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Journal Articles

Relationship between science/technology and society; The Role of experts and the mechanism to utilize their expertise

Osawa, Hideaki

Nihon Gijutsushikai Gifu Shibu Kaiho (Internet), (VI-7), 7 Pages, 2021/09

This newsletter illustrate the process of collaboration among decision-maker, expert, stakeholder and citizen with reference to decision-making for infectious disease control of the new coronavirus.

JAEA Reports

Synthesis report on the R&D for the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory; Project carried out during fiscal years 2015-2019

Nakayama, Masashi; Saiga, Atsushi; Kimura, Shun; Mochizuki, Akihito; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Ono, Hirokazu; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Takeda, Masaki; Hayano, Akira; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2019-013, 276 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Research-2019-013.pdf:18.72MB

The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary rock at Horonobe Town in Hokkaido, north Japan. The investigations will be conducted in three phases, namely "Phase 1: Surface based investigations", "Phase 2: Construction phase" (investigations during construction of the underground facilities) and "Phase 3: Operation phase" (research in the underground facilities). According to the research plan described in the 3rd Mid- and Long- term Plan of JAEA, "Near-field performance study", "Demonstration of repository design option", and "Verification of crustal-movement buffering capacity of sedimentary rocks" are important issues of the Horonobe URL Project, and schedule of future research and backfill plans of the project will be decided by the end of 2019 Fiscal Year. The present report summarizes the research and development activities of these 3 important issues carried out during 3rd Medium to Long-term Research Phase.

Journal Articles

Development of a laser chipping technique combined with water jet for retrieval of fuel debris at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Yamada, Tomonori; Takebe, Toshihiko*; Ishizuka, Ippei*; Daido, Hiroyuki*; Hanari, Toshihide; Shibata, Takuya; Omori, Shinya*; Kurosawa, Koichi*; Sasaki, Go*; Nakada, Masahiro*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(12), p.1171 - 1179, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:23.13(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We describe a new chipping technique combined with a water-jet technique as one of the candidate techniques for the retrieval of fuel debris and support structures as part of the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. We performed proof-of-principle experiments to demonstrate the removal capability of metal parts, where we focused on the observation of removal processes from a metallic sample using a 5.5-kW continuous wave fiber laser combined with continuous and pulsed water jets.

Journal Articles

The Framing effects of compensation and taboo trade-offs on acceptance of NIMBY Facility; A Scenario experiment of high level radioactive waste geological repository

Iino, Mari*; Onuma, Susumu*; Hirose, Yukio*; Osawa, Hideaki; Otomo, Shoji*

Nihon Risuku Kenkyu Gakkai-Shi, 29(2), p.95 - 102, 2019/10

The purpose of this research is to investigate the effects of compensation framing on acceptance of a high level radioactive waste (HLW) geological repository. The results demonstrated that there were no main effects of condition, which suggested that the framing of compensation had no significant impact on acceptance of a HLW geological repository.

Journal Articles

Risk communication at Horonobe Underground Research Center, using the Public Information House and Underground Research Laboratory

Osawa, Hideaki; Nogami, Toshinobu; Hoshino, Masato; Tokunaga, Hiroaki*; Horikoshi, Hidehiko*

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 26(1), p.45 - 55, 2019/06

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has performed risk communication at Horonobe Underground Research Center, using the Public Information House and Underground Research Laboratory (URL), to promote understanding R&D of geological disposal technology and waste disposal against public. In this paper, we conducted the analysis of questionnaire investigation performing after visiting those facilities from FY2013 to FY2017. The results show that long-term safety would gain prominent attention as agita factor by growing understanding. The results also shows that visiting to those facility would become valuable experience to understand geological disposal because, for example, respondents with visiting to URL positively evaluated necessity, appropriates and safety of geological disposal, compared with those without visiting URL.

Journal Articles

Effects of trust and procedural fairness on public acceptance of siting a repository for high-level radioactive waste

Osawa, Hideaki; Otomo, Shoji*; Hirose, Yukio*; Onuma, Susumu*

Ningen Kankyogaku Kenkyu, 17(1), p.59 - 64, 2019/06

This study examined the determinants of public acceptance of siting a repository for High-level radioactive waste (HLW), focusing on procedural fairness and trust. To examine the presumption, the study implemented a hypothetical scenario experiment that manipulated two factors: an opportunity of voice as an antecedent of procedural fairness and similarity value to the authority as a component of trust. Results indicated that affective reaction, procedural fairness, and trust determined public acceptance. A process analysis indicated that the effect of procedural fairness was strengthened when the trust on similarity was negative.

