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Journal Articles

Design and actual performance of J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron for high-intensity operation

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Tani, Norio; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(9), p.1174 - 1205, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:62.84(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, the purpose of the 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) is to accelerate a 1 MW, high-intensity proton beam. To achieve beam operation at a repetition rate of 25 Hz at high intensities, the RCS was elaborately designed. After starting the RCS operation, we carefully verified the validity of its design and made certain improvements to establish a reliable operation at higher power as possible. Consequently, we demonstrated beam operation at a high power, namely, 1 MW. We then summarized the design, actual performance, and improvements of the RCS to achieve a 1 MW beam.

Journal Articles

Thermally altered subsurface material of asteroid (162173) Ryugu

Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Takagi, Yasuhiko*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Hiroi, Takahiro*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.

Nature Astronomy (Internet), 5(3), p.246 - 250, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:97.31(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Here we report observations of Ryugu's subsurface material by the Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on the Hayabusa2 spacecraft. Reflectance spectra of excavated material exhibit a hydroxyl (OH) absorption feature that is slightly stronger and peak-shifted compared with that observed for the surface, indicating that space weathering and/or radiative heating have caused subtle spectral changes in the uppermost surface. However, the strength and shape of the OH feature still suggests that the subsurface material experienced heating above 300 $$^{circ}$$C, similar to the surface. In contrast, thermophysical modeling indicates that radiative heating does not increase the temperature above 200 $$^{circ}$$C at the estimated excavation depth of 1 m, even if the semimajor axis is reduced to 0.344 au. This supports the hypothesis that primary thermal alteration occurred due to radiogenic and/or impact heating on Ryugu's parent body.

Journal Articles

JAEA activities related to the use of computer programs and databases in the nuclear field

Suzuki, Yoshio; Otani, Takayuki; Sakamoto, Kensaku; Takakura, Masahiro*; Kuwabara, Yasuhiro*

Proceedings of Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications + Monte Carlo 2020 (SNA + MC 2020), p.287 - 294, 2020/10

HPC Technology Promotion Office, Center for Computational Science and e-systems (CCSE) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is responsible for the administration of computer programs (CPs) and databases (DBs) developed in JAEA to disseminate R&D results in JAEA to the outside and improve R&D efficiency. The information of these CPs and DBs can be found using Program and Database retrieval System (PRODAS) (, which is developed by our team. Those in Japan can also obtain CPs and DBs in the nuclear field possessed in OECD NEA Data Bank (NEADB), Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) in the United States, and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). In this paper, the recent situation of possession and dispatch of CPs and DBs developed within JAEA and the frameworks to obtain and provide CPs and DBs in nuclear field worldwide are presented.

Journal Articles

The Surface composition of asteroid 162173 Ryugu from Hayabusa2 near-infrared spectroscopy

Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Arai, Takehiko*; Nakauchi, Yusuke*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.

Science, 364(6437), p.272 - 275, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:212 Percentile:99.75(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu, the target of Hayabusa2 sample return mission, is believed to be a primitive carbonaceous object. The Near Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on Hayabusa2 acquired reflectance spectra of Ryugu's surface to provide direct measurements of the surface composition and geological context for the returned samples. A weak, narrow absorption feature centered at 2.72 micron was detected across the entire observed surface, indicating that hydroxyl (OH)-bearing minerals are ubiquitous there. The intensity of the OH feature and low albedo are similar to thermally- and/or shock-metamorphosed carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. There are few variations in the OH-band position, consistent with Ryugu being a compositionally homogeneous rubble-pile object generated from impact fragments of an undifferentiated aqueously altered parent body.

