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The $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe cross section from the surrogate ratio method and its effect on the $$^{60}$$Fe nucleosynthesis

Yan, S. Q.*; Li, X. Y.*; 西尾 勝久; Lugaro, M.*; Li, Z. H.*; 牧井 宏之; Pignatari, M.*; Wang, Y. B.*; Orlandi, R.; 廣瀬 健太郎; et al.

Astrophysical Journal, 919(2), p.84_1 - 84_7, 2021/10


The long-lived $$^{60}$$Fe (with a half-life of 2.62 Myr) is a crucial diagnostic of active nucleosynthesis in the Milky Way galaxy and in supernovae near the solar system. The neutron-capture reaction $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe on $$^{59}$$Fe (half-life=44.5 days) is the key reaction for the production of $$^{60}$$Fe in massive stars. This reaction cross section has been previously constrained by the Coulomb dissociation experiment, which offered partial constraint on the E1 $$gamma$$-ray strength function but a negligible constraint on the M1 and E2 components. In this work, for the first time, we use the surrogate ratio method to experimentally determine the $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe cross sections in which all the components are included. We derived a Maxwellian-averaged cross section of 27.5$$pm$$3.5 mb at $$kT$$ = 30 keV and 13.4$$pm$$1.7 mb at $$kT$$ = 90 keV, roughly 10%-20% higher than previous estimates. We analyzed the impact of our new reaction rates in nucleosynthesis models of massive stars and found that uncertainties in the production of $$^{60}$$Fe from the $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe rate are at most 25$$%$$. We conclude that stellar physics uncertainties now play a major role in the accurate evaluation of the stellar production of $$^{60}$$Fe.


Ultralow thermal conductivity from transverse acoustic phonon suppression in distorted crystalline $$alpha$$-MgAgSb

Li, X.*; Liu, P.-F.*; Zhao, E.*; Zhang, Z.*; Guide, T.*; Le, M. D.*; Avdeev, M.*; 池田 一貴*; 大友 季哉*; 古府 麻衣子; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 11(1), p.942_1 - 942_9, 2020/02

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:93.25(Multidisciplinary Sciences)



$$alpha$$-decay branching ratio of $$^{180}$$Pt

Cubiss, J. G.*; Harding, R. D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Althubiti, N.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; Farooq-Smith, G. J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(1), p.014314_1 - 014314_4, 2020/01

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:84.86(Physics, Nuclear)



Colossal barocaloric effects in plastic crystals

Li, B.*; 川北 至信; 河村 聖子; 菅原 武*; Wang, H.*; Wang, J.*; Chen, Y.*; 河口 沙織*; 河口 彰吾*; 尾原 幸治*; et al.

Nature, 567(7749), p.506 - 510, 2019/03

 被引用回数:85 パーセンタイル:99.22(Multidisciplinary Sciences)



Pressure-induced Diels-Alder reactions in C$$_{6}$$H$$_{6}$$ - C$$_{6}$$F$$_{6}$$ cocrystal towards graphane structure

Wang, Y.*; Dong, X.*; Tang, X.*; Zheng, H.*; Li, K.*; Lin, X.*; Fang, L.*; Sun, G.*; Chen, X.*; Xie, L.*; et al.

Angewandte Chemie; International Edition, 58(5), p.1468 - 1473, 2019/01

 被引用回数:18 パーセンタイル:83.78(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

芳香族の圧力誘起重合反応(PIP)は、sp$$^{3}$$炭素骨格を構築するための新しい方法であり、ベンゼンとその誘導体を圧縮することによってダイヤモンド様構造を有するナノスレッドを合成した。ここで、ベンゼン-ヘキサフルオロベンゼン共結晶(CHCF)を圧縮することにより、PIP生成物中に層状構造を有するH-F置換グラフェンを同定した。その場中性子回折から決定された結晶構造およびガスクロマトグラフィー質量スペクトルによって同定された中間生成物に基づいて、20GPaでは、CHCFがベンゼンおよびヘキサフルオロベンゼンを交互に積み重ねた傾斜カラムを形成し、それらが[4+2]重合体に転化し、次いで、短距離秩序を持つ水素化フッ素化グラフェンに変化する。反応プロセスは[4+2]ディールス-アルダー, レトロディールス-アルダー、および1-1'カップリング反応を含み、前者はPIPの重要な反応である。われわれの研究は、CHCFの素反応を初めて確認した。これは、芳香族化合物のPIPについての新しい見方を提供する。


Hydroformylation of olefins by a rhodium single-atom catalyst with activity comparable to RhCl(PPh$$_{3}$$)$$_{3}$$

Lang, R.*; Li, T.*; 松村 大樹; Miao, S.*; Ren, Y.*; Cui, Y.-T.*; Tan, Y.*; Qiao, B.*; Li, L.*; Wang, A.*; et al.

