Kawasaki, Kohei; Shinada, Kenta; Okamoto, Naritoshi; Kageyama, Tomio; Eda, Takashi; Okazaki, Hiro; Suzuki, Hiromichi; Yamamoto, Kazuya; Otabe, Jun
JAEA-Technology 2020-025, 80 Pages, 2021/03
Plutonium Fuel Production Facility was built in 1988 for the purpose of mainly producing MOX fuel of the prototype fast breeder reactor MONJU, and large glove boxes were installed for handling unsealed nuclear fuel material remotely. The panels of these glove boxes are made of acrylic, except for those installed after December 2013. For fires inside the glove box, automatic fire extinguishing systems using halides have been introduced since the beginning of construction, but for fires outside the glove box, there have been issues with direct measures for acrylic. Therefore, we have developed a fireproof sheet that mitigates the effect of fire outside the glove box on the panels as much as possible. As a result, fire-retardant sheets have been selected and attached to the glove box panels. We conducted a flammability test of the acrylic plate attached with these fireproof sheets and a usage environment influence test of fireproof sheets, and obtained good results. In addition, we set up a working group in the Plutonium Fuel Development Center in view of reducing external exposure during the work of attaching fireproof sheets, in which we discussed and examined the work procedure, and summarized it in the basic procedure manual.
Iwasaki, Toshiki*; Sekiyama, Tsuyoshi*; Nakajima, Teruyuki*; Watanabe, Akira*; Suzuki, Yasushi*; Kondo, Hiroaki*; Morino, Yu*; Terada, Hiroaki; Nagai, Haruyasu; Takigawa, Masayuki*; et al.
Atmospheric Environment, 214, p.116830_1 - 116830_11, 2019/10
The utilization of numerical atmospheric dispersion prediction (NDP) models for accidental discharge of radioactive substances was recommended by a working group of the Meteorological Society of Japan. This paper is to validate the recommendation through NDP model intercomparison in the accidental release from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in 2011. Emission intensity is assumed to be constant during the whole forecast period for the worst-case scenario unless time sequence of emission is available. We expect to utilize forecasts of surface air contaminations for preventions of inhalations of radioactive substances, and column-integrated amounts for mitigation of radiation exposure associated with wet deposition. Although NDP forecasts have ensemble spread, they commonly figure out relative risk in space and time. They are of great benefit to disseminating effective warnings to public without failure. The multi-model ensemble technique may be effective to improve the reliability.
Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.
Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07
Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.
Miyai, Hiromitsu; Suzuki, Miho; Kanazawa, Hiroyuki
JAEA-Technology 2016-041, 46 Pages, 2017/03
In the Reactor Fuel Examination Facility (RFEF) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Post Irradiation Examinations (PIEs) have been carried out for a long time in order to verify the reliability and the safety of the nuclear fuels irradiated in nuclear power plants. Samples for the PIEs are small and have various shapes. In order to facilitate the handling of the samples using a manipulator, the several kinds of jigs have been used for PIEs at RFEF those jigs are usually manufactured by machining process. We tried to make the jigs, which is PLA resin, with 3D printer and instead of machining process for the reduction of the manufacturing time and the improvement of the dimensional accuracy of the jig this time. It became clear that the actual dimensions of the jigs manufactured with 3D printer were roughly smaller at the concave section and larger at the convex section compared with the dimensions of the plan. So it is necessary to make a plan for the jigs after consideration of the characteristic of the 3D printer. The jigs can be applied to SEM observation, because the deposition of carbon film onto the jigs was well. And the jigs can be used to for the metallography, because the jigs were applicable without any harmful effects on polishing and etching processes.
Miyai, Hiromitsu; Suzuki, Miho; Kanazawa, Hiroyuki
Proceedings of 54th Annual Meeting of Hot Laboratories and Remote Handling (HOTLAB 2017) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2017/00
In the Reactor Fuel Examination Facility (RFEF) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Post Irradiation Examinations (PIEs) have been carried out for a long time in order to verify the reliability and the safety of the nuclear fuels irradiated in nuclear power plants. Samples for the PIEs are small and have various shapes. In order to facilitate the handling of the samples using a manipulator, the several kinds of jigs have been used for PIEs at RFEF. Those jigs are usually manufactured by machining process. We tried to make the jigs, which is PLA resin, with 3D printer and instead of machining process for the reduction of the manufacturing time and the improvement of the dimensional accuracy of the jig this time. It became clear that the actual dimensions of the jigs manufactured with 3D printer were roughly smaller at the concave section and larger at the convex section compared with the dimensions of the plan. So it is necessary to make a plan for the jigs after consideration of the characteristic of the 3D printer. The jigs can be applied to SEM observation, because the deposition of carbon film onto the jigs was well. And the jigs can be used to for the metallography, because the jigs were applicable without any harmful effects on polishing and etching processes.
