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Journal Articles

A Coupled modeling simulator for near-field processes in cement engineered barrier systems for radioactive waste disposal

Benbow, S. J.*; Kawama, Daisuke*; Takase, Hiroyasu*; Shimizu, Hiroyuki*; Oda, Chie; Hirano, Fumio; Takayama, Yusuke; Mihara, Morihiro; Honda, Akira

Crystals (Internet), 10(9), p.767_1 - 767_33, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:0

Details are presented of the development of a coupled modeling simulator for assessing the evolution in the near-field of a geological repository for radioactive waste disposal where concrete is used as a backfill. The simulator uses OpenMI, a standard for exchanging data between simulation software programs at run-time, to form a coupled chemical-mechanical-hydrogeological model of the system. The approach combines a tunnel scale stress analysis finite element model, a discrete element model for accurately modeling the patterns of emerging cracks in the concrete, and a finite element and finite volume model of the chemical processes and alteration in the porous matrix and cracks in the concrete, to produce a fully coupled model of the system. Combining existing detailed simulation software in this way with OpenMI has the benefit of not relying on simplifications that might be necessary to combine all of the modeled processes in a single piece of software.

Journal Articles

External exposure dose estimation by electron spin resonance technique for wild Japanese macaque captured in Fukushima Prefecture

Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Koarai, Kazuma; Mitsuyasu, Yusuke*; Kino, Yasushi*; Sekine, Tsutomu*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Chiba, Mirei*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; Osaka, Ken*; et al.

Radiation Measurements, 134, p.106315_1 - 106315_4, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The relationship between the CO$$_{2}$$ radical intensity and the absorbed dose (dose response curve) of tooth enamel of Japanese macaque was observed by electron spin resonance and the detection limit of our system was estimated to be 33.5 mGy, which is comparable to the detection limit for human molar teeth. Using the dose response curve, external exposure dose for seven wild Japanese macaques captured in Fukushima prefecture were examined. The results suggest that the external exposure dose for the wild Japanese macaques were ranged between 45 mGy to 300 mGy.

Journal Articles

Thick-restart block Lanczos method for large-scale shell-model calculations

Shimizu, Noritaka*; Mizusaki, Takahiro*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Tsunoda, Yusuke*

Computer Physics Communications, 244, p.372 - 384, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:3.15(Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Quick examination of heavy mineral composition based on chemical analysis using electron probe microanalyzer in the Tono Geoscience Center

Yonaga, Yusuke; Shimizu, Mayuko; Sano, Naomi; Ueki, Tadamasa; Yoshikawa, Kiyotaka*; Niwa, Masakazu

JAEA-Testing 2018-001, 29 Pages, 2018/07


Study on the formation process of mountains provides important clues for evaluating the uplift and erosion related to long-term changes of geological environment for geological disposal. Provenance analysis of detrital sediments is often be effective to understand the process. In the Tono Geoscience Center, quick and efficient mineralogical and chemical analyses for heavy minerals in basement rocks and sediments have been developed using the electron probe microanalyzer (JEOL JXA-8530F EPMA), as one of the promising tool for provenance analysis. To contribute evaluation of the analyses, sample preparation and EPMA analyses of heavy minerals were shown in this paper.

Journal Articles

Inventory analysis of suspended radiocesium derived from Niida River during a typhoon-induced flood event

Uchiyama, Yusuke*; Azuma, Kohei*; Odani, Sachika*; Iwasaki, Toshiki*; Tsumune, Daisuke*; Kamidaira, Yuki; Shimizu, Yasuyuki*; Onda, Yuichi*

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, B2 (Kaigan Kogaku) (Internet), 73(2), p.I_685 - I_690, 2017/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Monte Carlo shell model studies with massively parallel supercomputers

Shimizu, Noritaka*; Abe, Takashi*; Homma, Michio*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Togashi, Tomoaki*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Toru*

Physica Scripta, 92(6), p.063001_1 - 063001_19, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:24.69(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Are there signatures of harmonic oscillator shells far from stability?; First spectroscopy of $$^{110}$$Zr

