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JAEA Reports

Stabilization treatment of nuclear fuel material contained with organic matter

Senzaki, Tatsuya; Arai, Yoichi; Yano, Kimihiko; Sato, Daisuke; Tada, Kohei; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Kawanobe, Takayuki*; Ono, Shimpei; Nakamura, Masahiro; Kitawaki, Shinichi; et al.

JAEA-Testing 2022-001, 28 Pages, 2022/05

JAEA-Testing-2022-001.pdf:2.33MB

In preparation for the decommissioning of Laboratory B of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratory, the nuclear fuel material that had been stored in the glove box for a long time was moved to the Chemical Processing Facility (CPF). This nuclear fuel material was stored with sealed by a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) bag in the storage. Since it was confirmed that the PVC bag swelled during storage, it seems that any gas was generated by radiolysis of the some components contained in the nuclear fuel material. In order to avoid breakage of the PVC bag and keep it safety for long time, we began the study on the stabilization treatment of the nuclear fuel material. First, in order to clarify the properties of nuclear fuel material, radioactivity analysis, component analysis, and thermal analysis were carried out. From the results of thermal analysis, the existence of organic matter was clarified. Then, ion exchange resin with similar thermal characteristics was selected and the thermal decomposition conditions were investigated. From the results of these analyzes and examinations, the conditions for thermal decomposition of the nuclear fuel material contained with organic matter was established. Performing a heat treatment of a small amount of nuclear fuel material in order to confirm the safety, after which the treatment amount was scaled up. It was confirmed by the weight change after the heat treatment that the nuclear fuel material contained with organic matter was completely decomposed.

JAEA Reports

Comprehensive treatment of radioactive liquid waste of Chemical Processing Facility

Ogi, Hiromichi*; Arai, Yoichi; Aihara, Haruka; Watanabe, So; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori

JAEA-Technology 2021-007, 27 Pages, 2021/06

JAEA-Technology-2021-007.pdf:2.43MB

Chemical Processing Facility (CPF) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been developing the fast reactor fuel reprocessing and vitrification technology. The various kinds of radioactive liquid wastes, which were generated by those experiments and analysis, stored in the hot cells and glove boxes of CPF. The treatment of radioactive liquid wastes were started since July 2015; however, treatment of several kinds of liquid wastes are revealed to be difficult due to contain the various hazardous chemicals. Therefore, in order to establish the new technology suitable for radioactive liquid waste treatment, several collaborative research programs with several universities and national research organizations were started. The combined project lead by JAEA was named to be STRAD (Systematic Treatments of Radioactive liquid wastes for Decommissioning) project. In this project, the process flow for treatment of several actual liquid wastes were established. In this report, treated method and progress of actual liquid wastes of CPF are summarized.

Journal Articles

STRAD project for systematic treatments of radioactive liquid wastes generated in nuclear facilities

Watanabe, So; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Arai, Yoichi; Aihara, Haruka; Takahatake, Yoko; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Kamiya, Yuichi*; Asanuma, Noriko*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; et al.

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 117, p.103090_1 - 103090_8, 2019/11

AA2019-0193.pdf:1.29MB

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:75.13(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Stabilization processing of hazardous and radioactive liquid wastes derived from advanced aqueous separation experiments for safety handling and management of waste

Nakahara, Masaumi; Watanabe, So; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Arai, Yoichi; Aihara, Haruka; Motoyama, Risa; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Kajinami, Akihiko*

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference / Light Water Reactor Fuel Performance Conference (Global/Top Fuel 2019) (USB Flash Drive), p.66 - 70, 2019/09

A wide variety of hazardous and radioactive liquid waste has generated derived from an advanced aqueous separation experiments in the Chemical Processing Facility. Therefore, they should be stabilized for the safety handling and management. In this study, we report a precipitation or an oxidation for hazardous materials, a solvent extraction for recovery of nuclear materials, and a concentration of solution by a freeze-drying method.

Journal Articles

Waste management in a Hot Laboratory of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 3; Volume reduction and stabilization of solid waste

Nakahara, Masaumi; Watanabe, So; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori

International Journal of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering (Internet), 13(4), p.191 - 194, 2019/04

High level radioactive solid waste is reduced the volume or stabilized in the Chemical Processing Facility in the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. A plastic product is molten with a heating mantle and reduced the volume. A non-flammable such as metal is cut with a band saw machine for reducing the volume. A used adsorbent in the extraction chromatograph process was heated with an electric furnace using non-radioactive materials, and the experimental result suggests that organic materials in the used adsorbent were decomposed stably.

Journal Articles

Waste management in a Hot Laboratory of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2; Condensation and solidification experiments on liquid waste

Watanabe, So; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori

International Journal of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering (Internet), 13(4), p.169 - 174, 2019/04

As a part of STRAD project conducted by JAEA, condensation of radioactive liquid waste containing various chemical compounds using reverse osmosis (RO) membrane filter was examined for efficient and safety treatment of the liquid wastes accumulated inside hot laboratories. NH$$_{4}$$$$^{+}$$ ion in the feed solution was successfully concentrated, and NH$$_{4}$$$$^{+}$$ ion involved in the effluents became lower than target value; 100 ppm. Solidification of simulated aqueous and organic liquid wastes was also tested. Those liquids were successfully solidified by adding cement or coagulants. Nevertheless, optimization in materials for confinement of chemicals is required for long time storage of the final solidified wastes.

