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Journal Articles

Guidance for ${it in situ}$ gamma spectrometry intercomparison based on the information obtained through five intercomparisons during the Fukushima mapping project

Mikami, Satoshi; Ishikawa, Daisuke*; Matsuda, Hideo*; Hoshide, Yoshifumi*; Okuda, Naotoshi*; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105938_1 - 105938_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Environmental Sciences)

Five intercomparisons of in situ $$gamma$$ spectrometry by 6-7 participating teams have been conducted between December 2011 and August 2015 at sites in Fukushima prefecture which affected by the fallout of FDNPS accident occurred in March 2011. The evaluated deposition densities agreed within 5-6% in terms of coefficient of variation (CV) for radiocesium ($$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs), by our best achievement, and the ratio of $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs in deposition density agreed within 1-2% in CV, through five intercomparisons. These results guarantee the accuracy of the measurements of the mapping project. Two different methods for intercomparison were conducted: (1) sequential measurements at an identical point; and (2) simultaneous measurements in a narrow area within 3 m radius. In a comparison between the two methods at a site, no significant difference was observed between the results. The standard protocols for the two different intercomparison methods were proposed based on our experience.

Journal Articles

External dose evaluation based on detailed air dose rate measurements in living environments

Sato, Tetsuro*; Ando, Masaki; Sato, Masako*; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105973_1 - 105973_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Environmental Sciences)

A method was devised for estimation of external doses of Fukushima residents expected to return to their homes after evacuation orders are lifted. 211 residents expected to return to six towns and villages were surveyed in FY 2014, FY 2015, and FY2016. Interviewing returning residents about their expected life patterns after returning, air dose rate were measured along the reported personal trails representing their patterns of movement in daily life. Excluding 15 residents from whose homes we were unable to take air dose rate measurements, the maximum external effective dose and the average external effective dose were estimated respectively as 4.9 mSv/y and 0.86 mSv/y. Although the mean values and dispersion of external effective doses differ depending on the evacuation level, for 93.3% of all residents, the estimated external effective doses were less than 2 mSv/y. The average exposure dose at home accounts for 66.8% of the annual exposure dose.

Journal Articles

Summary of temporal changes in air dose rates and radionuclide deposition densities in the 80 km zone over five years after the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident

Saito, Kimiaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kinase, Sakae; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Sato, Tetsuro*; Seki, Akiyuki; Yamamoto, Hideaki*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105878_1 - 105878_12, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:65.27(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

The Deposition densities of radiocesium and the air dose rates in undisturbed fields around the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant; Their temporal changes for five years after the accident

Mikami, Satoshi; Tanaka, Hiroyuki*; Matsuda, Hideo*; Sato, Shoji*; Hoshide, Yoshifumi*; Okuda, Naotoshi*; Suzuki, Takeo*; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Ando, Masaki; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105941_1 - 105941_12, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:44.86(Environmental Sciences)

The deposition densities of radiocesium and the air dose rates were repeatedly measured in a large number of undisturbed fields within the 80km zone that surrounds the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant site between 2011 and 2016, and features of their temporal changes were clarified. The average air dose rate excluding background radiation in this zone decreased to about 20% of the initial value during the period from June 2011 to August 2016, which was essentially a result of the radioactive decay of $$^{134}$$Cs with a half-life of 2.06y. The air dose rate reduction was faster than that expected from the decay of radiocesium by a factor of about two, with most of this reduction being attributed to the penetration of radiocesium into the soil. The average deposition densities of $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs in fields that were not decontaminated were found to have decreased nearly according to their expected radioactive decay, which indicated that the movement of radiocesium in the horizontal direction was relatively small. The effect of decontamination was apparently observed in the measurements of air dose rates and deposition densities. Nominally, the average air dose rates in the measurement locations were reduced by about 20% by decontamination and other human activities, of which accurate quantitative analysis is and continue to be a challenge.

