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Journal Articles

1.2-MW-equivalent high-intensity beam tests in J-PARC RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011018_1 - 011018_6, 2021/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of the bunch-shape monitor for the high-intensity proton beam

Kitamura, Ryo; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Hayashi, Naoki; Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Kosaka, Satoshi*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Nemoto, Yasuo*; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.251 - 253, 2020/09

A bunch-shape monitor (BSM) in the low-energy region is being developed in the J-PARC linac to accelerate the high-intensity proton beam with the low emittance. A highly-oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) was introduced as the target of the BSM to mitigate the thermal loading. The stable measurement of the BSM was realized thanks to the HOPG target, while the tungsten target was broken by the thermal loading from the high-intensity beam. However, since the longitudinal distribution measured with the BSM using the HOPG target was wider than the expected one, the improvement of tuning parameters is necessary for the BSM. The BSM consists of an electron multiplier, a bending magnet, and a radio-frequency deflector, which should be tuned appropriately. Behavior of these components were investigated and tuned. The longitudinal distribution measured with the BSM after the tuning was consistent with the expected one.

Journal Articles

J-PARC 3-GeV RCS; 1-MW beam operation and beyond

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 15(7), p.P07022_1 - P07022_16, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Next generation timing system for J-PARC

Tamura, Fumihiko; Takahashi, Hiroki; Kamikubota, Norihiko*; Ito, Yuichi; Hayashi, Naoki

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.149 - 152, 2019/07

Precise timing pulses from the timing system are necessary for acceleration of high intensity proton beams in the J-PARC accelerators. The existing timing system was developed during the construction period of the J-PARC. The system has been working well for more than ten years, however, the optical modules for the signal transfer from the central control building to the accelerators are discontinued already. Although we have spares of the optical devices, maintenance of the system will be difficult. Therefore, we are developing the next generation timing system for the J-PARC. We present the design of the system, preliminary test results, and future plans.

Journal Articles

Recent progress of the J-PARC RCS beam commissioning and operation; Efforts to realize a higher beam power beyond 1 MW

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.574 - 578, 2019/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Bunch shape monitor for the high-intensity H$$^{-}$$ beam with 3 MeV using the carbon material

Kitamura, Ryo; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Hayashi, Naoki; Hirano, Koichiro; Kosaka, Satoshi*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Nemoto, Yasuo*; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.51 - 54, 2019/07

The longitudinal measurement and tuning at the beam transport after the RFQ are important to reduce the beam loss and the emittance growth in the J-PARC linac, when the high-intensity H$$^{-}$$ beam of more than 60 mA is supplied. The new bunch shape monitor (BSM) using the carbon-nanotube (CNT) wire is necessary to measure the bunch shape of the high-intensity H$$^{-}$$ beam with 3 MeV, because the CNT wire has a high-temperature tolerance and a small energy deposit. However, when the high voltage was applied to the CNT wire to extract the secondary electron derived, the discharge prevents the power supply from applying the voltage. Therefore, the discharge should be suppressed to measure the bunch shape with stability. Considering the characteristics of the CNT as the emitter, when the length of the CNT wire was short, the high voltage of -10 kV was applied to the CNT wire. The current status and future prospects of the BSM using the CNT wire are reported in this presentation.

Journal Articles

Development of the bunch shape monitor using the carbon-nano tube wire

Kitamura, Ryo; Hayashi, Naoki; Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Oguri, Hidetomo; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Otani, Masashi*; Kosaka, Satoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '19) (Internet), p.2543 - 2546, 2019/06

A bunch shape monitor (BSM) is one of the important instruments to measure the longitudinal phase space distribution. For example in the J-PARC linac, three BSMs using the tungsten wire are installed at the ACS section to measure the bunch shapes between the accelerating cavities. However, this conventional BSM is hard to measure the bunch shape of H$$^{-}$$ beam with 3 MeV at the beam transport between the RFQ and DTL sections, because the wire is broken around the center region of the beam. The new BSM using the carbon-nano-tube (CNT) wire is being developed to be able to measure the bunch shape of the H$$^{-}$$ beam with 3 MeV. The careful attention should be paid to apply the high voltage of $$-$$10 kV to the CNT wire. The several measures are taken to suppress the discharge from the wire and operate the CNT-BSM. This presentation reports the current status of the development and future prospective for the CNT-BSM.

