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Journal Articles

2016 Professional Engineer (PE) test preparation course "Nuclear and Radiation Technical Disciplines"

Takahashi, Naoki; Yoshinaka, Kazuyuki; Harada, Akio; Yamanaka, Atsushi; Ueno, Takashi; Kurihara, Ryoichi; Suzuki, Soju; Takamatsu, Misao; Maeda, Shigetaka; Iseki, Atsushi; et al.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Homu Peji (Internet), 64 Pages, 2016/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Safety requirements expected for the prototype fast breeder reactor "Monju"

Saito, Shinzo; Okamoto, Koji*; Kataoka, Isao*; Sugiyama, Kenichiro*; Muramatsu, Ken*; Ichimiya, Masakazu*; Kondo, Satoru; Yonomoto, Taisuke

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2015/05

Journal Articles

Detailed deposition density maps constructed by large-scale soil sampling for $$gamma$$-ray emitting radioactive nuclides from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Saito, Kimiaki; Tanihata, Isao*; Fujiwara, Mamoru; Saito, Takashi*; Shimoura, Susumu*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Onda, Yuichi*; Hoshi, Masaharu*; Ikeuchi, Yoshihiro*; Takahashi, Fumiaki; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.308 - 319, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:191 Percentile:99.23(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Characterization and storage of radioactive zeolite waste

Yamagishi, Isao; Nagaishi, Ryuji; Kato, Chiaki; Morita, Keisuke; Terada, Atsuhiko; Kamiji, Yu; Hino, Ryutaro; Sato, Hiroyuki; Nishihara, Kenji; Tsubata, Yasuhiro; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(7-8), p.1044 - 1053, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:65.28(Nuclear Science & Technology)

For safe storage of zeolite wastes generated by treatment of radioactive saline water at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, properties of the Herschelite adsorbent were studied and its adsorption vessel was evaluated for hydrogen production and corrosion. Hydrogen production depends on its water level and dissolved species because hydrogen is oxidized by radicals in water. It is possible to evaluate hydrogen production rate in Herschelite submerged in seawater or pure water by taking into account of the depth effect of the water. The reference vessel of decay heat 504 W with or without residual pure water was evaluated for the hydrogen concentration by thermal hydraulic analysis using obtained fundamental properties. Maximum hydrogen concentration was below the lower explosive limit (4 %). The steady-state corrosion potential of a stainless steel 316L increased with absorbed dose rate but its increase was repressed by the presence of Herschelite. At 750 Gy/h and $$<$$60$$^{circ}$$C which were values evaluated at the bottom of the vessel of 504 W, the localized corrosion of SUS316L contacted with Herschelite would not immediately occur under 20,000 ppm of Cl$$^{-}$$ concentration.

JAEA Reports

Development of safety management system for works in radiation controlled area (Joint research)

Hiyama, Kazuhisa; Hanawa, Nobuhiro; Kurosawa, Akihiko; Eguchi, Shohei; Hori, Naohiko; Kusunoki, Tsuyoshi; Ueda, Hisao; Shimada, Hiroshi; Kanda, Hiroaki*; Saito, Isamu*

JAEA-Technology 2013-045, 32 Pages, 2014/02

JAEA-Technology-2013-045.pdf:5.83MB

This report summarizes regarding to develop of real-time multifunctional access control system which is able to manage worker's access control and exposure dose at real-time in the reactor building, besides worker's location and worker might be fall down by accident.

Journal Articles

A Branching process model for the analysis of abortive colony size distributions in carbon ion-irradiated normal human fibroblasts

Sakashita, Tetsuya; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Kawaguchi, Isao*; Hara, Takamitsu*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Radiation Research, 55(3), p.423 - 431, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:26.46(Biology)

Our previous analysis with a branching process model showed that the relative cell death (RCD) in human fibroblasts can persist over 16 generations following irradiation with low linear energy transfer (LET) $$gamma$$-rays. Here we further set out to evaluate the RCD persistency in abortive colonies arising from normal human fibroblasts exposed to high-LET carbon ions (18.3 MeV/u, 108 keV/$$mu$$m). We found that the abortive colony size distribution determined by biological experiments follows the linear relationship on the log-log plot, and that the Monte Carlo simulation using the RCD probability estimated from such linear relationship well simulates the experimentally determined surviving fraction and the relative biological effectiveness (RBE). We identified the short-term phase and long-term phase for the persistent RCD, as was the case for $$gamma$$-irradiation.

