Ieda, Junichi; Okayasu, Satoru; Harii, Kazuya*; Kobata, Masaaki; Yoshii, Kenji; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Ishida, Masahiko*; Saito, Eiji
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 58(8), p.1301106_1 - 1301106_6, 2022/08
The combination of spin-driven thermoelectric (STE) devices based on spin Seebeck effect (SSE), and radioactive isotopes as heat sources, has potential as a next-generation method of power generation in applications such as power supplies for space probes. However, there has been very limited knowledge available indicating the irradiation tolerance of spin thermoelectric devices. Through analysis using a heavy ion-beam accelerator and the hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (HAXPES) measurements, we show that a prototypical STE device based on YFeO/Pt heterostructures has tolerance to irradiation of high-energy heavy-ion beams. We used 320 MeV gold ion beams modeling cumulative damages due to fission products emitted from the surface of spent nuclear fuels. By varying the dose level, we confirmed that the thermoelectric and magnetic properties of the SSE elements are not affected by the ion-irradiation dose up to ions/cm fluence and that the SSE signal is extinguished around ions/cm, in which the ion tracks almost fully cover the sample surface. In addition, the HAXPES measurements were performed to understand the effects at the interface of YFeO/Pt. The HAXPES measurements suggest that the chemical reaction that diminishes the SSE signals is enhanced with the increase of the irradiation dose. We share the current understandings of the damage analysis in YFeO/Pt for developing better STE devices applicable to harsh environmental usages.
Okayasu, Satoru; Harii, Kazuya*; Kobata, Masaaki; Yoshii, Kenji; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Ishida, Masahiko*; Ieda, Junichi; Saito, Eiji
Journal of Applied Physics, 128(8), p.083902_1 - 083902_7, 2020/08
Kobata, Masaaki; Yoshii, Kenji; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Kawasaki, Ikuto; Okane, Tetsuo; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Harii, Kazuya; Ieda, Junichi; Okayasu, Satoru; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011192_1 - 011192_6, 2020/03
High energy X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) measurements were carried out for the Spin Seebeck system Pt/YFeO(YIG). This system was found to show anomalous Hall effect, possible due to the formation of intermetallic compounds between Fe and Pt. To reveal this possibility, we have measured the Fe 1s photoelectron peaks by using HAXPES. It was found that the Fe ions consist of Fe in YIG and metallic Fe. The formation of the metallic state is consistent with the proposed origin of the anomalous Hall effect. Other spectra such as Pt 4f will be presented at the conference.
Takahashi, Ryo*; Matsuo, Mamoru; Ono, Masao; Harii, Kazuya; Chudo, Hiroyuki; Okayasu, Satoru; Ieda, Junichi; Takahashi, Saburo*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saito, Eiji
Nature Physics, 12, p.52 - 56, 2016/01
Matsunami, Noriaki*; Ito, M.*; Kato, M.*; Okayasu, Satoru; Sataka, Masao*; Kakiuchida, Hiroshi*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 365(Part A), p.191 - 195, 2015/12
We have studied ion impact effects on atomic structure in terms of X-ray diffraction (XRD), optical absorption and electrical resistivity of Mn (6%)-doped ZnO films under 100 MeV Xe ion impact at room temperature. We find the monotonic reduction of the XRD intensity to 1/50 of that of unirradiated film at 5 10 cm, little bandgap change (0.02 eV) and decrease of the resistivity by 4 order of magnitude. The resistivity modification has been compared with that by irradiations of low energy ions such as 100 keV Ne and N, which show more effective decrease of resistivity. We also find that temperature (T) dependence of the magnetic susceptibility () of Mn-doped ZnO follows the Curie law: = + C/T (i.e., paramagnetic) and the Curie constant C decreases to a half of that before irradiation (C = 0.012 emu cm K) at 100 MeV Xe ion fluence of 10 cm.
Ono, Masao; Chudo, Hiroyuki; Harii, Kazuya; Okayasu, Satoru; Matsuo, Mamoru; Ieda, Junichi; Takahashi, Ryo*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saito, Eiji
Physical Review B, 92(17), p.174424_1 - 174424_4, 2015/11
Imai, Makoto*; Sataka, Masao*; Matsuda, Makoto; Okayasu, Satoru; Kawatsura, Kiyoshi*; Takahiro, Katsumi*; Komaki, Kenichiro*; Shibata, Hiromi*; Nishio, Katsuhisa
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 354, p.172 - 176, 2015/07
Both equilibrium and non-equilibrium charge-state distributions were studied experimentally for 2.0 MeV/u carbon ions after passing through carbon foils. Measured charge-state distribution established the equilibrium at a target thickness of 10 g/cm and this remained unchanged until a maximum target thickness of 98 g/cm. The equilibrium charge-state distribution, the equilibrium mean charge-state, and the width and skewness of the equilibrium distribution were compared with predictions using existing semi-empirical formulae as well as simulation results, including the ETACHA code. It was found that charge-state distributions, mean charge states, and distribution widths for C, C, and C incident ions merged into quasi-equilibrium values at a target thickness of 5.7 g/cm in the pre-equilibrium region and evolved simultaneously to the "real equilibrium" values for all of the initial charge states, including C and C ions. Two kinds of simulation, ETACHA and solution of rate equations taking only single electron transfers into account, were used, and both of them reproduced the measured charge evolution qualitatively. The quasi-equilibrium behavior could be reproduced with the ETACHA code, but not with solution of elementary rate equations.
