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JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2020

Nakada, Akira; Nakano, Masanao; Kanai, Katsuta; Seya, Natsumi; Nishimura, Shusaku; Nemoto, Masashi; Tobita, Keiji; Futagawa, Kazuo; Yamada, Ryohei; Uchiyama, Rei; et al.

JAEA-Review 2021-062, 163 Pages, 2022/02

JAEA-Review-2021-062.pdf:2.87MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2020 to March 2021. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. (the trade name was changed to Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. on April 1, 2016) in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

Journal Articles

Dynamics of $$^{137}$$Cs in water and phyto- and zooplankton in a reservoir affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident

Tsuji, Hideki*; Nakagawa, Megumi*; Iijima, Kazuki; Funaki, Hironori; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Hayashi, Seiji*

Global Environmental Research (Internet), 24(2), p.115 - 127, 2021/06

Lake water, phytoplankton and zooplankton were sampled by a total of 12 quarterly surveys from August 2014 to May 2017 at a dam lake in the Fukushima nuclear disaster area, and variations of dissolved form of $$^{137}$$Cs and planktonic $$^{137}$$Cs were observed. Seasonal variations in dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentration with high in summer and low in winter were observed in the upstream, midstream and downstream areas of the lake, but no seasonal or site specific differences in planktonic $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations and dominant species were found. The amount of planktonic form of $$^{137}$$Cs in the water was less than 1.4% of the total $$^{137}$$Cs in the lake water, therefore the effect of plankton on the dynamics of $$^{137}$$Cs in the lake was minimal.

Journal Articles

Radiocaesium accumulation capacity of epiphytic lichens and adjacent barks collected at the perimeter boundary site of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station

Dohi, Terumi; Omura, Yoshihito*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Fujiwara, Kenso; Kanaizuka, Seiichi*; Nakama, Shigeo; Iijima, Kazuki

PLOS ONE (Internet), 16(5), p.e0251828_1 - e0251828_16, 2021/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2019

Nakano, Masanao; Fujii, Tomoko; Nemoto, Masashi; Tobita, Keiji; Seya, Natsumi; Nishimura, Shusaku; Hosomi, Kenji; Nagaoka, Mika; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Matsubara, Natsumi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2020-069, 163 Pages, 2021/02

JAEA-Review-2020-069.pdf:4.78MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2019 to March 2020. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. (the trade name was changed to Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. on April 1, 2016) in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

JAEA Reports

Status of study of long-term assessment of transport of radioactive contaminants in the environment of Fukushima (FY2018) (Translated document)

Nagao, Fumiya; Niizato, Tadafumi; Sasaki, Yoshito; Ito, Satomi; Watanabe, Takayoshi; Dohi, Terumi; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Hagiwara, Hiroki; Funaki, Hironori; et al.

JAEA-Research 2020-007, 249 Pages, 2020/10

JAEA-Research-2020-007.pdf:15.83MB

The accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. occurred due to the Great East Japan Earthquake, Sanriku offshore earthquake, of 9.0 magnitude and the accompanying tsunami. As a result, large amount of radioactive materials was released into the environment. Under these circumstances, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting "Long-term Assessment of Transport of Radioactive Contaminants in the Environment of Fukushima" concerning radioactive materials released in environment, especially migration behavior of radioactive cesium since November 2012. This report is a summary of the research results that have been obtained in environmental dynamics research conducted by JAEA in Fukushima Prefecture.

Journal Articles

Shell structure of the neutron-rich isotopes $$^{69,71,73}$$Co

Lokotko, T.*; Leblond, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Poves, A.*; Nowacki, F.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Authelet, G.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034314_1 - 034314_7, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:79.36(Physics, Nuclear)

The structures of the neutron-rich $$^{69,71,73}$$Co isotopes were investigated via ($$p,2p$$) knockout reactions at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory, RIKEN. Level schemes were reconstructed using the $$gamma-gamma$$ coincidence technique, with tentative spin-parity assignments based on the measured inclusive and exclusive cross sections. Comparison with shell-model calculations suggests coexistence of spherical and deformed shapes at low excitation energies in the $$^{69,71,73}$$Co isotopes.