Journal Articles

Preface: Integration of knowledge on the radiological environment around the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant site over a period of six years

Saito, Kimiaki; Onda, Yuichi*; Hisamatsu, Shunichi*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.106003_1 - 106003_2, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Environmental Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Temporal change in radiological environments on land after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Saito, Kimiaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kinase, Sakae; Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tetsuro*; Seki, Akiyuki; Sanada, Yukihisa; Wainwright-Murakami, Haruko*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, 44(4), p.128 - 148, 2019/12

Journal Articles

Transport and redistribution of radiocesium in Fukushima fallout through rivers

Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Onda, Yuichi*; Smith, H. G.*; Blake, W.*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Yamashiki, Yosuke*; Kuramoto, Takayuki*; Saito, Kimiaki

Environmental Science & Technology, 53(21), p.12339 - 12347, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:17.35(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

Decreasing trend of ambient dose equivalent rates over a wide area in eastern Japan until 2016 evaluated by car-borne surveys using KURAMA systems

Ando, Masaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 192, p.385 - 398, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:62.91(Environmental Sciences)

Car-borne surveys using KURAMA systems have been conducted over a wide area in eastern Japan since 2011. The measurement data collected until 2016 was analyzed, and decreasing trend of the dose rates in regions within 80 km of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant were examined. The averaged dose rates tended to decrease considerably with respect to the physical decay of radiocaesium, and the ecological half-lives of the fast and slow decay components were estimated. The decrease of the dose rate in the forest was slower than its decrease in other regions, and the decrease of the dose rate in urban area was the fastest. The decrease in the dose rates obtained via the car-borne survey was larger than that obtained on flat ground with few disturbances using survey meters approximately 1.5 y after the accident; hereafter, the decrease in the dose rates obtained via the car-borne survey was same as the latter measurement.

Journal Articles

Review of the performance of a car-borne survey system, KURAMA-II, used to measure the dose rate after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Tsuda, Shuichi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Saito, Kimiaki

Hoshasen, 44(3), p.109 - 118, 2018/11

JAEA has started to perform dose rate monitoring using a car-borne survey system KURAMA to rapidly produce the dose rate mappings of the deposited radionuclides in the environment after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. KURAMA is a car-borne survey system developed by Kyoto University to perform dose rate monitoring in a wide area in detail with rapidity. By improving KURAMA with continuous dose rate monitoring, the 2nd generation of KURAMA (KURAMA-II) succeeded in downsizing, durability and automated transmission of data so that enable detailed dose rate mapping in wide area in shorter period of time. This paper reports the radiation characteristics and the simulation analysis of KURAMA-II on the special issue of Hoshasen, the journal of Ionization Radiation Division in the Japan society of applied physics.

Journal Articles

Measurement of ambient dose equivalent rates by walk survey around Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant using KURAMA-II until 2016

Ando, Masaki; Yamamoto, Hideaki*; Kanno, Takashi*; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 190-191, p.111 - 121, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:38.85(Environmental Sciences)

Ambient dose equivalent rates in various environments related to human lives were measured by walk surveys using the KURAMA-II systems from 2013 to 2016 around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. The dose rate of the locations where the walk survey was performed decreased to about 38% of its initial value in the 42 months, which was beyond that attributable to the physical decay. The air dose rates decreased depending on the level of the evacuation areas, and the decrease was slightly larger in populated areas where humans are active. The comparison of walk survey data with car-borne survey data indicated that the air dose rate varies largely even within a 100 m square area. The dose rates measured by the walk surveys were estimated to be medial of those along roads and those of undisturbed flat ground. The air dose rates measured by the walk surveys decreased quickly compared with the air dose rate from the flat ground measurement.

Journal Articles

Characterizing regional-scale temporal evolution of air dose rates after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Wainwright, H. M.*; Seki, Akiyuki; Mikami, Satoshi; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 189, p.213 - 220, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:85.92(Environmental Sciences)

In this study, we quantify the temporal changes of air dose rates in the regional scale around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in Japan, and predict the spatial distribution of air dose rates in the future. We first apply the Bayesian geostatistical method developed by Wainwright et al. (2017) to integrate multiscale datasets including ground-based walk and car surveys, and airborne surveys, all of which have different scales, resolutions, spatial coverage, and accuracy. We apply this method to the datasets from three years: 2014 to 2016. The temporal changes among the three integrated maps enables us to characterize the spatiotemporal dynamics of radiation air dose rates.

