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論文

Switching of magnon parametric oscillation by magnetic field direction

堀部 聡平*; 清水 祐樹*; 星 幸治郎*; 巻内 崇彦*; 日置 友智*; 齊藤 英治

Applied Physics Express, 16(7), p.073001_1 - 073001_4, 2023/07

Parametric oscillation occurs when the resonance frequency of an oscillator is periodically modulated. Owing to time-reversal symmetry breaking in magnets, nonreciprocal magnons can be parametrically excited when spatial-inversion symmetry breaking is provided. This means that magnons with opposite propagation directions have different amplitudes. Here we demonstrate switching on and off the magnon parametric oscillation by reversing the external field direction applied to a Y$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$ micro-structured film. The result originates from the nonreciprocity of surface mode magnons, leading to field-direction dependence of the magnon accumulation under nonuniform microwave pumping. Our numericalcalculation well reproduces the experimental result.

論文

Temperature-variable apparatus for measuring Barnett field

埋田 真樹; 中堂 博之; 今井 正樹; 佐藤 奈々; 齊藤 英治

Review of Scientific Instruments, 94(6), p.063906_1 - 063906_8, 2023/06

We have developed experimental equipment for observing the Barnett effect, in which mechanical rotation magnetizes an object, at low temperatures. A sample in a rotor is rotated bidirectionally using a temperature-controlled high-pressure gas. The stray field generated from the sample due to the Barnett effect was detected using a fluxgate magnetic sensor with a sensitivity on the order of several picoteslas, even at low temperatures. By replacing the rotor with a solenoid coil, the magnetic susceptibility of the sample was estimated from the stray field to be of the same order of magnitude as that due to the Barnett effect. The Barnett field was estimated using the dipole model. To assess the performance of the setup at low temperatures, measurements were performed on commercial magnetite (Fe$$_3$$O$$_4$$) nanogranules. We confirmed the accordance of the $$it{g'}$$ factor between the experimental results using the present setup and those of our previous study performed at room temperature.

論文

Laser-induced creation of antiferromagnetic 180-degree domains in NiO/Pt bilayers

Meer, H.*; Wust, S.*; Schmitt, C.*; Herrgen, P.*; Fuhrmann, F.*; Hirtle, S.*; Bednarz, B.*; Rajan, A.*; Ramos, R.*; Ni$~n$o, M. A.*; et al.

Advanced Functional Materials, 33(21), p.2213536_1 - 2213536_6, 2023/05

The antiferromagnetic order in heterostructures of NiO/Pt thin films can be modified by optical pulses. After the irradiation with laser light, the optically induced creation of antiferromagnetic domains can be observed by imaging the created domain structure utilizing the X-ray magnetic linear dichroism effect. The effect of different laser polarizations on the domain formation can be studied and used to identify a polarization-independent creation of 180$$^{circ}$$ domain walls and domains with 180$$^{circ}$$ different N$'e$el vector orientation. By varying the irradiation parameters, the switching mechanism can be determined to be thermally induced. This study demonstrates experimentally the possibility to optically create antiferromagnetic domains, an important step towards future functionalization of all optical switching mechanisms in antiferromagnets.

論文

Current-induced crystallisation in a Heusler-alloy-based giant magnetoresistive junction for neuromorphic potentiation

Zhou, Z.*; Frost, W.*; Lloyd, D. C.*; 関 剛斎*; 窪田 崇秀*; Ramos, R.*; 齊藤 英治; 高梨 弘毅; 廣畑 貴文*

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 571, p.170575_1 - 170575_5, 2023/04

Recent development in neuromorphic computation allows us to achieve low power and highly efficient calculations better than the conventional von Neumann computation. In order to achieve realistic synaptic operation, potentiation to add weighting to strengthen a selected artificial synapse. Such functionality can be achieved by reducing the electrical resistance of the artificial synapse. Recently, a ferromagnetic Heusler alloy used in a magnetoresistive junction has been demonstrated to crystallise via the layer-by-layer mode by introducing an electrical current pulse. In this study, we have extended the current-induced crystallisation to a junction with epitaxially-grown Heusler alloy after post-annealing for crystallisation. By combining this potentiation functionality with the neuromorphic operation, realistic synaptic computation can be developed.

