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Journal Articles

Development of spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry for extracting the structure factor of hydrogen atoms

Miura, Daisuke*; Kumada, Takayuki; Sekine, Yurina; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Oba, Yojiro; Ohara, Takashi; Takata, Shinichi; Hiroi, Kosuke; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.454 - 460, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We developed a spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry technique that extracts the structure factor of hydrogen atoms, namely, the contribution of hydrogen atoms to a crystal structure factor. Crystals of L-glutamic acid were dispersed in a dpolystyrene matrix containing 4-methacryloyloxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO methacrylate) to polarize their proton spins dynamically. The intensities of the diffraction peaks of the sample changed according to the proton polarization, and the structure factor of the hydrogen atoms was extracted from the proton-polarization dependent intensities. This technique is expected to enable analyses of the structures of hydrogen-containing materials that are difficult to determine with conventional powder diffractometry.

Journal Articles

Solvent extraction of technetium(VII) and rhenium(VII) using a hexaoctylnitrilotriacetamide extractant

Shimojo, Kojiro; Suzuki, Hideya; Yokoyama, Keiichi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Ikeda, Atsushi

Analytical Sciences, 36(12), p.1435 - 1437, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0(Chemistry, Analytical)

Liquid-liquid extraction for the removal of pertechnetate ($$^{99}$$TcO$$_{4}$$$$^{-}$$) and perrhenate (ReO$$_{4}$$$$^{-}$$) is reported using tripodal extractant $$N,N,N',N',N'',N''$$-hexa-$$n$$-octylnitrilotriacetamide (HONTA) composed of three amide groups and a tertiary amine. The extraction behavior was compared with those using alkyldiamideamines (ADAAM(Oct) and ADAAM(EH)), and the commercial amine-type extractant, trioctylamine (TOA). HONTA quantitatively extracted $$^{99}$$TcO$$_{4}$$$$^{-}$$ and ReO$$_{4}$$$$^{-}$$ in the pH range from 1.0 to 2.5 by co-extraction of protons. Extraction performance of extractants was improved in the order of HONTA $$>$$ ADAAM(Oct) $$>$$ ADAAM(EH) $$>$$ TOA. $$^{99}$$TcO$$_{4}$$$$^{-}$$ and ReO$$_{4}$$$$^{-}$$ in the extracting phase were successfully stripped using neutral aqueous solutions as the receiving phase, and the extraction ability of HONTA was maintained after five repeated uses.

Journal Articles

Applications of the differential events reading method at MLF, J-PARC

Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ito, Takayoshi*; Suzuki, Jiro*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1021(1), p.012015_1 - 012015_5, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:77.89

An event recording method for data acquisition for neutron scattering and its analysis provides a lot of benefits for the measurement of time-resolved and time transient phenomena. Almost all instruments installed in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at J-PARC have adopted this method since the first beam came and have achieved good results. On the other hand, our treatment of event recorded data leaves room for improvements and developments to achieve more effective utilization. This paper introduces one of the applications of the event recording method to achieve the pseudo real-time data treatment in MLF in a simple way.

Journal Articles

Investigation of main radiation source above shield plug of Unit 3 at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Hirayama, Hideo*; Kondo, Kenjiro*; Suzuki, Seishiro*; Tanimura, Yoshihiko; Iwanaga, Kohei*; Nagata, Hiroshi*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 153, p.08010_1 - 08010_3, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03

Pulse height distributions were measured using a CdZnTe detector inside a lead collimator to investigate main source producing high dose rates above the shield plugs of Unit 3 at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. It was confirmed that low energy photons are dominant. Concentrations of Cs-137 under 60 cm concrete of the shield plug were estimated to be between 8.1$$times$$10$$^9$$ and 5.7$$times$$10$$^{10}$$ Bq/cm$$^2$$ from the measured peak count rate of 0.662 MeV photons. If Cs-137 was distributed on the surfaces of the gaps of the shied plugs with radius 6 m and with the averaged concentration of 5 points, 2.6$$times$$10$$^{10}$$ Bq/cm$$^2$$, total amount of Cs-137 is estimated to be 30 PBq.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 3; Neutron devices and computational and sample environments

Sakasai, Kaoru; Sato, Setsuo*; Seya, Tomohiro*; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Yamagishi, Hideshi*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamazaki, Dai; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.10_1 - 10_35, 2017/09

Neutron devices such as neutron detectors, optical devices including supermirror devices and $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filters, and choppers are successfully developed and installed at the Materials Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), Tokai, Japan. Four software components of MLF computational environment, instrument control, data acquisition, data analysis, and a database, have been developed and equipped at MLF. MLF also provides a wide variety of sample environment options including high and low temperatures, high magnetic fields, and high pressures. This paper describes the current status of neutron devices, computational and sample environments at MLF.

