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Journal Articles

Rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr in cattle bone and tooth samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

Koarai, Kazuma; Matsueda, Makoto; Aoki, Jo; Yanagisawa, Kayo*; Terashima, Motoki; Fujiwara, Kenso; Kino, Yasushi*; Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; et al.

Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 36(8), p.1678 - 1682, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Chemistry, Analytical)

Rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr in bone and tooth samples of cattle were achieved by an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) coupled with mass shift and solid phase extraction techniques. Limit of detection (LOD) in the ICP-MS measurement of 0.1 g samples was lower than that of the radioactivity measurement. Analytical time of the ICP-MS method was reduced from 20 days to 11 hours, compared with the radiometric method. Therefore, the ICP-MS method can be rapid and useful procedure of $$^{90}$$Sr in small bone and tooth samples derived from terrestrial animals.

JAEA Reports

Activity for improvement of reprocessing plant quality assurance system; Transition to decommissioning stage, complying with new regulatory requirements for new inspection program, giving up ISO 9001 certification; Operations report FY 2012-2019

Yoshinaka, Kazuyuki; Shimizu, Kazuyuki; Sugiyama, Takayuki

JAEA-Review 2021-008, 112 Pages, 2021/07

JAEA-Review-2021-008.pdf:5.99MB

We had drastically been improving quality assurance system for Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP), through applying new regulatory requirements, giving up ISO certification from FY2012 to 2019. In revising QA system, it is obviously necessary to satisfy the regulatory requirements, but it is important to continuously improve the QA system considering effectiveness to safety performance based on earlier experiences. In this report, the background of QA system revision, interpretation and thinking way of conformation and application to new regulation and "Application Guide to Quality Assurance Code for Safety in Nuclear Power Plants (JEAC 4111)" to TRP, issues considered. And matters that require attention for future QA activities are described. Key points are "in work processes planning, relationship with other sections and responsibility boundaries should be clearly defined with such as flow chart", "to manage decision-making processes is important, including input information, judgment criteria and so on", "concerning process monitoring and measurement, not only focusing on scheduling but also viewpoints toward conditions of facilities/systems, conformance to regulatory requirements and process improvement are necessary", and "in documentation, matching for existing system, clear relation to other fundamental documents are necessary".

Journal Articles

Radioactivity and radionuclides in deciduous teeth formed before the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Takahashi, Atsushi*; Chiba, Mirei*; Tanahara, Akira*; Aida, Jun*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; Murakami, Shinobu*; Koarai, Kazuma; Ono, Takumi*; Oka, Toshitaka; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.10355_1 - 10355_11, 2021/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:65.97(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Morphological reproductive characteristics of testes and fertilization capacity of cryopreserved sperm after the Fukushima accident in raccoon (${it Procyon lotor}$)

Komatsu, Kazuki*; Iwasaki, Tsugumi*; Murata, Kosuke*; Yamashiro, Hideaki*; Goh, V. S. T.*; Nakayama, Ryo*; Fujishima, Yohei*; Ono, Takumi*; Kino, Yasushi*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; et al.

Reproduction in Domestic Animals, 56(3), p.484 - 497, 2021/03

We have established an archive system of livestock and wild animals from the surrounding ex-evacuation zone. Wildlife within the alert zone have been exposed to low-dose-rate (LDR) radiation for a long and continuous time. In this study, we analysed the morphological characteristics of the testes and in vitro fertilization (IVF) capacity of cryopreserved sperm of raccoons from the ex-evacuation zone of the FDNPP accident. This study revealed that the chronic and LDR radiation exposure associated with the FDNPP accident had no adverse effect on the reproductive characteristics and functions of male raccoons.

Journal Articles

External exposure dose estimation by electron spin resonance technique for wild Japanese macaque captured in Fukushima Prefecture

Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Koarai, Kazuma; Mitsuyasu, Yusuke*; Kino, Yasushi*; Sekine, Tsutomu*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Chiba, Mirei*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; Osaka, Ken*; et al.

