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論文

Electronic structure of the intermediate-valence compound EuNi$$_2$$P$$_2$$ studied by soft X-ray photoemission spectroscopy

川崎 郁斗; 小畠 雅明; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*

Physical Review B, 104(16), p.165124_1 - 165124_8, 2021/10

 被引用回数:0

We carried out angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) experiments using soft X rays to investigate the electronic structure of the intermediate valence compound EuNi$$_2$$P$$_2$$. Both the Eu$$^{2+}$$ and Eu$$^{3+}$$ components arising from the 4$$f^6$$ and 4$$f^5$$ final states were observed in the valence spectra, directly confirming an intermediate character of Eu ions. The three-dimensional band structure was studied by ARPES measurements, and we found that the ARPES spectra up to just below the Fermi level can well be explained by a calculation based on the density-functional theory for the non-4$$f$$ reference compound SrNi$$_2$$P$$_2$$. The heavy-fermion bands in EuNi$$_2$$P$$_2$$ are thus considered to be formed through the hybridization between the dispersive valence bands, which resemble those for SrNi$$_2$$P$$_2$$, and the Eu$$^{2+}$$ components located at the very vicinity of the Fermi level.

論文

Observation of longitudinal magnetic fluctuations at a first-order ferromagnetic quantum phase transition in UGe$$_2$$

野間 雄一郎*; 小手川 恒*; 久保 徹郎*; 藤 秀樹*; 播磨 尚朝*; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*; 伊藤 公平*; 仲村 愛*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(7), p.073707_1 - 073707_5, 2021/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Ferromagnetic fluctuation relevant to the pressure-induced superconductivity in UGe$$_2$$ is investigated by means of NMR spectroscopy. Longitudinal magnetic fluctuations were observed in the spin-echo decay rate near the ferromagnetic critical point where superconductivity takes place. This result strongly suggests that superconductivity in ferromagnets is universally mediated by anisotropic magnetic fluctuations.

論文

Charge-density-wave order and multiple magnetic transitions in divalent europium compound EuAl$$_4$$

金子 耕士; 川崎 卓郎; 仲村 愛*; 宗像 孝司*; 中尾 朗子*; 花島 隆泰*; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 大原 高志; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(6), p.064704_1 - 064704_6, 2021/06

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:72.06(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Multiple transition phenomena in divalent Eu compound EuAl$$_4$$ with the tetragonal structure were investigated via single crystal time-of-flight neutron Laue technique. At 30 K below a charge-density-wave (CDW) transition, superlattice peaks emerge near nuclear Bragg peaks described by an ordering vector $$q_{rm CDW}$$ = (0 0 $${delta}_c$$). In contrast, magnetic peaks appear at $$q_2 = ({delta}_2 {delta}_2 0)$$ with $${delta}_2$$ = 0.09 below $$T_{N1}$$ = 15.4 K, and moves to $$q_1 = ({delta}_1 0 0)$$ with $${delta}_1$$ = 0.19 below $$T_{N3}$$ =12.2 K, whereas no distinct change in the magnetic Bragg peak was detected at $$T_{N2}$$ and $$T_{N4}$$. The structural modification with $$q_{rm CDW}$$ is characterized by an absence of the superlattice peak in (0 0 $$l$$). Considering an absence of splitting in magnetic peaks along $$l$$, the structural transition is mainly ascribed to a displacement of Al ions within the tetragonal $$ab$$-plane. Complex incommensurate magnetic transitions are in stark contrast to a simple collinear commensurate structure in isovalent EuGa$$_4$$. This could stem from incompatible electronic structures with the CDW transition between two compounds.

論文

$$P$$2$$_1$$3の空間群に属する化合物および関連する化合物の結晶構造について

垣花 将司*; 竹内 徹也*; 芳賀 芳範; 播磨 尚朝*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*

固体物理, 55(10), p.505 - 514, 2020/10

立方晶キラル構造に属する磁性体が示す特異な磁気相が注目されている。代表的な物質MnSi(空間群$$P$$2$$_1$$3)および関連物質の構造の特徴を分類するとともに、一見複雑に見える結晶構造を安定化させる要因について考察する。

論文

4f電子系化合物EuPtSiで実現する磁気スキルミオン格子

金子 耕士; 垣花 将司*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*

波紋, 30(3), p.160 - 165, 2020/08

MnSiと同じ空間群に属する4$$f$$電子系化合物EuPtSiについて、磁気特性を調べた。単結晶中性子回折実験の結果、MnSiとEuPtSiの磁気構造に多くの共通点を見出した。この結果は、EuPtSiが4$$f$$電子系で初めて磁気スキルミオン格子を示す物質であることを示している。

論文

Electronic structure of trivalent compound EuPd$$_3$$ studied by soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