JAEA Reports

Error estimation in observed acceleration data toward V&V of a seismic simulation

Suzuki, Yoshio; Iigaki, Kazuhiko

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-009, 41 Pages, 2018/09


Toward Verification & Validation (V&V) of a seismic simulation of entire nuclear plant, an approach to estimate errors included in observed acceleration data is proposed. On the comparison between simulation results and experimental/observational results in the process of V&V, errors which might be included in experimental/observational data should be estimated. It is considered that there exist following two causes for errors in observed acceleration data; measurement accuracy of an accelerometer measurement system and disturbance included in measured data. Techniques based on the specification of an accelerometer measurement system and the time series analysis are respectively adopted to estimate those errors. To clarify the actual procedure, those techniques are applied to acceleration data observed at High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) at the Oarai Research and Development Institute of Japan Atomic Energy Agency.

Journal Articles

SAS4A analysis study on the initiating phase of ATWS events for generation-IV loop-type SFR

Kubota, Ryuzaburo; Koyama, Kazuya*; Moriwaki, Hiroyuki*; Yamada, Yumi*; Shimakawa, Yoshio*; Suzuki, Toru; Kawada, Kenichi; Kubo, Shigenobu; Yamano, Hidemasa

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/04

This paper describes an analysis study on the initiating phase of the ATWS events with SAS4A in order to confirm the appropriateness of the core design for the medium-scale SFR (750MWe-1765MWt). Not using a conventional lumping method that multiple fuel sub-assemblies having a similar characteristic were assigned to one channel (representing fuel assembly in SAS4A), each channel represents only the sub-assemblies of identical operating condition. In addition, the detailed power and reactivity distribution were set reflecting the change of insertion position of control rods. Applying these detailed analysis conditions, the SAS4A analyses were performed for unprotected loss-of-flow (ULOF) and unprotected transient overpower (UTOP) during both of the nominal power and the partial power operation. As a result, more proper event progression including incoherency of events especially fuel dispersion after fuel failure was successfully evaluated and then this analysis study suggested that the power excursion with prompt criticality leading to large mechanical energy release can be prevented in the initiating phase of the current design.

Journal Articles

Investigation of error estimation method of observational data and comparison method between numerical and observational results toward V&V of seismic simulation

Suzuki, Yoshio; Kawakami, Yoshiaki*; Nakajima, Norihiro

Mechanical Engineering Reviews, 4(1), p.15-00525_1 - 15-00525_18, 2017/01

The method to estimate errors included in observational data and the method to compare numerical results with observational results are investigated toward the verification and validation (V&V) of a seismic simulation. For the method to estimate errors, it is found that errors are caused by the resolution, the linearity, the temperature coefficient for sensitivity, the temperature coefficient for zero shift, the transverse sensitivity, the seismometer property, the aliasing, and so on. Thus, it is needed to estimate errors individually for those factors and integrate them. For the method to compare numerical results with observational results, it is found that six methods have been mainly proposed in existing researches. Evaluating those methods using nine items, advantages and disadvantages for those methods are arranged. The method is not well established so that it is necessary to employ those methods by compensating disadvantages and/or to search for a solution to a novel method.

Journal Articles

Age and speciation of iodine in groundwater and mudstones of the Horonobe area, Hokkaido, Japan; Implications for the origin and migration of iodine during basin evolution

Togo, Yoko*; Takahashi, Yoshio*; Amano, Yuki; Matsuzaki, Hiroyuki*; Suzuki, Yohei*; Terada, Yasuko*; Muramatsu, Yasuyuki*; Ito, Kazumasa*; Iwatsuki, Teruki

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 191, p.165 - 186, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:66.63(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Iodine distribution, speciation, and isotope ratio ($$^{129}$$I/$$^{127}$$I) in both rock and groundwater phases were determined to investigate long-term migration of iodine in diatomaceous and siliceous shale. It was suggested that I$$^{-}$$ is released to the ground water during the progress of the maturation of organic matter. Dissociated I$$^{-}$$ could move toward the surface because of the upward water flow driven by the compaction during burial diagenetic process. Thus, iodine rich brine is created by integration of iodine released from underlying formations. Because of low affinity of I$$^{-}$$ to solid phase, released I$$^{-}$$ remains in solution phase, and the concentration of the iodine in the solution has been possibly increasing during sedimentation history.