論文

Ginzburg-Landau action and polarization current in an excitonic insulator model of electronic ferroelectricity

安立 裕人*; 池田 直*; 齊藤 英治

Physical Review B, 107(15), p.155142_1 - 155142_10, 2023/04

In comparison to transport of spin polarization in ferromagnets, transport of electric polarization in ferroelectrics remains less explored. Taking an excitonic insulator model of electronic ferroelectricity as a prototypical example, we theoretically investigate the low-energy dynamics and transport of electric polarization by microscopically constructing the Ginzburg-Landau action. We show that, because of the scalar nature of the excitonic order parameter, only the longitudinal fluctuations are relevant to the transport of electric polarization. We also formulate the electric-polarization diffusion equation, in which the electric-polarization current is defined purely electronically without recourse to the lattice degrees of freedom.

論文

Spin Seebeck effect; Sensitive probe for elementary excitation, spin correlation, transport, magnetic order, and domains in solids

吉川 貴史*; 齊藤 英治

Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics, 14, p.129 - 151, 2023/03

The spin Seebeck effect (SSE) refers to the generation of a spin current as a result of a temperature gradient in a magnetic material, which can be detected electrically via the inverse spin Hall effect in a metallic contact. Since the discovery of the SSE in 2008, intensive studies on the SSE have been conducted to elucidate its origin. SSEs appear in a wide range of magnetic materials including ferro-, ferri-, and antiferromagnets and also paramagnets with classical or quantum spin fluctuation. SSE voltage reflects fundamental properties of a magnet, such as elementary excitation, static magnetic order, spin correlation, and spin transport. In this article, we review recent progress on the SSE in various systems, with particular emphasis on its emerging role as a probe of these magnetic properties in solids. We also briefly discuss the recently discovered nuclear SSE.

論文

Lanthanide and actinide ion complexes containing organic ligands investigated by surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy

平田 早紀子*; 日下 良二; 明地 省吾*; 為国 誠太*; 奥寺 洸介*; 浜田 昇賢*; 坂本 知優*; 本田 匠*; 松下 高輔*; 村松 悟*; et al.

Inorganic Chemistry, 62(1), p.474 - 486, 2023/01

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

A new technique, surface-enhanced infrared absorption (SEIRA) spectroscopy, was used for the structural investigation of lanthanide (Ln) and actinide (An) complexes containing organic ligands. We synthesized thiol derivatives of organic ligands with coordination sites similar to those of diglycolamide (DGA), Cyanex-272, and $$N,N,N',N'$$-tetrakis(2-pyridinylmethyl)-1,2-ethanediamine (TPEN), which have been used for separating Ln and An through solvent extraction. These ligands were attached on a gold surface deposited on an Si prism through S-Au covalent bonds; the gold surface enhanced the IR absorption intensity of the ligands. Aqueous solutions of Ln (Eu$$^{3+}$$, Gd$$^{3+}$$, Tb$$^{3+}$$) and An (Am$$^{3+}$$) ions were loaded onto the gold surface to form ion complexes. The IR spectra of the ion complexes were obtained using FT-IR spectroscopy in the attenuated total reflection mode. In this study, we developed a new sample preparation method for SEIRA spectroscopy that enabled us to obtain the IR spectra of the complexes with a small amount of ion solution (5 $$mu$$L). This is a significant advantage for the IR measurement of radiotoxic Am$$^{3+}$$ complexes. In the IR spectra of DGA, the band attributed to C=O stretching vibrations at $$sim$$1630 cm$$^{-1}$$ shifted to a lower wavenumber by $$sim$$20 cm$$^{-1}$$ upon complexation with Ln and An ions. Moreover, the amount of the red-shift was inversely proportional to the extraction equilibrium constant reported in previous studies on solvent extraction. The coordination ability of DGA toward Ln and An ions could be assessed using the band position of the C=O band. The Cyanex-272- and TPEN-like ligands synthesized in this report also showed noticeable SEIRA signals for Ln and An complexes. This study indicates that SEIRA spectroscopy can be used for the structural investigation of ion complexes and provides a microscopic understanding of selective extraction of Ln and An.

論文

Spin and spin current; From fundamentals to recent progress

前川 禎通; 吉川 貴史*; 中堂 博之; 家田 淳一; 齊藤 英治

Journal of Applied Physics, 133(2), p.020902_1 - 020902_24, 2023/01

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:94.06(Physics, Applied)

Along with the progress of spin science and spintronics research, the flow of electron spins, i.e., spin current, has attracted interest. New phenomena and electronic states were explained in succession using the concept of spin current. Moreover, as many of the conventionally known spintronics phenomena became well organized based on spin current, it has rapidly been recognized as an essential concept in a wide range of condensed matter physics. In this article, we focus on recent developments in the physics of spin, spin current, and their related phenomena, where the conversion between spin angular momentum and different forms of angular momentum plays an essential role. Starting with an introduction to spin current, we first discuss the recent progress in spintronic phenomena driven by spin-exchange coupling: spin pumping, topological Hall torque, and emergent inductor. We, then, extend our discussion to the interaction/interconversion of spins with heat, lattice vibrations, and charge current and address recent progress and perspectives on the spin Seebeck and Peltier effects. Next, we review the interaction between mechanical motion and electron/nuclear spins and argue the difference between the Barnett field and rotational Doppler effect. We show that the Barnett effect reveals the angular momentum compensation temperature, at which the net angular momentum is quenched in ferrimagnets.