川崎 郁斗; 小畠 雅明; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 仲村 愛*; 伊覇 航*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(4), p.044704_1 - 044704_6, 2020/04

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:32.18(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

EuPd$$_3$$ is a rare Eu-based compound, whose Eu ions are in a trivalent state. The electronic structure of EuPd$$_3$$ was investigated by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) using soft X rays. Eu$$^{3+}$$ components arising from the 4f$$^5$$ final state multiplet were clearly observed in the valence spectra, and no Eu$$^{2+}$$ components were observed within an experimental accuracy, confirming a robust Eu$$^{3+}$$ state. The band structure and Fermi surfaces revealed by ARPES measurements were compared to the band structure calculations based on the density-functional theory for LaPd$$_3$$ andYPd$$_3$$. We found that the calculation for LaPd$$_3$$ provides a better description for our ARPES results. The effective electron masses estimated from the ARPES spectra near the Fermi level are in good agreement with the corresponding cyclotron effective masses in previous de Haas-van Alphen experiments.

論文

Quasi-one-dimensional magnetic interactions and conduction electrons in EuCu$$_5$$ and EuAu$$_5$$ with the characteristic hexagonal structure

松田 進弥*; 太田 譲二*; 仲井間 憲李*; 伊覇 航*; 郷地 順*; 上床 美也*; 中島 美帆*; 天児 寧*; 本多 史憲*; 青木 大*; et al.

Philosophical Magazine, 100(10), p.1244 - 1257, 2020/04

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:45.37(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Single crystal samples of EuCu$$_5$$ and EuAu$$_5$$ have been successfully prepared. Using those samples, magnetic and electronic anisotropy has been clarified. Magnetic moment in the ferromagnetic state points to the hexagonal $$c$$-axis for both compounds. Electronic anisotropy was found in both electrical resistivity and Fermi surface topology. These anisotropic characteristics are accounted for by the unique hexagonal structure.

論文

Spin glass behavior in EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ single crystal grown by the flux method

竹内 徹也*; 芳賀 芳範; 谷口 年史*; 伊覇 航*; 安次富 洋介*; 屋良 朝之*; 木田 孝則*; 田原 大夢*; 萩原 政幸*; 中島 美帆*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(3), p.034705_1 - 034705_15, 2020/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Single crystals of EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ have been grown by the flux method and Bridgman method. The Eu ions of the Bridgman-grown crystal are nearly trivalent and fluctuate depending on the temperature. On the other hand, the Eu ions of flux-grown sample are divalent and thermally stable and show spin-glass behavior at low temperatures. Crystallographic analyses identified random replacement of Cu sites by Si only for the flux-grown samples. Such structural randomness leads to spin-glass features.

論文

Single crystal growth and unique electronic states of cubic chiral EuPtSi and related compounds

大貫 惇睦*; 垣花 将司*; 伊覇 航*; 仲井間 憲李*; 青木 大*; 仲村 愛*; 本多 史憲*; 中島 美帆*; 天児 寧*; 郷地 順*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 29, p.012001_1 - 012001_9, 2020/02

EuPtSi with the cubic chiral structure exhibits a skyrmion phase under magnetic field. We succeeded in growing high-quality single crystals by the Bridgman method. Fermi surface splitting reflecting the noncentrosymmetric structure was successfully observed experimentally.

論文

4$$f$$電子系化合物EuPtSiにおける磁気スキルミオン

金子 耕士; 垣花 将司*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*

固体物理, 54(12), p.757 - 766, 2019/12

MnSiと同じ空間群に属する4$$f$$電子系化合物EuPtSiについて、磁気特性を調べた。単結晶中性子回折実験の結果、MnSiとEuPtSiの磁気構造に多くの共通点を見出した。この結果は、EuPtSiが4$$f$$電子系で初めて磁気スキルミオン格子を示す物質であることを示している。

論文

Magnetic field induced triple-$$q$$ magnetic order in trillium lattice antiferromagnet EuPtSi studied by resonant X-ray scattering

田端 千紘*; 松村 武*; 中尾 裕則*; 道村 真司*; 垣花 将司*; 稲見 俊哉*; 金子 耕士; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(9), p.093704_1 - 093704_5, 2019/09

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:86.53(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The magnetic order in the magnetic-fild-induced so-called A phase of cubic chiral antiferromagnet EuPtSi was investigated by resonant X-ray scattering (RXS) near the Eu $$L_{2}$$ edge. The high flux RXS signal under the magnetic field applied along [111] revealed the first and second order satellite magnetic reflections, indicating that the A phase is a triple-$$q$$ magnetic ordered state that is described by three propagation vectors lying in the plane normal to the magnetic field direction; $$q_1$$, $$q_2$$, and $$q_3$$. With the high resolution in the reciprocal space achieved in the RXS measurement, it is suggested that the triple-$$q$$ order strongly couples with the underlying crystal lattice. The triple-$$q$$ magnetic order is discussed in the context of a magnetic skyrmion lattice on which the geometrical frustration may play a crucial role.