Journal Articles

ORBIT simulation, measurement and mitigation of transverse beam instability in the presence of strong space charge in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC

Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Tamura, Fumihiko

Proceedings of 9th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '18) (Internet), p.620 - 623, 2018/06

Journal Articles

Simulation, measurement, and mitigation of beam instability caused by the kicker impedance in the 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 21(2), p.024203_1 - 024203_20, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:37.31(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Beam-based compensation of extracted-beam displacement caused by field ringing of pulsed kicker magnets in the 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Harada, Hiroyuki; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Meigo, Shinichiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hasegawa, Kazuo

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2017(9), p.093G01_1 - 093G01_16, 2017/09

AA2017-0286.pdf:4.64MB

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) of the J-PARC is a high intensity proton accelerator of 1 MW. The accelerated proton beams in the RCS are extracted by eight pulsed kicker magnets and are delivered to a materials and life science experimental facility and main ring synchrotron. However, the fields of the magnets experience ringing that displaces the position of the extracted beam. This is a major issue from the viewpoint of target integrity and large beam loss. The ringing was directly measured as the displacement of the extracted beams by using a shorter pulsed beam and scanning the entire trigger timing of the kickers. We managed to cancel out the ringing by optimizing trigger timing and achieved the beam extraction with high accuracy. We developed automatic correction system of the timing and now have a higher stability. In this paper, we report our procedure and experimental results for ringing compensation.

Journal Articles

Achievement of a low-loss 1-MW beam operation in the 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kato, Shinichi; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; et al.

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 20(6), p.060402_1 - 060402_25, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:14.28(Physics, Nuclear)

The 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is the world's highest class of high-power pulsed proton driver, aiming for an output beam power of 1 MW. The most important issues in realizing such a high-power beam operation are to control and minimize beam loss for maintaining machine activations within permissible levels. In RCS, numerical simulation was successfully utilized along with experimental approaches to isolate the mechanism of beam loss and find its solution. By iteratively performing actual beam experiments and numerical simulations, and also by several hardware improvements, we have recently established a 1-MW beam operation with very low fractional beam loss of a couple of 10$$^{-3}$$. In this paper, our recent efforts toward realizing such a low-loss high-intensity beam acceleration are presented.

Journal Articles

Research on vitrification technology to immobilize radioactive sludge generated from Fukushima Daiichi Power Plant; Enhanced glass medium

Amamoto, Ippei; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Kitamura, Naoto*; Takebe, Hiromichi*; Mitamura, Naoki*; Tsuzuki, Tatsuya*; Fukayama, Daigen*; Nagano, Yuichi*; Jantzen, T.*; Hack, K.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(10), p.1467 - 1475, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:84.49(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The iron phosphate glass (IPG) medium is known to be a high-efficiency glass medium, therefore we try to evaluate its applicability to immobilize sludge bearing radioactive nuclides arising from treatment of contaminated water at the stricken Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. For this study, many physical and chemical properties of target materials are necessary to evaluate the behaviours of IPG medium and its waste forms. Inevitably, it will entail the need for many and varied types of experiments to be carried out under high temperature. It is therefore rational to apply appropriate theoretical analysis first so as to reduce the number of experimental run. For this reason, some necessary thermodynamic values for theoretical analysis were estimated by CALPHAD approach followed by making up the calculated phase diagrams. By comparison with experimental results, they were found to be reliable for evaluating the behaviours of IPG medium and its waste forms.

