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JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2020

Nakada, Akira; Nakano, Masanao; Kanai, Katsuta; Seya, Natsumi; Nishimura, Shusaku; Nemoto, Masashi; Tobita, Keiji; Futagawa, Kazuo; Yamada, Ryohei; Uchiyama, Rei; et al.

JAEA-Review 2021-062, 163 Pages, 2022/02

JAEA-Review-2021-062.pdf:2.87MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2020 to March 2021. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. (the trade name was changed to Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. on April 1, 2016) in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2019

Nakano, Masanao; Fujii, Tomoko; Nemoto, Masashi; Tobita, Keiji; Seya, Natsumi; Nishimura, Shusaku; Hosomi, Kenji; Nagaoka, Mika; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Matsubara, Natsumi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2020-069, 163 Pages, 2021/02

JAEA-Review-2020-069.pdf:4.78MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2019 to March 2020. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. (the trade name was changed to Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. on April 1, 2016) in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2018

Nakano, Masanao; Fujii, Tomoko; Nemoto, Masashi; Tobita, Keiji; Kono, Takahiko; Hosomi, Kenji; Nishimura, Shusaku; Matsubara, Natsumi; Maehara, Yushi; Narita, Ryosuke; et al.

JAEA-Review 2019-048, 165 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Review-2019-048.pdf:2.69MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2018 to March 2019. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. (the trade name was changed to Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. on April 1, 2016) in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2017

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Mizutani, Tomoko; Nemoto, Masashi; Tobita, Keiji; Kono, Takahiko; Hosomi, Kenji; Hokama, Tomonori; Nishimura, Tomohiro; Matsubara, Natsumi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2018-025, 171 Pages, 2019/02

JAEA-Review-2018-025.pdf:3.81MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2016 to March 2017. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and were exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2016

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Mizutani, Tomoko; Nemoto, Masashi; Tobita, Keiji; Hosomi, Kenji; Nagaoka, Mika; Hokama, Tomonori; Nishimura, Tomohiro; Koike, Yuko; et al.

JAEA-Review 2017-028, 177 Pages, 2018/01

JAEA-Review-2017-028.pdf:3.61MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2016 to March 2017. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and were exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2015

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Mizutani, Tomoko; Hosomi, Kenji; Nagaoka, Mika; Hokama, Tomonori; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Nishimura, Tomohiro; Matsubara, Natsumi; Maehara, Yushi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2016-035, 179 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Review-2016-035.pdf:4.2MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2015 to March 2016. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and were exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

JAEA Reports

Development of ITER CODAC compatible gyrotron local control system and its operation

Oshima, Katsumi; Oda, Yasuhisa; Takahashi, Koji; Terakado, Masayuki; Ikeda, Ryosuke; Hayashi, Kazuo*; Moriyama, Shinichi; Kajiwara, Ken; Sakamoto, Keishi

JAEA-Technology 2015-061, 65 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-061.pdf:24.28MB

In JAEA, an ITER relevant control system for ITER gyrotron was developed according to Plant Control Design Handbook. This control system was developed based on ITER CODAC Core System and implemented state machine control of gyrotron operation system, sequential timing control of gyrotron oscillation startup, and data acquisition. The operation of ITER 170 GHz gyrotron was demonstrated with ITER relevant power supply configuration. This system is utilized for gyrotron operation test for ITER procurement. This report describes the architecture of gyrotron operation system, its basic and detailed design, and recent operation results.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2014

Watanabe, Hitoshi; Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Takeyasu, Masanori; Mizutani, Tomoko; Isozaki, Tokuju*; Nagaoka, Mika; Hokama, Tomonori; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Nishimura, Tomohiro; et al.

JAEA-Review 2015-034, 175 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-034.pdf:8.13MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2014 to March 2015. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Tokyo Electric Power Co. in March 2011.

Journal Articles

Progress and status of the gyrotron development for the JT-60SA ECH/CD system

Kobayashi, Takayuki; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Ikeda, Ryosuke; Oda, Yasuhisa; Wada, Kenji; Hinata, Jun; Yokokura, Kenji; Hoshino, Katsumichi; et al.

Proceedings of 40th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz 2015) (USB Flash Drive), 3 Pages, 2015/08

A gyrotron for electron cyclotron heating and current drive (ECH/CD) has been developed for JT-60SA (Super-Advanced). In high-power, long-pulse operations, oscillations of 1 MW/100 s have been demonstrated at both 110 GHz and 138 GHz, for the first time. These results fully satisfied the requirements for JT-60SA. Moreover, it was experimentally shown that the higher power operation at each frequency is expected to be acceptable for this gyrotron from the viewpoint of heat load at the cavity resonator, collector, and stray radiation absorbers. An oscillation at 82 GHz, which is an additional frequency, has been demonstrated up to 2 s at the output power of 0.4 MW, so far. High power experiments toward higher power of 1.5 MW (110/138 GHz) and 1 MW (82 GHz) are ongoing.

