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JAEA Reports

Study on modeling and analysis of groundwater flow with inverse analysis, 2 (Joint research)

Onoe, Hironori; Yamamoto, Shinya*; Kohashi, Akio; Ozaki, Yusuke; Sakurai, Hideyuki*; Masumoto, Kiyoshi*

JAEA-Research 2018-003, 84 Pages, 2018/06


In this study, numerical experiments considered hydrogeological structures, which has high heterogeneity around the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory and inverse analysis using in-situ data were carried out. The results showed that concentration of hydrogeological structure to be estimated and location of monitoring point is important for application of inverse analysis. Furthermore, it is concluded that inverse analysis using hydraulic response due to pumping test is effective for hydrogeological characterization.

JAEA Reports

Study on modeling and analysis of groundwater flow with inverse analysis (Joint research)

Kohashi, Akio; Onoe, Hironori; Yamamoto, Shinya*; Honda, Makoto*; Sakurai, Hideyuki*; Masumoto, Kiyoshi*

JAEA-Research 2015-022, 89 Pages, 2016/03


In Japan, high-level radioactive waste (HLW) will be emplaced in a stable host rock formation deeper than 300 meters underground for geological disposal. It is important to understand heterogeneous distribution of hydraulic conductivity from the viewpoints of the safety assessment of geological disposal of HLW and construction of underground facilities. Inverse analysis based on the transient data is an efficient technique for estimating the heterogeneous distribution. In this study, numerical experiments with the adjoint state method and the ensemble Kalman filter were carried out in order to understand effective method for application of these inverse analysis. As a result of this study, the capability of each analysis techniques was shown.

Journal Articles

Development of remote pipe welding tool for divertor cassettes in JT-60SA

Hayashi, Takao; Sakurai, Shinji; Sakasai, Akira; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Kono, Wataru*; Onawa, Toshio*; Matsukage, Takeshi*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 101, p.180 - 185, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.03(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Remote pipe welding tool accessing from inside pipe has been newly developed for JT-60SA. Remote handling (RH) system is necessary for the maintenance and repair of in-vessel components such as lower divertor cassettes in JT-60SA. Cooling pipes, which connects between the divertor cassette and the vacuum vessel with bellows are required to be cut and welded in the vacuum vessel by RH system. The available space for RH system is very limited inside the vacuum vessel, especially around the divertor cassettes. Thus, the cooling pipes are required to be cut and weld from the inside in the vacuum vessel. The inner diameter, thickness and material of the cooling pipe are 54.2 mm, 2.8 mm and SUS316L, respectively. An upper pipe connected to the divertor cassette has a jut on the edge to fill the gap between pipes. Owing to the jut and two-times welding, the welding tool achieved the maximum allowable gap of 0.7 mm.

Journal Articles

Estimation of the lifetime of resin insulators against baking temperature for JT-60SA in-vessel coils

Sukegawa, Atsuhiko; Murakami, Haruyuki; Matsunaga, Go; Sakurai, Shinji; Takechi, Manabu; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Ikeda, Yoshitaka

Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.2076 - 2079, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.03(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The JT-60SA project is a EU - JA satellite tokamak under Broader Approach in support of the ITER project. In-vessel coils are designed and assembled by JA. The resin-insulator is required to have a heat resistance against the baking temperature of vacuum vessel of $$sim$$200$$^{circ}$$C (40000 hour). Thus the assessment of the heat load is fundamental for the design of the coils. However, the estimation of the lifetime of resin-insulator under the high-temperature region has not been examined. In the present study, the estimation of the lifetime of seven candidate resin-insulators such as epoxy resin and cyanate-ester resin under the $$sim$$220$$^{circ}$$C temperature region have been performed for the current coils design. Weight reduction of the seven candidate insulators was measured at different heating times under 180$$^{circ}$$C, 200$$^{circ}$$C and 220$$^{circ}$$C environment using three thermostatic ovens, respectively. The reduction of the insulators has been used as input for Weibull-analysis towards Arrhenius-plot. Lifetime of the resins has been estimated for the first time at the high temperature region by the plot. Lifetime of the resin-insulators have been evaluated and discussed as well as the available temperature of the in-vessel coils.