Journal Articles

Energy-resolved small-angle neutron scattering from steel

Oba, Yojiro*; Morooka, Satoshi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Takata, Shinichi; Sato, Nobuhiro*; Inoue, Rintaro*; Tsuchiyama, Toshihiro*; Gilbert, E. P.*; Sugiyama, Masaaki*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(2), p.334 - 339, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:26.99(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Characterization of microstructure using Bragg edge and energy-resolved small-angle neutron scattering

Oba, Yojiro; Morooka, Satoshi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Tsuchiyama, Toshihiro*; Gilbert, E. P.*

Proceedings of 5th International Symposium on Steel Science (ISSS 2017), p.151 - 154, 2017/00

Small-angle neutron scattering and neutron diffraction are powerful tools to characterize microstructures in steels. Several new experimental techniques such as Bragg edge transmission analysis and energy-resolved small-angle neuron scattering have been recently developed with the opening of new-generation pulsed neutron sources. In this talk, the combined use of these diffraction and small-angle scattering techniques are discussed for the total characterization of the microstructures in steels.

Journal Articles

Magnetic scattering in the simultaneous measurement of small-angle neutron scattering and Bragg edge transmission from steel

Oba, Yojiro*; Morooka, Satoshi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Sato, Nobuhiro*; Inoue, Rintaro*; Adachi, Nozomu*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Tsuchiyama, Toshihiro*; Gilbert, E. P.*; Sugiyama, Masaaki*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(5), p.1659 - 1664, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:63.8(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Prospect for application of compact accelerator-based neutron source to neutron engineering diffraction

Ikeda, Yoshimasa*; Taketani, Atsushi*; Takamura, Masato*; Sunaga, Hideyuki*; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Oba, Yojiro*; Otake, Yoshie*; Suzuki, Hiroshi

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 833, p.61 - 67, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:97.29(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A compact accelerator-based neutron source has been lately discussed on engineering applications such as transmission imaging and small angle scattering as well as reflectometry. However, nobody considers using it for neutron diffraction experiment because of its low neutron flux. In this study, therefore, the neutron diffraction experiments are carried out using Riken Accelerator-driven Compact Neutron Source (RANS), to clarify the capability of the compact neutron source for neutron engineering diffraction. The diffraction pattern from a ferritic steel was successfully measured by suitable arrangement of the optical system to reduce the background noise, and it was confirmed that the recognizable diffraction pattern can be measured by the large sampling volume with 10 mm in cubic for an acceptable measurement time, i.e. 10 minutes. The minimum resolution of the 110 reflection for RANS is approximately 2.5 % at 8 $$mu$$s of the proton pulse width, which is insufficient to perform the strain measurement by neutron diffraction. The moderation time width at the wavelength corresponding to the 110 reflection is estimated to be approximately 30 $$mu$$s, which is the most dominant factor to determine the resolution. Therefore, refinements of the moderator system to decrease the moderation time are important to improve the resolution of the diffraction experiment using the compact neutron source. In contrast, the texture evolution due to plastic deformation was successfully observed by measuring a change in the diffraction peak intensity by RANS. Furthermore, the volume fraction of the austenite phase was also successfully evaluated by fitting the diffraction pattern using a Rietveld code. Consequently, RANS was proved to be capable for neutron engineering diffraction aiming for the easy access measurement of the texture and the amount of retained austenite.

