_1 - 2400505_5, 2021/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

中性子イメージングは、重金属に対する高透過性、軽元素に対する高感度、同位体と中性子との特異な核反応による同位体選択性などの中性子ビームの特徴を活かした非破壊検査の有力な手段の一つである。本研究では、超伝導検出器である電流バイアス運動インダクタンス検出器(CB-KID)を用いて、パルス中性子源を用いた飛行時間法による波長分解中性子イメージングを行った。遅延時間型CB-KIDを用いて、GdAl$$_{3}$$単結晶を成長させたGd-Al合金試料の中性子透過像を取得した。その結果、単結晶はAl-Gd合金全体に渡って、形状,分布ともに良好に観察することができた。また、中性子の波長0.03nm以上でGdによる特徴的な中性子の吸収を確認した。さらに、15$$mu$$m$$ times$$ 12$$mu$$mという限られた検出面で、同位体と中性子の核反応によって生じる$$^{155}$$Gd共鳴ディップを観測することができた。また、$$^{155}$$Gdの共鳴ディップを用いてGd選択的イメージングを行ったところ、中性子の波長幅が1pmという限られた範囲で、明確なGd核の元素選択イメージング像を取得することに成功した。

論文

Monitoring residual strain relaxation and preferred grain orientation of additively manufactured Inconel 625 by in-situ neutron imaging

Tremsin, A. S.*; Gao, Y.*; Makinde, A.*; Bilheux, H. Z.*; Bilheux, J. C.*; An, K.*; 篠原 武尚; 及川 健一

Additive Manufacturing, 46, p.102130_1 - 102130_20, 2021/10

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:47.17(Engineering, Manufacturing)

Microstructures produced by Additive Manufacturing (AM) techniques determine many characteristics of components where these materials are used. Residual stress and texture are among those characteristics, which need to be optimized. In this study, we employ energy-resolved neutron imaging to investigate, non-destructively, the uniformity of texture and to map the distribution of strain due to residual stress in Inconel 625 samples. The samples used in this study were printed by a direct metal laser melting additive manufacturing technique. Strain and texture variation are measured at room temperature as well as their changes during annealing at 700$$^{circ}$$C and 875$$^{circ}$$C in a vacuum furnace. The uniformity of crystalline plane distribution, from which texture can be inferred, is imaged with sub-mm spatial resolution for the entire sample area.

論文

Calibration and optimization of Bragg edge analysis in energy-resolved neutron imaging experiments

Tremsin, A. S.*; Bilheux, H. Z.*; Bilheux, J. C.*; 篠原 武尚; 及川 健一; Gao, Y.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1009, p.165493_1 - 165493_12, 2021/09

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:59.77(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The investigation of microstructure of crystalline materials is one of the possible and frequently used applications of energy-resolved neutron imaging. The position of Bragg edges is defined by sharp changes in neutron transmission and can thus be determined by the measurement of the transmission spectra as a function of neutron wavelength. The accuracy of this measurement depends on both the data analysis technique and the quality of the measured spectra. While the optimization of reconstruction methods was addressed in several previous studies, here we introduce an important prerequisite when aiming for high resolution Bragg edge strain imaging - a well calibrated flight path across the entire field of view (FOV). Compared to e.g. powder diffraction, imaging often uses slightly different geometries and hence requires a calibration for each particular setup. We herein show the importance of this calibration across the entire FOV in order to determine the instrumental error correction for pulsed neutron beamlines.