Journal Articles

Behavior of Nb$$_{3}$$Sn cable assembled with conduit for ITER central solenoid

Nabara, Yoshihiro; Suwa, Tomone; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Kajitani, Hideki; Ozeki, Hidemasa; Sakurai, Takeru; Iguchi, Masahide; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Isono, Takaaki; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(3), p.4200305_1 - 4200305_5, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Journal Articles

Development of remote pipe cutting tool for divertor cassettes in JT-60SA

Hayashi, Takao; Sakurai, Shinji; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Sakasai, Akira

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(9-10), p.2299 - 2303, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:50.1(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Remote handling (RH) system is necessary for the maintenance and repair of in-vessel components of JT-60SA. Design study of RH system, focusing on the deployment of remote pipe cutting tool for JT-60SA divertor cassette is reported in this conference. Some cooling pipes on the outboard side in the divertor cassette should be cut and welded in the vacuum vessel. The outer diameter, thickness and material of the cooling pipe is 59.7 mm, 2.7 mm and SUS316L, respectively. Cutting tool head equips a disk cutter blade and rollers which are subjected to the reaction force. The cooling pipe is cut by rotating the cutting tool head with pushing out the disk cutter blade. Newly developed cutting tool indicates that the cooling pipe is cut by pushing out the disk cutter blade up to 30.5 mm in radius, i.e. 61 mm in diameter.

Journal Articles

Development of Langmuir probes on divertor cassettes in JT-60SA

Fukumoto, Masakatsu; Sakurai, Shinji; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Itami, Kiyoshi

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 8, p.1405153_1 - 1405153_10, 2013/11

Langmuir probes installed in the lower divertor region under high heat flux have been developed and manufactured for JT-60SA. A probe electrode with a head having a rooftop shape is made of a carbon fiber composite and can withstand heat fluxes of up to 10 MW/m$$^2$$ for 5 s and 1 MW/m$$^2$$ for 100 s. This has been achieved by increasing the volume of the probe electrode that is not directly exposed to the plasma. To minimize the reduction of the heat removal performance of the divertor, the Langmuir probes are installed in toroidal gaps with widths of 10mm between the divertor cassettes, without embedding them in the divertor tiles. Aluminum oxide coatings have been applied to insulate the probe electrodes from the divertor cassettes and to limit the toroidal thickness to 8 mm. Brazing of the nickel connectors to the probe electrodes has reduced the toroidal thickness of the Langmuir probes. A minimum spatial resolution of 13.5mm has been achieved to the Langmuir probes installed on the inner and outer divertor targets.

Journal Articles

Assembly study for JT-60SA tokamak

Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Arai, Takashi; Hasegawa, Koichi; Hoshi, Ryo; Kamiya, Koji; Kawashima, Hisato; Kubo, Hirotaka; Masaki, Kei; Saeki, Hisashi; Sakurai, Shinji; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), p.705 - 710, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:59.34(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Welding technology R&D on port joint of JT-60SA vacuum vessel

Shibama, Yusuke; Masaki, Kei; Sakurai, Shinji; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Sakasai, Akira; Onawa, Toshio*; Araki, Takao*; Asano, Shiro*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(9-10), p.1916 - 1919, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:21.27(Nuclear Science & Technology)

This presentation focuses on the welding technology R&D between the JT-60SA vacuum vessel and the ports. The vacuum vessel is designed to allow port bore penetration to access the vessel inside for plasma diagnostics, and so on. There are various types of 73 ports and these are categorized by their locations; the upper/lower vertical, the upper/lower oblique, and the horizontal. Ports are onsite-welded onto the VV port stub after the assembly of the VV. This assembly sequence involves the out-vessel components such as VV thermal shield and toroidal field magnets, so that these ports welding are accessed from the inside of the vessel and limited by the internal port wall. The one of the most difficult ports are the upper vertical port with corner radius of 50 mm under narrow space, and it is necessary to clarify mobility of the weld torch head. The port weldability is discussed with the mock-up trial, which consists of the partial test pieces of the product size. The TIG welding manipulator, optimized for this R&D, is prepared by its operational simulation and examined not to interfere with the internal port wall.

