Refine your search:     
Report No.
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 147

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...


Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

High-sensitive XANES analysis at Ce L$$_{2}$$-edge for Ce in bauxites using transition-edge sensors; Implications for Ti-rich geological samples

Li, W.*; Yamada, Shinya*; Hashimoto, Tadashi; Okumura, Takuma*; Hayakawa, Ryota*; Nitta, Kiyofumi*; Sekizawa, Oki*; Suga, Hiroki*; Uruga, Tomoya*; Ichinohe, Yuto*; et al.

Analytica Chimica Acta, 1240, p.340755_1 - 340755_9, 2023/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of beam window protection unit for J-PARC Linac

Takahashi, Hiroki; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.300 - 304, 2023/01

At J-PARC Linac, some beam dumps (BDs) are used for beam conditioning and study. A beam window is installed in the beamlines of each BD. A beam window protection system has been installed in the Linac 0-deg BD after a trouble with the beam window in 2018. However, the current system has not proved to be fully functional for future beam upgrade plan and etc. Then, we started to develop a beam window protection unit with a new function to measure the beam in real time and to inhibit the beam even in the middle of a beam pulse. In this paper, the details and performance of the developed beam window protection unit will be described.

Journal Articles

Reducing the effect of noise generated from stepper motor for H0 collimator in J-PARC RCS

Fujiyama, Hiroki*; Takahashi, Hiroki; Okabe, Kota; Ito, Yuichi*; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Suzuki, Takahiro*; Otsu, Satoru*; Yamakawa, Ryuto*

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.529 - 531, 2023/01

Stepper motors are used for mechanical drive in collimators and wire scanner monitors of J-PARC accelerators. Many of these drive unit hardware have been used since the beginning of J-PARC construction, and it is necessary to take measures against aging deterioration. Therefore, we started updating the motor and control system from around 2017. However, when the stepper motor was updated to the current product in the RCS H0 collimator, a malfunction occurred. This is because the drive unit control system cannot correctly recognize the state of the LS (limit switch) due to the noise generated by the motor driver, which hinders the operation. When the noise generated from the old and new stepper motors was measured in a simple test environment for confirmation, it was found that the current product was clearly larger. As a countermeasure, when the wiring of the stepper motor, which was bundled in a single multi-core cable, was separated into separate cables for the power system and LS signal system, the noise level was reduced to about 1/10 and normal operation was restored. I was able to. In this case, we report on noise countermeasures for the RCS H0 collimator drive unit.

Journal Articles

Design and actual performance of J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron for high-intensity operation

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Tani, Norio; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(9), p.1174 - 1205, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:71.47(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, the purpose of the 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) is to accelerate a 1 MW, high-intensity proton beam. To achieve beam operation at a repetition rate of 25 Hz at high intensities, the RCS was elaborately designed. After starting the RCS operation, we carefully verified the validity of its design and made certain improvements to establish a reliable operation at higher power as possible. Consequently, we demonstrated beam operation at a high power, namely, 1 MW. We then summarized the design, actual performance, and improvements of the RCS to achieve a 1 MW beam.

Journal Articles

Radiocesium-bearing microparticles cause a large variation in $$^{137}$$Cs activity concentration in the aquatic insect ${it Stenopsyche marmorata}$ (Tricoptera: Stenopsychidae) in the Ota River, Fukushima, Japan

Ishii, Yumiko*; Miura, Hikaru*; Jo, J.*; Tsuji, Hideki*; Saito, Rie; Koarai, Kazuma; Hagiwara, Hiroki; Urushidate, Tadayuki*; Nishikiori, Tatsuhiro*; Wada, Toshihiro*; et al.

PLOS ONE (Internet), 17(5), p.e0268629_1 - e0268629_17, 2022/05

We investigated the variability in $$^{137}$$Cs activity concentration in individual aquatic insects in detritivorous caddisfly (${it Stenopsyche marmorata}$) and carnivorous dobsonfly (${it Protohermes grandis}$) larvae from the Ota River, Fukushima. Caddisfly larvae showed sporadically higher radioactivity, whereas no such outliers were observed in dobsonfly larvae. Autoradiography and scanning electron microscopy analyses confirmed that these caddisfly larvae samples contained radiocesium-bearing microparticles (CsMPs), which are insoluble Cs-bearing silicate glass particles. CsMPs were also found in potential food sources of caddisfly larvae, such as periphyton and drifting particulate organic matter, indicating that larvae may ingest CsMPs along with food particles of similar size. Although CsMPs distribution and uptake by organisms in freshwater ecosystems is relatively unknown, our study demonstrates that CsMPs can be taken up by aquatic insects.

