北折 暁*; 金澤 直也*; 木田 孝則*; 鳴海 康雄*; 萩原 政幸*; 金道 浩一*; 竹内 徹也*; 仲村 愛*; 青木 大*; 芳賀 芳範; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(2), p.024702_1 - 024702_6, 2023/02
Magnetic properties of TbSb are reported. Unlike previous investigations on a polycrystal showing multiple phase transitions, the present single crystal sample shows a single transition 133 K. It is also shown that the magnetic hysteresis increases at low temperatures.
高木 里奈*; 松山 直文*; Ukleev, V.*; Yu, L.*; White, J. S.*; Francoual, S.*; Mardegan, J. R. L.*; 速水 賢*; 齋藤 開*; 金子 耕士; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 13, p.1472_1 - 1472_7, 2022/03
Magnetic skyrmions are topologically stable swirling spin textures with particle-like character, and have been intensively studied as a candidate of high-density information bit. While magnetic skyrmions were originally discovered in noncentrosymmetric systems, recently a nanometric skyrmion lattice has also been reported for centrosymmetric rare-earth compounds. For the latter systems, a novel skyrmion formation mechanism mediated by itinerant electrons has been proposed, and the search of a simpler model system allowing for a better understanding of their intricate magnetic phase diagram is highly demanded. Here, we report the discovery of square and rhombic lattices of nanometric skyrmions in a centrosymmetric binary compound EuAl, by performing small-angle neutron and resonant elastic X-ray scattering experiments. Unlike previously reported centrosymmetric skyrmion-hosting materials, EuAl shows multiple-step reorientation of the fundamental magnetic modulation vector as a function of magnetic field, probably reflecting a delicate balance of associated itinerant-electron-mediated interactions. The present results demonstrate that a variety of distinctive skyrmion orders can be derived even in a simple centrosymmetric binary compound, which highlights rare-earth intermetallic systems as a promising platform to realize/control the competition of multiple topological magnetic phases in a single material.
大塚 悠介*; 金澤 直也*; 平山 元昭*; 松井 彬*; 野本 拓也*; 有田 亮太郎*; 中島 多朗*; 花島 隆泰*; Ukleev, V.*; 青木 裕之; et al.
Science Advances (Internet), 7(47), p.eabj0498_1 - eabj0498_9, 2021/11
FeSi is a nonmagnetic narrow-gap insulator, exhibiting peculiar charge and spin dynamics beyond a simple band structure picture. Those unusual features have been attracting renewed attention from topological aspects. Although the surface conduction was demonstrated according to size-dependent resistivity in bulk crystals, its topological characteristics and consequent electromagnetic responses remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate an inherent surface ferromagnetic-metal state of FeSi thin films and its strong spin-orbit coupling (SOC) properties through multiple characterizations of two-dimensional conductance, magnetization, and spintronic functionality. Terminated covalent bonding orbitals constitute the polar surface state with momentum-dependent spin textures due to Rashba-type spin splitting, as corroborated by unidirectional magnetoresistance measurements and first-principles calculations. As a consequence of the spin-momentum locking, nonequilibrium spin accumulation causes magnetization switching. These surface properties are closely related to the Zak phase of the bulk band topology. Our findings propose another route to explore noble metal-free materials for SOC-based spin manipulation.
高濱 隆成*; 石井 透依*; 犬童 代梧*; 有薗 実駿*; 寺倉 千恵子*; 十倉 好紀*; 竹下 直*; 野田 正亮*; 桑原 英樹*; 斎木 琢夫*; et al.
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 4(7), p.074401_1 - 074401_11, 2020/07
We investigated the structural, magnetic, transport, and high-temperature thermoelectric properties of single crystals of the pseudobrookite AlTiO for grown using a floating zone. We found a correlation of spin-singlet Ti-Ti dimers coupled with the lattice even in the conductive and phases which develops with increasing . This developing dimer correlation reduces the number of unpaired Ti ions, which makes the compound more conductive owing to the suppression of disorder for up to about 0.75. The dimer fluctuation causes a critical enhancement of the magnetic susceptibility at around 150 K in the phase near the boundary () between the and the phases. Such a correlation of the spin-singlet Ti-Ti dimers may produce a high Seebeck coefficient in the conductive and phases leading to a large thermoelectric power factor at high temperatures.