Journal Articles

Manufacturing and development of JT-60SA vacuum vessel and divertor

Sakasai, Akira; Masaki, Kei; Shibama, Yusuke; Sakurai, Shinji; Hayashi, Takao; Nakamura, Shigetoshi; Ozaki, Hidetsugu; Yokoyama, Kenji; Seki, Yohji; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; et al.

Proceedings of 24th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2012) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/03

The JT-60SA vacuum vessel (VV) and divertor are key components for the performance requirements. Therefore the manufacturing and development of VV and divertor are in progress, inclusive of the superconducting magnets. The vacuum vessel has a double wall structure in high rigidity to withstand electromagnetic force at disruption and to keep high toroidal one-turn resistance. In addition, the double wall structure fulfills originally two functions. (1) The remarkable reduction of the nuclear heating in the superconducting magnets is made by boric-acid water circulated in the double wall. (2) The effective baking is enabled by nitrogen gas flow of 200$$^{circ}$$C in the double wall after draining of water. Three welding types were chosen for the manufacturing of the double wall structure VV to minimize deformation by welding. Divertor cassettes with fully water cooled plasma facing components were designed to realize the JT-60SA lower single null closed divertor. The divertor cassettes in the radio-active VV have been developed to ensure compatibility with remote handling (RH) maintenance in order to allow long pulse high performance discharges with high neutron yield. The manufacturing of divertor cassettes with typical accuracy of *1 mm has been successfully completed. Brazed CFC (carbon fiber composite) monoblock targets for a divertor target have been manufactured by precise control of tolerances inside CFC blocks. The infrared thermography test of monoblock targets has been developed as new acceptance inspection.

Journal Articles

JT-60SA vacuum vessel manufacturing and assembly

Masaki, Kei; Shibama, Yusuke; Sakurai, Shinji; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Sakasai, Akira

Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(5-6), p.742 - 746, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:76.37(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The JT-60SA vacuum vessel (VV) has a D-shaped poloidal cross section and a toroidal configuration with 10$$^{circ}$$ segmented facets. A double wall structure is adopted to ensure high rigidity at operational load and high toroidal one-turn resistance. The material is 316L stainless steel with low cobalt content ($$<$$ 0.05wt%). In the double wall, boric-acid water (max. 50$$^{circ}$$C) is circulated at plasma operation to reduce the nuclear heating of the superconducting magnets. For baking, nitrogen gas (200$$^{circ}$$C) is circulated in the double wall after draining of the boric-acid water. The manufacturing of the VV started in November 2009 after a fundamental welding R&D and a trial manufacturing of 20$$^{circ}$$ upper half mock-up. A basic VV assembly scenario and procedure were studied to complete the 360$$^{circ}$$ VV including positioning method and joint welding between sectors considering misalignment.

Journal Articles

Design study of remote handling system for lower divertor cassettes in JT-60SA

Hayashi, Takao; Sakurai, Shinji; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Sakasai, Akira

Fusion Science and Technology, 60(2), p.549 - 553, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:36.36(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Design study of RH system, especially the expansion of the RH rail and replacement of the lower divertor cassettes, was described in this paper. The dimensions and weight of the divertor cassette, which is 10 degrees wide in toroidal direction, are 1.62$$^{L}$$ $$times$$ 0.57$$^{W}$$ $$times$$ 1.25$$^{H}$$ m and 800 kg, respectively. The RH system can use four horizontal ports whose inside dimensions are 0.66$$^{W}$$ $$times$$ 1.83$$^{H}$$ m. The space for RH system is very limited. The RH rail is installed before transporting divertor cassettes. The RH rail can cover 180 degrees in toroidal direction. A divertor cassette can be replaced by heavy weight manipulator (HWM) consists of an end effector, a telescopic arm and a vehicle. The HWM brings the divertor cassette to the front of another horizontal port, which is used for supporting the rail and/or carrying in and out equipments. Then another RH device, which is installed from outside the vacuum vessel, receives and brings out the divertor cassette.

