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JAEA Reports

Study on the evaluation method to determine the radioactivity concentration in radioactive waste on Oarai Research and Development Institute (FY2020)

Asakura, Kazuki; Shimomura, Yusuke; Donomae, Yasushi; Abe, Kazuyuki; Kitamura, Ryoichi; Miyakoshi, Hiroyuki; Takamatsu, Misao; Sakamoto, Naoki; Isozaki, Ryosuke; Onishi, Takashi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2021-020, 42 Pages, 2021/10


The disposal of radioactive waste from the research facility need to calculate from the radioactivity concentration that based on variously nuclear fuels and materials. In Japan Atomic Energy Agency Oarai Research and Development Institute, the study on considering disposal is being advanced among the facilities which generate radioactive waste as well as the facilities which process radioactive waste. This report summarizes a study result in FY2020 about the evaluation method to determine the radioactivity concentration in radioactive waste on Oarai Research and Development Institute.

Journal Articles

Observation of longitudinal magnetic fluctuations at a first-order ferromagnetic quantum phase transition in UGe$$_2$$

Noma, Yuichiro*; Kotegawa, Hisashi*; Kubo, Tetsuro*; To, Hideki*; Harima, Hisatomo*; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika*; Ito, Kohei*; Nakamura, Ai*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(7), p.073707_1 - 073707_5, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Improving the safety of the power supply system by separating the power supply circuit for control in the power distribution board in Tokai Reprocessing Plant

Goto, Sho; Aoki, Kenji; Morimoto, Kenji; Tsuboi, Masatoshi; Isozaki, Naohiko; Furukawa, Ryuichi; Kitagawa, Osamu; Fukaya, Yasuhiro*

Nihon Hozen Gakkai Dai-17-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.517 - 520, 2021/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of double-differential thick-target neutron yields of the C($$d,n$$) reaction at 12, 20, and 30 MeV

Patwary, M. K. A*; Kin, Tadahiro*; Aoki, Katsumi*; Yoshinami, Kosuke*; Yamaguchi, Masaya*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Nozomi*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(2), p.252 - 258, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

While designing deuteron accelerator neutron sources for radioisotopes production, nuclear data for light elements such as Li, Be, and C have been systematically measured in the deuteron energy range from a few MeV to around 50 MeV. Currently, the experimental data available on double-differential thick-target neutron yields (DDTTNYs) is insufficient, especially for deuteron energies between 18 and 33 MeV. In this study, we measured the DDTTNYs of ($$d,n$$) reactions on $$^{rm nat}$$C target for incident deuteron energies of 12, 20, and 30 MeV using the multiple-foils activation method to improve nuclear data insufficiency. We applied the GRAVEL code for the unfolding process to derive the DDTTNYs. The results were compared with the calculation by DEURACS. The present data were also used to confirm the systematics of the differential neutron yields at 0$$^{circ}$$ and total neutron yield per incident deuteron in the wide range of deuteron energy.

Journal Articles

Neutron diffraction study of hydrogen site occupancy in Fe$$_{0.95}$$Si$$_{0.05}$$ at 14.7 GPa and 800 K

Mori, Yuichiro*; Kagi, Hiroyuki*; Kakizawa, Sho*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Shito, Chikara*; Iizuka, Riko*; Aoki, Katsutoshi*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; et al.

Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 116(6), p.309 - 313, 2021/00

The Earth's core is believed to contain some light elements because it is 10% less dense than pure Fe under the corresponding pressure and temperature conditions. Hydrogen, a promising candidate among light elements, has phase relations and physical properties that have been investigated mainly for the Fe-H system. This study specifically examined an Fe-Si-H system using in-situ neutron diffraction experiments to investigate the site occupancy of deuterium of hcp-Fez$$_{0.95}$$Si$$_{0.05}$$ hydride at 14.7 GPa and 800 K. Results of Rietveld refinement indicate hcp-Fe$$_{0.95}$$Si$$_{0.05}$$ hydride as having deuterium (D) occupancy of 0.24(2) exclusively at the interstitial octahedral site in the hcp lattice. The effect on the site occupancy of D by addition of 2.6 wt% Si into Fe (Fe$$_{0.95}$$Si$$_{0.05}$$) was negligible compared to results obtained from an earlier study of an Fe-D system (Machida et al., 2019).