Journal Articles

Simulation studies and measurements of beam instabilities caused by the kicker impedance at high intensities in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC

Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Nomura, Masahiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 7th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '16) (Internet), p.589 - 591, 2016/06

Journal Articles

Improvement of the vacuum pressure of the bunch shape monitor at J-PARC linac

Miyao, Tomoaki*; Miura, Akihiko; Kawane, Yusuke; Tamura, Jun; Nemoto, Yasuo; Ao, Hiroyuki*; Hayashi, Naoki; Oguri, Hidetomo; Ouchi, Nobuo; Mayama, Minoru*; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1338 - 1341, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of bunch shape monitor at J-PARC Linac

Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Kawane, Yusuke; Tamura, Jun; Nemoto, Yasuo; Hayashi, Naoki; Fukuoka, Shota*; Mayama, Minoru*; Miura, Akihiko; Miyao, Tomoaki*

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1246 - 1250, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study of annealing effect on crystal and local structures of doped zirconia using multi probe

Ito, Takanori*; Mori, Masashi*; Inukai, Manabu*; Nitani, Hiroaki*; Yamamoto, Takashi*; Miyanaga, Takashi*; Igawa, Naoki; Kitamura, Naoto*; Ishida, Naoya*; Idemoto, Yasushi*

Photon Factory News, 33(1), p.18 - 24, 2015/05

The effect of the annealing on the crystal and local structures of doped zirconia was investigated by multi-probe technique using synchrotron X-ray and neutron diffraction, and first principles calculation. It was revealed that the annealing process enhances the periodic distortion of some zirconia compounds by Rietveld/ maximum entropy methods applied to the SR-X-ray and neutron diffractions. In addition, the combined X-ray absorption spectroscopy and first-principles calculations results showed the ZrO$$_{8}$$ polyhedra in zirconia were distorted by the annealing. Those results indicate that the degradation of oxide ionic conductivity by the annealing was related to the periodic distortion in zirconia.

Journal Articles

Effect of annealing on crystal and local structures of doped zirconia using experimental and computational methods

Ito, Takanori*; Mori, Masashi*; Inukai, Manabu*; Nitani, Hiroaki*; Yamamoto, Takashi*; Miyanaga, Takashi*; Igawa, Naoki; Kitamura, Naoto*; Ishida, Naoya*; Idemoto, Yasushi*

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119(16), p.8447 - 8458, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:54.48(Chemistry, Physical)

The effects of the annealing process on the crystal and local structures of the doped zirconia were investigated by Rietveld refinements of synchrotron X-ray and neutron diffraction, maximum entropy method (MEM), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and first principles calculation (FPC). This study reveals that the crystal structures of the sintered and annealed ((Zr$$_{0.85}$$Y$$_{0.15}$$)O$$_{2}$$ and (Zr$$_{0.81}$$Sc$$_{0.18}$$Ce$$_{0.01}$$)O$$_{2}$$) are cubic with the space ${it Fm}$-3${it m}$ having large atomic displacement parameters (${it U}$). For the annealed (Zr$$_{0.85}$$Y$$_{0.15}$$)O$$_{2}$$, the ${it U}$ values reduce, and the electrons around the Zr/oxide ion sites gather at the center of each site. On the other hand, the annealed (Zr$$_{0.81}$$Sc$$_{0.18}$$Ce$$_{0.01}$$)O$$_{2}$$ shows the opposite tendency to that of the annealed (Zr$$_{0.85}$$Y$$_{0.15}$$)O$$_{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Containment of radioactive waste to glass; "Iron phasphate glass" for radioactive waste treatment

Tsuzuki, Tatsuya*; Mitamura, Naoki*; Amamoto, Ippei

Shakai, Kankyo Hokokusho 2014 (Internet), p.6 - 7, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High intensity beam trial of up to 540 kW in J-PARC RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; et al.

Proceedings of 4th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '13) (Internet), p.3836 - 3838, 2014/07

In November 2012, we have performed a high intensity beam trial of up to 540 kW. The beam loss for 540 kW intensity beam was well reduced from 30% to 2% by injection painting. This remaining beam loss of 2%, arising from foil scattering and 100-kHz field ripple induced by injection bump field, corresponds to 650 W in power, which is still less than 1/6 of the current collimator capability of 4 kW. The numerical simulation well reproduced the experimental results. Accelerator modelling and quantitative benchmarking between experiment and numerical simulation becomes feasible. The numerical simulation very much helped us to understand the mechanism of observed beam loss. Also several beam loss mitigation ideas were proposed with a help of numerical simulation and verified by experiment.

Journal Articles

Comparison between measurements and ORBIT code simulations for beam instabilities due to kicker impedance in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC

Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu

Proceedings of 5th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '14) (Internet), p.1683 - 1685, 2014/07

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