Journal Articles

Non-destructive texture measurement of steel sheets with compact neutron source "RANS"

Takamura, Masato*; Ikeda, Yoshimasa*; Sunaga, Hideyuki*; Taketani, Atsushi*; Otake, Yoshie*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Hama, Takayuki*; Oba, Yojiro*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 734(Part B), p.032047_1 - 032047_4, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:87.32

Neutron diffraction is well known to be a useful technique for measuring a bulk texture of metallic materials taking advantage of a large penetration depth of the neutron beam. However, this technique has not been widely utilized for the texture measurement because large facilities like a reactor or a large accelerator are required in general. In contrast, RANS (Riken Accelerator-driven Compact Neutron Source) has been developed as a neutron source which can be used easily in laboratories. In this study, texture evolution in steel sheets with plastic deformation was successfully measured using RANS. The results show the capability of the compact neutron source for the analysis of the crystal structure of metallic materials, which leads us to a better understanding of plastic deformation behavior.

JAEA Reports

The User's manual of "Manyo Library" data reduction software framework at MLF, J-PARC

Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ito, Takayoshi*; Suzuki, Jiro*; Nakatani, Takeshi

JAEA-Testing 2016-001, 91 Pages, 2016/06


Manyo Library is a software framework for developing analysis software of neutron scattering data produced at MLF, J-PARC. This software framework is required to work on many instruments in MLF and to include base functions applied to various scientific purposes at beam lines. This framework mainly consists of data containers, which enable to store 1, 2 and 3 dimensional axes data for neutron scattering. Data containers have many functions to calculate four arithmetic operations with errors distribution between containers, to store the meta-data about measurements and to read or write text file. Since Manyo Library is built in C++ language, we' ve introduced the technology to call C++ function from Python environment into the framework. As results, we have already developed a lot of software for data reduction, analysis and visualization, which are utilized widely in beam lines at MLF. This document is the manual for the beginner to touch this framework.

JAEA Reports

User's guide of cement solidification test for incinerated ash

Nakayama, Takuya; Kawato, Yoshimi; Osugi, Takeshi; Shimazaki, Takejiro; Hanada, Keiji; Suzuki, Shinji; Sakakibara, Tetsuro; Nakazawa, Osamu; Meguro, Yoshihiro

JAEA-Technology 2014-046, 56 Pages, 2015/03


The combustible and flame-retardant radioactive wastes generated as a result of the research activities in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) are incinerating to reduce their volume. The incinerated ash is planned to be solidified using cement for disposal. Since the properties of ashes generated in each institute of JAEA are varied with the type of incinerator and the wastes to be incinerated, it is necessary to do fundamental solidification tests in each institute to decide operating conditions of the planning cement solidification facility. It is important to standardize evaluating methods of cement and solidified waste because some characters depend on measuring method. This user's guide have been prepared how to decide the cement solidifying conditions of ash to design the cement solidification facility in JAEA. Requirements on the regulations of solidified radioactive waste have been examined and seven technical criteria, e.g. compressive strength, fluidity, have been selected as characters to be evaluated. Some empirical notes about selection of cement, admixtures, procedure on making a test piece, evaluation of expanding, compressive strength, solubility have been described. The strategy of tests and tips for finding optimized solidification condition has been summarized. Finally the example of optimized conditions satisfied the requirements and some problems to be solved have been described.

Journal Articles

Structural basis for acceptor-substrate recognition of UDP-glucose: anthocyanidin 3-${it O}$-glucosyltransferase from ${it Clitoria ternatea}$

Hiromoto, Takeshi; Honjo, Eijiro*; Noda, Hisanobu*; Tamada, Taro; Kazuma, Kohei*; Suzuki, Masahiko*; Blaber, M.; Kuroki, Ryota

Protein Science, 24(3), p.395 - 407, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:38 Percentile:85.24(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

UDP-glucose: anthocyanidin 3-${it O}$-glucosyltransferase (UGT78K6) from ${it Clitoria ternatea}$ catalyzes the transfer of glucose from UDP-glucose to anthocyanidins such as delphinidin. To understand the acceptor-recognition scheme of UGT78K6, the crystal structure of UGT78K6 and its complex forms with anthocyanidin delphinidin and petunidin, and flavonol kaempferol were determined to resolutions of 1.85 ${AA}$, 2.55 ${AA}$, 2.70 ${AA}$ and 1.75 ${AA}$ respectively. The anthocyanidin- and flavonol-acceptor binding details are almost identical in each complex structure, although the glucosylation activities against each acceptor were significantly different. The acceptor substrates in UGT78K6 are reversely bound to its binding site by a 180$$^{circ}$$ rotation about the O1-O3 axis of the flavonoid backbones observed in ${it Vv}$GT1 and UGT78G1. These substrate recognition schemes suggest the potential for controlled synthesis of natural pigments.