Noda, Yohei*; Koizumi, Satoshi*; Masui, Tomomi*; Mashita, Ryo*; Kishimoto, Hiromichi*; Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Kumada, Takayuki; Takata, Shinichi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(6), p.2036 - 2045, 2016/12
Amamoto, Ippei; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Kitamura, Naoto*; Takebe, Hiromichi*; Mitamura, Naoki*; Tsuzuki, Tatsuya*; Fukayama, Daigen*; Nagano, Yuichi*; Jantzen, T.*; Hack, K.*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(10), p.1467 - 1475, 2016/10
The iron phosphate glass (IPG) medium is known to be a high-efficiency glass medium, therefore we try to evaluate its applicability to immobilize sludge bearing radioactive nuclides arising from treatment of contaminated water at the stricken Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. For this study, many physical and chemical properties of target materials are necessary to evaluate the behaviours of IPG medium and its waste forms. Inevitably, it will entail the need for many and varied types of experiments to be carried out under high temperature. It is therefore rational to apply appropriate theoretical analysis first so as to reduce the number of experimental run. For this reason, some necessary thermodynamic values for theoretical analysis were estimated by CALPHAD approach followed by making up the calculated phase diagrams. By comparison with experimental results, they were found to be reliable for evaluating the behaviours of IPG medium and its waste forms.
Takamatsu, Misao; Kawahara, Hirotaka; Ito, Hiromichi; Ushiki, Hiroshi; Suzuki, Nobuhiro; Sasaki, Jun; Ota, Katsu; Okuda, Eiji; Kobayashi, Tetsuhiko; Nagai, Akinori; et al.
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 15(1), p.32 - 42, 2016/03
In the experimental fast reactor Joyo, it was confirmed that the top of the irradiation test sub-assembly of "MARICO-2" (material testing rig with temperature control) had been broken and bent onto the in-vessel storage rack as an obstacle and had damaged the upper core structure (UCS). This paper describes the results of the in-vessel repair techniques for UCS replacement, which are developed in Joyo. UCS replacement was successfully completed in 2014. In-vessel repair techniques for sodium cooled fast reactors (SFRs) are important in confirming its safety and integrity. In order to secure the reliability of these techniques, it was necessary to demonstrate the performance under the actual reactor environment with high temperature, high radiation dose and remained sodium. The experience and knowledge gained in UCS replacement provides valuable insights into further improvements for In-vessel repair techniques in SFRs.
Maebara, Sunao; Sukegawa, Keiichi*; Tadano, Shuya*; Kasugai, Atsushi; Suzuki, Hiromitsu; Abe, Kazuhiko*; Oku, Ryuji*; Sugimoto, Masayoshi
Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1140 - 1142, 2015/09
For the IFMIF/EVEDA accelerator prototype RFQ linac, the operation frequency of 175MHz was selected to accelerate a large current of 125mA. The driving RF power of 1.28MW by 8 RF input couplers has to be injected to the RFQ cavity for CW operation mode. For each RF input coupler, nominal RF power of 160kW and maximum transmitted RF power of 200kW are required. For this purpose, an RF input coupler with cooling functions was designed, based on a 6 1/8 inch co-axial waveguide, and the RF coupler was manufactured by way of trial. For the trial RF coupler, high-power tests using a high voltage standing wave on a high-Q load circuit wave were carried out, and a 200kW-14 sec CW operation were performed after four days of RF aging. No RF contact defects, unnecessary low-Q value and extraordinary outgassing were observed. This report describes the high-power tests of the RF input coupler.
Sato, Shigeo*; Shobu, Takahisa; Sato, Kozue*; Ogawa, Hiromi*; Wagatsuma, Kazuaki*; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Tashiro, Hitoshi*; Suzuki, Shigeru*
ISIJ International, 55(7), p.1432 - 1438, 2015/07
To characterize the distribution and anisotropy of dislocations in cold-drawn pearlitic steel wires, X-ray diffraction line-profile analysis was performed using synchrotron radiation micro-beams. The plastic shear strain was generally more severe near the surface than the center of the wire, whereas the dislocation density distribution was almost constant from the center to the surface. On the other hand, the dislocation rearrangement, which evolves the dislocation cell structure, progressed closer to the surface. It was also revealed that a difference between the hardness in axial and transverse wire directions could be explained by anisotropic dislocation density. Line-profile analysis based on diffraction data at elevated temperatures was performed. Whereas the cementite recovery progressed at a constant rate, the ferrite phase recovery rate was temperature-dependent, suggesting that the ferrite phase recovery was less related to that of the cementite phase.
Ito, Hiromichi; Suzuki, Nobuhiro; Kobayashi, Tetsuhiko; Kawahara, Hirotaka; Nagai, Akinori; Sakao, Ryuta*; Murata, Chotaro*; Tanaka, Junya*; Matsusaka, Yasunori*; Tatsuno, Takahiro*
Proceedings of 2015 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2015) (CD-ROM), p.1058 - 1067, 2015/05
In the experimental fast reactor Joyo (Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (SFR)), it was confirmed that the top of the irradiation test sub-assembly had bent onto the in-vessel storage rack as an obstacle and had damaged the upper core structure (UCS). There is a risk of deformation of the UCS and guide sleeve (GS) caused by interference between them unless inclination is controlled precisely. To mitigate the risk, special jack-up equipment for applying three-point suspension was developed. The existing damaged UCS (ed-UCS) jack-up test using the jack-up equipment was conducted on May 7, 2014. As a result of this test, it was confirmed that the ed-UCS could be successfully jacked-up to 1000 mm without consequent overload. The experience and knowledge gained in the ed-UCS jack-up test provides valuable insights and prospects not only for UCS replacement but also for further improving and verifying repair techniques in SFRs.