Hirschberger, M.*; 中島 多朗*; Kriener, M.*; 車地 崇*; Spitz, L.*; Gao, S.*; 吉川 明子*; 山崎 裕一*; 佐賀山 基*; 中尾 裕則*; et al.
Physical Review B, 101(22), p.220401_1 - 220401_6, 2020/06
For the skyrmion-hosting intermetallic GdPdSi with centrosymmetric hexagonal lattice and triangular net of rare earth sites, we report a thorough investigation of the magnetic phase diagram. Our work reveals a magnetic phase with an isotropic value of the critical field for all orientations, where the magnetic ordering vector is depinned from its preferred directions in the basal plane. The bulk nature of the skyrmion lattice and of other magnetic phases was evidenced by specific-heat measurements. Resistivity anisotropy, likely originating from partial gapping of the density of states along in this Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida magnet, is picked up via the planar Hall effect (PHE). The PHE confirms the single- nature of the magnetic order when the field is in the hexagonal plane, and allows one to detect the preferred directions of . Several scenarios for the depinned phase are discussed on the basis of the data.
中島 多朗*; 稲村 泰弘; 伊藤 崇芳*; 大石 一城*; 大池 広志*; 賀川 史敬*; 吉川 明子*; 田口 康二郎*; 加倉井 和久*; 十倉 好紀*; et al.
Physical Review B, 98(1), p.014424_1 - 014424_5, 2018/07
伊藤 晋一*; 横尾 哲也*; 益田 隆嗣*; 吉澤 英樹*; 左右田 稔*; 池田 陽一*; 井深 壮史*; 川名 大地*; 佐藤 卓*; 南部 雄亮*; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.034001_1 - 034001_6, 2015/09
Since the installation of the High Resolution Chopper Spectrometer, HRC, experiments using the HRC are being conducted to observe the dynamics in wide range of physics. Scientific results during the period since the initial construction are summarized.
土居 篤典*; 藤岡 淳*; 福田 竜生; 筒井 智嗣*; 奥山 大輔*; 田口 康二郎*; 有馬 孝尚*; Baron, A. Q. R.*; 十倉 好紀*
Physical Review B, 90(8), p.081109_1 - 081109_4, 2014/01
The phonon dynamics of spin-state crossover for perovskite LaCoO was investigated using infrared and inelastic X-ray spectroscopy. We observed that the Co-O bond stretching phonons couples to the thermally excited spin-state. The momentum dispersion of the optical mode is anomalously dispersionless (less than 3 meV), and this supports the spin-state disproportionation scenario. The steep enhancement of spin-state fluctuation compared to the charge gap suggests the density dependent spin state disproportionation; a simple low spin (LS)/high spin (HS)- or LS/intermediate spin (IS)-state disproportionation is realized at the initial stage with dilute HS- (or IS-) state density, while the complex spin-state disproportionation involving all of the LS-, IS- and HS-state is formed when the density of HS- (or IS-) state is enhanced.
酒井 英明*; 藤岡 淳*; 福田 竜生; Bahramy, M. S.*; 奥山 大輔*; 有田 亮太郎*; 有馬 孝尚*; Baron, A. Q. R.*; 田口 康二郎*; 十倉 好紀*
Physical Review B, 86(10), p.104407_1 - 104407_11, 2012/09
Infrared optical and inelastic X-ray scattering spectra have been systematically investigated in combination with first-principles calculations for paraelectric and antiferromagnetic perovskite SrBaMnO single crystals, which are close to a ferroelectric transition arising from off-center displacement of magnetic Mn ions. One optical phonon rapidly softens toward zero frequency at room temperature with increasing . This soft-mode behavior is also reproduced by the first-principles calculations, from which we have predicted the vibration mode of all the optical phonons. Below the antiferromagnetic-transition temperature, the soft mode hardens with decreasing temperature and then resoftens toward the lowest temperature.
田口 康二郎*; 酒井 英明*; 奥山 大輔*; 石渡 晋太郎*; 藤岡 淳*; 福田 竜生; 橋爪 大輔*; 賀川 史敬*; 高橋 陽太郎*; 島野 亮*; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 407(11), p.1685 - 1688, 2012/06
Perovskite-type manganites exhibit various interesting phenomena arising from complex interplay among spin, charge, orbital, and lattice degrees of freedom. As the respective examples, perovskite-type YMnO and SrBaMnO are discussed. In the YMnO, the ferroelectric lattice distortion associated with the -type spin order is observed for the first time. Displacement-type ferroelectricity with off-center magnetic ions is discovered for SrBaMnO, which shows both large polarization value and strong coupling between ferroelectricity and magnetism.