Journal Articles

Temporal decrease in air dose rate in the sub-urban area affected by the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident during four years after decontamination works

Nakama, Shigeo; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Fujiwara, Kenso; Ishikawa, Hiroyasu; Iijima, Kazuki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 208-209, p.106013_1 - 106013_8, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:37.91(Environmental Sciences)

Trends of air dose rate decrease after decontamination works and factors which affect them constitute essential information for radiation protection, such as prediction of external exposure to the public and implementation of measures to reduce such exposure. This study investigated the decrease of air dose rate (ambient dose rate at 1 m above the ground) at 163 points across sub-urban areas in the evacuation zone around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant over the period of four years following the decontamination works carried out in November 2012. The air dose rate on the asphalt pavement decreased faster than on soil surfaces. In addition, air dose rates near the forest decreased at a slower pace than in open fields. These results suggest that the air dose rate in urbanized areas can decrease faster than in other types of land, even after decontamination. Based on comparisons with decrease rates obtained in other studies, the air dose rate tends to decrease faster outside the evacuation zone than inside it. The decrease in air dose rate after decontamination was slower than before decontamination. The contribution of the weathering effect and human activity was estimated to be about 80% and 20% of the ecological decrease rate, respectively.

Journal Articles

Radiation dose distribution in a mountainous area nearby the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant and data analysis

Dohi, Terumi; Muto, Kotomi; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Kanaizuka, Seiichi*; Iijima, Kazuki

KEK Proceedings 2019-2, p.14 - 19, 2019/11

In order to investigate the effect of topography, meteorological condition, etc., on the spatial distribution of air dose rate on the main plume path, we evaluated walking survey data of air dose rates on Mt. Koutaishi and Mt. Juman, directed in northwest of and approximately 33 km and 11 km from the FDNPP. Measurements were performed on two orbital routs with different constant altitudes and general mountain trails in each mountain. The measurement data were compared with airborne monitoring results to investigate the relation between the dose rate distribution and elevation and orientation. At Mt. Koutaishi, the air dose rate was particularly high on the east side of the mountain, and the significant dependence of direction on the dose rate distribution was observed. Furthermore, high dose rate near the mountain foot indicates possibility of large deposition of $$^{137}$$Cs due to the plume passage from the FDNPP. At Mt. Juman, uniformly distribution of air dose rate was observed, and effect of wet deposition was considered. These results suggest the possibility of different deposition mechanisms in mountain range unit.

JAEA Reports

Status of study of long-term assessment of transport of radioactive contaminants in the environment of Fukushima (FY2018)

Nagao, Fumiya; Niizato, Tadafumi; Sasaki, Yoshito; Ito, Satomi; Watanabe, Takayoshi; Dohi, Terumi; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Hagiwara, Hiroki; Funaki, Hironori; et al.

JAEA-Research 2019-002, 235 Pages, 2019/08

JAEA-Research-2019-002.pdf:21.04MB

The accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (hereinafter referred to 1F), Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. occurred due to the Great East Japan Earthquake, Sanriku offshore earthquake, of 9.0 magnitude and the accompanying tsunami. As a result, large amount of radioactive materials was released into the environment. Under these circumstances, JAEA has been conducting Long-term Environmental Dynamics Research concerning radioactive materials released in environment, especially migration behavior of radioactive cesium since November 2012. This report is a summary of the research results that have been obtained in environmental dynamics research conducted by JAEA in Fukushima Prefecture.

Journal Articles

Nuclear structure of $$^{76}$$Ni from the ($$p$$,$$2p$$) reaction

Elekes, Z.*; Kripk$'o$, $'A$*; Sohler, D.*; Sieja, K.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Authelet, G.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(1), p.014312_1 - 014312_7, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:80.58(Physics, Nuclear)

The nuclear structure of the $$^{76}$$Ni nucleus was investigated by ($$p$$,$$2p$$) reaction using a NaI(Tl) array to detect the deexciting prompt $$gamma$$ rays. A new transition with an energy of 2227 keV was identified by $$gamma gamma$$ and $$gamma gamma gamma$$ coincidences. Our shell-model calculations using the Lenzi, Nowacki, Poves, and Sieja interaction produced good candidates for the experimental proton hole states in the observed energy region, and the theoretical cross sections showed good agreement with the experimental values. Although we could not assign all the experimental states to the theoretical ones unambiguously, the results are consistent with a reasonably large Z = 28 shell gap for nickel isotopes in accordance with previous studies.