Journal Articles

Performance evaluation of block-structured Poisson solver on GPU, CPU, and ARM processors

Onodera, Naoyuki; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Asahi, Yuichi; Hasegawa, Yuta; Shimokawabe, Takashi*; Aoki, Takayuki*

Dai-34-Kai Suchi Ryutai Rikigaku Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (Internet), 2 Pages, 2020/12

We develop a multigrid preconditioned conjugate gradient (MG-CG) solver for the pressure Poisson equation in a two-phase flow CFD code JUPITER. The code is written in C++ and CUDA to keep the portability on multi-platforms. The main kernels of the CG solver achieve reasonable performance as 0.4 $$sim$$ 0.75 of the roofline performances, and the performances of the MG-preconditioner are also reasonable on NVIDIA GPU and Intel CPU. However, the performance degradation of the SpMV kernel on ARM is significant. It is confirmed that the optimization does not work if any functions are included in the loop.

Journal Articles

Simulation of fluidity, dispersion and mass transfer in an annular centrifugal contactor

Sano, Yuichi; Sakamoto, Atsushi; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Misumi, Ryuta*; Kunii, Kanako*; Todoroki, Kei*; Nishi, Kazuhiko*; Kaminoyama, Meguru*

Kagaku Kogaku Rombunshu, 44(6), p.335 - 340, 2018/11

Concerning an annular centrifugal contactor which has high throughput and separation performance, the effect of operational condition on fluidic and dispersion behavior, which are important to improve the contactor performance, was investigated by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis based on the turbulence model, and the calculated results were validated by experimental data. The liquid phase in the annular zone was gradually divided into two regions vertically with increasing the rotor speed and decreasing the flowrate, and the liquid flow moved toward the center of the housing bottom was generated in the lower annular zone under any operational condition. The droplet size of the dispersed phase in the annular zone decreased with increasing the rotor speed and decreasing the flowrate. These calculation results showed a good agreement with experimental data. The CFD analysis considering mass transfer between aqueous and organic phases was also attempted, and it was confirmed that the change of extraction performance with the rotor speed showed the same tendency as the experimental result.

Journal Articles

Flow behavior in annular centrifugal extractors with different vessel sizes

Misumi, Ryuta*; Todoroki, Kei*; Kunii, Kanako*; Nishi, Kazuhiko*; Kaminoyama, Meguru*; Sano, Yuichi; Sakamoto, Atsushi; Takeuchi, Masayuki

Kagaku Kogaku Rombunshu, 44(5), p.285 - 291, 2018/09

Annular centrifugal extractors have been anticipated for use as extractors in spent nuclear fuel recycling. The extraction rate and the liquid-liquid dispersion are related to the flow pattern in the vessel. However, no study has clarified flow patterns in vessels of various scales. For this study, flow pattern characteristics are quantified for extractors of two scales. An extractor has a mixing zone around the vessel bottom and a separation zone in the cylindrical rotor. For this experiment, distilled water was fed into the vessel. Flow behavior in the mixing zone was observed from a side view using a digital video camera at various rotor speeds and supply flow rates for extractors of two scales. In some cases, the liquid horizontal velocity vectors in the mixing zone were measured using particle image velocimetry. Results demonstrate that flow behaviors in the mixing zone in both scales of extractors are classifiable as three types, changing with operational conditions: Type A, Type B, and a Transition regime. For the Type A state, the mixing zone is fully filled with liquid from the vessel bottom up to the lower edge of the rotor. In the Type B state, the zone with existing liquid is vertically divisible into two regions. Lower rotor speeds and higher flow rates tend to produce Type A state flow behavior. The boundary operational condition between Type A and the Transition regime are correlated with the normalized supply flow rate and pumping capacity of the rotor, which is evaluated from liquid surface level in a rotor formed by centrifugal force. Furthermore, the fluid velocity in the mixing zone is roughly proportional to the rotor surface circumferential speed irrespective of the vessel scale.

Journal Articles

Rotor speed and supply flow rate effects on flow behavior in an annular centrifugal extractor

Misumi, Ryuta*; Kunii, Kanako*; Todoroki, Kei*; Nishi, Kazuhiko*; Kaminoyama, Meguru*; Sano, Yuichi; Sakamoto, Atsushi; Takeuchi, Masayuki

Kagaku Kogaku Rombunshu, 44(3), p.135 - 141, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Engineering, Chemical)