JAEA Reports

Separation/removal of steel surface coating film by laser cleaning

Yamane, Ikumi; Takahashi, Nobuo; Sawayama, Kengo; Nishiwaki, Hiroki; Matsumoto, Takashi; Ogawa, Jumpei; Nomura, Mitsuo; Arima, Tatsumi*

JAEA-Technology 2021-038, 18 Pages, 2022/02


We have dismantled uranium enrichment facilities in Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center since their operation finished in 2001, and the total amount of metallic wastes is estimated to be about 130 thousand tons. Eighty percent of them can be disposed as nonradioactive waste (NR), but there are some steel parts possibly uranium-contaminated. We need removing painted surface of such steels and radiologically surveying to dispose them as NRs. Though painted surfaces have been conventionally removed through hand working with grinders, this manual work requires installation of green house, protective clothing, and full-face mask, in order to prevent dispersion and inhalation of airborne dusts. We desire further developments of surface cleaning techniques to reduce time, cost, workload, and secondary waste generation caused by excessive grinding. Therefore, in this study, we focused on the laser cleaning technology used for the separation and removal of paint films at construction sites. In order to improve the coating separation and removal technology for NR objects, we evaluated the coating separation and removal performance of NR steel surface by laser cleaning system, observed the coating scattering behavior by high-speed camera and investigated the coating recovery method, evaluated the laser separation and removal performance of steel surface powder, and thermodynamically evaluated the uranium compounds on steel surface. We additionally evaluated the feasibility of laser cleaning techniques in our works basing on these results, and discussed future work plans for further developments of laser cleaning techniques.

Journal Articles

Update of MPS modules for J-PARC linac and RCS, 2

Takahashi, Hiroki; Suzuki, Takahiro*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*; Ito, Yuichi*

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.914 - 917, 2021/10

In the event of an abnormal situation, a machine protection system (MPS) that immediately inhibits the beam is indispensable to minimize the damage and the radioactivation by beam loss. The existing MPS was developed during the construction period, and there are many MPS modules that have been used from the beginning of J-PARC operation, Therefore, as a measure against aging, we started designing, manufacturing and updating the new MPS module in 2018. In this paper, the specifications and the results of performance test about the newly designed and manufactured the MPS signal aggregation module and the E/O converter module will be described.

Journal Articles

Development of next-generation timing system for the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Tamura, Fumihiko; Takahashi, Hiroki; Kamikubota, Norihiko*; Ito, Yuichi*; Hayashi, Naoki

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 68(8), p.2043 - 2050, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

A precise and stable timing system is necessary for high intensity proton accelerators such as the J-PARC. The existing timing system, which was developed during the construction period of the-PARC, has been working without major issues since 2006. After a decade of operation, the optical modules, which are key components for signal transfer, were discontinued already. Thus, the next-generation timing system for the J-PARC is under development. The new system is designed to be compatible with the existing system in terms of the operating principle. The new system utilizes modern high speed signal communication for the transfer of the clock, trigger, and type code. We present the system configuration of the next-generation timing system and current status.

Journal Articles

Fundamental study on scheduling of inspection process for fast reactor plants

Suzuki, Masaaki*; Ito, Mari*; Hashidate, Ryuta; Takahashi, Keita; Yada, Hiroki; Takaya, Shigeru

2020 9th International Congress on Advanced Applied Informatics (IIAI-AAI 2020), p.797 - 801, 2021/07

Journal Articles

Polarization analysis for small-angle neutron scattering with a $$^{3}$$He spin filter at a pulsed neutron source

Okudaira, Takuya; Ueda, Yuki; Hiroi, Kosuke; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takata, Shinichi; Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Junichi*; Takahashi, Shingo*; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.548 - 556, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Neutron polarization analysis (NPA) for small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments using a pulsed neutron source was successfully achieved by applying a $$^{3}$$He spin filter as a spin analyzer for the scattered neutrons. The $$^{3}$$He spin filter covers a sufficient solid angle for performing SANS experiments, and the relaxation time of the $$^{3}$$He polarization is sufficient for continuous use over a few days, thus reaching the typical duration required for a complete set of SANS experiments. Although accurate evaluation of the incoherent neutron scattering, which is predominantly attributable to hydrogen atoms in samples, is practically difficult using calculations based on the sample elemental composition, the developed NPA approach with consideration of the influence of multiple neutron scattering enabled reliable decomposition of the SANS intensity distribution into the coherent and incoherent scattering components. To date, NPA has not been well established as a standard technique for SANS experiments at pulsed neutron sources. This work is anticipated to greatly contribute to the accurate determination of the coherent neutron scattering component for scatterers in various types of organic sample systems in SANS experiments at J-PARC.