Harii, Kazuya; Chudo, Hiroyuki; Ono, Masao; Matsuo, Mamoru; Ieda, Junichi; Okayasu, Satoru; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saito, Eiji
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 54(5), p.050302_1 - 050302_3, 2015/05
Kokubo, Nobuhito*; Miyahara, Hajime*; Okayasu, Satoru; Nojima, Tsutomu*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 84(4), p.043704_1 - 043704_4, 2015/04
We report on the direct observation of vortex states confined in equilateral and isosceles triangular dots of weak pinning amorphous superconducting thin films with a scanning superconducting quantum interference device microscope. The observed images illustrate not only pieces of a triangular vortex lattice as commensurate vortex states, but also incommensurate vortex states including metastable ones. We comparatively analyze vortex configurations found in different sample geometries and discuss the symmetry and stability of commensurate and incommensurate vortex configurations against deformations of the sample shape.
Kokubo, Nobuhito*; Okayasu, Satoru; Nojima, Tsutomu*; Tamochi, Hirotaka*; Shinozaki, Bunju*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(8), p.083704_1 - 083704_5, 2014/08
Chudo, Hiroyuki; Ono, Masao; Harii, Kazuya; Matsuo, Mamoru; Ieda, Junichi; Haruki, Rie*; Okayasu, Satoru; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Yasuoka, Hiroshi; Saito, Eiji
Applied Physics Express, 7(6), p.063004_1 - 063004_4, 2014/06
A magnetic field is predicted to emerge on a particle in a rotating body even if the body is electrically neutral. This emergent field is called a Barnett field. We show that nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) enables direct measurement of the Barnett field in solids. We rotated both a sample and an NMR coil synchronously at high speed and found an NMR shift whose sing reflects that of the nuclear magnetic moments. This result provides direct evidence of the Barnett field. The use of NMR for Barnett field measurement enables the unknown signs of nuclear magnetic moments in solids to be determined.
Ono, Masao; Okayasu, Satoru; Iguchi, Yusuke*; Esaka, Fumitaka; Bagum, R.*; Haruki, Rie; Mashimo, Tsutomu*
Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences, Aerospace Technology Japan (Internet), 12(ists29), p.Tq_1 - Tq_3, 2014/04
We had realized the composition gradient of elements or isotopes in some binary alloys or single element by solid-state centrifugation. While, it might difficult to realize graded structure of elements in binary ionic crystal by centrifugation as it strongly keeps their stoichiometry. However, isotope fractionation in binary ionic crystal by centrifugation might be expected as the self-diffusion of ions occurs. We have planed the ultracentrifuge experiments on -AgI superionic conductor to investigate the isotope effect in binary ionic crystal under a strong centrifugal acceleration field. -AgI superionic conductor is suitable for the confirmation experiment as it is an intrinsic ionic crystal and Ag ions have high diffusivity. For the first stage, we have experimentally searched the experimental conditions of magnitude of centrifugal acceleration and temperature that ensure the experiment without decomposition. It is confirmed that the combination of experimental conditions of up to 6.110 g, 350C, 24h ensure the experiment without decomposition at least.
Pyon, S.*; Taen, Toshihiro*; Otake, Fumiaki*; Tsuchiya, Yuji*; Inoue, Hiroshi*; Akiyama, Hiroki*; Kajitani, Hideki; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Okayasu, Satoru; Tamegai, Tsuyoshi*
Applied Physics Express, 6(12), p.123101_1 - 123101_4, 2013/12
We demonstrate a large enhancement of critical current density () up to 1.0 10 A/cm at 5 K under self-field in (Ba,K)FeAs single crystals by irradiating 320 MeV Au ions. With the very promising potential of this material in mind, we have fabricated a (Ba,K)FeAs superconducting wire through a powder-in-tube method combined with the hot isostatic pressing technique, whose effectiveness has been proven in industrial Bi2223 tapes. The Jc in the wire at 4.2 K has reached 37 kA/cm under self-field and 3.0 kA/cm at 90 kOe. Magneto-optical imaging of the wire confirmed the large intergranular Jc in the wire core.