Journal Articles

Cesium-adsorption behavior of weathered biotite from Fukushima Prefecture depends on the degree of vermiculitization

Yamada, Hirohisa*; Yokoyama, Shingo*; Watanabe, Yujiro*; Suzuki, Masaya*; Suzuki, Shinichi; Hatta, Tamao*

Nihon Ion Kokan Gakkai-Shi, 25(4), p.207 - 211, 2014/11

Journal Articles

Crystal structure of UDP-glucose:anthocyanidin 3-${it O}$-glucosyltransferase from ${it Clitoria ternatea}$

Hiromoto, Takeshi; Honjo, Eijiro*; Tamada, Taro; Noda, Hisanobu*; Kazuma, Kohei*; Suzuki, Masahiko*; Kuroki, Ryota

Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 20(6), p.894 - 898, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:34 Percentile:87.84(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Flowers of the butterfly pea (${it Clitoria ternatea}$) accumulate a group of polyacylated anthocyanins, named ternatins, in their petals. The first step in ternatin biosynthesis is the transfer of glucose from UDP-glucose to anthocyanidins such as delphinidin, a reaction catalyzed in ${it C. ternatea}$ by UDP-glucose:anthocyanidin 3-${it O}$-glucosyltransferase (${it Ct}$3GT-A; AB185904). To elucidate the structure-function relationship of ${it Ct}$3GT-A, recombinant ${it Ct}$3GT-A was expressed in ${it Escherichia coli}$ and its tertiary structure was determined to 1.85 ${AA}$, resolution by using X-ray crystallography. The structure of ${it Ct}$3GT-A shows a common folding topology, the GT-B fold, comprised of two Rossmann-like $$beta$$/$$alpha$$/$$beta$$ domains and a cleft located between the N- and C-domains containing two cavities that are used as binding sites for the donor (UDP-Glc) and acceptor substrates. By comparing the structure of ${it Ct}$3GT-A with that of the flavonoid glycosyltransferase ${it Vv}$GT1 from red grape (${it Vitis vinifera}$) in complex with UDP-2-deoxy-2-fluoro glucose and kaempferol, locations of the catalytic His-Asp dyad and the residues involved in recognizing UDP-2-deoxy-2-fluoro glucose were essentially identical in ${it Ct}$3GT-A, but certain residues of ${it Vv}$GT1 involved in binding kaempferol were found to be substituted in ${it Ct}$3GT-A. These findings are important for understanding the differentiation of acceptor-substrate recognition in these two enzymes.

Journal Articles

Local strain and its influence on mechanical-electromagnetic properties of twisted and untwisted ITER Nb$$_{3}$$Sn strands

Osamura, Kozo*; Machiya, Shutaro*; Tsuchiya, Yoshinori*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Shobu, Takahisa; Sato, Masugu*; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Ochiai, Shojiro*

Superconductor Science and Technology, 25(5), p.054010_1 - 054010_9, 2012/05

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:57.94(Physics, Applied)

JAEA Reports

Technical report on the Korea-Japan software collaboration

Inamura, Yasuhiro; So, J.-Y.*; Nakajima, Kenji; Suzuki, Jiro*; Nakatani, Takeshi; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Otomo, Toshiya*; Moon, M.-K.*; Lee, C.-H.*; Yasu, Yoshiji*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2010-047, 74 Pages, 2011/02


This report summarizes the two-year (2007-2009) activities of Korea-Japan collaboration of chopper software development. Here we have described the background of the collaboration and the main part of our work. We also discussed briefly a future plan of our collaboration starting in 2010. Some of detailed description on the management of the collaboration as well as related information is given in appendix.

Journal Articles

Distinct structural requirements for interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-13 binding to the shared IL-13 receptor facilitate cellular tuning of cytokine responsiveness

Ito, Takachika*; Suzuki, Shoichi*; Kanaji, Sachiko*; Shiraishi, Hiroshi*; Ota, Shoichiro*; Arima, Kazuhiko*; Tanaka, Go*; Tamada, Taro; Honjo, Eijiro*; Garcia, K. C.*; et al.