Journal Articles

Real-time observation of rotational twin formation during molecular-beam epitaxial growth of GaAs on Si (111) by X-ray diffraction

Suzuki, Hidetoshi*; Nakata, Yuka*; Takahashi, Masamitsu; Ikeda, Kazuma*; Oshita, Yoshio*; Morohara, Osamu*; Geka, Hirotaka*; Moriyasu, Yoshitaka*

AIP Advances (Internet), 6(3), p.035303_1 - 035303_6, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:21.7(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

2016 Professional Engineer (PE) test preparation course "Nuclear and Radiation Technical Disciplines"

Takahashi, Naoki; Yoshinaka, Kazuyuki; Harada, Akio; Yamanaka, Atsushi; Ueno, Takashi; Kurihara, Ryoichi; Suzuki, Soju; Takamatsu, Misao; Maeda, Shigetaka; Iseki, Atsushi; et al.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Homu Peji (Internet), 64 Pages, 2016/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

An Illustration by the next generation numerical simulator for quake-proofing on the K

Nakajima, Norihiro; Suzuki, Yoshio; Miyamura, Hiroko; Nishida, Akemi; Kawakami, Yoshiaki; Guo, Z.; Tomiyama, Eiji*

Keisan Kogaku, 20(4), p.3338 - 3340, 2015/12

The issue 5 in the field 4 of "Monodukuri" in the HPCI strategy project is introduced. The title of the issue 5 is "research and development for the next-generation earthquake-resistant simulation of the large plants such as nuclear energy facilities". The illustration intends for a high temperature engineering examination research reactor. Implementation of FIESTA (Finite Element Analysis for Structure of Assembly) on K is described by reporting its efficiency and performance. To show a result of the numerical analysis, a visualization technique for the big data was described.

Journal Articles

Direct observation of strain in InAs quantum dots and cap layer during molecular beam epitaxial growth using ${{it in situ}}$ X-ray diffraction

Shimomura, Kenichi*; Suzuki, Hidetoshi*; Sasaki, Takuo; Takahashi, Masamitsu; Oshita, Yoshio*; Kamiya, Itaru*

Journal of Applied Physics, 118(18), p.185303_1 - 185303_7, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:40.3(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

${it In situ}$ three-dimensional X-ray reciprocal-space mapping of InGaAs multilayer structures grown on GaAs(001) by MBE

Sasaki, Takuo; Takahashi, Masamitsu; Suzuki, Hidetoshi*; Oshita, Yoshio*; Yamaguchi, Masafumi*

Journal of Crystal Growth, 425, p.13 - 15, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:30.95(Crystallography)

Journal Articles

Time domain response analysis for assembly by integrating components

Nakajima, Norihiro; Nishida, Akemi; Kawakami, Yoshiaki; Suzuki, Yoshio; Matsukawa, Keisuke*; Oshima, Masami*; Izuchi, Hisao*

Transactions of 23rd International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMiRT-23) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2015/08

The digital shaking table is introduced to carry out numerical experiments for the so called STRUCTURE of a petroleum plant. In numerical experiments, STRUCTURE was precisely modelled as it is designed and meshed into fine finite elements. The components of STRUCTURE were meshed one by one, and the code of a finite element analysis for structure of assembly gathered every meshed components to run time domain response analysis. Four waves are applied to the analysis to determine its behaviour. Four waves are namely as El Centro, Taft, Hachinohe, and Geiyo. The results of experiments are discussed by comparing accumulating data in the past. It is concluded to reconfirm the methodology of gathering meshed components and a finite element analysis for structure of assembly with the STRUCTURE.

Journal Articles

Nondestructive elemental depth-profiling analysis by muonic X-ray measurement

Ninomiya, Kazuhiko*; Kubo, Kenya*; Nagatomo, Takashi*; Higemoto, Wataru; Ito, Takashi; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Strasser, P.*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Suzuki, Takao*; et al.