Journal Articles

Review of reduction factors by buildings for gamma radiation from radiocaesium deposited on the ground due to fallout

Yoshida-Ouchi, Hiroko*; Matsuda, Norihiro; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 187, p.32 - 39, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:64.52(Environmental Sciences)

JAEA Reports

Comprehensive evaluation system for environmental remediation of Fukushima; Toward integration of three components as a whole system

Saito, Hiroshi; Nozawa, Takashi; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Seki, Akiyuki; Matsubara, Takeshi; Saito, Kimiaki; Kitamura, Akihiro

JAEA-Review 2017-040, 34 Pages, 2018/03


The accidents at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station on March 11th 2011, released significant amount of radionuclide to the environment. It has migrated to the human habitation and raised concerns of possible effect on human health, and for that a lot of researches have been performed. JAEA created and opened "Database for Radioactive Substance Monitoring Data" for usage of obtained data. For accurate modelling and future forecast using numerical code and the data, "Supporting Environment for Processing Simulation Codes" has been operated. In addition, research results have been opened as Q&A style "Knowledge Base for Environmental Remediation" in JAEA's website. The "Comprehensive Evaluation System" composed of these components, should act more interrelated and integrated as one system. Besides, information dissemination is not enough to the outside. The report summarizes the current status, remaining issues and expected improvement of each component and the system.

Journal Articles

Dependence of dose rate measurement in the environment on crystal configuration of scintillation detectors

Tsuda, Shuichi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Okumura, Ryo*; Saito, Kimiaki

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 17(1), p.11 - 17, 2018/03

Environmental dose rate monitoring has been performed using scintillation detectors since the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident happened. After the accident, various scintillation detectors with directional dependence are used in the measurement, though detectors with superior directional dependence are needed because photons come from various direction in the environment. To investigate the influence of crystal configurations on indicated values of dose rates, pulse height spectra were measured using scintillation-based detectors with different crystal configurations and ambient dose rates were obtained using a spectrum - dose conversion operator (G(E) function). It is found that the dose rate for a rectangular-parallelepiped crystal is $$sim$$ 40% than that for a cylindrical one at the maximum. However, the values agreed within 10% among all the detectors irrespective of the crystal shapes, using G(E) functions determined in a rotational irradiation geometry.

Journal Articles

Challenges for enhancing Fukushima environmental resilience, 10; Dose evaluation and risk communication

Saito, Kimiaki; Takahara, Shogo; Uezu, Yasuhiro

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 60(2), p.111 - 115, 2018/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Long-term predictions of ambient dose equivalent rates after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Kinase, Sakae; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(12), p.1345 - 1354, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:4.77(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Distribution of $$^{137}$$Cs on components in urban area four years after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Yoshimura, Kazuya; Saito, Kimiaki; Fujiwara, Kenso

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 178-179, p.48 - 54, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:48.24(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Challenges for enhancing Fukushima environmental resilience, 2; Features of radionuclide release and deposition with accident progress

Saito, Kimiaki; Nagai, Haruyasu; Kinase, Sakae; Takemiya, Hiroshi

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 59(6), p.40 - 44, 2017/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Coupling the advection-dispersion equation with fully kinetic reversible/irreversible sorption terms to model radiocesium soil profiles in Fukushima Prefecture

Kurikami, Hiroshi; Malins, A.; Takeishi, Minoru; Saito, Kimiaki; Iijima, Kazuki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 171, p.99 - 109, 2017/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:74.5(Environmental Sciences)

A modified diffusion-sorption-fixation model (mDSF) is proposed to describe the vertical migration of radiocesium in soils following fallout. The model introduces kinetics for reversible sites, meaning that the exponential-shape radiocesium distribution can be reproduced immediately following fallout. The initial relaxation mass depth of the distribution is determined by the diffusion length, which depends on the distribution coefficient, sorption rate and dispersion coefficient. The model captures the long tails of the radiocesium distribution at large depths. These tails are caused by different rates for kinetic sorption and desorption.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of ambient dose equivalent rates owing to natural radioactive nuclides in eastern Japan by car-borne surveys using KURAMA-II

Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Saito, Kimiaki

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 16(2), p.63 - 80, 2017/05

In order to discriminate the contribution of radioactive cesium due to the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident to the air dose rates measured by the car-borne surveys, natural background radiation was evaluated for eastern Japan area as the municipality averaged values. The window count method for distinction between natural and artificial radioactive nuclides was applied to the car-borne surveys using the KURAMA-II. Distribution of the evaluated natural background radiation showed geological feature, and it was found that the radiations measured along paved roads were reflecting the distribution of terrestrial $$gamma$$-rays. The effect of the radioactive cesium as of 2014 for the municipalities designated as the Intensive Contamination Survey Area was beyond the uncertainty of the natural background radiation. That for the other municipalities, however, was found to be almost negligible.

318 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)