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Journal Articles

Can Monte Carlo track structure codes reveal reaction mechanism in DNA damage and improve radiation therapy?

Nikjoo, H.*; Emifietzoglou, D.*; Watanabe, Ritsuko; Uehara, Shuzo*

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 77(10-12), p.1270 - 1279, 2008/10

 Times Cited Count:47 Percentile:4.63(Chemistry, Physical)

Microdosimetry and track structure have been applied to scrutinize and understand aspects of radiation damage in biological molecules from a theoretical approach. To this end track structure has provided a basis for understanding the mechanism(s) that shape dose-effect relationships. There is a wealth of information and data accumulated from radiation biology that need to be placed in the framework of a general descriptive theory. While there are many classical radiobiology questions remain unanswered new ideas and challenging question are emerging. Among many, simulation of radiation track at molecular level is an emerging tool in radiobiology and theoretical radiotherapy. In this paper we present recent progress in development of low energy electron tracks in condensed media and high energy proton tracks and discuss progress in characterizing DNA damage in terms of types and complexity.

JAEA Reports

Report on the questionnaire about the data of atoms, molecules and atomic nuclei for medicine, 2004

Kobayashi, Toru*; Harata, Yasuo*; Matsufuji, Naruhiro*; Hasegawa, Tomoyuki*; Endo, Akira; Moribayashi, Kengo; Akahane, Keiichi*; Uehara, Shuzo*; Imahori, Yoshio*; Kato, Yo*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2006-002, 101 Pages, 2006/02


This report provides an analysis of the results of the survey conducted among field experts regarding the data on atoms, molecules, and atomic nuclei used in medical applications. The important results are summarized as follows: First, the importance of the basic data for disciplines involved in medical research, i.e. physics and engineering, chemistry, pharmacology, biology, and the related data which are applied directly in medicine were identified. The related data are of greater importance in direct medical application compared to conventional basic data. Therefore, the data related to biology should be prepared in consideration of their convenient usage. Second, regarding the fundamental data on atoms, molecules and atomic nuclei related to medicine, the present data was able to approximately cope with the demands of many medical cases that needed data on quality, quantity, precision, etc. However, we found situations particularly in the IT community where comprehensively organized data was urgently needed. The data to be used for practical implementation must contain the specialized data for medical physics and biology. Finally, the significance of the continuity in the planned completion of the basic data was confirmed for the development of the associated fields. The expansion and completion of basic data should be done continuously and effectively while considering the limitation in resources and manpower.

Oral presentation

Atomic, molecular, and nuclear collision processes, and their related data needs in medical physics

Kobayashi, Toru*; Harata, Yasuo*; Matsufuji, Naruhiro*; Hasegawa, Tomoyuki*; Endo, Akira; Moribayashi, Kengo; Akahane, Keiichi*; Uehara, Shuzo*; Imahori, Yoshio*; Kato, Yo*; et al.

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no abstracts in English

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