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Journal Articles

Spallation and fragmentation cross sections for 168 MeV/nucleon $$^{136}$$Xe ions on proton, deuteron, and carbon targets

Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Isobe, Tadaaki*; Kawakami, Shunsuke*; Koyama, Shumpei*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

The spallation and fragmentation reactions of $$^{136}$$Xe induced by proton, deuteron and carbon at 168 MeV/nucleon were studied at RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory via the inverse kinematics technique. The cross sections of the lighter products are larger in the carbon-induced reactions due to the higher total kinetic energy of carbon. The energy dependence was investigated by comparing the newly obtained data with previous results obtained at higher reaction energies. The experimental data were compared with the results of SPACS, EPAX, PHITS and DEURACS calculations. These data serve as benchmarks for the model calculations.

Journal Articles

Intercomparison of numerical atmospheric dispersion prediction models for emergency response to emissions of radionuclides with limited source information in the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Iwasaki, Toshiki*; Sekiyama, Tsuyoshi*; Nakajima, Teruyuki*; Watanabe, Akira*; Suzuki, Yasushi*; Kondo, Hiroaki*; Morino, Yu*; Terada, Hiroaki; Nagai, Haruyasu; Takigawa, Masayuki*; et al.

Atmospheric Environment, 214, p.116830_1 - 116830_11, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:75.66(Environmental Sciences)

The utilization of numerical atmospheric dispersion prediction (NDP) models for accidental discharge of radioactive substances was recommended by a working group of the Meteorological Society of Japan. This paper is to validate the recommendation through NDP model intercomparison in the accidental release from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in 2011. Emission intensity is assumed to be constant during the whole forecast period for the worst-case scenario unless time sequence of emission is available. We expect to utilize forecasts of surface air contaminations for preventions of inhalations of radioactive substances, and column-integrated amounts for mitigation of radiation exposure associated with wet deposition. Although NDP forecasts have ensemble spread, they commonly figure out relative risk in space and time. They are of great benefit to disseminating effective warnings to public without failure. The multi-model ensemble technique may be effective to improve the reliability.

Journal Articles

Study on loss-of-cooling and loss-of-coolant accidents in spent fuel pool, 1; Overview

Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Nagatake, Taku; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Tojo, Masayuki*; Goto, Daisuke*; Nishimura, Satoshi*; Suzuki, Hiroaki*; Yamato, Masaaki*; Watanabe, Satoshi*

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2019/05

In this research program, cladding oxidation model in SFP accident condition, and numerical simulation method to evaluate capability of spray cooling system which was deployed for spent fuel cooling during SFP accident, have been developed. These were introduced into the severe accident codes such as MAAP and SAMPSON, and SFP accident analyses were conducted. Analyses using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code were conducted as well for the comparison with SA code analyses and investigation of detail in the SFP accident. In addition, three-dimensional criticality analysis method was developed as well, and safer loading pattern of spent fuels in pool was investigated.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of TPDN/SiO$$_{2}$$-P adsorbent for MA(III) recovery

Kofuji, Hirohide; Watanabe, So; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Suzuki, Hideya; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.61 - 65, 2018/11

Journal Articles

Prediction of the drying behavior of debris in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station for dry storage

Nakayoshi, Akira; Suzuki, Seiya; Okamura, Nobuo; Watanabe, Masayuki; Koizumi, Kenji

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(10), p.1119 - 1129, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Experimental determination of the topological phase diagram in Cerium monopnictides

Kuroda, Kenta*; Ochi, Masayuki*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki*; Hirayama, Motoaki*; Nakayama, Mitsuhiro*; Noguchi, Ryo*; Bareille, C.*; Akebi, Shuntaro*; Kunisada, So*; Muro, Takayuki*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 120(8), p.086402_1 - 086402_6, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:9.9(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Countercurrent extraction/stripping experiments using TDdDGA solvent extractant in a centrifugal contactor system,2; Evaluation on the improved flowsheet for MA recovery

Kibe, Satoshi; Fujisaku, Kazuhiko*; Sakamoto, Atsushi; Sano, Yuichi; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Suzuki, Hideya; Tsubata, Yasuhiro; Matsumura, Tatsuro

JAEA-Research 2016-024, 40 Pages, 2017/02

JAEA-Research-2016-024.pdf:6.73MB

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been developing some flowsheets with TDdDGA (N,N,N,Ntetradodecyldiglycolamide) extractant to recover MA (minor actinide) from raffinate. In this study, countercurrent experiments with the improved flowsheet, e.g. the addition of alcohol into the solvent for preventing the precipitation, were performed using miniature centrifugal contactors in order to compare the extraction/stripping behavior of each element with the mixer-settler type. As a result, no entrainments were observed and sufficient phase separation was achieved by centrifugal contactors without any abnormal fluid behavior, such as overflow. The extraction and stripping of Ln(III) which show the similar tendencies as MA could be achieved successfully, especially their stripping proceeded more efficiently in centrifugal contactors. This might be due to the increase in stripping rates by improving the flowsheet and to superior phase separation performance of centrifugal contactors.