Journal Articles

Decrease in air dose rate after decontamination relating to difference in the ground surface properties

Nakama, Shigeo; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Fujiwara, Kenso; Ishikawa, Hiroyasu; Iijima, Kazuki

KEK Proceedings 2018-7, p.154 - 158, 2018/11

Decrease in air dose rate in decontaminated area is essential information to estimate external exposure and to facilitate return of local residents, but the factors to control the decrease rate have not been cleared wholly. To clarify the effect of ground surface type (i.e. paved and soil surfaces) on the decrease in air dose rate at 1 m above the ground, surface dose rate at 1 cm above the ground and the air dose rate were monitored for four years since decontamination in 2011, and their decrease rates were compared relating to the ground surface type. Decrease in the air dose rate and the surface dose rate on the asphalt pavement showed faster rates than those on the soil surface. Ratio of decrease in the air dose rate and surface dose rate (decrease rate ratio) was distributed between 0.8 and 1.2 on open place not affected by surrounding environment. Therefore, decrease in the air dose rate was in agreement with the decrease of the surface dose rate, which is greatly affected by the ground surface. It became clear that the decrease rate constant of the air dose rate differs depending on the difference in the ground surface. Furthermore, it was also confirmed that the local soil erosion and sedimentation of the ground surface does not affect the decrease rate of the air dose rate.

Journal Articles

Secondary radiocesium contamination of agricultural products by resuspended matter

Nihei, Naoto*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Okumura, Taiga*; Tanoi, Keitaro*; Iijima, Kazuki; Kogure, Toshihiro*; Nakanishi, Tomoko*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 318(1), p.341 - 346, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:17.98(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Applicability of $$K_{d}$$ for modelling dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in Fukushima river water; Case study of the upstream Ota River

Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Tsuji, Hideki*; Hayashi, Seiji*; Funaki, Hironori; Malins, A.; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Kitamura, Akihiro; Iijima, Kazuki; Hosomi, Masaaki*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 184-185, p.53 - 62, 2018/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:13.2(Environmental Sciences)

A study is presented on the applicability of the distribution coefficient ($$K_{d}$$) absorption/desorption model to simulate dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in Fukushima river water. The simulation results were in good agreement with the observations on water and suspended sediment fluxes, and on particulate bound $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations under both ambient and high flow conditions. By contrast the measured concentrations of dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs in the river water were much harder to reproduce with the simulations. By tuning the $$K_{d}$$ values for large particles, it was possible to reproduce the mean dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations during base flow periods (observation: 0.32 Bq/L, simulation: 0.36 Bq/L). However neither the seasonal variability in the base flow dissolved $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations (0.14-0.53 Bq/L), nor the peaks in concentration that occurred during storms (0.18-0.88 Bq/L, mean: 0.55 Bq/L), could be reproduced with realistic simulation parameters.

Journal Articles

Three dimensional atomic image of TlInSe$$_{2}$$ by X-ray fluorescence holography

Mimura, Kojiro*; Hosokawa, Shinya*; Happo, Naohisa*; Hu, W.; Hayashi, Koichi*; Wakita, Kazuki*; Ishii, Hirofumi*; Yoshimura, Masato*; Jeyakanthan, J.*; Mamedov, N.*

e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology (Internet), 9, p.273 - 276, 2011/07

Journal Articles

Three-dimensional atomic images of TlInSe$$_{2}$$ thermoelectric material obtained by X-ray fluorescence holography

Hosokawa, Shinya*; Happo, Naohisa*; Hayashi, Koichi*; Mimura, Kojiro*; Wakita, Kazuki*; Hu, W.; Ishii, Hirofumi*; Yoshimura, Masato*; Jeyakanthan, J.*; Mamedov, N.*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 50(5), p.05FC06_1 - 05FC06_2, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:30(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Development of a knowledge based system linked to a materials database

Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Fujita, Mitsutane*; Xu, Y.*; Yoshida, Kenji*; Mashiko, Shinichi*; Shimura, Kazuki*; Miyakawa, Shunichi*; Ashino, Toshihiro*