Journal Articles

Manufacturing status of JT-60SA vacuum vessel and the related technology of welding

Shibama, Yusuke; Masaki, Kei; Sakurai, Shinji; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Sakasai, Akira

Proceedings of 2011 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2011) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2011/07

This paper focuses on the JT-60SA vacuum vessel (VV, 150 tons) and presents manufacturing status of the VV with the design concept and the related technology of welding. The VV is a torus type vessel to ensure the sufficient ultrahigh vacuum space for core plasma and consists of 18 sectors with 73 port penetrations. The dimensions are the maximum major radius of 5.0 m and height of 6.6 m with a double wall structure to secure the stiffness against operational loads. The type 316L stainless steel is selected as a structural material and various welding technologies are developed. The weldment is mostly manipulated to achieve uniform welding quality and the welding conditions are evaluated to explore the distortion reduction, and to increase deposition rate. These resultants are applied to the 20 degree upper half mock-up and the manufacturing procedures, the correction of the welding distortion, and the optimization of constraint jigs are obtained.

Journal Articles

Design and trial manufacturing of JT-60SA vacuum vessel

Masaki, Kei; Shibama, Yusuke; Sakurai, Shinji; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Sakasai, Akira

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 10(1), p.55 - 62, 2011/01

JT-60 is planned to be upgraded to JT-60SA superconducting tokamak machine. This project is the JA-EU satellite tokamak program under both Broader Approach program and Japanese domestic program. The JT-60SA tokamak is composed of the following main components; vacuum vessel (VV), thermal shield, superconducting coils (toroidal field coil, equilibrium field coil, center solenoid), cryostat, heating facilities. The VV has a D-shape poloidal cross section and a double wall structure to ensure high rigidity and high toroidal one-turn resistance simultaneously. The material of the VV is 316L stainless steel with low cobalt content of $$<$$ 0.05wt%. Before start of the VV manufacturing, fundamental welding R&D was performed to study the manufacturing procedures. The manufacturing procedures were successfully established with a trial manufacturing of 20 $$^{circ}$$ upper half of the VV. Based on the results, the actual VV manufacturing has started in November 2009.

Journal Articles

Design and fabrication status of JT-60SA vacuum vessel

Shibama, Yusuke; Masaki, Kei; Sakurai, Shinji; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Sakasai, Akira

Nihon Kikai Gakkai M&M 2010 Zairyo Rikigaku Kanfarensu Koen Rombunshu (CD-ROM), p.239 - 241, 2010/10

Present JT-60U is upgraded to be a fully superconducting coil tokamak, and one of the main components dedicated by Japan is a vacuum vessel. This paper presents a design status of the vacuum vessel; the design concept and trial manufacture. The design concept is developed from the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section VIII Division 2, and the damage tolerant concept is adopted into the welding part hardly inspected. The typical size of the vessel segment is manufactured to validate the welding technologies, and to select the technical elements. Feasibility to manufacture the real structure is discussed with present perspectives.

Journal Articles

Design of lower divertor for JT-60SA

Sakurai, Shinji; Higashijima, Satoru; Hayashi, Takao; Shibama, Yusuke; Masuo, Hiroshige*; Ozaki, Hidetsugu; Sakasai, Akira; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi

Fusion Engineering and Design, 85(10-12), p.2187 - 2191, 2010/08

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:53(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JT-60SA tokamak project has just started construction phase under both the Japanese domestic program and the Japan-EU international program "ITER Broader Approach". All of plasma facing components (PFC) shall be actively cooled due to high power long pulse plasma heating. Lower single null closed divertor with vertical target (VT) will be installed at the start of experiment phase. Each divertor module covers a 10-degree sector in toroidal direction. PFCs such as VTs, baffles and dome shall be assembled on a divertor cassette, which provides integrated coolant pipe connection to coolant headers in the VV. Static structural analysis for dead weight, coolant pressure and EM loads shows that displacement and stress of the divertor module are generally small but a part of support structure of PFC requires improvement.