論文

Electronic states of EuCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ studied by soft X-ray photoemission spectroscopy

川崎 郁斗; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 伊覇 航*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*

Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035111_1 - 035111_8, 2019/07

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:51.19(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have carried out angle-integrated photoemission spectroscopy (AIPES) and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) experiments using soft X-rays on single crystals of EuCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ grown by the Bridgman method to investigate their electronic structures. The AIPES results showed that the Eu ions in EuCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ are in a divalent state and a nearly trivalent state, respectively, in accord with the previously reported magnetic properties. The three-dimensional band structures and shapes of the Fermi surfaces of EuCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ were studied by ARPES measurements. We found that the band structures near the Fermi level and Fermi surfaces of EuCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ are very different from each other and are well reproduced by the band structure calculations based on density-functional theory for SrCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and YCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$. This suggests that a charge transfer from the localized 4$$f$$ states into the valence bands is responsible for the difference in the electronic states between EuCu$$_2$$Ge$$_2$$ and EuCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$.

論文

Anomalous ferromagnetic ordering in EuCuP

伊覇 航*; 垣花 将司*; 松田 進弥*; 本多 史憲*; 芳賀 芳範; 竹内 徹也*; 中島 美帆*; 天児 寧*; 郷地 順*; 上床 美也*; et al.

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 788, p.361 - 366, 2019/06

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:25.87(Chemistry, Physical)

Ferromagnetic ordering of EuCuP is investigated on a single crystal sample grown from tin flux. Application of hydrostatic pressure up to 8 GPa stabilizes ferromagnetic ordering, suggesting divalent Eu is stable. The Hall effect and resistivity measurements show that EuCuP is a low-carrier ferromagnetic metal with a characteristic resistivity cusp appearing at the ferromagnetic transition temperature.

論文

Evidence for weak spin-orbit interaction experienced by Cooper pairs in the spin-triplet superconductor UPt$$_3$$; $$^{195}$$Pt-NMR study

青山 泰介*; 小手川 恒*; 木村 憲彰*; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範; 大貫 惇睦*; 藤 秀樹*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(6), p.064706_1 - 064706_7, 2019/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

$$^{195}$$Pt-NMR measurements under magnetic field ($$H$$) parallel to the $$c$$-axis in the vicinity of the upper critical field $$H_{rm c2}$$ have been carried out on the heavy-fermion superconductor UPt$$_3$$. The quasiparticle spin susceptibility was obtained from the measurements. The field dependence of the susceptibility suggests that the $$d$$-vector freely rotates in magnetic field. It is therefore concluded that spin-orbit interaction, which confines the direction of the $$d$$-vector with respect to the crystal axis, is weak in UPt$$_3$$.

論文

Unique helical magnetic order and field-induced phase in trillium lattice antiferromagnet EuPtSi

金子 耕士; Frontzek, M. D.*; 松田 雅昌*; 中尾 朗子*; 宗像 孝司*; 大原 高志; 垣花 将司*; 芳賀 芳範; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88, p.013702_1 - 013702_5, 2019/01

 被引用回数:28 パーセンタイル:94.68(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Magnetic transitions in chiral antiferromagnet EuPtSi were investigated by means of single crystal neutron diffraction. In the ground state, magnetic peaks emerge at positions represented by $$q_{1}$$=$$(0.2, 0.3, 0)$$. Upon heating, an additional magnetic peak splitting around 2.5 K was uncovered, indicating a presence of a first-order transition with $$q^*_{1}$$=$$(0.2, 0.3, {delta})$$. An half-polarized neutron scattering for polarization parallel to Q reveled that polarization antiparallel to Q has stronger intensity in both magnetic phases. This feature clarifies single chiral character of helical structure with moments normal to the ordering vector in both ordered states. Under vertical magnetic field along [1,1,1] in the $$A$$ phase, magnetic peaks form hexagonal patterns in the equatorial scattering plane around nuclear. An ordering vector $$q_{A}$$ of the $$A$$-phase has the similar size in the periodicity to $$q_{1}$$, and could be a hallmark of a formation of skyrmion lattice in EuPtSi.