Radiation Measurements, 134, p.106315_1 - 106315_4, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:39.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The relationship between the CO$$_{2}$$ radical intensity and the absorbed dose (dose response curve) of tooth enamel of Japanese macaque was observed by electron spin resonance and the detection limit of our system was estimated to be 33.5 mGy, which is comparable to the detection limit for human molar teeth. Using the dose response curve, external exposure dose for seven wild Japanese macaques captured in Fukushima prefecture were examined. The results suggest that the external exposure dose for the wild Japanese macaques were ranged between 45 mGy to 300 mGy.

Journal Articles

2016 Professional Engineer (PE) test preparation course "Nuclear and Radiation Technical Disciplines"

Takahashi, Naoki; Yoshinaka, Kazuyuki; Harada, Akio; Yamanaka, Atsushi; Ueno, Takashi; Kurihara, Ryoichi; Suzuki, Soju; Takamatsu, Misao; Maeda, Shigetaka; Iseki, Atsushi; et al.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Homu Peji (Internet), 64 Pages, 2016/00

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

External dose estimation of Japanese macaque and Procyon lotor using electron spin resonance spectroscopy

Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Koarai, Kazuma; Ono, Takumi*; Tamaki, Hiroaki*; Kino, Yasushi*; Sekine, Tsutomu*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Chiba, Mirei*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; et al.

no journal, , 

Releases of the radioactive materials from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident result in an ionization exposure to people and animals, the precise dosimetry is required. To estimate the external dose due to the accident, we utilize electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy which is a powerful tool for the dosimetry of external dose. The detection limit of this technique was 146 mGy, so that we have to improve the detection limit for the precise dosimetry. In this work, we developed a novel enamel-dentine separation technique and improved the detection limit down to 43 mGy, and estimated the external dose for Japanese macaque and Procyon lotor collected in Fukushima prefecture.

Oral presentation

Incorporation record of radionuclides in teeth and otoliths

Koarai, Kazuma; Matsueda, Makoto; Fujiwara, Kenso; Ono, Takumi*; Kino, Yasushi*; Oka, Toshitaka; Okutsu, Kenichi*; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; et al.

no journal, , 

We have investigated incorporation of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs in teeth of cattle and otoliths of fish. Specific activity of $$^{90}$$Sr in the dentin tissue was higher than that in the enamel tissue. The result shows change of $$^{90}$$Sr incorporation in cattle even within a tooth. Concentrations of stable Sr and Cs were 94 ppm and 3 ppb. Distributions of stable Sr and Cs were uniform in the otolith of fish. If distribution of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs in the otolith was measured, change of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs incorporation into the fish would be found. These findings suggest that distribution patterns of $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs in the environment could be estimated from distribution of the radionuclides in the tooth and otolith.

Oral presentation

Sample preparation procedure for the estimation of external exposure dose of wild animals using elecron spin resonance spectroscopy

Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Koarai, Kazuma; Mitsuyasu, Yusuke*; Ono, Takumi*; Tamaki, Hiroaki*; Kino, Yasushi*; Sekine, Tsutomu*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Chiba, Mirei*; et al.

no journal, , 

Release of the radioactive materials from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident results in a long-term low dose rate ionization exposure to wild animals. The biological effects of the wild animal do not show a clear correlation with the external dose, which is estimated from the external dose rate of the captured point of the animal, a precise external dose estimation using ESR and tooth enamel is required instead of using the external dose rate. In this work, we attempted to estimate the external dose of wild Japanese macaque and Procyon lotor captured in the high dose rate area.

Oral presentation

External exposure dose of Japanese macaque captured in Fukushima prefecture

Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Koarai, Kazuma; Mitsuyasu, Yusuke*; Kino, Yasushi*; Sekine, Tsutomu*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Chiba, Mirei*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; Osaka, Ken*; et al.

no journal, , 

Due to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, the exposure dose estimation for human is examined by the whole body counter or by the Fukushima Health Management Survey, however, the precise estimated dose cannot obtained by such methods. We applied electron spin resonance (ESR) dosimetry for the external dose estimation using tooth enamel of human/animal. As we reported last year, we improved the detection limit of ESR dosimetry down to 43 mGy. We used this improved ESR dosimetry system and attempted to estimate the external dose of wild Japanese macaque capture in Fukushima prefecture, however, the metal component which may obstruct the ESR measurement was observed, so that we cannot estimate the external dose. In this work, we investigated how to remove such metal components, obtain the clear ESR spectrum, and estimate the external dose.