Journal Articles

Waste management in a hot laboratory of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 1; Overview and activities in chemical processing facility

Nomura, Kazunori; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Nakahara, Masaumi; Watanabe, So; Shibata, Atsuhiro

International Journal of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering (Internet), 13(5), p.209 - 212, 2019/00

JAEA Reports

Analytical data on contaminated water, rubble and other collected at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Asami, Makoto*; Takahatake, Yoko; Myodo, Masato; Tobita, Takeshi; Kobayashi, Kiwami; Hayakawa, Misa; Usui, Yuka; Watahiki, Hiromi; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; et al.

JAEA-Data/Code 2017-001, 78 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2017-001.pdf:4.92MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2017-001-appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:818.06MB

At Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station owned by Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Incorporated (TEPCO), contaminated water (accumulated, treated) secondary waste from water treatment, rubble and soil were collected and analyzed. The data already opened to public was collected as this report. The analytical data reported by TEPCO, Japan Atomic Energy Agency and International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning until the end of March, 2016, was collected. Information on the samples and values of radioactive nuclide concentration and others were tabulated, besides figures, which show change in radioactive nuclide concentration for major nuclides, are contained. And, English translation and the collected data are provided as electric data.

JAEA Reports

Analysis results of contaminated water and rubbles/soils in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station; The Release of FY2014 edition of the analysis results of contaminated water and rubbles/soils

Asami, Makoto; Watahiki, Hiromi; Oi, Takao; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Ashida, Takashi

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-020, 80 Pages, 2015/11

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-020.pdf:45.07MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-020-appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:602.44MB

FY2014 edition of the analysis results on contaminated water in the circulating system and on rubbles/soils of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F NPS) was compiled. This technical report shows the function of the electronic file of the FY2014 edition of the analysis results on contaminated water and on rubbles/soils and presents the user manual with example and gives the electronic file by appendix CD.

Journal Articles

Equilibrium and non-equilibrium charge-state distributions of 2.0 MeV/u carbon ions passing through carbon foils

Imai, Makoto*; Sataka, Masao*; Matsuda, Makoto; Okayasu, Satoru; Kawatsura, Kiyoshi*; Takahiro, Katsumi*; Komaki, Kenichiro*; Shibata, Hiromi*; Nishio, Katsuhisa

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 354, p.172 - 176, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:77.8(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Both equilibrium and non-equilibrium charge-state distributions were studied experimentally for 2.0 MeV/u carbon ions after passing through carbon foils. Measured charge-state distribution established the equilibrium at a target thickness of 10 $$mu$$g/cm$$^{2}$$ and this remained unchanged until a maximum target thickness of 98 $$mu$$g/cm$$^{2}$$. The equilibrium charge-state distribution, the equilibrium mean charge-state, and the width and skewness of the equilibrium distribution were compared with predictions using existing semi-empirical formulae as well as simulation results, including the ETACHA code. It was found that charge-state distributions, mean charge states, and distribution widths for C$$^{2+}$$, C$$^{3+}$$, and C$$^{4+}$$ incident ions merged into quasi-equilibrium values at a target thickness of 5.7 $$mu$$g/cm$$^{2}$$ in the pre-equilibrium region and evolved simultaneously to the "real equilibrium" values for all of the initial charge states, including C$$^{5+}$$ and C$$^{6+}$$ ions. Two kinds of simulation, ETACHA and solution of rate equations taking only single electron transfers into account, were used, and both of them reproduced the measured charge evolution qualitatively. The quasi-equilibrium behavior could be reproduced with the ETACHA code, but not with solution of elementary rate equations.

JAEA Reports

Development of a database on analyses of contaminated water in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station; The Release of FY2013 edition of the database on the analyses of contaminated water

Asami, Makoto; Watahiki, Hiromi; Oi, Takao; Makino, Hitoshi; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Kameo, Yutaka; Meguro, Yoshihiro; Ashida, Takashi

JAEA-Data/Code 2014-016, 37 Pages, 2014/09

JAEA-Data-Code-2014-016.pdf:37.04MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2014-016-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:60.46MB

A database on the analyses of samples obtained from contaminated water in the circulating system of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station was built. This database contains the analyses of 25 samples of JAEA and 313 samples of TEPCO which have been published in FY 2011 to FY 2013. Also, as well as the analyses on contaminated water, the information on the stored and treated amount in accumulated water and the amount of produced waste, which has been published by TEPCO and which might be required in order to estimate the inventory of secondary waste (sludge, used vessels) generated by treatment of contaminated water are contained in this database. This technical report shows the function of this database and user manual with example and presents the FY2013 edition of database by appendix CD.