Taen, Toshihiro*; Yagyuda, Hidenori*; Nakajima, Yasuyuki*; Tamegai, Tsuyoshi*; Okayasu, Satoru; Kitamura, Hisashi*; Murakami, Takeshi*; Laviano, F.*; Ghigo, G.*
Physica C, 484, p.62 - 65, 2013/01
We report effects of particle energy on physical properties of Co-doped BaFeAs in the case of Xe and Au irradiations. The irradiation-induced suppression of is found to be related with several factors, such as defect structures and the thickness of the crystal. Heavy-ion irradiation induces enhancement of critical current density , and a weak dip in the hysteresis loop. The fish-tail effect is completely suppressed by a modest density of defects. The enhancement of is closely related to the defect structure. Namely, splayed structure in columnar defects, inevitably introduced at lower energies, results in a strong enhancement of by forced entanglement of vortices.
Tamegai, Tsuyoshi*; Taen, Toshihiro*; Yagyuda, Hidenori*; Tsuchiya, Yuji*; Mohan, S.*; Taniguchi, Tomotaka*; Nakajima, Yasuyuki*; Okayasu, Satoru; Sasase, Masato*; Kitamura, Hisashi*; et al.
Superconductor Science and Technology, 25(8), p.084008_1 - 084008_14, 2012/08
Various kinds of energetic particles are irradiated into iron-based superconductors, and their effects on the critical current density and vortex dynamics have been systematically studied. It is found that is enhanced and vortex dynamics is strongly suppressed by energetic particles having a sufficient energy deposition rate, similar to the case of high temperature cuprate superconductors. The enhancement of , in general, persists up to much higher irradiation doses than in cuprates. However, details of the effect of irradiation depend on the kind of ion species and their energies. Even with the same ions and energies, the effect is not universal for different kinds of iron-based superconductors. The correlated nature of defects created by heavy-ion irradiation is confirmed by the angular dependence of irreversible magnetization.
Okayasu, Satoru; Ono, Masao; Nishio, Taichiro*; Iguchi, Yusuke*; Mashimo, Tsutomu*
Defect and Diffusion Forum, 323-325, p.545 - 548, 2012/04
Atomic sedimentation in solid occurs under mega-gravity treatment. As the result, partially melt-growth in -phase of BiPb-alloy occurs. Small difference of densities between fully hcp structure of BiPb and that of partially defected BiPb are enhanced under mega-gravity, and cause the separation of the -phase. Superconducting properties differs between the separated two phases.
Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Okayasu, Satoru; Takeda, Masayasu; Zettsu, Nobuyuki*; Nagano, Mikinori*; Yamamura, Kazuya*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; Soyama, Kazuhiko
Journal of Applied Physics, 111(6), p.063904_1 - 063904_10, 2012/03
no abstracts in English
Sasase, Masato*; Yamamoto, Hiroyuki; Okayasu, Satoru
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 272, p.318 - 321, 2012/02
Radiation effects for film formation and nanostructural changes of iron disilicide thin film have been discussed.
Awaji, Satoshi*; Namba, Masashi*; Watanabe, Kazuo*; Kai, Hideki*; Mukaida, Masashi*; Okayasu, Satoru
Journal of Applied Physics, 111(1), p.013914_1 - 013914_4, 2012/01
The effect of -axis correlated pinning on the critical current density at low temperatures under high magnetic fields was investigated on the basis of the transport measurements of and irreversibility field B properties of an ErBaCuO film with inclined columnar defects. The contribution of correlated pinning on decreased drastically with decreasing temperature under high magnetic fields above the matching field. At low temperatures, the presence of a matching field limited the pinning force for correlated pinning, while the ratio of the maximum pinning force of the correlated pinning to the random one was proportional to the inverse of B. In order to improve the critical current properties at low temperatures under high magnetic fields, an increase in the matching field and/or the introduction of strong random pinning are effective.
Awaji, Satoshi*; Namba, Masashi*; Watanabe, Kazuo*; Ito, Shun*; Aoyagi, Eiji*; Kai, Hideki*; Mukaida, Masashi*; Okayasu, Satoru
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 21(3), p.3192 - 3195, 2011/06
The flux pinning behaviors for the heavy ion irradiated Er123 films are investigated based on the detailed (, , ) properties. The double peaks of curves for //c appear in case of the matching field of 0.3 T along -axis and 1.7 T tilted from -axis. In addition, the peaks on () at = 0 (B//c), which originate from the columnar defects, decrease with increasing magnetic field but increase again near the irreversibility field. We found that the cooperation model of the -axis correlated and random pinning centers can describe the observed double peak behavior of (B) and the angular dependence of related to the correlated pinning.