Angewandte Chemie; International Edition, 55(52), p.16054 - 16058, 2016/12

Single-atom catalysts have the advantages of both homogeneous catalysts, such as "isolated sites", and heterogeneous catalysts, such as stability and reusability, and thus would be a promising alternative to traditional homogeneous catalysts. In the hydroformylation of olefins, single-atom Rh catalysts supported on ZnO nanowires demonstrate similar efficiency (TON $$approx$$ 40000) compared to that of homogeneous Wilkinson's catalyst (TON $$approx$$ 19000). HAADF-STEM and infrared CO chemisorption experiments identified isolated Rh atoms on the support. XPS and XANES spectra indicate that the electronic state of Rh is almost metallic. The catalysts are about one or two orders of magnitude more active than most reported heterogeneous catalysts and can be reused four times without an obvious decline in activity.


Activities of the safety and operation project for the international research and development of the sodium-cooled fast reactor in the Generation IV international forum

堺 公明; Ren, L.*; Tsige-Tamirat, H.*; Vasile, A.*; Kang, S.-H.*; Ashurko, Y.*; Fanning, T.*

Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2016/06

The Generation IV (GEN-IV) international forum is a framework for international cooperation in research and development for the next generation of nuclear energy systems. The SFR Safety and Operation (SO) project addresses the area of the safety technology and the reactor operation technology developments. The aim of the SO project includes (1) analyses and experiments that support establishing safety approaches and validating performance of specific safety features, (2) development and verification of computational tools and validation of models employed in safety assessment and facility licensing, and (3) acquisition of reactor operation technology, as determined largely from experience and testing in operating SFR plants. In this paper, recent activities in the SO project are described.


Electronic structure of carbon nitride thin films studied by X-ray spectroscopy techniques

Hellgren, N.*; Guo, J.*; Luo, Y.*; S${aa}$the, C.*; 安居院 あかね; Kashtanov, S.*; Nordgren, J.*; ${AA}$gren, H.*; Sundgren, J.-E.*

Thin Solid Films, 471(1-2), p.19 - 34, 2005/01

 被引用回数:124 パーセンタイル:96.62(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



International Standard Problem (ISP) No.41; Containment iodine computer code exercise based on a Radionuclide Test Facility (RTF) experiment

Wren, J. C.*; Royen, J.*; Ball, J.*; Glowa, G.*; Rydl, A.*; Poletiko, C.*; Billarand, Y.*; Ewig, F.*; Funke, F.*; Zeh, P.*; et al.

NEA/CSNI/R(2000)6/Vol.1, Vol.2, 174 Pages, 2000/04

The main goal of International Standard Problem (ISP) is to increase confidence in the validity and accuracy of the tools, which were used in assessing the safety of nuclear installations. Moreover, the exercises enable code users to gain experience and demonstrate their competence. The ISP No. 41 exercise, computer code exercise based on a Radioiodine Test Facility (RTF) experiment on iodine behavior in containment under severe accident conditions, is one of such ISP exercises. The codes used by the participants were LIRIC (AECL), MELCOR-I (SNL), IMPAIR (PSI, Siemens, GRS, and JAERI) and IODE (CIEMAT, IPSN and NRIR). This report presents a detailed description of the RTF tests used for the exercise, a brief description of the models/codes used and the modelling process and the description and interpretation of the results.


International Standard Problem (ISP) No.41; Computer code comparison exercise based on a Radioiodine Test Facility (RTF) experiment on iodine behaviour in containment under severe accident conditions

Ball, J.*; Glowa, G.*; Wren, J.*; Rydl, A.*; Poletiko, C.*; Billarand, Y.*; Ewig, F.*; Funke, F.*; 日高 昭秀; Gauntt, R.*; et al.

NEA/CSNI/R(99)7, p.311 - 325, 1999/00

The ISP No.41 exercise resulted from a recommendation at the fourth iodine chemistry workshop held at PSI, Switzerland in 1996 for an International Standard Problem on iodine behavior models. The test selected for the comparison was a Radio Test Facility experiment. It was conducted in a stainless steel vessel at 25$$^{circ}$$C and at a dose rate of 1.4 kGy/h$$^{-1}$$ to evaluate the effect of pH on irradiated aqueous solutions containing CsI. This paper discusses the results of ISP 41 exercise, with a primary focus on the evaluation and comparison of calculated results, and what they demonstrate about the aqueous iodine reaction subset within each model. The paper will also discuss the relative importance of mass transfer, surface adsorption and aqueous chemistry, and the sensitivity of each of the models to these phenomena. Finally, it will assess the applicability of the ISP 41 exercise to qualitative validation of the iodine models, and provide recommendations for continuing model evaluation.

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