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JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2018

Nakano, Masanao; Fujii, Tomoko; Nagaoka, Mika; Inoue, Kazumi; Koike, Yuko; Yamada, Ryohei; Yoshii, Hideki*; Otani, Kazunori*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Kikuchi, Masaaki*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2019-045, 120 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Review-2019-045.pdf:2.54MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai Reprocessing Plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and by law of Ibaraki Prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2018. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of Li$$^{+}$$@C$$_{60}$$; Photoelectron spectroscopy of the Li$$^{+}$$@C$$_{60}$$[PF$$_{6}$$$$^{-}$$] salt and STM of the single Li$$^{+}$$@C$$_{60}$$ molecules on Cu(111)

Yamada, Yoichi*; Kuklin, A. V.*; Sato, Sho*; Esaka, Fumitaka; Sumi, Naoya*; Zhang, C.*; Sasaki, Masahiro*; Kwon, E.*; Kasama, Yasuhiko*; Avramov, P. V.*; et al.

Carbon, 133, p.23 - 30, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:66.78(Chemistry, Physical)

We report first STM observation of the Li$$^{+}$$ ion endohedral C$$_{60}$$, which is of a new class of endohedral fullerenes, prepared by means of evaporation of high-purity Li$$^{+}$$@C$$_{60}$$[PF$$_{6}$$$$^{-}$$] salt in ultra-high vacuum. Prior to the STM measurements, the electronic structure of Li$$^{+}$$@C$$_{60}$$ in the Li$$^{+}$$@C$$_{60}$$[PF$$_{6}$$$$^{-}$$] salt was also precisely determined. In the salt, it is shown that Li and PF$$_{6}$$ have nearly single positive and negative charge, respectively, and the C$$_{60}$$ cage is nearly neutral, suggesting that Li$$^{+}$$@C$$_{60}$$ in the salt retains its original electronic state.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of influence of splay fault growth on groundwater flow around geological disposal system

Takai, Shizuka; Takeda, Seiji; Sakai, Ryutaro*; Shimada, Taro; Munakata, Masahiro; Tanaka, Tadao

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 16(1), p.34 - 48, 2017/03

In geological disposal, direct effect on geological repositories by active faults is avoided at a stage of site characterization; however, uncertainty remains for avoidance of faults derived from the active faults, which are concealed deep under the ground and difficult to detect in advance. In this research, the influence of growth of undetected splay faults on natural barrier in a geological disposal system, which will caused by attack of the faults in the future, was evaluated. We investigated examples of splay faults in Japan and set conditions for growth of splay faults. Furthermore, we assumed a disposal site composed of sedimentary rocks and made a hydrogeological model of growth of splay faults. We carried out groundwater flow analyses, changing parameters such as location and depth of repository and growth velocity of splay faults. The results indicate that main flow path from the repository is changed into upward flow along the splay fault due to its growth and the average velocity to the ground surface becomes one or two orders of magnitude higher than that before its growth. The results also suggest that the splay fault growth leads into the possibility of downward flow of oxidizing groundwater from ground surface area.

Journal Articles

Spacing between graphene and metal substrates studied with total-reflection high-energy positron diffraction

Fukaya, Yuki; Entani, Shiro; Sakai, Seiji; Mochizuki, Izumi*; Wada, Ken*; Hyodo, Toshio*; Shamoto, Shinichi

Carbon, 103, p.1 - 4, 2016/07

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:41.49(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation for influence of new volcanic eruption on geological disposal site

Shimada, Taro; Takeda, Seiji; Sakai, Ryutaro*; Takubo, Kazuya; Tanaka, Tadao

MRS Advances (Internet), 1(61), p.4081 - 4086, 2016/00

Volcanic eruption which may affect geological disposal system directly depends on the regional location in Japan. It is required that the disposal site should be located far from existing volcanos. However, there are regions where it is impossible to exclude the possibility of appearance of new volcanic activity on the site even if the site is located far from existing volcanos. In order to identify the influence of volcanic eruption at disposal site to public if it occurs public exposure doses were evaluated based on the two scenarios considering types of eruption at new volcanic activity in Japan. One is the exposure by tephra widespread by Strombolian eruption and deposited on the ground surface, including radionuclides from vitrified waste forms after a volcanic conduit penetrated disposal galleries. The other is that by waste forms appeared at the surface by Merapi type pyroclastic flow. Exposure doses of the residents living on the tephra do not exceed 1mSv/y even when the eruption occurs at 1,000 years after closure of disposal site. Dose rate for the volcanic researchers temporarily approaching waste forms becomes less than 1mSv/h when the eruption occurs 100,000 years after. It indicated that attention should be paid to the impact by Merapi type pyroclastic flow on researchers approaching waste forms appeared rather than that by Strombolian eruption on residents living on the tephra widespread.

