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Journal Articles

Wettability of pure metals with liquid sodium and liquid tin

Saito, Junichi; Kobayashi, Yohei*; Shibutani, Hideo*

Materials Transactions, 62(10), p.1524 - 1532, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:0

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Wettability of pure metals with liquid sodium and liquid tin

Saito, Junichi; Kobayashi, Yohei*; Shibutani, Hideo*

Nihon Kinzoku Gakkai-Shi, 85(3), p.110 - 119, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Journal Articles

Quasifree neutron knockout reaction reveals a small $$s$$-Orbital component in the Borromean nucleus $$^{17}$$B

Yang, Z. H.*; Kubota, Yuki*; Corsi, A.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Sun, X.-X.*; Li, J. G.*; Kimura, Masaaki*; Michel, N.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yuan, C. X.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 126(8), p.082501_1 - 082501_8, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:98.7(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A quasifree ($$p$$,$$pn$$) experiment was performed to study the structure of the Borromean nucleus $$^{17}$$B, which had long been considered to have a neutron halo. By analyzing the momentum distributions and exclusive cross sections, we obtained the spectroscopic factors for $$1s_{1/2}$$ and $$0d_{5/2}$$ orbitals, and a surprisingly small percentage of 9(2)% was determined for $$1s_{1/2}$$. Our finding of such a small $$1s_{1/2}$$ component and the halo features reported in prior experiments can be explained by the deformed relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory in continuum, revealing a definite but not dominant neutron halo in $$^{17}$$B. The present work gives the smallest $$s$$- or $$p$$-orbital component among known nuclei exhibiting halo features and implies that the dominant occupation of $$s$$ or $$p$$ orbitals is not a prerequisite for the occurrence of a neutron halo.

Journal Articles

Effects of residual stress and plastic strain on hydrogen embrittlement of a stretch-formed TRIP-aided martensitic steel sheet

Hojo, Tomohiko*; Akiyama, Eiji*; Saito, Hiroyuki*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Yasuda, Ryo*; Shobu, Takahisa; Kinugasa, Junichiro*; Yuse, Fumio*

Corrosion Science, 177, p.108957_1 - 108957_9, 2020/12

Hydrogen assisted cracking on hemispherically-stretch-formed specimens of transformation induced plasticity-aided martensitic steel was investigated. Hydrogen charging induced cracking around the foot of the impression formed on the steel sheet, and the cracks propagated along the radial direction toward the hillside and the plains. Distributions of stress, plastic strain and volume fraction of retained austenite were analyzed employing the energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction method utilizing the synchrotron X-ray radiation at SPring-8. It was notable that the crack initiation took place in the region where the measured tensile stress was the highest. Influences of plastic strain and resulted martensitic transformation were also suggested.

Journal Articles

Tolerance of spin-Seebeck thermoelectricity against irradiation by swift heavy ions

Okayasu, Satoru; Harii, Kazuya*; Kobata, Masaaki; Yoshii, Kenji; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Ishida, Masahiko*; Ieda, Junichi; Saito, Eiji

Journal of Applied Physics, 128(8), p.083902_1 - 083902_7, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Study on optical properties of metallic sodium by vacuum ultra violet in UVSOR, 2

Kawaguchi, Munemichi; Saito, Junichi; Daido, Hiroyuki*; Suemoto, Toru*

UVSOR-47, P. 85, 2020/08

To elucidate theoretically the transparent metallic sodium in the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) spectral range, the aim of this research is to obtain the accurate spectrum using UVSOR. We confirmed the validity for the transmittance measurement in UVSOR by the measurement of transmittance of CaF$$_2$$ windows. However, the transparency phenomenon of VUV in the metallic sodium has never been confirmed by our group. In the future, we will improve the sodium sample and conduct the measurement again.

Journal Articles

Hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study of Pt/Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$

Kobata, Masaaki; Yoshii, Kenji; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Kawasaki, Ikuto; Okane, Tetsuo; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Harii, Kazuya; Ieda, Junichi; Okayasu, Satoru; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011192_1 - 011192_6, 2020/03

High energy X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) measurements were carried out for the Spin Seebeck system Pt/Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$(YIG). This system was found to show anomalous Hall effect, possible due to the formation of intermetallic compounds between Fe$$^{3+}$$ and Pt. To reveal this possibility, we have measured the Fe 1s photoelectron peaks by using HAXPES. It was found that the Fe ions consist of Fe$$^{3+}$$ in YIG and metallic Fe. The formation of the metallic state is consistent with the proposed origin of the anomalous Hall effect. Other spectra such as Pt 4f will be presented at the conference.

