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論文

Spin excitations of the $$S$$=1/2 one-dimensional Ising-like antiferromagnet BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ in transverse magnetic fields

奥谷 顕*; 大西 弘明; 木村 尚次郎*; 竹内 徹也*; 木田 孝則*; 森 道康; 三宅 厚志*; 徳永 将史*; 金道 浩一*; 萩原 政幸*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(4), p.044704_1 - 044704_9, 2021/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The high-field multifrequency electron spin resonance (ESR), the magnetization, and the specific heat of single crystals of BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ (a quasi-one-dimensional Ising-like antiferromagnet with $$S=1/2$$) were measured in two different transverse magnetic fields: $$H parallel [100]$$ and $$H parallel [110]$$. A softening of the lowest ESR mode was observed near the saturation field of the magnetization around 40 T in $$H parallel [110]$$, whereas it occurs around 10 T in $$H parallel [100]$$, far below the saturation field. These observations were reproduced by numerical calculations using the density-matrix renormalization group methods, including the staggered magnetic fields induced by a uniform external magnetic field and the interchain magnetic exchange interaction. We found that the directional dependence of the lowest mode originates mainly from the remarkable angular dependence of the induced magnetic field. The interchain interaction is also quantitatively important for reproducing the experimental results. The directional dependence of the lowest mode is demonstrated by the particle-hole excitation of spinons using the Jordan-Wigner transformation.

論文

Magnetic structure and dispersion relation of the $$S$$=1/2 quasi-one-dimensional Ising-like antiferromagnet BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ in a transverse magnetic field

松田 雅昌*; 大西 弘明; 奥谷 顕*; Ma, J.*; Agrawal, H.*; Hong, T.*; Pajerowski, D. M.*; Copley, J. R. D.*; 奥西 巧一*; 森 道康; et al.

Physical Review B, 96(2), p.024439_1 - 024439_8, 2017/07

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:50.2(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ consists of Co chains, in which Co$$^{2+}$$ ion carries a fictitious spin $$frac{1}{2}$$ with Ising anisotropy. We performed elastic and inelastic neutron scattering experiments in BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$ in magnetic field perpendicular to the $$c$$ axis which is the chain direction. With applying magnetic field along the $$a$$ axis at 3.5 K, the antiferromagnetic order with the easy axis along the $$c$$ axis, observed in zero magnetic field, is completely suppressed at 8 T, while the magnetic field gradually induces an antiferromagnetic order with the spin component along the $$b$$ axis. We also studied magnetic excitations as a function of transverse magnetic field. The lower boundary of the spinon excitations splits gradually with increasing magnetic field. The overall feature of the magnetic excitation spectra in magnetic field is reproduced by the theoretical calculation based on the spin $$frac{1}{2}$$ $$XXZ$$ antiferromagnetic chain model, which predicts that the dynamic magnetic structure factor of the spin component along the chain direction is enhanced and that along the field direction has clear incommensurate correlations.

口頭

擬一次元イジング型反強磁性体BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$の横磁場中磁気励起のDMRGによる解析

大西 弘明; 森 道康; 奥谷 顕*; 木村 尚次郎*; 萩原 政幸*

no journal, , 

擬一次元イジング型反強磁性体BaCo$$_{2}$$V$$_{2}$$O$$_{8}$$の横磁場中の磁気励起スペクトルをDMRGで解析した。磁場を[110]方向にかけた場合は飽和磁場近傍まで反強磁性秩序が保たれるのに対して、[100]にかけた場合は反強磁性秩序が速やかに抑制されて磁場誘起相転移が生じることが知られている。そこでのESRや磁化等の測定、および計算との比較について、萩原氏が講演予定である。その連続講演として、数値計算と理論的側面の詳細を報告する。

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