Journal Articles

Possible singlet-triplet transition of ESR in the kagome-lattice antiferromagnet

Sakai, Toru; Hijii, Keigo*; Okubo, Susumu*; Ota, Hitoshi*; Nakano, Hiroki*; Miyashita, Seiji*

Applied Magnetic Resonance, 46(9), p.997 - 1002, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Atomic, Molecular & Chemical)

The S=1/2 kagome-lattice antiferromagnet is investigated by the numerical diagonalization of 18-spin finite-size cluster. The matrix elements proportional to the intensity of the singlet-triplet ESR transition are calculated in the presence of the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction. Some angle-dependent selection rules is also proposed.

Journal Articles

Spin pumping blocked by single-layer graphene

Haku, Satoshi*; Tashiro, Takaharu*; Nakayama, Hiroyasu*; Ieda, Junichi; Entani, Shiro; Sakai, Seiji; Ando, Kazuya*

Applied Physics Express, 8(7), p.073009_1 - 073009_3, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:79.6(Physics, Applied)

We found that the spin pumping in a Ni$$_{81}$$Fe$$_{19}$$/Pt bilayer is strongly suppressed by inserting single-layer graphene (SLG) at the interface. The spin pumping in the Ni$$_{81}$$Fe$$_{19}$$/Pt bilayer enhances the magnetization damping of the ferromagnetic layer, which is quantified from microwave frequency dependence of ferromagnetic resonance linewidth. We show that the enhancement of the magnetization damping due to the spin pumping disappears in a Ni$$_{81}$$Fe$$_{19}$$/SLG/Pt trilayer. This result indicates that the spin pumping is blocked by the atomic monolayer, demonstrating the crucial role of the interfacial short-range spin-exchange coupling in the spin pumping in metallic systems.

Journal Articles

Magnetotransport properties of a few-layer graphene-ferromagnetic metal junctions in vertical spin valve devices

Entani, Shiro; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Sakai, Seiji

Journal of Applied Physics, 117(17), p.17A334_1 - 17A334_4, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:33.79(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Contracted interlayer distance in graphene/sapphire heterostructure

Entani, Shiro; Antipina, L. Y.*; Avramov, P.*; Otomo, Manabu*; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Hirao, Norie; Shimoyama, Iwao; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Baba, Yuji; Sorokin, P. B.*; et al.

Nano Research, 8(5), p.1535 - 1545, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:24.62(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Contact-induced spin polarization in BNNT(CNT)/TM (TM=Co, Ni)nanocomposites

Kuzubov, A. A.*; Kovaleva, E. A.*; Avramov, P. V.*; Kuklin, A. V.*; Mikhaleva, N. S.*; Tomilin, F. N.*; Sakai, Seiji; Entani, Shiro; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Naramoto, Hiroshi*

Journal of Applied Physics, 116(8), p.084309_1 - 084309_4, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:55.31(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Atomic structure and physical properties of fused porphyrin nanoclusters

Avramov, P. V.*; Kuzubov, A. A.*; Sakai, Seiji; Otomo, Manabu*; Entani, Shiro; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro*; Eleseeva, N. S.*; Pomogaev, V. A.*; Naramoto, Hiroshi*

Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines, 18(7), p.552 - 568, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Contact-induced spin polarization of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Ni(111)

Otomo, Manabu; Yamauchi, Yasushi*; Kuzubov, A. A.*; Eliseeva, N. S.*; Avramov, P.*; Entani, Shiro; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Sakai, Seiji

Applied Physics Letters, 104(5), p.051604_1 - 051604_4, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:47.93(Physics, Applied)

Hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) is a promising barrier material for graphene spintronics. In this study, spin-polarized metastable de-excitation spectroscopy (SPMDS) is employed to study the spin-dependent electronic structure of monolayer h-BN on Ni(111). The extreme surface sensitivity of SPMDS enables us to elucidate a partial filling of the in-gap states of h-BN without any superposition of Ni 3$$d$$ signals. The in-gap states are shown to have a considerable spin polarization parallel to the majority spin of Ni. The positive spin polarization is attributed to the $$pi$$-$$d$$ hybridization and the effective spin transfer to the nitrogen atoms at the h-BN/Ni(111) interface.