Paul, N.*; Corsi, A.*; Obertelli, A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Authelet, G.*; Baba, Hidetada*; Bally, B.*; Bender, M.*; Calvet, D.*; Ch$^a$teau, F.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 118(3), p.032501_1 - 032501_7, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:9.8(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Large-scale shell-model studies for exotic nuclei; Probing shell evolution

Utsuno, Yutaka; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Homma, Michio*; Abe, Takashi*; Mizusaki, Takahiro*; Togashi, Tomoaki*; Brown, B. A.*

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Theory in the Supercomputing Era 2014 (NTSE 2014), p.29 - 34, 2016/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Analysis of tungsten transport in JT-60U plasmas

Shimizu, Yusuke*; Fujita, Takaaki*; Arimoto, Hideki*; Nakano, Tomohide; Hoshino, Kazuo; Hayashi, Nobuhiko

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 10(Sp.2), p.3403062_1 - 3403062_4, 2015/07

Journal Articles

Recent advances in shell evolution with shell-model calculations

Utsuno, Yutaka; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Homma, Michio*; Togashi, Tomoaki*; Mizusaki, Takahiro*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 6, p.010007_1 - 010007_8, 2015/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Identification of deformed intruder states in semi-magic $$^{70}$$Ni

Chiara, C. J.*; Weisshaar, D.*; Janssens, R. V. F.*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Harker, J. L.*; Walters, W. B.*; Recchia, F.*; Albers, M.*; Alcorta, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 91(4), p.044309_1 - 044309_10, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:9.31(Physics, Nuclear)

The neutron-rich isotope $$^{70}$$Ni was produced by multi-nucleon transfer reactions of $$^{70}$$Zn in the Argonne National Laboratory, and an in-beam $$gamma$$-ray experiment were performed using the GRETINA array. The $$2^+_2$$ and $$4^+_2$$ levels of $$^{70}$$Ni were observed for the first time. Those levels are regarded as large deformed states associated with proton excitation from the $$f_{7/2}$$ orbit because they cannot be reproduced by a shell-model calculation assuming a small valence space without $$f_{7/2}$$. A theoretical analysis based on the Monte Carlo shell model published in 2014 indicates that those levels corresponds to a prolate deformed band. The present result demonstrates the occurrence of shape coexistence in neutron-rich Ni isotopes other than a known case of $$^{68}$$Ni, and confirms the predictive power of the Monte Carlo shell-model calculation.

Journal Articles

Nature of isomerism in exotic sulfur isotopes

Utsuno, Yutaka; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Yoshida, Toru*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*

Physical Review Letters, 114(3), p.032501_1 - 032501_5, 2015/01


 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:16.31(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

In usual even-even nuclei, $$0^+_1$$, $$2^+_1$$, $$4^+_1cdots$$ states are known to be connected via strong $$E2$$ transitions. The recently observed $$4^+_1$$ state in the neutron-rich nucleus $$^{44}$$S has a strongly hindered $$E2$$ transition to the $$4^+_1$$ state. We report the origin of this strong hindrance in this paper. While shell-model calculations reproduce the hindrance, their many-body wave functions are too complicated for one to understand the nature. In this study, we introduce a novel method to obtain wave functions in the intrinsic frame by performing the variation after angular-momentum projection. The $$0^+_1$$, $$2^+_1$$ states are dominated by the usual $$K=0$$ state, whereas for the $$4+$$ level the $$K=4$$ state is lower than $$K=0$$ state, which causes the $$E2$$ hindrance. We also account for similar $$E2$$ hindrance in $$^{43}$$S in this framework. The $$4^+$$ level is the lightest-mass high-$$K$$ isomer ever found.

