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JAEA Reports

Synthesis report on the R&D for the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory; Project carried out during fiscal years 2015-2019

Nakayama, Masashi; Saiga, Atsushi; Kimura, Shun; Mochizuki, Akihito; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Ono, Hirokazu; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Takeda, Masaki; Hayano, Akira; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2019-013, 276 Pages, 2020/03


The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary rock at Horonobe Town in Hokkaido, north Japan. The investigations will be conducted in three phases, namely "Phase 1: Surface based investigations", "Phase 2: Construction phase" (investigations during construction of the underground facilities) and "Phase 3: Operation phase" (research in the underground facilities). According to the research plan described in the 3rd Mid- and Long- term Plan of JAEA, "Near-field performance study", "Demonstration of repository design option", and "Verification of crustal-movement buffering capacity of sedimentary rocks" are important issues of the Horonobe URL Project, and schedule of future research and backfill plans of the project will be decided by the end of 2019 Fiscal Year. The present report summarizes the research and development activities of these 3 important issues carried out during 3rd Medium to Long-term Research Phase.

JAEA Reports

Waste liquid treatment for uranium liquid waste containing impurities

Sato, Yoshiyuki; Aono, Ryuji; Haraga, Tomoko; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Kameo, Yutaka

JAEA-Testing 2019-003, 20 Pages, 2019/12


In the Radioactive Waste Management Technology Section, the radioactive liquid waste generated in the test using natural uranium in the past has been stored based on the contents of permission. Although we decided to perform solidification treatment in order to reduce the risk in storage, no rational treatment method has been established so far. Therefore, we examined adsorption treatment of natural uranium using uranium adsorbent (Tannix), and finally stabilized treatment by cement solidification. The treatment methods and findings obtained for a series of operations in waste liquid treatment are summarized in this report for reference when treating similar liquid waste.

Journal Articles

Safe and rapid development of capillary electrophoresis for ultratrace uranyl ions in radioactive samples by way of fluorescent probe selection for actinide ions from a chemical library

Haraga, Tomoko; Ouchi, Kazuki; Sato, Yoshiyuki; Hoshino, Hitoshi*; Tanana, Rei*; Fujihara, Takashi*; Kurokawa, Hideki*; Shibukawa, Masami*; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Kameo, Yutaka; et al.

Analytica Chimica Acta, 1032, p.188 - 196, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:57.52(Chemistry, Analytical)

The development of safe, rapid and highly sensitive analytical methods for radioactive samples, especially actinide (An) ions, represents an important challenge. Here we propose a methodology for selecting appropriate emissive probes for An ions with very low consumption and emission of radioactivity by capillary electrophoresis-laser-induced fluorescence detection (CE-LIF), using a small chemical library of probes with eight different chelating moieties. It was found that the emissive probe, which possesses the tetradentate chelating moiety, was suitable for detecting uranyl ions. The detection limit for the uranyl-probe complex using CE-LIF combined with dynamic ternary complexation and on-capillary concentration techniques was determined to be 0.7 ppt. This method was successfully applied to real radioactive liquid samples collected from nuclear facilities.

Journal Articles

Nuclear moments of the low-lying isomeric $$1^+$$ state of $$^{34}$$Al; Investigation on the neutron $$1p1h$$ excitation across $$N=20$$ in the island of inversion

Xu, Z. Y.*; Heylen, H.*; Asahi, Koichiro*; Boulay, F.*; Daugas, J. M.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Gins, W.*; Kamalou, O.*; Koszor$'u$s, $'A$.*; Lykiardopoupou, M.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 782, p.619 - 626, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:71.3(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Development of $$^{93}$$Zr, $$^{93}$$Mo, $$^{107}$$Pd and $$^{126}$$Sn analytical methods for radioactive waste from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Aono, Ryuji; Sato, Yoshiyuki; Shimada, Asako; Tanaka, Kiwamu; Ueno, Takashi; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Kameo, Yutaka

JAEA-Technology 2017-025, 32 Pages, 2017/11


We have developed analytical methods for $$^{93}$$Zr, $$^{93}$$Mo, $$^{107}$$Pd and $$^{126}$$Sn, which are considered important in terms of the safety assessment of radioactive waste disposal. The methods are specialized for the wastes left after Fukushima accident. As the main analytical sample, we assumed accumulated water / treated water collected at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. As for $$^{93}$$Zr, $$^{93}$$Mo, $$^{107}$$Pd and $$^{126}$$Sn contained in this accumulated water / treated water, we have worked on the development of separation and purification method of target nuclide and improvement of recovery, and summarized these results in this report.