Oral presentation

Strontium-90 measurement in trace amount of hard tissues for distribution analysis

Koarai, Kazuma; Matsueda, Makoto; Aoki, Jo; Yanagisawa, Kayo*; Fujiwara, Kenso; Terashima, Motoki; Kino, Yasushi*; Oka, Toshitaka; Okutsu, Kenichi*; Yamashita, Takuma*; et al.

no journal, , 

We demonstrated a method of $$^{90}$$Sr measurement in small pieces of hard tissues with radioactivity measurement or ICP-MS measurement. Interference elements of the measurements were removed by chemical separation. We could determine $$^{90}$$Sr in 0.1 g of hard tissues by radioactivity measurement method and ICP-MS method. Limit of detection of the ICP-MS method was lower than that of the radioactivity measurement. The ICP-MS method is adequate method for distribution analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr in the hard tissues.

Oral presentation

Sample preparation procedure for ESR dosimetry using teeth of wild animal

Oka, Toshitaka; Mitsuyasu, Yusuke*; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Koarai, Kazuma; Kino, Yasushi*; Sekine, Tsutomu*; Okutsu, Kenichi*; Yamashita, Takuma*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Chiba, Mirei*; et al.

no journal, , 

Releases of the radioactive materials from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident result in a low dose exposure to wild animals. The external dose of wild animals is commonly estimated by the external dose rate of the captured point, but the estimated exposure dose has huge uncertainties because the size of the habitat and/or the movement of the wild animals are not included in the estimation. To estimate the external dose precisely, we utilize electron spin resonance (ESR) dosimetry. In this work, we investigated the sample preparation procedure of wild animals. The ESR spectrum of enamel of racoon captured in Namie-town, Fukushima has a broad ESR signal due to metal components. The linear relationship between the Co$$_{2}$$ intensity and the absorbed dose that we can apply ESR dosimetry for racoon teeth. Using this relationship, the external exposure dose was estimated.

Oral presentation

Dose estimation for animals exposed low dose using their teeth

Mitsuyasu, Yusuke*; Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Koarai, Kazuma; Kino, Yasushi*; Okutsu, Kenichi*; Sekine, Tsutomu*; Yamashita, Takuma*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Chiba, Mirei*; et al.

no journal, , 

The improvement of the ESR dosimetry is required to apply that for the low-dose exposure of wild animals. We will report our progress of the improvement, and compare the external exposure dose estimated by the ESR dosimetry technique and the calculated result based on the external exposure dose rate of the captured point.

Oral presentation

Assessment of chromosome translocation in wild Japanese macaques in Fukushima

Fujishima, Yohei*; Suzuki, Masatoshi*; Goh, V. S. T.*; Ariyoshi, Kentaro*; Kasai, Kosuke*; Nakata, Akifumi*; Kino, Yasushi*; Oka, Toshitaka; Shinoda, Hisashi*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; et al.

no journal, , 

After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, the surrounding environment was contaminated with radionuclides. Although the ambient dose rates are decreasing, prolonged effects of chronic low-dose exposure on animals are expected to be seen in the coming years. It is necessary to assess the effects of radioactivity on the wild animals in this area to better understand about the risk of low dose radiation. The chromosome translocation frequency of Japanese macaques were significantly higher in Fukushima groups comparing from control groups in Miyagi. Furthermore, chromosome translocation frequencies tended to correlate between external doses or internal dose-rates. However, chromosome translocation frequency was decreasing year by year, which may reflect restoration of environments such as decreasing of ambient dose-rates and decontamination efforts.

Oral presentation

External exposure dose estimation using ESR dosimetry technique

Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Mitsuyasu, Yusuke*; Koarai, Kazuma; Kino, Yasushi*; Okutsu, Kenichi*; Yamashita, Takuma*; Sekine, Tsutomu*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Chiba, Mirei*; et al.

no journal, , 

Electron spin resonance (ESR) dosimetry technique is a powerful tool that has been used in the study of external exposure dose assessment of human by measuring CO$$_{2}$$ radicals of teeth. In this work, we applied this technique for wild monkey and wild racoon captured in Fukushima prefecture, and estimated the external exposure dose.

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