Journal of Biological Chemistry, 284(36), p.24289 - 24296, 2009/09

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:46.03(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Both IL-4 and IL-13 can bind to the shared receptor composed of the IL-4 receptor $$alpha$$ chain and the IL-13 receptor $$alpha$$-1 chain (IL-13R$$alpha$$1); however, the assembly mechanisms of these ligands to the receptor is different, enabling the principal functions of these ligands to be different. We have previously shown that the N-terminal Ig-like domain in IL-13R$$alpha$$1, called the D1 domain, is the specific and critical binding unit for IL-13. However, it has still remained obscure which the amino acid has specific binding capacity to IL-13 and why the D1 domain acts as the binding site for IL-13, but not IL-4. To address these questions, in this study, we performed the mutational analyses for the D1 domain, combining the structural data to identify the amino acids critical for binding to IL-13. Mutations of Lys76, Lys77, or Ile78 in c' strand in which the crystal structure showed interact with IL-13 and those of Trp65 and Ala79 adjacent to the interacting site, resulted in significant impairment of IL-13 binding, demonstrating that these amino acids generate the binding site. Furthermore, mutations of Val35, Leu38, or Val42 at N-terminal $$beta$$-strand also resulted in loss of IL-13 binding, probably from decrease structural stability. None of the mutations employed here affected IL-4 binding. These results demonstrate that the hydrophobic patch composed of Lys76, Lys77, and Ile78 is the IL-13 recognition site and solidify our understanding that the differential requirements of the D1 domain in IL-13R$$alpha$$1 allows the shared receptor to respond differentially to IL-4 and IL-13.

Journal Articles

Desulfurization reaction of high sulfur content flue gas treated by electron beam

Hirosawa, Shojiro*; Kojima, Takuji; Hashimoto, Shoji; Suzuki, Ryoji*; Aoki, Shinji*

Radioisotopes, 51(8), p.285 - 295, 2002/08

Experiments of flue gas treatment by electron beam were carried out, using simulated lignite-burning flue gas containing SO$$_{2}$$(5500ppm), NO(390ppm) and H$$_{2}$$O(22%). Removal efficiency of SO$$_{2}$$ was more than 90% at a dose of 1-2kGy. It shows applicability of electron beam for treatment of lignite-burning flue gas. Another removal reaction besides the radiation-induced radical reaction and the thermal reaction occurring without irradiation was suggested by the facts that removal of SO$$_{2}$$ by the radical reaction is only a few hundreds of ppm and the removal amounts by thermal reaction under irradiation is lower than a half of total desulfurization. The mechanism similar to thermal reaction was proposed, assuming simultaneous uptake reaction of SO$$_{2}$$ and NH$$_{3}$$ on the surface of liquid aerosol. It was suggested that ammonium nitrate having deliquescence relative humidity(DRH) of 60% at 25$$^{circ}C$$ plays an important role in producing liquid aerosols. Decrease of DRH of ammonium nitrate with increasing temperature and with formation of double salt of ammonium sulfate results in enhancement of formation of liquid aerosols.

JAEA Reports

Development of fabrication technology for ITER vacuum vessel

Nakahira, Masataka; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Kajiura, Soji*; Shibui, Masanao*; Koizumi, Koichi; Takeda, Nobukazu; Kakudate, Satoshi; Taguchi, Ko*; Oka, Kiyoshi; Obara, Kenjiro; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2002-029, 27 Pages, 2002/03


The ITER vacuum vessel (VV) R&D has progressed with the international collaborative efforts by the Japan, Russia and US Parties during the Engineering Design Activities (EDA). Fabrication and testing of a full-scale VV sector model and a port extension have yielded critical information on the fabrication and assembly technologies of the vacuum vessel, magnitude of welding distortions, dimensional accuracy and achievable tolerances during sector fabrication and field assembly. In particular, the dimensional tolerances of $$pm$$3 mm for VV sector fabrication and $$pm$$10 mm for VV sector field assembly have been achieved and satisfied the requirements of $$pm$$5 mm and $$pm$$20 mm, respectively. Also, the basic feasibility of the remote welding robot has been demonstrated. This report presents detailed fabrication and assembly technologies such as welding technology applicable to the thick wall without large distortion, field joint welding technology between sectors and remote welding technology through the VV R&D project.

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