論文

Manifestation of electron correlation effect in 5$$f$$ states of uranium compounds revealed by 4$$d$$-5$$f$$ resonant photoelectron spectroscopy

藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*

Physical Review B, 99(3), p.035109_1 - 035109_5, 2019/01

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:51.19(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In the present study, we have elucidated the nature of the electron correlation effect in uranium compounds by imaging the partial $$mathrm{U}~5f$$ density of states (pDOS) of typical itinerant, localized, and heavy fermion uranium compounds by using the $$mathrm{U}$$ 4$$d$$-5$$f$$ resonant photoemission spectroscopy. Obtained $$mathrm{U}~5$$ pDOS exhibit a systematic trend depending on the physical properties of compounds: Although the coherent peak at the Fermi level can be explained by the band-structure calculation, an incoherent peak emerges on the higher binding energy side ($$lesssim 1~mathrm{eV}$$) in the cases of localized and heavy fermion compounds. The intensity and energy position of the incoherent peak is increased and shifted to a higher binding energy as the localization of the $$mathrm{U}~5$$ state increases. These behaviors are consistent with the prediction of the Mott metal-insulator transition, suggesting that the Hubbard-$$U$$ type mechanism takes an essential role in the $$5f$$ electronic structure of actinide materials.

論文

Electronic structure of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ studied by photoelectron spectroscopy (INVITED)

藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.82 - 85, 2018/11

One of the most remarkable properties of actinide compounds is the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetic ordering which has been realized in several strongly-correlated uranium based compounds. In these compounds, both superconductivity and magnetic ordering originate from U 5f states. To understand the origin of the coexistence as well as the mechanism of the superconductivity, it is essential to reveal their U 5f electronic structures. In this presentation, the U 5f electronic structures of heavy Fermion superconductors UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$ and URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ studied by photoelectron spectroscopy using soft X-rays from SPring-8 BL23SU are presented. For UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$, U 4d-5f resonant photoemission experiment was performed, and its partial U 5f spectrum was revealed experimentally. Furthermore, we have applied the three-dimentional ARPES to the hidden order compound URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$, and revealed its complete 3D electronic structure in the paramagnetic phase. Their electronic structures are discussed based on these results.

論文

Effects of magnetic field and pressure on the valence-fluctuating antiferromagnetic compound EuPt$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

竹内 徹也*; 屋良 朝之*; 安次富 洋介*; 伊覇 航*; 垣花 将司*; 中島 美帆*; 天児 寧*; 本多 史憲*; 本間 佳哉*; 青木 大*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(7), p.074709_1 - 074709_14, 2018/07

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:63.33(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Effects of magnetic field and pressure on the Kondo-like behavior in the valence-fluctuating antiferromagnetic compound EuPt$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ were studied using single-crystalline samples. Anomalous features in EuPt$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ are due to valence fluctuation and/or valence change of the Eu ions at low temperatures.

論文

Electronic states in EuCu$$_2$$(Ge$$_{1-x}$$Si$$_x$$)$$_2$$ based on the doniach phase diagram

伊覇 航*; 屋良 朝之*; 安次富 洋介*; 垣花 将司*; 竹内 徹也*; 本多 史憲*; 仲村 愛*; 青木 大*; 郷地 順*; 上床 美也*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(6), p.064706_1 - 064706_14, 2018/06

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:78.13(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We succeeded in growing single crystals of the series of EuCu$$_2$$(Ge$$_{1-x}$$Si$$_x$$)$$_2$$ compounds.Physical property measurements demonstrate a maximum of the antiferromagnetic transition temperature appears at $$x = 0.5$$. Antiferromagnetism then disappears around $$x = 0.7$$ followed by a heavy-fermion formation at higher concentrations. These observations follow the Doniach phase diagram as a function of $$x$$.

論文

Element-specific observation of the ferromagnetic ordering process in UCoAl via soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; 岡根 哲夫; 山上 浩志; 松田 達磨*; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範; 大貫 惇睦*

Physical Review B, 97(18), p.184414_1 - 184414_7, 2018/05

AA2018-0316.pdf:0.62MB

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:8.26(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have performed soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) experiments on the itinerant-electron metamagnet UCoAl at the U 4$$d$$-5$$f$$ ($$N_mathrm{4, 5}$$) and Co 2$$p$$-3$$d$$ ($$L_mathrm{2, 3}$$) absorption edges in order to investigate the magnetic properties of the U 5$$f$$ and Co 3$$d$$ electrons separately. From the line shape of the XMCD spectrum, it is deduced that the orbital magnetic moment of the Co 3$$d$$ electrons is unusually large. Through the systematic temperature ($$T$$)- and magnetic field ($$H$$)-dependent XMCD measurements, we have obtained two types of the magnetization curve as a function of $$H$$ and $$T$$ (M-H curve and M-T curve, respectively). The metamagnetic transition from a paramagnetic state to a field-induced ferromagnetic state was observed clearly under 15 K at $$H_mathrm{M}$$. The value of the $$H_mathrm{M}$$ and its $$T$$-dependence agree well between the U and Co sites, and the bulk magnetization. Whereas, we have discovered the remarkable differences in the M-H and M-T curves between the U and Co sites. The present findings show clearly that the role of the Co 3$$d$$ electrons should be considered more carefully in order to understand the origin of the magnetic ordering in UCoAl.

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