Journal Articles

Gyrotron development for high-power, long-pulse electron cyclotron heating and current drive at two frequencies in JT-60SA and its extension toward operation at three frequencies

Kobayashi, Takayuki; Moriyama, Shinichi; Yokokura, Kenji; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Wada, Kenji; Sato, Yoshikatsu; Hinata, Jun; Hoshino, Katsumichi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 55(6), p.063008_1 - 063008_8, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:78.65(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

A gyrotron enabling high-power, long-pulse oscillations at both 110 GHz and 138 GHz has been developed for electron cyclotron heating (ECH) and current drive (CD) in JT-60SA. Oscillations of 1 MW for 100 s have been demonstrated at both frequencies, for the first time as a gyrotron operating at two frequencies. The optimization of the anode voltage, or the electron pitch factor, using a triode gun was a key to obtain high power and high efficiency at two frequencies. It was also confirmed that the internal losses in the gyrotron were sufficiently low for expected long pulse operation at the higher power level of $$sim$$1.5 MW. Another important result is that an oscillation at 82 GHz, which enables to use fundamental harmonic waves in JT-60SA while the other two frequencies are used as second harmonics waves, was demonstrated up to 0.4 MW for 2 s. These results of the gyrotron development significantly contribute to enhancing operation regime of the ECH/CD system in JT-60SA.

Oral presentation

Development and preparation for JT-60SA ECH system

Moriyama, Shinichi; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Wada, Kenji; Sato, Yoshikatsu; Hinata, Jun; Yokokura, Kenji; Hoshino, Katsumichi; et al.

no journal, , 

Long pulse operation of the dual frequency gyrotron was started for JT-60SA ECH system. Pulse length of 2 s at 0.4 MW output, and 1 s at 0.7 MW were obtained at both 110 GHz and 138 GHz, so far. Typical oscillation efficiency is about 30%. Diffraction loss was acceptable for long pulse 1 MW output. The first high power test of the "power and beam profile monitor" featuring a fast movable Si$$_{3}$$N$$_{4}$$ disk in the waveguide slit was successfully demonstrated.

Oral presentation

Optical design of EC launcher in JT-60SA

Kobayashi, Takayuki; Isayama, Akihiko; Hiranai, Shinichi; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Wada, Kenji; Sato, Yoshikatsu; Hinata, Jun; Yokokura, Kenji; Hoshino, Katsumichi; et al.

no journal, , 

An original design of the toroidal injection angle range of electron cyclotron waves in JT-60SA was -15 degree to +15 degree for effective use of 110 GHz wave. However, the modification of the toroidal angle range has been discussed since the frequency of 138 GHz is considered to be a second frequency by the use of a dual frequency gyrotron. We report newly calculated available steering range of the launcher on both poloidal and toroidal angles with and without tilting angle of the second mirror, which is considered to obtain large toroidal injection angle. Moreover calculated beam divergences for various curvature radiuses of the first and second mirrors are shown. The decision of the target injection angle range for JT-60SA initial plasma will be made by the JT-60SA physics team by taking into account the above calculation results.

Oral presentation

Progress in dual frequency system developments for electron cyclotron heating and current drive in JT-60SA

Kobayashi, Takayuki; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Wada, Kenji; Sato, Yoshikatsu; Hinata, Jun; Yokokura, Kenji; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Takahashi, Koji; et al.

no journal, , 

Developments of a dual frequency (110 GHz and 138 GHz) electron cyclotron heating and current drive system for JT-60SA are required. In a long pulse operation of a dual-frequency gyrotron, oscillations of 1 MW for 10 s at both frequencies were obtained, so far. Out gas in the gyrotron has been decreased shot by shot, and conditioning of the gyrotron is in progress. Oscillation efficiencies of higher than 30% were obtained for both frequencies. Measured internal diffraction loss was almost the same level of the previously developed 110 GHz long pulse gyrotron. From the above results, it is expected that further pulse length expansion is possible by continuing conditioning operations. Moreover, optical characteristics of an antenna, which is used to inject high-power millimeter waves into tokamak, was confirmed for dual frequency operation. It was found that the beam width for the 138 GHz wave is narrower than that for the 110 GHz wave.