JAEA Reports

Countercurrent extraction/stripping experiments using TDdDGA solvent extractant in a centrifugal contactors system

Kibe, Satoshi; Fujisaku, Kazuhiko*; Ambai, Hiromu; Sakamoto, Atsushi; Sano, Yuichi; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Suzuki, Hideya; Tsubata, Yasuhiro; Matsumura, Tatsuro

JAEA-Research 2015-021, 40 Pages, 2016/02

JAEA-Research-2015-021.pdf:2.3MB

The flowsheet with TDdDGA extractant has been being developed for recovering MA from PUREX raffinate. In the previous study, the yields of MA and other elements in countercurrent extraction/stripping experiments using mixer-settlers were not enough for the target and it would be due to the insufficient phase (aqueous/organic) separation. In this study, we carried out countercurrent experiments with surrogate PUREX raffinate using centrifugal contactors which had superior phase separation ability, and evaluated the extraction/stripping behavior of each element. During the operation, abnormal fluid behavior, such as overflow and entrainment, was not observed, and sufficient phase separation was achieved by centrifugal contactors. Extraction behavior of lanthanides was similar to that in mixer-settlers, but their stripping efficiencies decreased. This would be due to shorter residence time in mixing zone.

Journal Articles

R&D activities of tritium technologies on Broader Approach in Phase 2-2

Isobe, Kanetsugu; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Iwai, Yasunori; Oyaizu, Makoto; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Suzuki, Takumi; Yamada, Masayuki; Edao, Yuki; Kurata, Rie; Hayashi, Takumi; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1792 - 1795, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Activities on Broader Approach (BA) were started in 2007 on the basis of the Agreement between the Government of Japan and the EURATOM. The period of BA activities consist of Phase1 and Phase2 dividing into Phase 2-1 (2010-2011), Phase 2-2 (2012-2013) and Phase 2-3 (2014-2016). Tritium technology was chosen as one of important R&D issues to develop DEMO plant. R&D activities of tritium technology on BA consist of four tasks. Task-1 is to prepare and maintain the tritium handling facility in Rokkasho BA site in Japan. Task 2, 3 and 4 are main R&D activities for tritium and these are focused on: Task-2) Development of tritium accountancy technology, Task-3) Development of basic tritium safety research, Task-4) Tritium durability test. R&D activities of tritium technology in Phase 2-2 were underway successfully and closed in 2013.

Journal Articles

Correlation between intermolecular hydrogen bonds and melting points of uranyl nitrate complexes with cyclic urea derivatives

Suzuki, Tomoya; Takao, Koichiro*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Harada, Masayuki*; Nogami, Masanobu*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

Polyhedron, 96, p.102 - 106, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:55.92(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

We have determined crystal structures of UO$$_{2}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$(${bf 0a}$)$$_{2}$$ (${bf 0a}$: 2-imidazolidone), UO$$_{2}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$(${bf 0b}$)$$_{2}$$ (${bf 0b}$: tetrahydro-2-pyrimidone) and UO$$_{2}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$(${bf 1a}$)$$_{2}$$ (${bf 1a}$: 1-methyl-2-imidazolidone) by using single crystal X-ray analysis, and examined correlations between melting points (mps) and intermolecular hydrogen bonds (HBs) of UO$$_{2}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$(CU)$$_{2}$$ (CU: cyclic urea derivatives) and UO$$_{2}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$(NRP)$$_{2}$$ (NRP: pyrrolidone derivative).

Journal Articles

On-site background measurements for the J-PARC E56 experiment; A Search for the sterile neutrino at J-PARC MLF

Ajimura, Shuhei*; Bezerra, T. J. C.*; Chauveau, E.*; Enomoto, T.*; Furuta, Hisataka*; Harada, Masahide; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hiraiwa, T.*; Igarashi, Yoichi*; Iwai, Eito*; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2015(6), p.063C01_1 - 063C01_19, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:73.55(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The J-PARC E56 experiment aims to search for sterile neutrinos at the J-PARC Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF). In order to examine the feasibility of the experiment, we measured the background rates of different detector candidate sites, which are located at the third floor of the MLF, using a detector consisting of plastic scintillators with a fiducial mass of 500 kg. The gammas and neutrons induced by the beam as well as the backgrounds from the cosmic rays were measured, and the results are described in this article.