Analytical Chemistry, 87(9), p.4597 - 4600, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:61.31(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Numerical modeling assistance system in finite element analysis for the structure of an assembly

Nakajima, Norihiro; Nishida, Akemi; Kawakami, Yoshiaki; Suzuki, Yoshio; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Iigaki, Kazuhiko

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2015/05

A numerical analysis controlling and managing system is implemented on K, which controls the modelling process and data treating, although the manager only controls a structural analysis by finite element method. The modeling process is described by the list of function ID and its procedures in a data base. The manager executes the process by order in the list for simulation procedures. The manager controls the intention of an analysis by changing the analytical process one to another. Experiments were carried out with static and dynamic analyses.

Journal Articles

2-dimentional visualization technique for exploring region of interest in 4-dimensional data

Miyamura, Hiroko; Kawamura, Takuma; Suzuki, Yoshio; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Takemiya, Hiroshi

Joho Shori Gakkai Rombunshi, 55(9), p.2216 - 2224, 2014/09

In numerical simulations, variations of calculation results with respect to a variable axis are often observed. When the target model is given in 3D, the simulation results become 4D. Such a multi-dimensional dataset given in more than 4D space is analyzed by detailed explorations of regions of interest (ROIs) in multi-dimensional space. However, for high-dimensional and large-scale datasets, this approach requires enormous processing time and effort, and may have difficulty in capturing all the ROIs. Therefore, we propose a technique that is based on a concept of spatiotemporal image. In our technique, a space axis is created by octree, a variable axis is defined in the direction perpendicular to the space axis. Our technique is applied to the results of 3D seismic simulations of a nuclear plant, and regions with characteristic frequency responses of each region are analyzed. Through the analyses, it is demonstrated that our technique can effectively capture ROIs from 4D datasets.

Journal Articles

Development of numerical modeling assistance system for finite element analysis

Nakajima, Norihiro; Nishida, Akemi; Kawakami, Yoshiaki; Suzuki, Yoshio

Nihon Kikai Gakkai Dai-24-Kai Sekkei Kogaku, Shisutemu Bumon Koenkai Koen Rombunshu (USB Flash Drive), 9 Pages, 2014/09

In this paper, a numerical analysis's controlling and managing system is suggested, which controls the modelling process and data treating for structural robustness, although a numerical analysis's manager only controls a structural analysis by finite element method. The modeling process is described by the list of function ID and its procedures in a data base. The analytical modeling manager executes the process by order of the lists for simulation procedures. The manager controls the intention of an analysis by changing the analytical process one to another. Modeling process was experimentally found that may subject to the intention of designing index. In the numerical experiments, K, supercomputer is utilized by using parallel computing resource with the controlling and managing system.

JAEA Reports

Investigation of the site selection examples adopted local participation; The Site selection processes in Belgium, UK and Switzerland

Kageyama, Hitoshi; Suzuki, Shinji; Hirose, Ikuro; Yoshioka, Tatsuji

JAEA-Review 2014-019, 79 Pages, 2014/06


In late years, local participation policies are being adopted in foreign countries at site selection for the disposal of the radioactive waste. We performed documents investigation about the examples of the site selection processes of Belgium, the U.K., and Switzerland to establish the site selection policy in Japan. Reviewing the merits and demerits of each example through this investigation, we confirmed if we are to adopt local participation policy in our country in future, further prudent study would be necessary, considering current and future social conditions in Japan.

Journal Articles

Real-time observation of crystallographic tilting InGaAs layers on GaAs offcut substrates

Nishi, Toshiaki*; Sasaki, Takuo; Ikeda, Kazuma*; Suzuki, Hidetoshi*; Takahashi, Masamitsu; Shimomura, Kenichi*; Kojima, Nobuaki*; Oshita, Yoshio*; Yamaguchi, Masafumi*

AIP Conference Proceedings 1556, p.14 - 17, 2013/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01

319 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)