論文

Mechanism of paramagnetic spin Seebeck effect

大柳 洸一*; 高橋 三郎*; 吉川 貴史*; 齊藤 英治

Physical Review B, 107(1), p.014423_1 - 014423_8, 2023/01

We have theoretically investigated the spin Seebeck effect (SSE) in a normal metal (NM)/paramagnetic insulator (PI) bilayer system. Through a linear response approach, we calculated the thermal spin pumping from PI to NM and backflow spin current from NM to PI, where the spin-flip scattering via the interfacial exchange coupling between conduction-electron spin in NM and localized spin in PI is taken into account. We found a finite spin current appears at the interface under the difference in the effective temperatures between spins in NM and PI, and its intensity increases by increasing the density of the localized spin S. Our model well reproduces the magnetic-field-induced reduction of the paramagnetic SSE in Pt/Gd$$_3$$Ga$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$ experimentally observed when the Zeeman energy is comparable to the thermal energy, which can be interpreted as the suppression of the interfacial spin-flip scattering. The present finding provides an insight into the mechanism of paramagnetic SSEs and the thermally induced spin-current generation in magnetic materials.

論文

Nonlinear magnon polaritons

Lee, O.*; 山本 慧; 埋田 真樹; Zollitsch, C. W.*; Elyasi, M.*; 吉川 貴史*; 齊藤 英治; Bauer, G. E. W.*; 紅林 秀和*

Physical Review Letters, 130(4), p.046703_1 - 046703_6, 2023/01

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:69.97(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We experimentally and theoretically demonstrate that nonlinear spin-wave interactions suppress the hybrid magnon-photon quasiparticle or "magnon polariton" in microwave spectra of an yttrium iron garnet film detected by an on-chip split-ring resonator. We observe a strong coupling between the Kittel and microwave cavity modes in terms of an avoided crossing as a function of magnetic fields at low microwave input powers, but a complete closing of the gap at high powers. The experimental results are well explained by a theoretical model including the three-magnon decay of the Kittel magnon into spin waves. The gap closure originates from the saturation of the ferromagnetic resonance above the Suhl instability threshold by a coherent back reaction from the spin waves.

論文

Spin motive force induced by parametric excitation

星 幸治郎*; 日置 友智*; 齊藤 英治

Applied Physics Letters, 121(21), p.212404_1 - 212404_6, 2022/11

Spin motive force generated by parametrically excited magnetization dynamics is numerically investigated. We calculate spin motive force in a permalloy disk under an ac magnetic field with twice the ferromagnetic resonance frequency parallel to the static magnetic field based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation. We found that large spin motive force originating from standing spin waves driven by parametric excitation appears in the system. The observed time dependence of the voltage shows a dc voltage with an ac component oscillating with twice of the resonance frequency. The estimated amplitude of the voltage due to the spin motive force is $$sim$$$$mu$$V. We also investigate spin motive force driven by different modes of standing spin waves. Our numerical results extend the way to generate spin motive force by making use of the magnetization dynamics with the steep spatial modulation created by nonlinear spin waves excitation, without a nonuniform magnetization structure such as a conventional magnetic domain wall and a vortex.

論文

The Damage analysis for irradiation tolerant spin-driven thermoelectric device based on single-crystalline Y$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$/Pt heterostructures

家田 淳一; 岡安 悟; 針井 一哉*; 小畠 雅明; 吉井 賢資; 福田 竜生; 石田 真彦*; 齊藤 英治

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 58(8), p.1301106_1 - 1301106_6, 2022/08

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:26.34(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