Journal Articles

Recent status & improvements of the RCS vacuum system

Kamiya, Junichiro; Kotoku, Hirofumi; Hikichi, Yusuke*; Takahashi, Hiroki; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Wada, Kaoru*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011023_1 - 011023_6, 2021/03

The vacuum system is the key for the stable high power beam operation in J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS), because the gas molecules in the beam line make the beam loss due to the scattering. The more than 10 years operation of the RCS vacuum system showed that the ultra-high vacuum (UHV) has been stably maintained by the several developments. The challenges for lower beam line pressure will exist in a future operation with higher beam power. For such challenge, a TMP with a rotor of titanium alloy, which have much higher mechanical strength than aluminum allow for the normal rotter, has been developed. Overcoming the difficulties of the machining performance of the titanium alloy rotor was successfully manufactured. We will report the summary of the 10 years operation of the RCS vacuum system and the incoming developments towards the XHV.

Journal Articles

Monitoring system of number of particles in J-PARC Linac and RCS

Takahashi, Hiroki; Sawabe, Yuki; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*; Sakaki, Hironao*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011014_1 - 011014_6, 2021/03

In J-PARC Linac and RCS, beam operation that does not exceed the allowable (limit) amount of integrated particles per hour must be performed. Then, to measure and monitor the integrated particles for each beam destination, the monitoring system of number of particles was developed. In this system, in order to monitor the number of particles correctly and reliably, it is indispensable to eliminate the mistake (error) of beam current measurement. Therefore, we have developed a particle counter that measures the number of particles correctly and reliably at a 25 Hz period by supervising the timing signals for beam measurement. In this paper, the functions of the monitoring system of number of particles will be described focusing on the timing signal supervising function of the particle counter.

Journal Articles

Thermally altered subsurface material of asteroid (162173) Ryugu

Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Takagi, Yasuhiko*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Hiroi, Takahiro*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.

Nature Astronomy (Internet), 5(3), p.246 - 250, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:96.73(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Here we report observations of Ryugu's subsurface material by the Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on the Hayabusa2 spacecraft. Reflectance spectra of excavated material exhibit a hydroxyl (OH) absorption feature that is slightly stronger and peak-shifted compared with that observed for the surface, indicating that space weathering and/or radiative heating have caused subtle spectral changes in the uppermost surface. However, the strength and shape of the OH feature still suggests that the subsurface material experienced heating above 300 $$^{circ}$$C, similar to the surface. In contrast, thermophysical modeling indicates that radiative heating does not increase the temperature above 200 $$^{circ}$$C at the estimated excavation depth of 1 m, even if the semimajor axis is reduced to 0.344 au. This supports the hypothesis that primary thermal alteration occurred due to radiogenic and/or impact heating on Ryugu's parent body.

Journal Articles

Origin of magnetovolume effect in a cobaltite

Miao, P.*; Tan, Z.*; Lee, S. H.*; Ishikawa, Yoshihisa*; Torii, Shuki*; Yonemura, Masao*; Koda, Akihiro*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Machida, Shinichi*; Sano, Asami; et al.

Physical Review B, 103(9), p.094302_1 - 094302_18, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The layered perovskite PrBaCo$$_{2}$$O$$_{5.5}$$ demonstrates a strong negative thermal expansion (NTE) which holds potential for being fabricated into composites with zero thermal expansion. The NTE was found to be intimately associated with the spontaneous magnetic ordering, known as magneto-volume effect (MVE). Here we report with compelling evidences that the continuous-like MVE in PrBaCo$$_{2}$$O$$_{5.5}$$ is intrinsically of discontinuous character, originating from an magnetoelectric transition from an antiferromagnetic insulating large-volume (AFILV) phase to a ferromagnetic less-insulating small-volume (FLISV) phase. Furthermore, the magnetoelectric effect (ME) shows high sensitivity to multiple external stimuli such as temperature, carrier doping, hydrostatic pressure, magnetic field etc. In contrast to the well-known ME such as colossal magnetoresistance and multi-ferroic effect which involve symmetry breaking of crystal structure, the ME in the cobaltite is purely isostructural. Our discovery provides a new path way to realizing the ME as well as the NTE, which may find applications in new techniques.