Journal Articles

Decision-making process on selection of management policy for high-level radioactive waste; As an example of Switzerland and United Kingdom

Osawa, Hideaki; Hirose, Yukio*; Onuma, Susumu*; Otomo, Shoji*

Shakai Anzengaku Kenkyu, 9, p.145 - 160, 2019/03

We compared decision-making process on selection of management policy for high-level radioactive waste between Switzerland and UK by document review. The decision-making was performed extraction of options, establishment of comparative criteria, assessment and selection of options in turn. As comparative criteria, safety and intergenerational fairness etc. were considered to be important. The position of 'Deal with it now by waste disposal' emphasizing the responsibility of the present generation had a trade-off relation with that of 'Leave it until later by long-term storage' emphasizing the rights of future generations. The sense of values, recusing HLW repository as so-called troublesome facility against future and present generation, appeared to be mitigated through the consideration of trade-off relation described above. As a result, both countries have chosen waste disposal considering reversibility of decisions and retrievability of radioactive waste.

Journal Articles

Decision-making process on site selection for the deep geological repository of high-level radioactive waste; As an example of Switzerland and United Kingdom

Osawa, Hideaki; Hirose, Yukio*; Onuma, Susumu*; Otomo, Shoji*

Shakai Anzengaku Kenkyu, 9, p.161 - 176, 2019/03

We compared site selection process by a voluntarism and partnership approach in UK, and that by screening based primarily on technical criteria with the main emphasis on safety in Switzerland, by document review. The voluntarism and partnership approach in UK is based on the ethical consideration that fairness in siting facilities could only be achieved by the enhancement of well-being and public acceptability based on a willingness to participate and a right to withdraw from a siting process. On the other hand, it could be interpreted that the screening approach with the main emphasis on safety in Switzerland would be based on the concept of the ignorance of veil, hypothesized that people would accept the decision if they consent the decision way beforehand under condition everyone could be involved in as a potential interest party.

Journal Articles

Can the decision way by the "veil of ignorance" promote public acceptance?; A Hypothetical scenario survey about selecting a candidate site for geological disposal of high level radioactive waste in Japan

Onuma, Susumu*; Hirose, Yukio*; Osawa, Hideaki; Otomo, Shoji*; Yokoyama, Miki*

Nihon Risuku Kenkyu Gakkai Dai-31-Kai Nenji Taikai Koen Rombunshu (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2018/11

One reason of not being decided a candidate site for geological disposal of high level radioactive waste is that strong opposition occurs once a name of the place where residents live even if they can understand the necessity of the facility. Therefore, we hypothesized that people would accept the decision if they consent the decision way beforehand under the condition everyone can be involved in as a potential interest party (the ignorance of veil). A hypothetical scenario survey was conducted in Japan. The results revealed that the decision way and the decision under the ignorance of veil were likely to be accepted more than the current decision way even if they became candidate site. Moreover, the decision way under the ignorance of veil was evaluated higher procedural fairness, while the current way was low procedural fairness.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of laser processing technique combined with water jet technique for retrieval of fuel debris at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Hanari, Toshihide; Takebe, Toshihiko*; Yamada, Tomonori; Daido, Hiroyuki; Ishizuka, Ippei*; Omori, Shinya*; Kurosawa, Koichi*; Sasaki, Go*; Nakada, Masahiro*; Sakai, Hideaki*

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 3 Pages, 2017/04

In decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, a retrieval process of fuel debris in the Primary Containment Vessel by a remote operation is one of the key issues. In this process, prevention of spreading radioactive materials is one of the important considerations. Furthermore, an applicable technique to the process requires keeping of reasonable processing-efficiency. We propose to use the combined technique including a laser light and a water jet as a retrieval technique of the fuel debris. The laser processing technique combined with a repetitive pulsed water jet could perform an efficient retrieval processing. Our experimental result encourages us to promote further development of the technique towards a real application at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station.