スピンゼーベック効果(SSE)に基づくスピン駆動熱電(STE)デバイスと、熱源としての放射性同位元素の組み合わせは、宇宙探査機の電源などの応用における次世代の発電方法としての可能性を秘めている。しかし、スピン熱電デバイスの照射耐性を示す利用可能な知識は非常に限られている。重イオンビーム加速器と硬X線光電子分光法(HAXPES)測定を使用した分析を通じて、Y$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$/Ptヘテロ構造に基づく典型的なSTEデバイスが高エネルギー重イオンビームの照射に対する耐性を持つことを検証する。使用済み核燃料の表面から放出される核分裂生成物による累積損傷をモデル化した320MeVの金イオンビームを使用し、線量レベルを変えることにより、SSE要素の熱電および磁気特性が$$10^{10}$$イオン/cm$$^2$$フルエンスまでのイオン照射線量の影響を受けず、イオントラックがサンプル表面をほぼ完全に覆う約$$10^{12}$$イオン/cm$$^2$$でSSE信号が消滅することを確認した。さらに、HAXPES測定は、Y$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$/Pt界面への影響を理解するために実行した。HAXPES測定は、SSE信号を減少させる化学反応が照射線量の増加とともに強化されることを示唆している。過酷な環境使用に適用できるより優れたSTEデバイスを開発するために、Y$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$/Ptで損傷分析の現在の理解を共有したい。

論文

Radiocesium-bearing microparticles cause a large variation in $$^{137}$$Cs activity concentration in the aquatic insect ${it Stenopsyche marmorata}$ (Tricoptera: Stenopsychidae) in the Ota River, Fukushima, Japan

石井 弓美子*; 三浦 輝*; Jo, J.*; 辻 英樹*; 斎藤 梨絵; 小荒井 一真; 萩原 大樹; 漆舘 理之*; 錦織 達啓*; 和田 敏裕*; et al.

PLOS ONE (Internet), 17(5), p.e0268629_1 - e0268629_17, 2022/05

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:49.32

本研究では、福島県太田川で採集した解虫性トビケラ(Stenopsyche marmorata)および肉食性ヘビトンボ(Protohermes grandis)幼虫の水生昆虫個体における$$^{137}$$Cs放射能濃度のばらつきを調査した。トビケラ幼虫は散発的に高い放射能を示したが、ヘビトンボ幼虫ではばらつきは見られなかった。オートラジオグラフィーと走査型電子顕微鏡による分析から、これらのトビケラ幼虫試料には、不溶性のCs含有ケイ酸塩ガラス粒子である放射性Cs含有微粒子(CsMPs)が含まれていることが確認された。また、CsMPsはトビケラ幼虫の餌となりうるペリフィトンや漂流粒子状有機物にも含まれており、幼虫はCsMPsを同サイズの餌粒子とともに摂取している可能性が示唆された。淡水生態系におけるCsMPsの分布や生物による取り込みは比較的知られていないが、本研究はCsMPsが水生昆虫に取り込まれることを実証している。

論文

Holographic dual approach to magnetism and magnetization dynamics

横井 直人*; 齊藤 英治

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 545, p.168673_1 - 168673_12, 2022/03

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We propose a dual gravitational theory corresponding to isotropic ferromagnetic systems based on the holographic duality, and establish the holographic dictionary between physical quantities in ferromagnets and the gravitational theory. Utilizing the holographic dictionary, the holographic calculation in the dual gravitational theory is shown to reproduce thermodynamics of ferromagnets including ferromagnetic phase transitions and low-temperature behaviors originating from magnons and conduction electrons. We further derive the equation for magnetization dynamics in ferromagnets from the equations for scalar fields and non-abelian gauge fields on charged black holes in the dual gravitational theory. From these results, the holographic duality is expected to give a new guiding principle to explore new phenomena in spintronics and magnonics based on the gravitational perspective.

論文

Stochasticity of the magnon parametron

Elyasi, M.*; 齊藤 英治; Bauer, G. E. W.*

Physical Review B, 105(5), p.054403_1 - 054403_12, 2022/02

Unconventional computing schemes based on bistable systems ("Ising spins") may supersede conventional computing paradigms. The "magnon parametron" is an Ising spin that forms as a result of parametric excitation of a ferromagnetic particle by microwaves beyond a certain threshold. This Ising spin becomes unstable at a second threshold power at which a high-frequency telegraph noise emerges. We explain the experimentally observed stochastic switching ("p-bit" characteristics) at room temperature by the Suhl instability of the uniform magnetization precession.

論文

PSTEP: Project for solar-terrestrial environment prediction

草野 完也*; 一本 潔*; 石井 守*; 三好 由純*; 余田 成男*; 秋吉 英治*; 浅井 歩*; 海老原 祐輔*; 藤原 均*; 後藤 忠徳*; et al.

Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 73(1), p.159_1 - 159_29, 2021/12

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:54.59(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

PSTEPとは、2015年4月から2020年3月まで日本国内の太陽・地球惑星圏に携わる研究者が協力して実施した科研費新学術領域研究である。この研究枠組みから500以上の査読付き論文が発表され、様々なセミナーやサマースクールが実施された。本論文では、その成果をまとめて報告する。

論文

Magnetic sensitivity distribution of Hall devices in antiferromagnetic switching experiments

Schreiber, F.*; Meer, H.*; Schmitt, C.*; Ramos, R.*; 齊藤 英治; Baldrati, L.*; Kl$"a$ui, M.*

Physical Review Applied (Internet), 16(6), p.064023_1 - 064023_9, 2021/12

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:19.61(Physics, Applied)

We analyze the complex impact of the local magnetic spin texture on the transverse Hall-type voltage in device structures utilized to measure magnetoresistance effects. We find a highly localized and asymmetric magnetic sensitivity in the eight-terminal geometries that are frequently used in current-induced switching experiments, for instance, to probe antiferromagnetic materials. Using current-induced switching of antiferromagnetic NiO/Pt as an example, we estimate the change in the spin Hall magnetoresistance signal associated with switching events based on the domain-switching patterns observed via direct imaging. This estimate correlates with the actual electrical data after subtraction of a nonmagnetic contribution. Here, the consistency of the correlation across three measurement geometries with fundamentally different switching patterns strongly indicates a magnetic origin of the measured and analyzed electrical signals.

論文

Paramagnetic spin Hall magnetoresistance

大柳 洸一*; Gomez-Perez, J. M.*; Zhang, X.-P.*; 吉川 貴史*; Chen, Y.*; Sagasta, E.*; Chuvilin, A.*; Hueso, L. E.*; Golovach, V. N.*; Sebastian Bergeret, F.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 104(13), p.134428_1 - 134428_14, 2021/10

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:75.33(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report the observation of the spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) in a paramagnetic insulator. By measuring the transverse resistance in a Pt/Gd$$_3$$Ga$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$ (GGG) system at low temperatures, paramagnetic SMR is found to appear with an intensity that increases with the magnetic field aligning GGG's spins. The observed effect is well supported by a microscopic SMR theory, which provides the parameters governing the spin transport at the interface. Our findings clarify the mechanism of spin exchange at a Pt/GGG interface, and demonstrate tunable spin-transfer torque through the field-induced magnetization of GGG. In this regard, paramagnetic insulators offer a key property for future spintronic devices.

論文

Spin Hall magnetoresistance in Pt/Cr$$_2$$O$$_3$$/YIG structure

Qi, J.*; Hou, D.*; Chen, Y.*; 齊藤 英治; Jin, X.*

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 534, p.167980_1 - 167980_6, 2021/09

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:8.84(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Temperature dependence of the spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) has been investigated herein Pt/Cr$$_2$$O$$_3$$/Y$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$ structure. Well below the N$'{e}$el temperature of Cr$$_2$$O$$_3$$, the SMR is not observed at the noise level of 1.2 ppm. In vicinity of the N$'{e}$el temperature, only a positive SMR tracks the YIG magnetic switching process, supporting that the SMR of normal metal/antiferromagnetic insulator/ferromagnetic insulator trilayer is controlled by the N$'{e}$el vector of the antiferromagnetic insulator. A high field magnetoresistance is observed up to an external magnetic field of 20000 Oe which has a field angle dependence symmetry consistent with the SMR. We attribute this high field magnetoresistance to be induced by the Hanle magnetoresistance in Pt.

論文

張出し成形した焼戻しマルテンサイト鋼板の水素脆化に及ぼす残留応力の影響

西村 隼杜*; 北條 智彦*; 味戸 沙耶*; 柴山 由樹*; 小山 元道*; 齋藤 寛之*; 城 鮎美*; 安田 良*; 菖蒲 敬久; 秋山 英二*

鉄と鋼, 107(9), p.760 - 768, 2021/09

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

本研究では、球頭パンチを用いて張出し加工を施した引張強さ1000MPa級の一般的な焼戻しマルテンサイト鋼をプレス成形部品のモデルサンプルとして採用し、その水素脆化特性を評価した。残留応力分布は、SPring-8のBL14B1の白色X線を用いたエネルギー分散XRDによって求めた。さらにFEMを用いて張出し加工後の試験片の残留応力、および塑性ひずみ分布を解析した。その結果、水素チャージにより張出し試験片の張出し側のFoot部で、面対称に2つのき裂が発生し、半径方向に伝播すること、XRDとFEMにより得られた残留応力分布によると、円周方向の引張応力はFoot部で最大値を示し、この円周方向の最大引張応力が作用した位置はき裂発生位置とよく一致し、応力がき裂発生の要因となっていることなどが示唆された。

326 件中 1件目~20件目を表示