論文

Practical tests of neutron transmission imaging with a superconducting kinetic-inductance sensor

Vu, TheDang; 宍戸 寛明*; 相澤 一也; 小嶋 健児*; 小山 富男*; 及川 健一; 原田 正英; 奥 隆之; 曽山 和彦; 宮嶋 茂之*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1006, p.165411_1 - 165411_8, 2021/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We found that the sizes of the Gd islands determined from the transmission image correlated strongly with those determined from the SEM image. We demonstrated the CB-KID could be used to identify (1) tiny voids in a thermally sprayed continuous Gd$$_2$$O$$_3$$ film in and (2) various mosaic morphologies and different eutectic microstructures in Wood's metal samples. The fact that the CB-KID system could be used to identify features of samples with a wide distribution of sizes and thicknesses is promising for real application of the device for imaging samples of interest to material scientists. Operating the CB-KID at higher temperatures appreciably improved the efficiency for simultaneously identifying the X and Y positions of hotspots. We also compared the detection efficiency with the PHITS simulations. We now plan to improve the detection efficiency by increasing the thickness of the $$^{10}$$B neutron conversion layer

論文

Experimental characterization of high-energy component in extracted pulsed neutrons at the J-PARC spallation neutron source

原田 正英; 勅使河原 誠; 大井 元貴; 及川 健一; 高田 弘; 池田 裕二郎

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1000, p.165252_1 - 165252_8, 2021/06

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:36.82(Instruments & Instrumentation)

本研究では、箔放射化法を用いて、J-PARC核破砕中性子源からのパルス中性子ビームの高エネルギー成分を測定した。箔は、0.3MeVから79.4MeVまでのしきいエネルギーを持つAl, Au, Bi, Nb, Tmを用いた。実験はNOBORUで行われ、箔は減速材から13.4mの位置で照射された。照射実験への応用のために、高エネルギーの中性子スペクトルを変化させるB$$_{4}$$Cスリット, Pbフィルター、それらがない場合の3ケースでも反応率を測定した。JENDL-3.2評価済みファイルとJENDLドシメトリーファイルを用いたPHITSコードによる計算データと比較をした。計算値と実験値の比(C/E)を比較したところ、エネルギー依存性がみられ、しきいエネルギーが100MeVまで増えるにつれ、C/Eは減少することが分かった。すべてのC/Eは1.0$$pm$$0.2の範囲にあることを確認した。このことから、高エネルギーの中性子計算データは、NOBORUユーザーの実験データの分析に適切であることを示した。

論文

Chemical-pressure-induced point defects enable low thermal conductivity for Mg$$_{2}$$Sn and Mg$$_{2}$$Si single crystals

齋藤 亘*; 林 慶*; Huang, Z.*; 杉本 和哉*; 大山 研司*; 八方 直久*; 原田 正英; 及川 健一; 稲村 泰弘; 林 好一*; et al.

ACS Applied Energy Materials (Internet), 4(5), p.5123 - 5131, 2021/05

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:68(Chemistry, Physical)

The development of thermoelectric (TE) materials, which can directly convert waste heat into electricity, is vital to reduce the use of fossil fuels. Mg$$_{2}$$Sn and Mg$$_{2}$$Si are promising TE materials because of their superior TE performance. In this study, for future improvement of the TE performance, point defect engineering was applied to the Mg$$_{2}$$Sn and Mg$$_{2}$$Si single crystals (SCs) via boron (B) doping. Their crystal structures were analyzed via white neutron holography and SC X-ray diffraction. Moreover, nanostructures and TE properties of the B-doped Mg$$_{2}$$Sn and Mg$$_{2}$$Si SCs were investigated. The B-doping increased the chemical pressure on the Mg$$_{2}$$Sn and Mg$$_{2}$$Si SCs, leading to induce vacancy defects as a point defect. No apparent change was observed in electronic transport, but thermal transport was significantly prevented. This study demonstrates that the vacancy defects can be controlled by the chemical pressure, and can aid in achieving a high TE performance for the Mg$$_{2}$$Sn and Mg$$_{2}$$Si SCs.