Annular centrifugal extractors have been used in spent nuclear fuel reprocessing, but the relation between the extraction rate and flow pattern in the vessel remains unclear. This study quantifies characteristics of the flow pattern to clarify this relation. An extractor produces a mixing zone around the vessel bottom and a separation zone in the rotor. The horizontal velocity of the liquid in the mixing zone was measured using particle image velocimetry at various rotor speeds and supply flow rates. Flow behaviors in the mixing zone are of three types, changing with operational conditions: Type A, Type B, and a transition regime. At lower rotor speeds and high supply flow rates, the mixing zone is fully filled with liquid from the vessel bottom up to the lower edge of the rotor: the Type A flow state. At high rotor speeds and low supply flow rates, the zone with existing liquid is vertically divisible into two regions: near the vanes and around the bottom of the rotor, which is the Type B flow state. A transition regime is also observed between Type A and Type B state. In each region surrounding the two vanes on the vessel bottom and the vessel wall, the liquid flowed in the direction of rotor rotation along the vessel wall. Liquid flow altered by the vane flowed toward the center of vessel bottom. The liquid then entered the separation zone through the orifice at the rotor bottom. For the Type A state, the horizontal velocity distribution was roughly proportional to the rotor speed. For the Type B state, the horizontal velocities around the vessel bottom were lower than those of Type A and were not proportional to the rotor speed. Presumably, the liquid fed into the vessel went directly to the rotor instead of passing between the two vanes attached to the vessel bottom.

Journal Articles

Anisotropic magnetic fluctuations in ferromagnetic superconductor UGe$$_2$$; $$^{73}$$Ge-NQR study at ambient pressure

Noma, Yuichiro*; Kotegawa, Hisashi*; Kubo, Tetsuro*; To, Hideki*; Harima, Hisatomo*; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika*; Ito, Kohei*; Haller, E. E.*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(3), p.033704_1 - 033704_5, 2018/03

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:47.76(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of a method of periodic safety review to cope with the aging degradation of hot laboratories

Tamaoki, Yuichi; Omori, Tsuyoshi; Fujishima, Tadatsune; Mizukoshi, Yasutaka; Sakamoto, Naoki

Proceedings of 53rd Annual Meeting of Hot Laboratories and Remote Handling Working Group (HOTLAB 2016) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2016/11

Post irradiation examinations are conducted in hot laboratories in Oarai Research and Development Center of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency in order to develop fuels and materials for fast reactors. These facilities, the majority of which were constructed in the 1970s, have accumulated operating experience over a period of more than 40 years. Continuous operational safety requires the maintenance of important equipment such as electronic devices, manipulators, in-cell cranes, as well as air conditioning and ventilation systems. A method for the periodic safety review for hot laboratories based on the periodic safety review method employed for preventive maintenance at commercialized power reactors in Japan has been developed. In this paper, the status of implementation of the periodic safety review for hot laboratories using the safety review method are introduced.

Journal Articles

Application of neutron stress measurement to reinforced concrete structure

Suzuki, Hiroshi; Kusunoki, Koichi*; Kanematsu, Manabu*; Tasai, Akira*; Hatanaka, Yuichi*; Tsuchiya, Naoko*; Bae, S.*; Shiroishi, Sho*; Sakurai, Sonoko*; Kawasaki, Takuro; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.031006_1 - 031006_6, 2015/09

The bond resistance between reinforcing bar (rebar) and concrete is one important parameter for examining integrity of the reinforced concrete structure, and is commonly evaluated by measuring the strain distribution along the rebar embedded in concrete. Here we present two types of applications of the time-of-flight neutron diffraction technique to measure the stress distribution of the rebar. It was demonstrated that bond deterioration around cracks developed in concrete can be evaluated by measuring the stress distribution along the embedded rebar using neutron diffraction. Furthermore, a change in the stress distribution along the rebar due to bond deterioration by corrosion was observed. The neutron diffraction technique is expected to become a novel method for measuring the stress (strain) of the rebar embedded in concrete, and will eventually provide insight into the actual phenomena on the reinforced concrete structures.

Journal Articles

Present status of J-PARC linac

Oguri, Hidetomo; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Ito, Takashi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hirano, Koichiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Ao, Hiroyuki; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Kondo, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.389 - 393, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Operation of electrostatic accelerators

Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Usui, Aya; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Sato, Takahiro; Okubo, Takeru; Nara, Takayuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 179, 2014/03

Three electrostatic accelerators at TIARA were operated on schedule in fiscal year 2012 except changing its schedule by cancellations of users. The yearly operation time of the 3 MV tandem accelerator, the 400 kV ion implanter and the 3MV single-ended accelerator were in the same levels as the ordinary one, whose operation time totaled to 2,073, 1,847 and 2,389 hours, respectively. The tandem accelerator had no trouble, whereas the ion implanter and the single-ended accelerator stopped by any troubles for one day and four days, respectively. The molecular ion beam of helium hydride was generated by the ion implanter, because the users required irradiation of several cluster ions in order to study the effect of irradiation. As a result, its intensity of beam was 50 nA at 200 kV. The ion beam of tungsten (W) at 15 MeV was accelerated by the tandem accelerator, whose intensity was 20 nA at charge state of 4+, because of the request from a researcher in the field of nuclear fusion.