Journal Articles

Proposal of maintenance rationalization for next-generation fast reactors based on the analysis of the prolonged maintenance of the prototype fast-breeder reactor in Japan, "Monju", 1; Analysis of plant schedule of "Monju" in cold shutdown

Hashidate, Ryuta; Toyota, Kodai; Takahashi, Keita; Yada, Hiroki; Takaya, Shigeru

Hozengaku, 19(4), p.115 - 122, 2021/01

In order to improve both safety and economic efficiency of a nuclear power plant, it is necessary to realize rational maintenance based on characteristics of the plant. The prototype fast-breeder reactor in Japan, Monju, spent most of the year for the maintenance. Thus, it is important to identify causes of the prolonged maintenance of Monju and to investigate countermeasures for implementation of rational maintenance of next-generation fast reactors. In this study, the authors investigated the causes of the prolonged maintenance of Monju during reactor cold shutdown based on the plant schedule of Monju. In addition, we proposed the maintenance optimization idea for next-generation fast reactors to solve the revealed issues.

Journal Articles

Towards widespread use of MTCA in accelerators

Tamura, Fumihiko; Yoshii, Masahito*; Kamikubota, Norihiko*; Takahashi, Hiroki

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.68 - 72, 2020/09

MTCA (MicroTCA) is expected to be the next generation platform for advanced control in accelerators. MTCA has many advantages over the widely used VMEs, such as high speed, large data transfer capacity, and high maintainability with hot-swappable modules. After the application to the LLRF control system at KEK, MTCA has been used in many accelerators around the world, while it takes a long time for MTCA to spread to the accelerators in Japan. Recently, the number of large-scale adoptions such as the LLRF control system, for the J-PARC RCS has been increasing. In this article, we introduce a case study of MTCA adoption and discuss why MTCA has not been widely used in Japan. Also, the efforts for the future promotion of MTCA in Japan are reported.

Journal Articles

Machine status monitoring system for J-PARC RCS

Takahashi, Hiroki; Sawabe, Yuki*; Watanabe, Kazuhiko*

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.275 - 279, 2020/09

The amount of monitor value (operation information) tends to increase, because of the increase of accelerator components, or in order to realize the safety and the stable operation. Then, an enormous volume of operation data increases the possibility of occurrence of erroneous operation such as overlooking of monitor value and etc. In order to ensure the safe and stable operation of the J-PARC accelerator, the occurrence of such human error is alarming. Therefore, for the purpose of operation support, we started designing and producing a system that monitors the machine status and detects alarm status from 2017. First, for Linac, we designed and produced a function to detect the alarm status based on the set value. Next, this function was applied to the machine status monitoring system for RCS. In addition, we are designing and developing functions to detect the alarm status based on the reference value or fixed value, for the purpose of detecting setting errors due to human error. In this paper, the current status and future plans of machine status monitoring system for J-PARC RCS are presented.

Journal Articles

Development of a beam window protection system for the J-PARC Linac

Takahashi, Hiroki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Sawabe, Yuki; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*; Suzuki, Takahiro*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012142_1 - 012142_5, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

At the J-PARC Linac, beam conditioning and study are performed using beam dumps (BDs). To be a partition with the high vacuum section, a beam window (material Ni, 0.38 mm thick, mirror-shape) is installed upstream of the BD along the beam line. Beams that can be accepted by the beam window are about 1/50 or less of rated beam according to thermal evaluation and experience. Therefore, when using a beam dump, it is necessary not to exceed this tolerance. In a 2018 beam study, the beam e that exceeded tolerance was incident on the 0-degree dump due to human error, and the beam window was cracked. Then, this has revealed the need for protection of the beam window by hardware. Therefore, based on the existing system for monitoring the per-hour beam amount, we began to develop a system to monitor one shot beam and one second beam amount. And, we succeeded in implementing a system that protects the beam window by monitoring the beam in a short time (one shot, and for one second). In addition, the performance tests using actual beams were performed, and it was confirmed that the developed system had sufficient performance requirements to protect the beam window.

Journal Articles

Next generation timing system for J-PARC

Tamura, Fumihiko; Takahashi, Hiroki; Kamikubota, Norihiko*; Ito, Yuichi; Hayashi, Naoki

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.149 - 152, 2019/07

Precise timing pulses from the timing system are necessary for acceleration of high intensity proton beams in the J-PARC accelerators. The existing timing system was developed during the construction period of the J-PARC. The system has been working well for more than ten years, however, the optical modules for the signal transfer from the central control building to the accelerators are discontinued already. Although we have spares of the optical devices, maintenance of the system will be difficult. Therefore, we are developing the next generation timing system for the J-PARC. We present the design of the system, preliminary test results, and future plans.

147 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)