JAEA Reports

Synthesized research report in the second mid-term research phase, Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project and Geo-stability Project (Translated document)

Hama, Katsuhiro; Sasao, Eiji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Onoe, Hironori; Sato, Toshinori; Fujita, Tomo; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Takeda, Masaki; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; et al.

JAEA-Review 2016-014, 274 Pages, 2016/08

JAEA-Review-2016-014.pdf:44.45MB

We synthesized the research results from the Mizunami/Horonobe Underground Research Laboratories (URLs) and geo-stability projects in the second midterm research phase. This report can be used as a technical basis for the Nuclear Waste Management Organization of Japan/Regulator at each decision point from siting to beginning of disposal (Principal Investigation to Detailed Investigation Phase).

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Plan for fiscal year 2016

Hama, Katsuhiro; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Sasao, Eiji; Mikake, Shinichiro; Ikeda, Koki; Matsui, Hiroya; Osawa, Hideaki

JAEA-Review 2016-015, 29 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Review-2016-015.pdf:3.41MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of geological disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment in the crystalline host rock (granite rock) at Mizunami City in Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. On the occasion of the reform of the entire JAEA organization in 2014, JAEA identified three important issues on the geoscientific research program: "Development of countermeasure technologies for reducing groundwater inflow", "Development of modelling technologies for mass transport" and "Development of drift backfilling technologies", based on the latest results of the synthesizing research and development (R&D). These R&D on three remaining important issues have been carrying out on the MIU project. This report summarizes the R&D activities planned for fiscal year 2016 based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2015 and so on.

JAEA Reports

Investigation plan for the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project; Investigation plan for the third medium to long-term research phase

Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Matsui, Hiroya; Mikake, Shinichiro; Sasao, Eiji; Osawa, Hideaki

JAEA-Review 2016-004, 38 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Review-2016-004.pdf:7.07MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host crystalline rock at Mizunami City in Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. The present report summarizes the research and development activities planned mainly in the -500m gallery.

Journal Articles

An Lesson learned from the consultation activity with community regarding the Mizunami Underground Laboratory Project; From a viewpoint of procedural and distributive justice

Nishio, Kazuhisa*; Osawa, Hideaki

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 23(1), p.9 - 24, 2016/06

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has promoted the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (Mizunami URL) as one of generic URL to perform basic research of waste disposal technology for about twenty years. JAEA had carried out consultation activities with local people and community from 1995 when the plan of Mizunami URL opened at the time, because an early approach of JAEA caused a sense of social distrust and concern, which the study area of Mizunami URL would be candidate site of real repository. In this paper, we conducted normative analysis intended for the consultation activities from a viewpoint of procedural justice and distributed justice, used as the social psychological framework in terms of public NIMBY facility. The results show that it is important to develop local partnership, composed of representative local people and organization at early start and to support deliberation by local partnership in the aspect of information and financial administration.

Journal Articles

Determinants of public acceptance on siting a geological disposal facility for high-level radioactive waste in France

Osawa, Hideaki; Otomo, Shoji*; Onuma, Susumu*; Hirose, Yukio*

Shakai Gijutsu Kenkyu Rombunshu, 13, p.86 - 95, 2016/05

This study examined determinants of public acceptance regarding siting a geological disposal facility for high-level radioactive waste (HLW) in France, where a candidate site has been selected following on a variety of public involvement activities. Data from 886 French residents were collected in 2014 by an internet survey that was performed near a district that is a candidate for a HLW repository and in an outlying region away from the candidate site. Results indicate that procedural fairness, intergenerational subjective norm, public benefit and personal benefit were significant factors for public acceptance in dealing with the NIMBY issue in addition to factors such as trust, risk perception and stigma, dealt with in previous research on risk analysis. Furthermore, personal benefit and affect had stronger impact on the acceptance than public benefit, procedural fairness and intergenerational subjective norm.

Journal Articles

Progress report of Japanese simulation research projects using the high-performance computer system Helios in the International Fusion Energy Research Centre

Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Imadera, Kenji*; Kasuya, Naohiro*; Kanno, Ryutaro*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Tatsuno, Tomoya*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Maeyama, Shinya*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(3), p.157 - 210, 2016/03

The high-performance computer system Helios which is located at The Computational Simulation Centre (CSC) in The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) started its operation in January 2012 under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and the EU. The Helios system has been used for magnetised fusion related simulation studies in the EU and Japan and has kept high average usage rate. As a result, the Helios system has contributed to many research products in a wide range of research areas from core plasma physics to reactor material and reactor engineering. This project review gives a short catalogue of domestic simulation research projects. First, we outline the IFERC-CSC project. After that, shown are objectives of the research projects, numerical schemes used in simulation codes, obtained results and necessary computations in future.