備前 大輔*; 中尾 裕則*; 岩佐 和晃*; 村上 洋一*; 長壁 豊隆; 藤岡 淳*; 安江 俊夫*; 宮坂 茂樹*; 十倉 好紀*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(2), p.024715_1 - 024715_6, 2012/02
低温高圧力下の中性子回折実験により、RVO(R=Y, Tb)の磁気相図を明らかにした。TbVOでは、その基底状態が加圧によって-タイプのスピン秩序(-SO)から-タイプのスピン秩序(-SO)へと変化することが明らかとなった。これまでに基底状態の軌道秩序は、加圧により-タイプの軌道秩序(-OO)から-タイプの軌道秩序(-OO)へと変化することが明らかになっていたが、これと完全に対応している。一方、YVOの基底状態は、常圧から今回の最高圧力値6.2GPaまで、-SOと-OOが同時に存在し、非秩序相-[-SO, -OO]相間の相転移が、ペロブスカイト型の遷移元素酸化物RMOにおいて初めて観測された。両物質において[-SO, -OO]相が加圧とともに安定化していくが、これは共有結合効果と超交換相互作用が重要な役割を果たしていると考えられる。
奥田 哲治*; 宇都 数馬*; 関 真一郎*; 小野瀬 佳文*; 十倉 好紀*; 梶本 亮一; 松田 雅昌*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(1), p.014711_1 - 014711_7, 2011/04
We investigated an effect of spin dilution on the magnetic and thermal properties of delafossite CuCrO having an = 3/2 antiferromagnetic triangular lattice (ATL) by the substitution of Al for Cr by measurements of magnetization, specific heat, and neutron scattering. Spin defects introduced into Cr ATL layers blur the antiferromagnetic transition and induce a dimensional crossover of low-energy magnetic excitation in the residual Cr ATL region due to the reduction of inter-layer magnetic interaction, while accompanying an enhancement of a spin-glass component. The observed contribution to the low- above = 0.15, as well as in CuAgCrO, comes mainly from a short-range 2D AF excitation originating in a nontrivial magnetic state such as spin-nematic or spin-liquid states.
打田 正輝*; 大石 晃史*; 松尾 まり; 小椎八重 航*; 小野瀬 佳文*; 森 道康; 藤岡 淳*; 宮坂 茂樹*; 前川 禎通; 十倉 好紀*
Physical Review B, 83(16), p.165127_1 - 165127_5, 2011/04
We report a systematic investigation on the high-temperature thermoelectric response in a typical filling-control Mott transition system LaSrVO. In the vicinity of the Mott transition, incoherent charge transport appears with increasing temperature and the thermopower undergoes two essential crossovers, asymptotically approaching the limit values expected from the entropy consideration, as known as Heikes formula. By comparison with the results of the dynamical mean field theory, we show that the thermopower in the Mott critical state mainly measures the entropy per charge carrier that depends on electronic degrees of freedom available at the measurement temperature. Our findings verify that the Heikes formula is indeed applicable to the real correlated electron systems at practical temperatures (T200K).
徳永 祐介*; 金子 良夫*; 奥山 大輔*; 石渡 晋太郎*; 有馬 孝尚*; 脇本 秀一; 加倉井 和久; 田口 康二郎*; 十倉 好紀*
Physical Review Letters, 105(25), p.257201_1 - 257201_4, 2010/12
Magnetic and magnetoelectric (ME) properties have been studied for single crystals of Sc-doped -type barium hexaferrites. Magnetization () and neutron diffraction measurements revealed that by tuning Sc concentration a longitudinal conical state is stabilized up to above room temperatures. ME measurements have shown that a transverse magnetic field () can induce electric polarization () at lower temperatures and that the spin helicity is nonvolatile and endurable up to near the conical magnetic transition temperature.