Journal Articles

Recent shell-model results for exotic nuclei

Utsuno, Yutaka; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Homma, Michio*; Mizusaki, Takahiro*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Abe, Takashi*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 66, p.02106_1 - 02106_8, 2014/03

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:3.69

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Novel shape evolution in exotic Ni isotopes and configuration-dependent shell structure

Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Shimizu, Noritaka*; Homma, Michio*; Utsuno, Yutaka

Physical Review C, 89(3), p.031301_1 - 031301_5, 2014/03


 Times Cited Count:112 Percentile:0.62(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Shape coexistence in $$^{68}$$Ni

Suchyta, S.*; Liddick, S. N.*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Bennett, M. B.*; Chemey, A.*; Homma, Michio*; Larson, N.*; Prokop, C. J.*; Quinn, S. J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 89(2), p.021301_1 - 021301_5, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:62 Percentile:2.15(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Variational procedure for nuclear shell-model calculations and energy-variance extrapolation

Shimizu, Noritaka*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Mizusaki, Takahiro*; Homma, Michio*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Otsuka, Takaharu*

Physical Review C, 85(5), p.054301_1 - 054301_6, 2012/05


 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:31.1(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Review of International forum on Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Non-Proliferation

Shimizu, Ryo; Suzuki, Mitsutoshi; Sakurai, Satoshi; Tamai, Hiroshi; Yamamura, Tsukasa; Naoi, Yosuke; Kuno, Yusuke

JAEA-Review 2011-038, 116 Pages, 2012/02


International forum on peaceful use of nuclear energy and nuclear non-proliferation was held at Gakushi-kaikan, Tokyo on February 2-3, 2011 in cooperation with The Japan Institute of International Affairs (JIIA) and The University of Tokyo Global COE. In our International Forum, we would like to encourage active discussion of international challenges to and solutions for compatibility between peaceful use of nuclear energy and nuclear non-proliferation, and international cooperation for emerging nuclear energy states. It was successfully carried out with as many as 310 participants and a lot of discussions. This report includes abstracts of keynote speeches, summary of panel discussions and materials of the presentations in the forum.

Journal Articles

New-generation of Monte Carlo shell model for the K computer era

Shimizu, Noritaka*; Abe, Takashi*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Yoshida, Toru*; Mizusaki, Takahiro*; Homma, Michio*; Otsuka, Takaharu*

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2012(1), p.01A205_1 - 01A205_27, 2012/00


 Times Cited Count:87 Percentile:4.61(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of the SlimCS fusion DEMO reactor

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi*; Enoeda, Mikio; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Hayashi, Takumi; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Uto, Hiroyasu; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nishitani, Takeo; Isono, Takaaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2010-019, 194 Pages, 2010/08


This report describes the results of the conceptual design study of the SlimCS fusion DEMO reactor aiming at demonstrating fusion power production in a plant scale and allowing to assess the economic prospects of a fusion power plant. The design study has focused on a compact and low aspect ratio tokamak reactor concept with a reduced-sized central solenoid, which is novel compared with previous tokamak reactor concept such as SSTR (Steady State Tokamak Reactor). The reactor has the main parameters of a major radius of 5.5 m, aspect ratio of 2.6, elongation of 2.0, normalized beta of 4.3, fusion out put of 2.95 GW and average neutron wall load of 3 MW/m$$^{2}$$. This report covers various aspects of design study including systemic design, physics design, torus configuration, blanket, superconducting magnet, maintenance and building, which were carried out increase the engineering feasibility of the concept.

Journal Articles

Crystal growth procedure of HIV-1 protease-inhibitor KNI-272 complex for neutron structural analysis at 1.9 ${AA}$ resolution

Shimizu, Noriko*; Sugiyama, Shigeru*; Maruyama, Mihoko*; Takahashi, Yoshinori*; Adachi, Motoyasu; Tamada, Taro; Hidaka, Koshi*; Hayashi, Yoshio*; Kimura, Toru*; Kiso, Yoshiaki*; et al.

Crystal Growth & Design, 10(7), p.2990 - 2994, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:25.44(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We report crystal growth of human immunodeficiency virus 1 protease (HIV PR) in a complex with its inhibitor KNI-272 by six different methods. Comparative analysis indicates that top-seeded solution growth (TSSG) and TSSG combined with the floating and stirring technique (TSSG-FAST) are efficient strategies for rapidly obtaining large single crystals and effectively preventing polycrystallization of the seed crystal. Neutron diffraction analysis confirmed that the crystalobtained by TSSG is a high-quality single crystal. Furthermore, crystal shape was observed to be influenced by solution flow, suggesting that the degree of supersaturation significantly affects the crystal growth direction of HIV PR complex. This finding implies that the shape of the HIV PR complex crystal might be controlled by the solution flow rate.

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