Journal Articles

Safety evaluation of accident tolerant fuel with SiC/SiC cladding

Sato, Hisaki*; Takeuchi, Yutaka*; Kakiuchi, Kazuo*; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Nagase, Fumihisa

Proceedings of 2017 Water Reactor Fuel Performance Meeting (WRFPM 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 9 Pages, 2017/09

Since JFY2015, new Japanese national program has been initiated for the purpose of establishing the technical basis to apply ATF for the existing LWRs. SiC is one of ATF candidates material and the comprehensive applicability is being studied in the program, such as fuel rod design, core and plant design, safety evaluation for design basis accident (DBA) and severe accident (SA) as well. As one of the works in the program, the new procedure including fuel rod performance analysis during DBA was developed and the preliminary analysis was conducted. As a result, it was concluded that the typical transient and LOCA behavior between Zircaloy and SiC was not so much different.

Journal Articles

Development of simple and rapid analytical method for radioactive samples by capillary electrophoresis

Haraga, Tomoko; Sato, Yoshiyuki; Kameo, Yutaka; Saito, Shingo*

Dekomisshoningu Giho, (55), p.22 - 27, 2017/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiochemical analysis of rubble collected from around and inside reactor buildings at Units 1 to 4 in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Sato, Yoshiyuki; Aono, Ryuji; Konda, Miki; Tanaka, Kiwamu; Ueno, Takashi; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Kameo, Yutaka

Proceedings of 54th Annual Meeting of Hot Laboratories and Remote Handling (HOTLAB 2017) (Internet), 13 Pages, 2017/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiochemical analysis of rubble collected from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Sato, Yoshiyuki; Tanaka, Kiwamu; Ueno, Takashi; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Kameo, Yutaka

Hoken Butsuri, 51(4), p.209 - 217, 2016/12

A large amount of contaminated rubbles were generated by the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (F1NPS). For safe decommissioning of F1NPS, it is important to evaluate the composition and concentration of radionuclides in the rubbles. In this paper, to characterize the rubbles collected at F1NPS in Unit-1, Unit-2 and Unit-3, radiochemical analysis was operated. As a result of radiochemical analysis, $$gamma$$-ray-emitting nuclides $$^{60}$$Co, $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{152,154}$$Eu, $$beta$$-ray-emitting nuclides $$^{3}$$H, $$^{14}$$C, $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{99}$$Tc, and $$alpha$$-particle-emitting nuclides $$^{238,239+240}$$Pu, $$^{241}$$Am and $$^{244}$$Cm were detected. In contrast, $$^{94}$$Nb and $$^{152}$$Eu concentrations were below the detection limit. Measured radioactive concentrations implied that $$^{3}$$H, $$^{14}$$C, $$^{60}$$Co and $$^{90}$$Sr concentrations depended on $$^{137}$$Cs concentration respectively. This analysis was characterized the radioactivity concentrations of the rubbles.

JAEA Reports

Long-term immersion experiments of low alkaline cementitious materials

Seno, Yasuhiro*; Noguchi, Akira*; Nakayama, Masashi; Sugita, Yutaka; Suto, Shunkichi; Tanai, Kenji; Fujita, Tomoo; Sato, Haruo*

JAEA-Technology 2016-011, 20 Pages, 2016/07


Cementitious materials are expected to be used for the construction of an underground repository for the geological disposal of radioactive wastes. Ordinary Portland Cement(OPC) would conventionally be used in the fields of civil engineering and architecture, however, OPC has the potential to generate a highly alkaline plume (pH$$>$$12.5), which will likely degrade the performance of other barriers in the repository such as the bentonite buffer and/or host rock. Low alkaline cementitious materials are therefore being developed that will mitigate the generation of a highly alkaline plume. JAEA has developed a High-volume Fly ash Silica fume Cement (HFSC) as a candidate low alkaline cementitious material. The workability of the HFSC shotcrete was confirmed by conducting In-situ full scale construction tests in the Horonobe underground research laboratory. This report summarizes the results of immersion tests to assess the long-term pH behavior of hardened HFSC cement pastes made with mix designs that are expected to be able to be used in the construction of an underground repository in Japan.