論文

Microstructure distribution of Japanese sword cross sections analyzed by the diffractometer TAKUMI at J-PARC

及川 健一; Harjo, S.; Pham, A. H.*; 川崎 卓郎; 森戸 茂一*; 鬼柳 善明*; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 大庭 卓也*; 伊藤 正和*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011062_1 - 011062_6, 2021/03

The metallurgy of historic melee weapons is one of the most interesting topics in archaeometallurgy. In particular, Japanese swords are paid great admiration in the world as the honor of classical technology and of the art. There have been many reports in the past that tried to elucidate this Japanese sword's microstructure and/or manufacturing process scientifically. In this study, we tried to use neutron diffraction as the non-destructive testing method. TOF neutron diffraction experiment was performed at TAKUMI of J-PARC. The gauge volume for the mapping was limited to 2 $$times$$ 2 $$times$$ 2 mm. Data sets for the normal and transverse direction and the normal and axial direction were obtained for the four pieces of sliced Japanese sword. All diffraction data were analyzed by the Rietveld refinement program to obtain lattice constants, phase volume fractions, preferred orientation, the crystallite size and the microstrain from the line-broadening. Detailed analysis results will be presented.

論文

Feasibility study of PGAA for boride identification in simulated melted core materials

土川 雄介; 阿部 雄太; 大石 佑治*; 甲斐 哲也; 藤 暢輔; 瀬川 麻里子; 前田 亮; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 原田 正英; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011074_1 - 011074_6, 2021/03

福島原子力発電所の解体作業では、溶融した燃料棒に含まれるホウ素分布を事前に把握することが重要である。溶融燃料棒の模擬試験体を用意し、ホウ素やホウ化物の含有量を調査する研究が行われてきた。本研究では、その一環として中性子を用いたホウ素並びにホウ化物分布の測定技術開発を行った。ホウ素の中性子吸収に伴う即発ガンマ線を測定し、ホウ素量や二次元分布を測定した。また、n(B,$$alpha$$$$gamma$$)反応における478keV$$gamma$$線は、ホウ素の化合状態により、$$gamma$$線ピークの幅が変化することが知られている。このことを用い、特に溶融燃料棒周辺に存在することが予測されているZrBやFeBといったホウ化物の識別可能性について調査した。測定はJ-PARC/MLFのANNRI, NOBORU, RADENにて行った。これらの解析結果について報告する。

論文

Measurement of Doppler broadening of prompt gamma-rays from various zirconium- and ferro-borons

土川 雄介; 甲斐 哲也; 阿部 雄太; 大石 佑治*; Sun, Y.*; 及川 健一; 中谷 健; 佐藤 一憲

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 991, p.164964_1 - 164964_5, 2021/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

福島第一原子力発電所の廃炉に伴い、建屋内部に残留するホウ素やホウ化物の定量分析、及びホウ素化合状態の同定が一つの重要な調査項目となっている。本件では、ホウ化ジルコニウム,ホウ化鉄,純ホウ素及びその他のホウ化物に中性子を照射することで発生する478keV即発ガンマ線のエネルギー幅を測定し、ホウ化物毎に異なるドップラー幅を用いた化合物の同定可能性を調査した。金属,非金属ホウ化物ではそれらの即発ガンマ線ドップラー幅に顕著な違いが見られた一方で、ホウ化ジルコニウムとホウ化鉄では幅の違いが微小であった。ガンマ線エネルギースペクトル解析でこれら金属ホウ化物の違いを詳細に測定し評価した。

論文

Neutron Bragg-edge transmission imaging for microstructure and residual strain in induction hardened gears

Su, Y. H.; 及川 健一; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 堀野 孝*; 井戸原 修*; 三阪 佳孝*; 友田 陽*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11, p.4155_1 - 4155_14, 2021/02

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:70.98(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

A time-of-flight Bragg-edge neutron transmission imaging was used to investigate the microstructure and strain distributions in a gear hardened by a newly developed two-step induction-heating method: precursor (Sample 1) and final product (Sample 2). The edge- position and edge-broadening were determined and mapped with high spatial resolution, which enabled us to confirm the two-dimensional distributions of the microstructure and residual strain. A deep hardened layer was made for Sample 1 in which martensite was formed on the entire teeth and the outer peripheral portion of the gear body. Sample 2 was subjected to double induction-hardening, where a tempered martensite was formed as the thermal refined microstructure between a fine-grained martensite at the tooth surface and a ferrite-pearlite microstructure at the core. The relationship between edge-broadening and the Vickers hardness described by a linear equation was employed to derive the elastic residual strain. The residual strain map for Sample 2 revealed that a steep compressive strain was introduced into the fine-grained martensite at the tooth surface by the super rapid induction- heating and quenching process. The reversal of tension was speculated to occur below 2 mm from the tooth tip, and the strain was almost zero in the core region.