Journal Articles

Measuring strain and stress distributions along rebar embedded in concrete using time-of-flight neutron diffraction

Suzuki, Hiroshi; Kusunoki, Koichi*; Hatanaka, Yuichi*; Mukai, Tomohisa*; Tasai, Akira*; Kanematsu, Manabu*; Kabayama, Kenji*; Harjo, S.

Measurement Science and Technology, 25(2), p.025602_1 - 025602_8, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:50.33(Engineering, Multidisciplinary)

In the modern society, architectural and civil engineering structures such as reinforced concrete buildings require high seismic performance to minimize the "megarisk" exposed from urban earthquake hazards. In the reinforced concrete structures, the bond resistance between rebar and concrete is one important parameter for discussing its performance and it has been typically evaluated by measuring the strain distribution along the embedded rebar. Here we present an in-situ strain and stress measurements for the rebar in the reinforced concrete using time-of-flight neutron diffraction as a novel alternative technique to typical strain gauges. It was demonstrated in this study that the three-dimensional deformation behavior of the embedded rebar in normal-strength concrete, cured in air, can be accurately measured under pull-out loading using time-of-flight neutron diffraction.

Journal Articles

Development of microwave ion source for industrial applications

Takahashi, Nobuaki*; Murata, Hirohiko*; Mitsubori, Hitoshi*; Sakuraba, Junji*; Soga, Tomohiro*; Aoki, Yasushi*; Kato, Takanori*; Saito, Yuichi; Yamada, Keisuke; Ikenaga, Noriaki*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(2), p.02C306_1 - 02C306_3, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:13.22(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Occurrence and potential activity of denitrifiers and methanogens in groundwater at 140 m depth in Pliocene diatomaceous mudstone of northern Japan

Katsuyama, Chie*; Nashimoto, Hiroaki*; Nagaosa, Kazuyo*; Ishibashi, Tomotaka*; Furuta, Kazuki*; Kinoshita, Takeshi*; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Aoki, Kazuhiro; Asano, Takahiro*; Sasaki, Yoshito; et al.

FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 86(3), p.532 - 543, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:26.35(Microbiology)

Anaerobic microbial activity has a major influence on the subsurface environment, and should be considered in subsurface activities including the construction of radioactive waste repositories. We investigated denitrification and methanogenesis in anoxic groundwater from 140 m depth in two boreholes, where the redox potential fluctuated. The average maximum potential denitrification rates, measured under anaerobic conditions in the two boreholes using an $$^{15}$$N tracer. Methanogenesis candidates were detected by 16S rRNA gene analysis. Although the stable isotope signatures suggested that some of the dissolved methane was of biogenic origin, no potential for methane production was evident during the incubations. The groundwater at 140 m depth did not contain oxygen, had an Eh ranging from -144 to 6.8 mV, and was found to be a potential field for denitrification.

Journal Articles

Study on ferromagnetic ordering of FeRh thin films induced by energetic heavy ion irradiation by means of X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Aiko, Kazuma*; Toki, Atsushi*; Okuda, Shuichi*; Saito, Yuichi; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Nakamura, Tetsuya*; Kinoshita, Toyohiko*; Iwase, Akihiro*; Matsui, Toshiyuki*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 314, p.99 - 102, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:29.69(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Preparation of polymer gel dosimeters based on less toxic monomers and gellan gum

Hiroki, Akihiro; Sato, Yuichi*; Nagasawa, Naotsugu; Ota, Akio*; Seito, Hajime; Yamabayashi, Hisamichi*; Yamamoto, Takayoshi*; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Tamada, Masao; Kojima, Takuji

Physics in Medicine & Biology, 58(20), p.7131 - 7141, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:58.9(Engineering, Biomedical)

Journal Articles

New polymer gel dosimeters consisting of less toxic monomers with radiation-crosslinked gel matrix

Hiroki, Akihiro; Yamashita, Shinichi; Sato, Yuichi*; Nagasawa, Naotsugu; Taguchi, Mitsumasa

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 444, p.012028_1 - 012028_4, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:91.14

Polymer gel dosimeters consisting of less toxic methacrylate-type monomers such as 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and polyethylene glycol 400 dimethacrylate (9G) with hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) gel were prepared. We investigated the effect of monomer compositions on the dose response of the polymer gel dosimeter. The HPC gels as a matrix for the polymer gel dosimeter were obtained by electron beam irradiation to 20wt% of HPC aqueous solution. The dried HPC gels were immersed into mixed monomer solutions, and then the swollen gels were vacuum-packed to prepare the polymer gel dosimeters. The polymer gel dosimeters showed cloudiness by exposing to $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray, in which the cloudiness increased with the dose up to 10 Gy. At the same dose, the increase in the cloudiness appeared with increasing concentration of 9G. It was found that the dose response depended on the composition ratio between HEMA and 9G.

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