Journal Articles

Design status of JT-60SA vacuum vessel

Shibama, Yusuke; Masaki, Kei; Sakurai, Shinji; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Sakasai, Akira

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.9, p.180 - 185, 2010/08

JT-60SA is a combined JA-EU satellite tokamak program, aiming at the ITER program supports as well as the supplements toward the DEMO, under both broader approach agreement and the JA domestic program. The VV is a vessel to ensure sufficient ultrahigh vacuum space and one turn toroidal resistance for plasma breakdown. A double wall structure is selected to secure the higher rigidity against operational mechanical loads. The space between walls is utilized for the neutron shielding by 323 K boron water circulation, as well as for baking at 473 K by nitrogen gas flow to achieve the vacuum less than 10$$^{-5}$$ Pa. Present design status of the structural integrity is discussed with numerical analyses, which are issues of a seismic event and plasma disruptions. The feasibility of the VV manufacture is studied and latest status is presented.

Journal Articles

Basic concept of JT-60SA tokamak assembly

Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Arai, Takashi; Kawashima, Hisato; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Hoshi, Ryo; Kobayashi, Kaoru; Sawai, Hiroaki; Masaki, Kei; Sakurai, Shinji; Shibama, Yusuke; et al.

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.9, p.276 - 281, 2010/08

The JT-60 SA project is a combined project of JA-EU satellite tokamak program under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement and JA domestic program. Major components of JT-60SA for assembly are vacuum vessel (VV), superconducting coils (TF coils, EF coils and CS coil), in-vessel components such as divertor, thermal shield and cryostat. An assembly frame (with the dedicated cranes), which is located around the tokamak, is adopted to carry out effectively the assembly of tokamak components in the tokamak hall, independently of the facility cranes in the building. The assembly frame also provides assembly tools and jigs with jacks to support temporarily the components as well as to adjust the components at right positions. In this paper, the assembly scenario and scequence of the major components such as VV and TFC and the concept of the assembly frame including special jigs and fixtures are discussed.

Journal Articles

Mock-up test results of monoblock-type CFC divertor armor for JT-60SA

Higashijima, Satoru; Sakurai, Shinji; Suzuki, Satoshi; Yokoyama, Kenji; Kashiwa, Yoshitoshi; Masaki, Kei; Shibama, Yusuke; Takechi, Manabu; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Sakasai, Akira; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 84(2-6), p.949 - 952, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:53.11(Nuclear Science & Technology)

An upgrading device of JT-60 tokamak with fully superconducting coils (JT-60SA) is constructed under both the Japanese domestic program and the international program "Broader Approach". The maximum heat flux to JT-60SA divertor is estimated to 15 MW/m$$^{2}$$ for 100 s, and a monoblock-type CFC divertor armor is promising. The JT-60SA armor consists of CFC monoblocks, a cooling CuCrZr screw-tube, and a thin OFHC-Cu buffer layer, and the brazed joints are essential for the armor. Metalization inside CFC monoblock is applied for further improvement, and we confirmed again that the mock-up has heat removal capability in excess of ITER requirement. For optimization of the fabrication method and understanding of the production yield, the mock-ups corresponding to quantity produced in one furnace is also produced, and the half of the mock-ups could remove 15 MW/m$$^{2}$$ as required. This summarizes the recent progress of design and mock-up test results for JT-60SA divertor armor.

Journal Articles

Status of JT-60SA tokamak under the EU-JA broader approach agreement

Matsukawa, Makoto; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Hayashi, Takao; Higashijima, Satoru; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Ide, Shunsuke; Ishida, Shinichi; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(7-9), p.795 - 803, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:74.37(Nuclear Science & Technology)

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143 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)