論文

Homogeneity of neutron transmission imaging over a large sensitive area with a four-channel superconducting detector

Vu, TheDang; 宍戸 寛明*; 小嶋 健児*; 小山 富男*; 及川 健一; 原田 正英; 宮嶋 茂之*; 奥 隆之; 曽山 和彦; 相澤 一也; et al.

Superconductor Science and Technology, 34(1), p.015010_1 - 015010_10, 2021/01

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:30.16(Physics, Applied)

We demonstrated that a four-readout superconducting neutron imaging system shows good spatial heterogeneity and linearity using the delay-line method. We examined the precise pattern of a $$^{10}$$B-dot-array absorber and found the X-direction pitch (Px) = 250.7 um with a scatter of (Hx)= 5.4 um and the Y-direction pitch (Py)= 249.1 um with a scatter of (Hy)= 3.4 um while the $$^{10}$$B dot array was fully extended toward the X direction across the detector sensitive area. We consider that this demonstrates detection with good spatial homogeneity and conclude. The transmission-imaging system is suitable for use at pulsed neutron facilities. We also reported a clear transmission image of tiny screws and nuts, and ladybug (insect). We recognize that further efforts to improve the detection efficiency are necessary to make using the detector more practical.

論文

Energy-resolved neutron imaging using a delay line current-biased kinetic-inductance detector

宍戸 寛明*; 西村 和真*; Vu, TheDang*; 小嶋 健児*; 小山 富男*; 及川 健一; 原田 正英; 宮嶋 茂之*; 日高 睦夫*; 奥 隆之; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1590, p.012033_1 - 012033_8, 2020/10

We demonstrate the development of an energy resolved neutron transmission imaging system via a solid-state superconducting detector, called current-biased kinetic-inductance detector (CB-KID). CB-KIDs comprise X and Y superconducting Nb meanderlines with Nb ground plane and a $$^{10}$$B conversion layer, which converts a neutron to two charged particles. CB-KID uses the delay-line method, and allows us to reconstruct the two-dimensional neutron transmission image of a test sample with four signal readout lines. We examined the capability of high spatial and energy (wavelength) resolved neutron transmission imaging over the sensor active area of 15 $$times$$ 15 mm$$^{2}$$ for various samples, including biological and metal ones. We also demonstrated the capability for the Bragg edge transmission and an energy-resolved neutron image in which stainless-steel specimens were discriminating from other specimens.

論文

Behavior of Sm in the boron cage of Sm-doped $$R$$B$$_{6}$$ ($$R$$ =Yb, La) observed by multiple-wavelength neutron holography

上地 昇一*; 大山 研司*; 福本 陽平*; 金澤 雄輝*; 八方 直久*; 原田 正英; 稲村 泰弘; 及川 健一; 松浦 航*; 伊賀 文俊*; et al.

Physical Review B, 102(5), p.054104_1 - 054104_10, 2020/08

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:46.13(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have succeeded in visualizing the local atomic structures around Sm in $$R$$B$$_{6}$$ ($$R$$ =Yb, La), in which a rareearth atom is located in the boron cage, using the newly developed technique for local structure investigations, multiple-wavelength neutron holography in a pulsed neutron facility. From the local atomic structures, we were able to clarify the behavior of Sm in the boron cage. Doped Sm in YbB$$_6$$ fluctuates within the boron cage with a mean displacement of 0.25(4) ${AA}$, while that of Sm in LaB$$_6$$ is approximately 0.15 ${AA}$. The Sm doping causes the fluctuation of the first-nearest-neighbor B with a mean displacement of 0.28 ${AA}$, while its effect on La, Yb, and the rest of the boron atoms is negligible. These are the first observations of the local behavior of doped rare-earth atoms and B in rare-earth borides with boron cages.

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