Journal Articles

RBS study of disordering of Fe$$_{3-x}$$Mn$$_{x}$$Si/Ge(111) heteroepitaxial interfaces

Noguchi, Masaya*; Hirata, Tomoaki*; Kawakubo, Yuki*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Sakai, Seiji; Maeda, Yoshihito

Physica Status Solidi (C), 10(12), p.1732 - 1734, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Ion beam analysis of quaternary Heusler alloy Co$$_{2}$$(Mn$$_{1-x}$$Fe$$_{x}$$)Si(111) epitaxially grown on Ge(111)

Kawakubo, Yuki*; Noguchi, Masaya*; Hirata, Tomoaki*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Sakai, Seiji; Yamada, Shinya*; Hamaya, Kohei*; Miyao, Masanobu*; Maeda, Yoshihito

Physica Status Solidi (C), 10(12), p.1828 - 1831, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Spin orientation transition across the single-layer graphene/nickel thin film interface

Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Entani, Shiro; Koide, Akihiro*; Otomo, Manabu; Avramov, P.; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Amemiya, Kenta*; Fujikawa, Takashi*; Sakai, Seiji

Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 1(35), p.5533 - 5537, 2013/09

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:27.59(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Study on evaluation methodology for groundwater flow based on geochemical data, 2; Case study for Horonobe area (Contract research)

Sakai, Ryutaro; Takeda, Seiji; Munakata, Masahiro; Kimura, Hideo

JAEA-Research 2013-006, 18 Pages, 2013/07

JAEA-Research-2013-006.pdf:2.77MB

In the safety assessment for a geological disposal of radioactive waste, it is important to establish validation methods for deep groundwater flow to estimate radionuclide migration to human environment through groundwater flow. Costal sedimentary rocks in our country provide dominant fossil water formed during sub-seabed sedimentation and chemical compositions of the water mixed with meteoric water and fossil water depend on the initial fossil water composition and groundwater flow conditions. Analytical study on the effects of groundwater flow on the mixed water quality as a indicator of its Cl/$$delta$$$$^{18}$$O ratios was carried out in case of Horonobe district, where geochemical data is now being stored.

Journal Articles

In-plane orientation control of 2,7-diphenyl[1]benzothieno[3,2-$$b$$][1]benzothiophene monolayer on bismuth-terminated Si(111) vicinal surfaces with wettability optimization

Otomo, Manabu; Tsuchida, Yuya*; Muraya, Naoki*; Yanase, Takashi*; Sakai, Seiji; Yonezawa, Tetsu*; Nagahama, Taro*; Hasegawa, Tetsuya*; Shimada, Toshihiro*

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 117(22), p.11555 - 11561, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:89.15(Chemistry, Physical)

We report in-plane orientation control of newly developed high-mobility organic semiconductor: 2,7-diphenyl[1]benzothieno[3,2-$$b$$][1]benzothiophene (DPh-BTBT). As previously reported on monolayer pentacene, it was revealed that bunched steps on vicinal Si(111) with bismuth termination break the surface symmetry and reduce three-fold symmetry of DPh-BTBT grains into quasi-single orientation. Interestingly, the critical step height necessary for the orientation control was different from that of pentacene. We examined several mechanisms of orientation control and concluded that the facet nano structure fabricated by step bunching is working as an anisotropic template. We will also show the wettability control of bismuth terminated silicon surface and show that the growth mode of DPh-BTBT is dependent on the surface nanostructure of Bi-Si.

Journal Articles

High spin polarization at the Fe/C$$_{60}$$ interface in the Fe-doped C$$_{60}$$ film

Sakai, Seiji; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Otomo, Manabu; Entani, Shiro; Avramov, P.; Sorokin, P. B.*; Naramoto, Hiroshi*

Synthetic Metals, 173, p.22 - 25, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:86.7(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Contact-induced spin polarization in graphene/$$h$$-BN/Ni nanocomposites

Avramov, P.; Kuzubov, A. A.*; Sakai, Seiji; Otomo, Manabu; Entani, Shiro; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Eliseeva, N. S.*

Journal of Applied Physics, 112(11), p.114303_1 - 114303_10, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:41.1(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Photoluminescence properties of carbon-doped $$beta$$-FeSi$$_{2}$$ nanocrystals

Maeda, Yoshihito; Nishimura, Kentaro*; Nakajima, Takahito*; Matsukura, Bui*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Sakai, Seiji

Physica Status Solidi (C), 9(10-11), p.1884 - 1887, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:6.98

We report enhancement of intrinsic photoluminescence (PL) from $$beta$$-FeSi$$_{2}$$ nanocrystals by doping carbon. In the appropriate dose of C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ ion implantation into the average nanocrystal size of 14 nm, the PL intensity was enhanced by 260% and increase of the exciton binding energy of 1.8 meV in comparison with that of the non-doped nanocrystal. Furthermore, we found that there was a clear correlation between the PL enhancement and increase of the exciton binding energy. This important result suggests that carbon atoms doped in the silicide lattice may play as an isoelectronic trap and probably form bound excitons with stable states as predicted theoretically. We found a new mechanism of the PL enhancement for $$beta$$-FeSi$$_{2}$$ nanocrystals.

246 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)