JAEA Reports

Construction of a car-borne survey system for measurement of dose rates in air; KURAMA-II, and its application

Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Nakahara, Yukio; Sato, Tetsuro; Seki, Akiyuki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Ando, Masaki; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Takamiya, Koichi*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2013-037, 54 Pages, 2013/10

JAEA-Technology-2013-037.pdf:4.94MB

JAEA has been performing dose rate mapping in air using a car-borne survey system KURAMA-II. The KURAMA system is a GPS-aided mobile radiation monitoring system that has been newly developed by Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute in response to the nuclear disaster. The KURAMA system is composed of an energy-compensated scintillation survey meter for measuring dose rate, electric device for controlling both the dose rates and the position data from a GPS module, a computer server for processing and analyzing data from KURAMA, and client PCs for providing for end users. The KURAMA-II has been improved in small-packaging, durability, and automated data transmission. In consequence, dose rate mapping in wide area has become possible in shorter period of time. This report describes the construction of KURAMA-II, its application and a suggestion of how to manage a large number of KURAMA-II.

Journal Articles

Research and development on waste management for the Fukushima Daiichi NPS by JAEA

Koma, Yoshikazu; Ashida, Takashi; Meguro, Yoshihiro; Miyamoto, Yasuaki; Sasaki, Toshiki; Yamagishi, Isao; Kameo, Yutaka; Terada, Atsuhiko; Hiyama, Toshiaki; Koyama, Tomozo; et al.

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference; Nuclear Energy at a Crossroads (GLOBAL 2013) (CD-ROM), p.736 - 743, 2013/09

Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (F1NPS), TEPCO, was severely damaged with the hydrogen explosions caused by losing their cooling functions due to the earthquake and the tsunami occurred on March 11, 2011. Radioactive wastes generated from the current FINPS and future their decommission and demolition are greater huge amount than those from general reactors and nuclear fuel facilities. Toward accomplishing safe and reasonable management of the wastes, great effort of R&Ds has been strongly required and performed in bringing together the knowledge and experience of all of Japan. This report outlines the current status of the R&Ds performed in JAEA.

Journal Articles

A Framework for analysis of abortive colony size distributions using a model of branching processes in irradiated normal human fibroblasts

Sakashita, Tetsuya; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Kawaguchi, Isao*; Ouchi, Noriyuki; Hara, Takamitsu*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Saito, Kimiaki

PLOS ONE (Internet), 8(7), p.e70291_1 - e70291_10, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:39.02(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Clonogenicity gives important information about the cellular reproductive potential following ionizing irradiation. We firstly plotted the experimentally determined colony size distribution of abortive colonies in irradiated normal human fibroblasts, and found the linear relationship on the log-log plot. By applying the simple model of branching processes to the linear relationship, we found the persistent reproductive cell death (RCD) over several generations following irradiation. To verify the estimated probability of RCD, abortive colony size distribution ($$leq$$15 cells/colony) and the surviving fraction were simulated by the Monte Carlo computational approach. Radiation-induced RCD (i.e. excess probability) lasted over 16 generations and mainly consisted of two components in the early and late phases. We found that short-term RCD is critical to the abortive colony size distribution, and long-lasting RDC is important for the dose response of the surviving fraction.

JAEA Reports

Probabilistic safety assessment on experimental fast reactor Joyo; Level1 PSA for internal events

Ishikawa, Koki; Takamatsu, Misao; Kawahara, Hirotaka; Mihara, Takatsugu; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Terano, Toshihiro; Murakami, Takanori; Noritsugi, Akihiro; Iseki, Atsushi; Saito, Takakazu; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2009-004, 140 Pages, 2009/05

JAEA-Technology-2009-004.pdf:2.0MB

Probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) has been applied to nuclear plants as a method to achieve effective safety regulation and safety management. In order to establish the PSA standard for fast breeder reactor (FBR), the FBR-PSA for internal events in rated power operation is studied by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The level1 PSA on the experimental fast reactor Joyo was conducted to investigate core damage probability for internal events with taking human factors effect and dependent failures into account. The result of this study shows that the core damage probability of Joyo is 5.0$$times$$10$$^{-6}$$ per reactor year (/ry) and that the core damage probability is smaller than the safety goal for existed plants (10 ry) and future plants (10$$^{-5}$$/ry) in the IAEA INSAG-12 (International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group) basic safety principle.