藤岡 淳*; 安江 俊夫*; 宮坂 茂樹*; 山崎 裕一*; 有馬 孝尚*; 佐賀山 基*; 稲見 俊哉; 石井 賢司; 十倉 好紀*
Physical Review B, 82(14), p.144425_1 - 144425_12, 2010/10
We have investigated the spin/orbital phase diagram in the perovskite orthovanadate VO ( = Eu, Y, Dy, and Ho) by measurements of magnetization, dielectric constant, specific heat, Raman scattering spectra, and X-ray diffraction, focusing on the interplay between the V spin and the moment of the ion. The results cannot be uniquely explained in terms of the exchange interaction between the V spin and the -ion moment. By comparing this phase diagram with the spin/orbital ordering in TbVO, it is evident that the critical competition between the C-type spin/G-type orbital ordered phase and the G-type spin/C-type orbital ordered one depends not only on the GdFeO-type lattice distortion but also on the presence of the moment of the ion. The magnetic field induced phase transition of the spin/orbital ordering is achieved concomitantly with polarizing moments for DyVO and HoVO. The results cannot be uniquely explained in terms of the exchange interaction between the V spin and the -ion moment. The coupling of the moment polarization with the lattice distortion tied with the orbital ordering of the V sublattice may also be relevant to this field induced phase transition.
石渡 晋太郎*; 奥山 大輔*; 加倉井 和久; 西 正和*; 田口 康二郎*; 十倉 好紀*
Physical Review B, 81(17), p.174418_1 - 174418_8, 2010/05
Magnetic structure of a multiferroic Y-type hexaferrite BaMgFeO with helical-spin structures propagating along  below 195K has been extensively studied, using polarized and unpolarized neutron diffractions under transverse magnetic fields up to 4.5T. The magnetic phase diagram was investigated as a function of transverse B and coexistence of several phases with different helical-spin periodicity was confirmed at low-B region. By using the polarized neutron diffraction under transverse B, we verified that the ferroelectric phase with the largest electric polarization P with a commensurate k0 vector (0,0,3/2) has a transverse-conical structure. The relation between the transverse-conical spin structure and P as a function of the transverse B is discussed in terms of the inverse Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya model.
武田 全康; 遠藤 康夫; 加倉井 和久; 小野瀬 佳文*; 鈴木 淳市; 十倉 好紀*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(9), p.093704_1 - 093704_4, 2009/09
脇本 秀一; 木村 宏之*; 福永 守*; 西畑 敬介*; 武田 全康; 加倉井 和久; 野田 幸男*; 十倉 好紀*
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 404(17), p.2513 - 2516, 2009/09
Polarized neutron scattering experiments under electric field in the commensurate phase of HoMnO and ErMnO have been performed to study the direct relation between the electric polarization and the magnetic chirality . It is found that, after cooling in electric fields down to temperatures where the system has both commensurate magnetic order and ferroelectricity, the magnetic chirality is proportional to the polarization.
梶本 亮一; 佐賀山 基*; 佐々井 健蔵*; 福田 竜生; 筒井 智嗣*; 有馬 孝尚*; 廣田 和馬*; 三井 由佳利*; 吉澤 英樹*; Baron, A. Q. R.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 102(24), p.247602_1 - 247602_4, 2009/06
TbMnO exhibits a spontaneous electric polarization along concomitantly with a spiral spin ordering modulated along below = 28 K. We have performed inelastic X-ray scattering measurements on a single crystal of TbMnO to clarify whether phonon anomalies related to the ferroelectricity exist. We measured transverse modes, especially the Mn-O-Mn bending mode polarized along and propagating along , which we expect is most relevant to the ferroelectricity. However, no anomaly was found in the phonon dispersion below 50 meV across . The present result suggests that the mechanism of ferroelectricity in TbMnO is different from that of a conventional displacive-type ferroelectric. The weak coupling between electric polarization and lattice in TbMnO strongly suggests that the ferroelectricity is mainly derived from the spiral spin ordering.
奥田 哲治*; 岸本 泰造*; 宇都 数馬*; 外園 貴久*; 小野瀬 佳文*; 十倉 好紀*; 梶本 亮一; 松田 雅昌
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(1), p.013604_1 - 013604_4, 2009/01
Dimensional crossover from anisotropic-3-dimensional (3D) to 2D low-energy magnetic excitations was found in delafossite oxide CuAgCrO having a spin-3/2 antiferromagnetic (AF) triangular lattice. The crossover is evidenced by a decrease in AF transition temperature (), distinct 2D magnetic excitations above for CuAgCrO, a disappearance of a peak of magnetic specific heat () around , and a successive change from to dependence of low- accompanying a low- shift of magnetic entropy. These results may suggest a gradual change from AF to spin-liquid like states with an increase in .