Journal Articles

Transmission properties of C$$_{60}$$ ions through micro- and nano-capillaries

Tsuchida, Hidetsugu*; Majima, Takuya*; Tomita, Shigeo*; Sasa, Kimikazu*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Saito, Yuichi; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Hirata, Koichi*; Shibata, Hiromi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 315, p.336 - 340, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:28.25(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Ion induced luminescence from sapphire irradiated with swift cluster ion beams; Cluster ion size and energy dependences

Shibata, Hiromi*; Saito, Yuichi; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Narumi, Kazumasa; Taguchi, Mitsumasa

JAEA-Review 2012-046, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2011, P. 162, 2013/01

Journal Articles

Ground-state configuration of the $$N=157$$ nucleus $$^{259}$$No

Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sakama, Minoru*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Ishii, Yasuo; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Ishii, Tetsuro; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

Physical Review C, 87(1), p.014332_1 - 014332_6, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:45.6(Physics, Nuclear)

The spin-parity and neutron configuration of the ground state of $$^{259}$$No have been identified through $$alpha$$-decay spectroscopy. The $$^{259}$$No is the nucleus with the largest neutron number whose spin-parities and single-particle configurations have ever been identified. The neutron 9/2$$^{+}$$[615] configuration was assigned to the ground state of $$^{259}$$No as well as to the 231.4 keV level in $$^{255}$$Fm. This allowed us to establish energy spacings and order of the neutron single-particle orbitals in such heaviest nuclear region. The appearance of the 9/2$$^{+}$$[615] ground state at $$N$$=157 implies that the order of the neutron orbitals between the $$N$$=152 and 162 deformed shell gaps should change considerably with increasing neutron number.

Journal Articles

Ion induced luminescence from sapphire irradiated with swift cluster ion beams; Energy dependence of incident cluster beams

Shibata, Hiromi*; Saito, Yuichi; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Narumi, Kazumasa

JAEA-Review 2011-043, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2010, P. 152, 2012/01

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:164 Percentile:99.44(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

AMATERAS; A Cold-neutron disk chopper spectrometer

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Kikuchi, Tatsuya; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Nobuaki; Aizawa, Kazuya; Suzuya, Kentaro; Shibata, Kaoru; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(Suppl.B), p.SB028_1 - SB028_6, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:102 Percentile:94.87(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

AMATERAS is a cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer in MLF, J-PARC. The construction of main part of the spectrometer has been completed in spring of 2009. Soon after that, we have started the commissioning work on AMATERAS. The performance of AMATERAS has been examined by test experiments in the course of commissioning. In parallel to these works, we have started the user program on AMATERAS from December 2009 and we are getting scientific results from our spectrometer. In this presentation, we will report the current status of AMATERAS including the results of performance tests and some of examples of scientific outputs.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:51.64(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

JAEA Reports

Study of interaction of swift cluster ion beam with matter and its irradiation effect (Joint research)

Saito, Yuichi; Shibata, Hiromi*

JAEA-Review 2009-066, 118 Pages, 2010/07

JAEA-Review-2009-066.pdf:26.17MB

This review covers results of the "Study of interaction of swift cluster ion beam with matter and its irradiation effect" supported by the Interorganization Atomic Energy Research Program from FY2006 to FY2008 (Representative; Tomihiro Kamiya (FY2006), Wataru Yokota (FY2007), Takuji Kojima (FY2008) (JAEA), Hiromi Shibata (Kyoto Univ.)). The review is composed of a research abstract of each sub-group with viewgraphs which were presented at the group meeting held on March 2009 and at "Meeting of High LET radiation -From fundamental study among physics, chemistry and biology to medical applications-" sponsored by Japan Society of Radiation Chemistry, cosponsored by our research group.

Journal Articles

C-axis critical current of a PrFeAsO$$_{0.7}$$ single crystal

Kashiwaya, Hiromi*; Shirai, Kazumi*; Matsumoto, Tetsuro*; Shibata, Hajime*; Kambara, Hiroshi*; Ishikado, Motoyuki; Eisaki, Hiroshi*; Iyo, Akira*; Shamoto, Shinichi; Kurosawa, Itaru*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 96(20), p.202504_1 - 202504_3, 2010/05

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:73.21(Physics, Applied)

The ${it c}$-axis transport properties of a high-pressure synthesized PrFeAsO$$_{0.7}$$ single crystal are studied using s-shaped junctions. Resistivity anisotropy of about 120 detected at 50 K shows the presence of strong anisotropy in the electronic states. The obtained critical current density for the ${it c}$-axis of 2.9 $$times$$ 10$$^{5}$$ A/cm$$^{2}$$ is two orders of magnitude larger than that in Bi$$_{2}$$Sr$$_{1.6}$$La$$_{0.4}$$CuO$$_{6+delta}$$. The appearance of a hysteresis in the current-voltage curve below ${it T}$ $$_{c}$$ is the manifestation of the intrinsic Josephson effect similar to that in cuprate superconductors. The suppression of the critical current-normal resistance (${it I}$ $$_{c}$$ ${it R}$ $$_{n}$$) product is explained by an inspecular transport in ${it s}$ $$_{pm}$$ -wave pair potential.

117 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)