Oral presentation

Development of 110GH/138GHz ECH system for JT-60SA

Moriyama, Shinichi; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Wada, Kenji; Sato, Yoshikatsu; Hinata, Jun; Yokokura, Kenji; Hoshino, Katsumichi; et al.

no journal, , 

Long pulse operation of the dual frequency gyrotron was started for JT-60SA ECH system. Pulse lengths of 10 s with output power of 1MW were obtained at both 110 GHz and 138 GHz, so far. Typical oscillation efficiency is approximately 30%. Diffraction loss was acceptable for long pulse 1 MW output. The first high power test of the "power / beam profile monitor" featuring a fast movable Si$$_{3}$$3N$$_{4}$$ disk in the waveguide slit was successfully demonstrated.

Oral presentation

Progress of development for JT-60SA electron cyclotron heating system

Moriyama, Shinichi; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Wada, Kenji; Hinata, Jun; Sato, Yoshikatsu; Yokokura, Kenji; Hoshino, Katsumichi; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

High-power, long-pulse oscillation of a dual-frequency gyrotron for JT-60SA

Kobayashi, Takayuki; Moriyama, Shinichi; Isayama, Akihiko; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Wada, Kenji; Sato, Yoshikatsu; Hinata, Jun; Yokokura, Kenji; et al.

no journal, , 

A high-power long-pulse dual-frequency gyrotron, which can be operated at both 110 GHz and 138 GHz independently, was successfully developed for electron cyclotron heating and current drive in JT-60SA. The output power of 1 MW and the pulse length of 100 s were obtained at both frequencies with the high oscillation efficiency (not including an efficiency enhancement by collector potential depression) of 34% (110 GHz) and 32% (138 GHz), respectively, for the first time. The target of the JT-60SA gyrotron was fully satisfied by this gyrotron. An optimization of the electron pitch factor was a key to obtain the high efficiencies, and oscillation characteristics of the gyrotron were experimentally confirmed.

Oral presentation

Hydrogen recycling study utilizing an end region in GAMMA 10/PDX

Sakamoto, Mizuki*; Oki, Kensuke*; Yoshikawa, Motoki*; Terakado, Akihiro*; Nohara, Ryo*; Nojiri, Kumpei*; Nakashima, Yosuke*; Fukumoto, Masakatsu; Ichimura, Kazuya*; Hosoda, Yasunari*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Generation and characterization of detached plasma in the GAMMA 10/PDX end-cell

Nakashima, Yosuke*; Ichimura, Kazuya*; Takeda, Hisahito*; Iwamoto, Miki*; Hosoda, Yasunari*; Shimizu, Keita*; Oki, Kensuke*; Sakamoto, Mizuki*; Ono, Noriyasu*; Kado, Shinichiro*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Progress in ECH/CD launcher development for JT-60SA

Kobayashi, Takayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Wada, Kenji; Hinata, Jun; Sato, Fumiaki; Yokokura, Kenji; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Takahashi, Koji; et al.

no journal, , 

A mechanical structure of the launcher for electron cyclotron heating and current drive in JT-60SA has been designed to realize wide range of poloidal and toroidal injection angles with high reliability. One of the key components is a bellows structure (vacuum boundary) enabling linear and rotation motions of the rigid shaft. A full scale mock-up of the bellows structure has been fabricated and tested. The linear motion was repeated 100,000 cycles and the rotation motion was repeated 10,000 cycles. In this test, no evidence of vacuum leakage was observed. Then, the mock-up has been extended up to the first mirror including full length of the steering shaft (~4 m) and bearings. The cyclic test of the full system of the driving structure will be carried out in 2015. A mock-up of M2, which is a large curved mirror including four cooling channels, has been designed and fabricated. It was experimentally confirmed that the flow rate of each cooling channels was consistent with the design.

Oral presentation

Development and preparation for JT-60SA ECH system

Moriyama, Shinichi; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Sawahata, Masayuki; Terakado, Masayuki; Hiranai, Shinichi; Wada, Kenji; Hinata, Jun; Sato, Fumiaki; Yokokura, Kenji; Hoshino, Katsumichi; et al.

no journal, , 

Assembly of the JT-60SA and preparation of its ECH system are progressing and the first plasma is planned in 2019. The high voltage power supply for two gyrotrons will be procured by EU. The procurement arrangement was signed in July 2015. Its fabrication in EU will be done in 2016 and the installation to the Naka-site will be in 2017. Oscillations at 1 MW for 100 s as the development target of the JT-60SA gyrotron were achieved at both 110 GHz and 138 GHz in June 2014. The gyrotron is the first "1 MW multi-frequency gyrotron" reached the pulse duration of 100s at two frequencies. In addition, 82 GHz oscillation was achieved at 1.0 MW for 1 sec by this gyrotron in June 2015. This additional frequency would be applicable to plasma start-up assistance and wall conditioning at the fundamental EC resonance in JT-60SA. Development is steadily progressing on the waveguide components and the launcher.

25 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)