Journal Articles

Study on optical properties of metallic sodium by vacuum ultra violet in UVSOR

Kawaguchi, Munemichi; Saito, Junichi; Daido, Hiroyuki*; Suemoto, Toru*

UVSOR-46, P. 89, 2019/08

To elucidate theoretically the transparent metallic sodium in the vacuum ultraviolet spectral range, the aim of this research is to obtain the accurate spectrum using UVSOR. The sodium sample maintained metallic luster by designing the special cells to prevent from oxidizing. The results of UVSOR measurement showed the possibility to occur the intransparent layer for vacuum ultraviolet light on the MgF$$_2$$ windows. In the near future, we will improve the sodium sample to solve the problems and conduct the measurement again

Journal Articles

Dry cleaning process test for fuel assembly of fast reactor plant system, 1; Pilot scale test for fuel pin bundle

Kudo, Hideyuki*; Otani, Yuichi*; Hara, Masahide*; Kato, Atsushi; Ishikawa, Nobuyuki; Otaka, Masahiko; Nagai, Keiichi; Saito, Junichi; Ara, Kuniaki; Ide, Akihiro*

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2019/05

A next generation SFR in Japan has adopted an advanced dry cleaning system which consists of the argon gas blowing process to reduce the amount of metallic residual sodium remaining on spent fuel assemblies. This paper describes experimental and analytical work focusing on the amount of residual sodium remaining on a fuel pin bundle before and after the argon gas blowing process. The experiments were conducted using a sodium test loop and a short specimen consisting of a 7 pin bundle. The effects of the blowing gas velocity and the blowing time were quantitatively analyzed in the experiments. On the basis of these experimental results, evaluation models predicting the amount of the residual sodium were constructed.

Journal Articles

Dry cleaning process test for fuel assembly of fast reactor plant system, 2; Laboratory scale test for fuel assembly and evaluation of the amount of residual sodium

Ide, Akihiro*; Kudo, Hideyuki*; Inuzuka, Taisuke*; Hara, Masahide*; Kato, Atsushi; Ishikawa, Nobuyuki; Otaka, Masahiko; Nagai, Keiichi; Saito, Junichi; Ara, Kuniaki

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2019/05

A next generation SFR in Japan has adopted an advanced dry cleaning system which consists of the following process of argon gas blowing to reduce the amount of metallic sodium, moist argon gas blowing to deactivate the residual sodium, and direct storage in the SFP without using storage containers. This three-step process increases economic competitiveness and reduces waste products. In this Research and Development work, the amount of residual sodium and performance of the dry cleaning process were investigated. This paper describes experimental and analytical work for all parts of a fuel assembly except for a fuel pin bundle.

Journal Articles

Estimation of mitigation effects of sodium nanofluid for SGTR accidents in SFR

Ichikawa, Kenta*; Kanda, Hironori; Yoshioka, Naoki*; Ara, Kuniaki; Saito, Junichi; Nagai, Keiichi

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/07

Studies on the suppression of the reactivity of sodium itself have been performed on the basis of the concept of suspended nanoparticles in liquid sodium (sodium nanofluid). According to the experimental and theoretical results of studies for sodium nanofluid, velocity and heat of sodium nanofluid-water reaction are lower than those of the pure sodium-water reaction. The analytical model for the peak temperature of a sodium nanofluid-water reaction jet has been developed in consideration of these suppression effects by the authors. In this paper, the prediction method for mitigation effects for a damage of adjacent tubes in a steam generator tube rupture (SGTR) accidents is arranged by applying this analytical model for the peak temperature of the reaction jet. On the assumption that the sodium nanofluid is used for the secondary coolant of sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR), mitigation effects under the design-base accident (DBA) condition and the design-extension condition (DEC) of SGTR are estimated by using this method. As a result, there is a possibility to reduce the number of damaged tubes and to suppress the pressure generated by SGTR accidents by using sodium nanofluid in the secondary coolant.

Journal Articles

The Development of method for extinguishing / treating metallic sodium using calcium chloride

Abe, Yuta; Nagai, Keiichi; Maie, Mitsuyoshi*; Nakano, Natsuko*; Kawashima, Yuichi*; Takesue, Naohisa*; Saito, Junichi

Dai-23-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (USB Flash Drive), 5 Pages, 2018/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Introduction of chemical reactivity suppression technology of liquid sodium metal for coolant of fast reactor

Saito, Junichi

Nihon Kikai Gakkai Doryoku Enerugi Shisutemu Bumon Nyusu Reta, (56), p.2 - 3, 2017/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on the deterioration mechanism of layered rock-salt electrodes using epitaxial thin films; Li(Ni, Co, Mn)O$$_{2}$$ and their Zr-O surface modified electrodes

Abe, Machiko*; Iba, Hideki*; Suzuki, Kota*; Minamishima, Hiroaki*; Hirayama, Masaaki*; Tamura, Kazuhisa; Mizuki, Junichiro*; Saito, Tomohiro*; Ikuhara, Yuichi*; Kanno, Ryoji*

Journal of Power Sources, 345, p.108 - 119, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:44.85(Chemistry, Physical)

The surface structure of the Li(Ni, Co, Mn)O$$_{2}$$ electrode was studied during charge/discharge process using electrochemical methods and X-ray/Neutron scattering techniques. It was found that during charge/discharge process the coverage of spinel structure increased. The spinel structure has low electrochemical activity and is not involved in Li insertion/extraction. After the surface modification, it was found that the coverage of the spinel structure did not increase. Further, it was also found out that the Li concentration at the electrode/electrolyte interface increased.