Journal Articles

Direct measurement of nanoscale lithium diffusion in solid battery materials using radioactive tracer of $$^{8}$$Li

Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Jeong, S.-C.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Jung, H. S.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; Osa, Akihiko; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 376, p.379 - 381, 2016/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:32.39(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Method of dynamic image measurement for analyzing cricket behavior

Takahashi, Satoru*; Okuda, Yasutake*; Kawabata, Kuniaki; Aonuma, Hitoshi*; Sato, Yutaka*; Iwata, Kenji*

Journal of Signal Processing, 20(2), p.65 - 74, 2016/03

Journal Articles

Screening of cesium-accumulating mutant of radioresistant bacterium ${it Deinococcus radiodurans}$ by ion beam breeding technology

Sato, Katsuya; Ueda, Ryoshiro*; Hase, Yoshihiro; Narumi, Issey*; Ono, Yutaka

JAEA-Review 2015-022, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2014, P. 100, 2016/02

Journal Articles

Improvement of symbiotic performance of ${it Sinorhizobium}$ with ${it Vigna marina}$ under high salt conditions using the ion beam mutation breeding

Maruyama, Yudai*; Takeda, Kiyoko*; Tomooka, Norihiko*; Sato, Katsuya; Ono, Yutaka; Yokoyama, Tadashi*

JAEA-Review 2015-022, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2014, P. 99, 2016/02

Journal Articles

Breeding of high ethanol producing yeast by screening from mutant library

Ogino, Chiaki*; Kahar, P.*; Lee, J. M.*; Sato, Katsuya; Ono, Yutaka; Kondo, Akihiko*

JAEA-Review 2015-022, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2014, P. 105, 2016/02

Journal Articles

Accumulation of cesium and its association with intracellular polyphosphate in ${it Deinococcus radiodurans}$

Ueda, Ryoshiro*; Sato, Katsuya; Hayashi, Hidenori*; Narumi, Issey*; Ono, Yutaka

JAEA-Review 2015-022, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2014, P. 101, 2016/02

Journal Articles

Genome sequence analysis of high ethyl caproate producing sake yeasts generated by ion beam breeding, 2

Masubuchi, Takashi*; Toguchi, Kazuki*; Hayashi, Hidenori*; Ikenaga, Hiroshi*; Sato, Katsuya; Ono, Yutaka

JAEA-Review 2015-022, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2014, P. 106, 2016/02

Journal Articles

Draft genome sequence of the radioresistant bacterium ${it Deinococcus grandis}$, isolated from freshwater fish in Japan

Sato, Katsuya; Onodera, Takefumi*; Omoso, Kota*; Takeda-Yano, Kiyoko*; Katayama, Takeshi*; Ono, Yutaka; Narumi, Issey*

Genome Announcements (Internet), 4(1), p.e01631-15_1 - e01631-15_2, 2016/01

Journal Articles

Mechanical properties and microstructure of dissimilar friction stir welds of 11Cr-ferritic/martensitic steel to 316 stainless steel

Sato, Yutaka*; Kokawa, Hiroyuki*; Fujii, Hiromichi*; Yano, Yasuhide; Sekio, Yoshihiro

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 46(12), p.5789 - 5800, 2015/12

Dissimilar friction stir welding (FSW) of an 11% Cr ferritic/martensitic stee (PNC-FMS) to 316-grade austenitic stainless steel was attempted with a view to its potential application to the wrapper tubes of next-generation fast reactors. The mechanical properties and microstructure of the resulting welds were systematically examined, which revealed that FSW produces a defect-free stir zone in which material intermixing is notably absent. That is, both steels are separately distributed along a zigzagging interface in the stir zone when PNC-FMS is placed on the retreating side, with the tool plunging at the butt line. This interface did not act as a fracture site during small-sized tensile testing of the stir zone. Furthermore, the microstructure of the stir zone was refined in both the PNC-FMS and 316 stainless steel sides, resulting in improved mechanical properties over the respective base material regions.

Journal Articles

Modification of cesium absorption in plants and microorganisms by the ion-beam breeding technology

Ono, Yutaka; Hase, Yoshihiro; Sato, Katsuya; Nozawa, Shigeki; Narumi, Issey*

Hoshasen To Sangyo, (138), p.17 - 20, 2015/06

no abstracts in English

185 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)