Journal Articles

Measurements of neutron capture cross section of $$^{237}$$Np for fast neutrons

Harada, Hideo; Nakamura, Shoji; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Toh, Yosuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Ishiwatari, Yuki*; Yasumi, Atsushi*; Mabuchi, Yukio*; Nakagawa, Tsutomu*; Okamura, Kazuo*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 46(5), p.460 - 468, 2009/05

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.89(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The neutron capture cross section of $$^{237}$$Np has been measured for fast neutrons supplied at the center of the core in the Yayoi reactor. The activation method was used for the measurement, in which the amount of the product $$^{238}$$Np was determined by $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy using a Ge detector. The representative neutron energy and the corresponding capture cross section of $$^{237}$$Np in the experiment were analytically deduced as 0.80 $$pm$$ 0.04 b at 0.214 $$pm$$ 0.009 MeV from the measured reaction rate by combining the energy dependence of the cross section in the nuclear data library ENDF/VII.0. The deduced cross section of $$^{237}$$Np at the representative neutron energy agrees with the evaluated data of ENDF/B-VII.0, but shows 15% larger value than that of JENDL-3.3 and 13% larger value than that of JENDL/AC-2008.

Journal Articles

Interatomic Coulombic decay following the Auger decay; Experimental evidence in rare-gas dimers

Ueda, Kiyoshi*; Fukuzawa, Hironobu*; Liu, X.*; Sakai, Katsunori*; Pr$"u$mper, G.*; Morishita, Yuichiro*; Saito, Norio*; Suzuki, Isao*; Nagaya, Kiyonobu*; Iwayama, Hiroshi*; et al.

Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 166-167, p.3 - 10, 2008/11

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:73.84(Spectroscopy)

Interatomic Coulombic decay (ICD) in Ar$$_2$$, ArKr and Kr$$_2$$ following Ar 2p or Kr 3d Auger decay has been investigated by means of momentum-resolved electron-ion-ion-coincidence spectroscopy. This sequential decay leads to Coulombic dissociation into dication and monocation. Simultaneously determining the kinetic energy of the ICD electron and the kinetic energy release between the two atomic ions, we could unambiguously identify the ICD channels. We find that, in general, spin conserved ICD, in which the singlet (triplet) dicationic state produced via the atomic Auger decay preferentially decays to the singlet (triplet) state, transferring the energy to the other atom, is faster than the spin-flip ICD, in which the Auger final singlet (triplet) dicationic state decays to the triplet (singlet) state.

Journal Articles

Isolated hydrogen center in wide gap semiconductors studied by $$mu$$SR

Shimomura, Koichiro*; Kadono, Ryosuke*; Nishiyama, Kusuo*; Watanabe, Isao*; Suzuki, Takao*; Pratt, F.*; Oishi, Kazuki; Mizuta, Masashi*; Saito, Mineo*; Chow, K. H.*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 376-377, p.444 - 446, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:7.01(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Status of the TIARA electrostatic accelerators

Okoshi, Kiyonori; Takada, Isao; Mizuhashi, Kiyoshi; Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Sakai, Takuro; Tajima, Satoshi

Dai-16-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.36 - 39, 2004/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Production of fullerene (C$$_{60}$$) ions by freeman ion source

Okoshi, Kiyonori; Saito, Yuichi; Orimo, Takao*; Omae, Akiomi*; Takada, Isao; Tajima, Satoshi

JAERI-Review 2003-033, TIARA Annual Report 2002, p.323 - 324, 2003/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Status of TIARA electrostatic accelerators facility

Mizuhashi, Kiyoshi; Uno, Sadanori; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Chiba, Atsuya; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Sakai, Takuro; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Takada, Isao; Tajima, Satoshi

Dai-15-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.33 - 35, 2003/03

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Absolute measurement of photon-flux using a multi-electrode ion chamber

Sano, Mutsumi*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Saito, Norio*; Suzuki, Isao*

JAERI-Tech 2000-081, 21 Pages, 2001/02

JAERI-Tech-2000-081.pdf:0.79MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Status of the TIARA electrostatic accelerators

Takada, Isao; Mizuhashi, Kiyoshi; Uno, Sadanori; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Nakajima, Yoshinori; Chiba, Atsuya; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Sakai, Takuro; Kamiya, Tomihiro; et al.

JAERI-Conf 2000-019, p.46 - 49, 2001/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Status of TIARA accelerators at JAERI Takasaki

Tajima, Satoshi; Takada, Isao; Mizuhashi, Kiyoshi; Uno, Sadanori; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Nakajima, Yoshinori; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Sakai, Takuro; Kamiya, Tomihiro

Dai-12-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.26 - 29, 1999/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Status of the TIARA electrostatic accelerators

Tajima, Satoshi; Takada, Isao; Mizuhashi, Kiyoshi; Uno, Sadanori; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Nakajima, Yoshinori; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Sakai, Takuro

Dai-11-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.37 - 40, 1998/07

no abstracts in English

41 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)