Journal Articles

Gamma radiation resistance of spin Seebeck devices

Yagmur, A.*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Ihara, Kazuki*; Ioka, Ikuo; Kikkawa, Takashi*; Ono, Madoka*; Endo, Junichi*; Kashiwagi, Kimiaki*; Nakashima, Tetsuya*; Kirihara, Akihiro*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 109(24), p.243902_1 - 243902_4, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:12.91(Physics, Applied)

Thermoelectric devices based on the spin Seebeck effect (SSE) were irradiated with gamma ($$gamma$$) rays with the total dose of around 3$$times$$10$$^{5}$$ Gy in order to investigate the $$gamma$$-radiation resistance of the devices. To demonstrate this, Pt/Ni$$_{0.2}$$Zn$$_{0.3}$$Fe$$_{2.5}$$O$$_{4}$$/Glass and Pt/Bi$$_{0.1}$$Y$$_{2.9}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$/Gd$$_{3}$$Ga$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ SSE devices were used. We confirmed that the thermoelectric, magnetic, and structural properties of the SSE devices are not affected by the $$gamma$$-ray irradiation. This result demonstrates that SSE devices are applicable to thermoelectric generation even in high radiation environments.

Journal Articles

Spin hydrodynamic generation

Takahashi, Ryo*; Matsuo, Mamoru; Ono, Masao; Harii, Kazuya; Chudo, Hiroyuki; Okayasu, Satoru; Ieda, Junichi; Takahashi, Saburo*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saito, Eiji

Nature Physics, 12, p.52 - 56, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:65 Percentile:95.17(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Unconventional scaling and significant enhancement of the spin Seebeck effect in multilayers

Ramos, R.*; Kikkawa, Takashi*; Aguirre, M.*; Lucas, I.*; Anad$'o$n, A.*; Oyake, Takafumi*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Adachi, Hiroto; Shiomi, Junichiro*; Algarabel, P. A.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 92(22), p.220407_1 - 220407_5, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:55 Percentile:91.57(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Barnett effect in paramagnetic states

Ono, Masao; Chudo, Hiroyuki; Harii, Kazuya; Okayasu, Satoru; Matsuo, Mamoru; Ieda, Junichi; Takahashi, Ryo*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saito, Eiji

Physical Review B, 92(17), p.174424_1 - 174424_4, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:68.15(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

The Promising features of new nano liquid metals; Liquid sodium containing titanium nanoparticles (LSnanop)

Itami, Toshio*; Saito, Junichi; Ara, Kuniaki

Metals, 5(3), p.1212 - 1240, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:7.14(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A new kind of suspension liquid was developed by dispersing Ti nanoparticles (10 nm) in liquid Na, which was then determined by TEM (transmission electron microscopy) analysis. The volume fraction was estimated to be 0.0088 from the analyzed Ti concentration (2 at.%) and the densities of Ti and Na. This suspension liquid, Liquid Sodium containing nanoparticles of titanium (LSnanop), shows, despite only a small addition of Ti nanoparticles, many striking features, namely a negative deviation of 3.9% from the ideal solution for the atomic volume, an increase of 17% in surface tension, a decrease of 11% for the reaction heat to water, and the suppression of chemical reactivity to water and oxygen. The decrease in reaction heat to water seems to be derived from the existence of excess cohesive energy of LSnanop. The excess cohesive energy was discussed based on simple theoretical analyses, with particular emphasis on the screening effect. The suppression of reactivity is discussed with the relation to the decrease of heat of reaction to water or the excess cohesive energy, surface tension, the action as a plug of Ti oxide, negative adsorption on the surface of LSnanop, and percolation.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of anomalous Nernst effects in metallic multilayers free from proximity-induced magnetism

Uchida, Kenichi*; Kikkawa, Takashi*; Seki, Takeshi*; Oyake, Takafumi*; Shiomi, Junichiro*; Qiu, Z.*; Takanashi, Koki*; Saito, Eiji

Physical Review B, 92(9), p.094414_1 - 094414_6, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:57 Percentile:91.98(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

244 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)