Data Science Journal (Internet), 3, p.88 - 94, 2004/07

The distributed material database system named "Data-Free-Way" has been developed by four organizations (the National Institute for Materials Science, the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, the Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute, and the Japan Science and Technology Corporation) under a cooperative agreement. In order to create additional values of the system, knowledge base system, in which knowledge extracted from the material database is expressed, is planned to be developed for more effective utilization of Data-Free-Way. XML (eXtensible Markup Language) has been adopted as the description method of the retrieved results and the meaning of them. One knowledge note described with XML is stored as one knowledge which composes the knowledge base. This paper describes the current status of Data-Free-Way, the description method of knowledge extracted from the material database with XML and the distributed material knowledge base system.

Journal Articles

Development of knowledge base system linked to material database

Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Yoshida, Kenji*; Mashiko, Shinichi*; Fujita, Mitsutane*; Shimura, Kazuki*; Kinugawa, Junichi*; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Miyakawa, Shunichi*; Iwata, Shuichi*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 1(4), p.412 - 418, 2002/12

The distributed material database system named 'Data-Free-Way' has been developed by four organizations (the National Institute for Materials Science, the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, the Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute, and the Japan Science and Technology Corporation) under a cooperative agreement. In order to create additional values of the system, knowledge base system, in which knowledge extracted from the material database is expressed, is planned to be developed for more effective utilization of Data-Free-Way. XML (eXtensible Markup Language) has been adopted as the description method of the retrieved results and the meaning of them. One knowledge note described with XML is stored as one knowledge which composes the knowledge base. This paper describes the current status of Data-Free-Way, the description method of knowledge extracted from the material database with XML and the distributed material knowledge base system.

Journal Articles

Obtainable knowledge for materials from Data-Free-Way; Description method of knowledge obtained from fact database

Tsuji, Hirokazu; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Fujita, Mitsutane*; Kinugawa, Junichi*; Yoshida, Kenji*; Mashiko, Shinichi*; Shimura, Kazuki*; Miyakawa, Shunichi*; Iwata, Shuichi*

Proceedings of 10th German-Japanese Workshop on Chemical Information, p.131 - 133, 2002/00

The distributed material database system named "Data-Free-Way" has been developed by four organizations (the National Institute for Materials Science, the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, the Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute and Japan Science and Technology Corporation) under a cooperative agreement. It is a system which can display the data which the user demands without considering the organization which stores data as a table and a graph. The knowledge of the forte of each organization based on the retrieval result from the fact database is made aiming at more highly developed use of this system. The development of the system by which the user can refer to the knowledge is advanced. Though the retrieval result from the fact database was displayed as a table and a graph, that is, the finding note where they were described and expressed with XML as knowledge.

Journal Articles

Obtainable knowledge for materials from data-free-way; Method for description of knowledge obtained from fact database

Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Yoshida, Kenji*; Mashiko, Shinichi*; Fujita, Mitsutane*; Shimura, Kazuki*; Kinugawa, Junichi*; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Miyakawa, Shunichi*; Iwata, Shuichi*

Dai-38-Kai Joho Kagaku Gijutsu Kenkyu Shukai Happyo Yokoushu, p.43 - 47, 2001/00

A distributed database system named Data-Free-Way for advanced nuclear materials has been developed by the National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), the Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC), and the Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST) under a cooperative agreement. In this system, end-users are able to obtain necessary data such as tables or graphs, even if they do not know the sites in which the data are stored. A distributed knowledge database in which each organization makes the knowledge based on the retrieval results from fact database and end-users can get the knowledge, has been developed to make more useful utilization of this system. Though the retrieval results from the fact database were shown in the tables or graphs, the new system constitutes the information notes described the retrieval ones for the knowledge by XML. This paper describes the present status of the Data-Free-Way and the description method of XML for the retrieval results.

Journal Articles

Application of the distributed database (Data-Free-Way) on the analysis of mechanical properties in neutron irradiated 316 stainless steel

Fujita, Mitsutane*; Kinugawa, Junichi*; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Tachi, Yoshiaki*; Saito, Junichi*; Shimura, Kazuki*; Nakajima, Ritsuko*; Iwata, Shuichi*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 51-52, p.769 - 774, 2000/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.53(Nuclear Science & Technology)

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35 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)