Takahashi, Hiroki; Maebara, Sunao; Kojima, Toshiyuki; Narita, Takahiro; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi; Sakaki, Hironao; Suzuki, Hiromitsu; Sugimoto, Masayoshi
Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(9-10), p.2066 - 2070, 2014/10
Maebara, Sunao; Antonio, P.*; Ichikawa, Masahiro; Takahashi, Hiroki; Suzuki, Hiromitsu; Sugimoto, Masayoshi
Proceedings of 10th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.561 - 563, 2014/06
no abstracts in English
Takahashi, Hiroki; Kojima, Toshiyuki; Narita, Takahiro; Maebara, Sunao; Sakaki, Hironao; Suzuki, Hiromitsu
Proceedings of 10th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.724 - 727, 2014/06
no abstracts in English
Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Suzuki, Masayuki*; Daito, Izuru*; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Momoko; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; et al.
Reza Kenkyu, 42(6), p.441 - 447, 2014/06
We describe three specific high power laser systems that are being developed in our laboratory for many applications in high field science, nonlinear optics and material processing. We report on a femtosecond petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification laser system that can produce a pulse energy of 20 J of 40 fs pulse duration, a picosecond high intensity Yb:YAG chirped-pulse amplification laser system that can generate a pulse energy of 100 mJ of 0.5 ps pulse duration, and a nanosecond high repetition rate Nd:YAG laser system that can provide an average power of 360 W with a pulse duration of 30 ns delivered at a 1 kHz repetition rate. We discuss the basic design aspects and present the results from our experimental investigations of these laser systems.
Takahashi, Hiroki; Maebara, Sunao; Sakaki, Hironao; Ichikawa, Masahiro; Suzuki, Hiromitsu; Sugimoto, Masayoshi
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.261 - 263, 2014/04
An development of accelerator-based neutron irradiation facility is planning to develop materials for a demonstration fusion reactor. To obtain a 14 MeV neutron energy using the neutron-generating D-Li stripping reaction, an injection into liquid lithium flow by a 40 MeV deuteron beam is employed in IFMIF design concept. In the acceleration of deuteron beam, the activation due to the beam loss is critical issue. The activation analyses for the air in an accelerator vault are carried out by PHITS code and DCHAIN code using the experimental data for deuteron induced thick target neutron yield at 5 MeV and 9 MeV for source term.
Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kambara, Wataru; Krist, T.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Arai, Masatoshi; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakajima, Kenji; Tanaka, Hiromichi; Suzuki, Junichi*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 737, p.142 - 147, 2014/02
The efficiency of inelastic neutron scattering measurements using a chopper spectrometer can be markedly improved by utilizing multiple incident energies (Multi-Ei method). However, in conventional chopper systems, optimization of the experimental condition for all incident energies is absolutely impossible. We developed a new Fermi chopper with a supermirror-coated slit package in order to overcome the problem and experimentally demonstrated that the full optimization of the experimental condition for multiple incident energies is nearly achieved.
Knaster, J.*; Arbeiter, F.*; Cara, P.*; Favuzza, P.*; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Groeschel, F.*; Heidinger, R.*; Ibarra, A.*; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Mosnier, A.*; et al.
Nuclear Fusion, 53(11), p.116001_1 - 116001_18, 2013/11
The IFMIF/EVEDA project under the Broader Approach Agreement between Japan and EU aims at allowing a rapid construction phase of IFMIF in due time. The three main facilities, (1) the Accelerator Facility, (2) the Target Facility and (3) the Test Facility, are the subject of validation activities that include the construction of either full scale prototypes or smartly devised scaled down facilities that will allow a straightforward extrapolation to IFMIF needs. The installation of a Linac of 1.125 MW (125 mA and 9 MeV) of deuterons started in March 2013 in Rokkasho. The world largest liquid Li test loop is running in Oarai with an ambitious experimental programme for the years ahead. A full scale high flux test module that will house 1000 small specimens developed jointly in Europe and Japan has been constructed in Germany together with its He gas loop. A full scale medium flux test module to carry out on-line creep measurement has been constructed in Switzerland.
Maebara, Sunao; Palmieri, A.*; Mereu, P.*; Ichikawa, Masahiro; Takahashi, Hiroki; Comunian, M.*; Suzuki, Hiromitsu; Pisent, A.*; Sugimoto, Masayoshi
Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(9-10), p.2740 - 2743, 2013/10
Takahashi, Hiroki; Maebara, Sunao; Sakaki, Hironao; Suzuki, Hiromitsu; Sugimoto, Masayoshi
JAEA-Conf 2013-002, p.109 - 112, 2013/10