Journal Articles

Recent progress on tritium technology research and development for a fusion reactor in Japan Atomic Energy Agency

Hayashi, Takumi; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Iwai, Yasunori; Isobe, Kanetsugu; Yamada, Masayuki; Suzuki, Takumi; Kurata, Rie; Oyaizu, Makoto; Edao, Yuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 67(2), p.365 - 370, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2013

Watanabe, Hitoshi; Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Kono, Takahiko; Inoue, Kazumi; Yoshii, Hideki*; Otani, Kazunori*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Goto, Ichiro*; Kibe, Satoshi*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2014-040, 115 Pages, 2015/01

JAEA-Review-2014-040.pdf:4.26MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai reprocessing plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and bylaw of Ibaraki prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2013. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

Journal Articles

High power laser developments with femtosecond to nanosecond pulse durations for laser shock science and engineering

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Suzuki, Masayuki*; Daito, Izuru*; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Momoko; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 42(6), p.441 - 447, 2014/06

We describe three specific high power laser systems that are being developed in our laboratory for many applications in high field science, nonlinear optics and material processing. We report on a femtosecond petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification laser system that can produce a pulse energy of 20 J of 40 fs pulse duration, a picosecond high intensity Yb:YAG chirped-pulse amplification laser system that can generate a pulse energy of 100 mJ of 0.5 ps pulse duration, and a nanosecond high repetition rate Nd:YAG laser system that can provide an average power of 360 W with a pulse duration of 30 ns delivered at a 1 kHz repetition rate. We discuss the basic design aspects and present the results from our experimental investigations of these laser systems.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2012

Sumiya, Shuichi; Watanabe, Hitoshi; Miyagawa, Naoto; Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Kono, Takahiko; Inoue, Kazumi; Yoshii, Hideki; Otani, Kazunori*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-041, 115 Pages, 2014/01

JAEA-Review-2013-041.pdf:19.01MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai reprocessing plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, and the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and bylaw of Ibaraki prefecture), this report describes the effluent control results of liquid waste discharged from the JAEA's Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories in the fiscal year 2012, from 1st April 2012 to 31st March 2013. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other facilities were much lower than the authorized limits of the above regulations.

Journal Articles

Development of high-grade VPS-tungsten coatings on F82H reduced activation steel

Tokunaga, Tomonori*; Watanabe, Hideo*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Nagasaka, Takuya*; Kasada, Ryuta*; Lee, Y.-J.*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Tokitani, Masayuki*; Mitsuhara, Masatoshi*; Hinoki, Tatsuya*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 442(1-3), p.S287 - S291, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:47.05(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of a linear motion antenna for the JT-60SA ECRF system

Moriyama, Shinichi; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Isayama, Akihiko; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Yokokura, Kenji; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hinata, Jun; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), p.935 - 939, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:60.1(Nuclear Science & Technology)

An antenna having a first mirror driven in the linear motion (LM) and a fixed second mirror was proposed for electron cyclotron range of frequency (ECRF) heating and current drive system, to minimize the risk of cooling-water-leakage. Basic mechanical feasibilities of the bellows covering the movable structures of the antenna were previously investigated using a mock-up. This time, a support structure of the shaft has been designed using a metallic sliding bearing with solid lubricant. The sliding bearing can support combination of linear and rotational motions while a ball bearing supports either linear or rotational motion. We have newly installed the sliding bearing into the mock-up. A vacuum pumping test has been carried out paying attention to the influence of the solid lubricant by mass analysis. To design the LM antenna for JT-60SA in detail, heating and current drive characteristics for typical experimental scenarios of JT-60SA has been investigated by calculation.

Journal Articles

Dual frequency ECRF system development for JT-60SA

Kobayashi, Takayuki; Isayama, Akihiko; Sawahata, Masayuki; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Wada, Kenji; Sato, Yoshikatsu; Hinata, Jun; Yokokura, Kenji; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 63(1T), p.160 - 163, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:47.05(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A dual frequency electron cyclotron range of frequency system has been developed for JT-60SA, by which a second frequency (135 $$sim$$ 140 GHz) is generated in addition to the first frequency of 110 GHz. A development of a dual frequency gyrotron is a key to realize the dual frequency system. The second frequency was chosen to be 138 GHz from the above frequency range from the viewpoint of gyrotron design. In order to realize high-power ($$>$$ 1 MW) and long-pulse operation for both frequencies, we designed main components of the gyrotron (the diamond window, cavity resonator and quasi-optical mode converter). We found the optimum parameter set from the parameters of these components, which has discrete characteristics. It was confirmed that the output power higher than 1 MW is obtained for both frequencies as a result of numerical design. Based on the above design, a dual frequency gyrotron was newly fabricated. In the conditioning operation, an output power was obtained as we expected.

Journal Articles

Fission product separation from seawater by electrocoagulation method

Kitagaki, Toru; Hoshino, Takanori; Sambommatsu, Yuji; Yano, Kimihiko; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Igarashi, Takeshi*; Suzuki, Tatsuya*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 296(2), p.975 - 979, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:60.1(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Ultra-intense, high spatio-temporal quality petawatt-class laser system and applications

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Shimomura, Takuya; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Tanoue, Manabu; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Hayashi, Yukio; et al.

Applied Sciences (Internet), 3(1), p.214 - 250, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:43.11(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

This paper reviews techniques for improving the temporal contrast and spatial beam quality in an ultra-intense laser system that is based on chirped-pulse amplification (CPA). We describe the design, performance, and characterization of our laser system, which has the potential for achieving a peak power of 600 TW. We also describe applications of the laser system in the relativistically dominant regime of laser-matter interactions and discuss a compact, high efficiency diode-pumped laser system.

260 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)