JAEA Reports

Study on engineering technologies in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (FY 2014); Development of design and construction planning and countermeasure technologies (Contract research)

Kobayashi, Shinji*; Niimi, Katsuyuki*; Tsuji, Masakuni*; Yamada, Toshiko*; Aoyagi, Yoshiaki; Sato, Toshinori; Mikake, Shinichiro; Osawa, Hideaki

JAEA-Technology 2015-039, 170 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Technology-2015-039.pdf:37.73MB

The researches on engineering technology in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) plan consists of (1) development of design and construction planning technologies, (2) development of construction technology, (3) development of countermeasure technology, (4) development of technology for security, and (5) development of technologies regarding restoration or reversal and mitigating of the excavation effect. To develop design and construction planning technologies, and countermeasure technology, the analysis of measured data during earthquake and seismic movement characteristics at deep underground, and the examination of grouting method were carried out. For the characteristics of earthquake ground motion, measurement data obtained by seismometers installed in the Mizunami Underground Laboratory were analyzed, and the comprehensive assessment of the relationship between the measurement data and the geological condition at each depth was performed. As for "Study on grouting method at deep underground ", post grouting was carried out and evaluated based on the Construction plan in FY2013. Furthermore, target of the future R&D was proposed.

JAEA Reports

Study on the applicability of the fiber-optic crack detection sensor as a safety technology (Joint research)

Hiraiwa, Kenichi*; Hirai, Kazuhide*; Sano, Tadashi*; Osawa, Hideaki; Sato, Toshinori; Aoyagi, Yoshiaki; Fujita, Tomo; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Inagaki, Daisuke*

JAEA-Technology 2015-033, 50 Pages, 2015/11

JAEA-Technology-2015-033.pdf:12.6MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (hereinafter referred to as JAEA) has been conducted a geoscientific research and development project at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory and the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal. As a collaborative research between JAEA and Tokyo Sokki Kenkyujo Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as TML), we focused on the fiber-optic crack detection sensor developed by TML as a method to detect cracks in the support system that may affect the stability of rock cavern during the operation. To verify long-term safety performance of the sensor for decades, "Evaluation test of long-term durability of fiber-optic crack detection sensor and the support system" at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory and "Performance evaluation test of fiber-optic crack detection sensor for in-situ crack detection" at the Horonobe Underground Laboratory Research Laboratory were conducted. As the result, we understand that fiber-optic crack detection sensor is applicable measurement method to promptly detect the cracks in the support system.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Annual report for fiscal year 2014

Hama, Katsuhiro; Mikake, Shinichiro; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; Kuwabara, Kazumichi; Ueno, Tetsuro; Onuki, Kenji*; Beppu, Shinji; Onoe, Hironori; Takeuchi, Ryuji; et al.

JAEA-Review 2015-024, 122 Pages, 2015/11

JAEA-Review-2015-024.pdf:80.64MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technical basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase III, as the Phase II was concluded for a moment with the completion of the excavation of horizontal tunnels at GL-500m level in February 2014. This report presents the results of the investigations, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2014.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Plan for fiscal year 2015

Hama, Katsuhiro; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Sasao, Eiji; Mikake, Shinichiro; Ikeda, Koki; Sato, Toshinori; Osawa, Hideaki; Koide, Kaoru

JAEA-Review 2015-021, 27 Pages, 2015/10

JAEA-Review-2015-021.pdf:4.35MB

The Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of geological disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment in the crystalline host rock (granite rock) at Mizunami City in Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. This report summarizes the research and development activities planned for fiscal year 2015 based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2015 and so on. On the occasion of the reform of the entire JAEA organization in 2014, JAEA identified the critical issues on the geoscientific research program: "Development of modelling technologies for mass transport", "Development of drift backfilling technologies" and "Development of technologies for reducing groundwater inflow", based on the latest results of the synthesizing R&D. Investigations on those critical issues will be performed at the MIU in fiscal year 2015.

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