Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-15 displayed on this page of 15
  • 1

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

Anomalous small-angle X-ray scattering (ASAXS) study of irradiation-induced nanostructure change in Fe-ion beam irradiated oxide dispersion-strengthened (ODS) steel

Kumada, Takayuki; Oba, Yojiro; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Morooka, Satoshi; Tominaga, Aki; Tanida, Hajime; Shobu, Takahisa; Konno, Azusa; Owada, Kenji*; Ono, Naoko*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 528, p.151890_1 - 151890_7, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have developed an anomalous small-angle X-ray scattering (ASAXS) diffractometer in SPring-8 to investigate irradiation-induced nanostructural change in ion-beam irradiated stainless steel. A thermally-aged MA956 stainless steel sample displays power-law scattering that follows the Porod law at the magnitude of scattering vector, Q, below 0.5 nm$$^-1$$ and an overlapped shoulder around 0.7 nm$$^-1$$. After the ion-beam irradiation, the intensity of the shoulder remained unchanged, whereas that of the power-law scattering nearly doubled. This result indicates that none of the structural parameters of the Cr-rich nanoprecipitates, such as the number density, size, and interface roughness, were changed by the irradiation.

Journal Articles

Effect of aluminum or zinc solute addition on enhancing impact fracture toughness in Mg-Ca alloys

Hase, Takayuki*; Otagaki, Tatsuya*; Yamaguchi, Masatake; Ikeo, Naoko*; Mukai, Toshiji*

Acta Materialia, 104, p.283 - 294, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:84.72(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We measured the impact toughness of three alloys (Mg, Mg-0.3 at.% Ca-0.6 at.% Zn, and Mg-0.3 at.% Ca-0.6 at.% Al) by the impact three-point bending test. The plastic deformability and impact toughness were higher in the ternary alloys than in pure Mg. The generalized stacking fault energy and grain boundary cohesive energy were estimated by first-principles calculations for Mg, binary Mg-Ca, ternary Mg-Ca-Zn, and ternary Mg-Ca-Al alloys. The calculation results agreed with the trend in the experimental results. We suggest that addition of Ca along with Zn or Al reduced plastic anisotropy and strengthened the grain boundaries, leading to higher in impact toughness of Mg alloys.

Journal Articles

Investigation into cause of increasing count rate on PIMS at RRP, 1; Search of potential causes

Mukai, Yasunobu; Nakamura, Hironobu; Nakamichi, Hideo; Kurita, Tsutomu; Noguchi, Yoshihiko*; Tamura, Takayuki*; Ikegame, Ko*; Shimizu, Junji*

Proceedings of INMM 56th Annual Meeting (Internet), 9 Pages, 2015/07

The PIMS used at Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant can quantify plutonium amount in each process vessel located inside glovebox by means of neutron measurement. Since the PIMS is not used for the neutron coincidence counting, it is very important to maintain that those constants meet the actual process condition. PIMS was calibrated in 2006, and then JNFL has been started to measure the Pu amount directly in each glovebox for the purpose of facility NMA. However, it was found that PIMS counting was unexpectedly and continuously increased during long time of inter-campaign. In order to find out the main cause, JAEA and JNFL jointly conducted several investigations. In the investigations, correctness of system parameters and relevant constants, behavior of the neutron generation when MOX powder is stored in actual glovebox for a long time (to see O/M and moisture change) and the behavior focused on the relation between MOX powder and light element using inside glovebox (fluorine is included in the PTFE which is used in many gloveboxes as packing of instruments) were experimentally confirmed using MOX powder in PCDF. As a result, since the same behavior happened in the actual PIMS was confirmed in the testing environment in which MOX powder coexists with fluorine, it is concluded that the main potential cause of PIMS is the increasing of the probability of ($$alpha$$, $$n$$) reactions by a contact between PTFE and MOX powder.

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of multipurpose compact research reactor; Annual report FY2011

Watahiki, Shunsuke; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Imaizumi, Tomomi; Nagata, Hiroshi; Ide, Hiroshi; Komukai, Bunsaku; Kimura, Nobuaki; Miyauchi, Masaru; Ito, Masayasu; Nishikata, Kaori; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2013-021, 43 Pages, 2013/07

JAEA-Technology-2013-021.pdf:5.12MB

The number of research reactors in the world is decreasing because of their aging. On the other hand, the necessity of research reactor, which is used for human resources development, progress of the science and technology, industrial use and safety research is increasing for the countries which are planning to introduce the nuclear power plants. From above background, the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center began to discuss a basic concept of Multipurpose Compact Research Reactor (MCRR) for education and training, etc., on 2010 to 2012. This activity is also expected to contribute to design tool improvement and human resource development in the center. In 2011, design study of reactor core, irradiation facilities with high versatility and practicality, and hot laboratory equipment for the production of Mo-99 was carried out. As the result of design study of reactor core, subcriticality and operation time of the reactor in consideration of an irradiation capsule, and about the transient response of the reactor to the reactivity disturbance during automatic control operation, it was possible to do automatic operation of MCRR, was confirmed. As the result of design study of irradiation facilities, it was confirmed that the implementation of an efficient mass production radioisotope Mo-99 can be expected. As the result of design study with hot laboratory facilities, Mo-99 production, RI export devised considered cell and facilities for exporting the specimens quickly was designed.

JAEA Reports

Investigation on cause of malfunction of Wide Range Monitor (WRM) in High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR); Sample tests and destructive tests

Shinohara, Masanori; Motegi, Toshihiro; Saito, Kenji; Haga, Hiroyuki; Sasaki, Shinji; Katsuyama, Kozo; Takada, Kiyoshi*; Higashimura, Keisuke*; Fujii, Junichi*; Ukai, Takayuki*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2012-032, 29 Pages, 2012/11

JAEA-Technology-2012-032.pdf:6.57MB

An event, in which one of WRMs were disabled to detect the neutron flux in the reactor core, occurred during the period of reactor shut down of HTTR in March, 2010. The actual life time of WRM was unexpectedly shorter than the past developed life time. Investigation of the cause of the outage of WRM toward the recovery of the life time up to the past developed life is one of the issues to develop the technology basis of HTGR. Then, two experimental investigations were carried out to reveal the cause of the malfunction by specifying the damaged part causing the event in the WRM. One is an experiment using a mock-up sample test which strength degradation on assembly accuracy and heat cycle to specify the damaged part in the WRM. The other is a destructive test in FMF to specify the damaged part in the WRM. This report summarized the results of the destructive test and the experimental investigation using the mock-up to reveal the cause of malfunction of WRM.

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of multipurpose compact research reactor; Annual report FY2010 (Joint research)

Imaizumi, Tomomi; Miyauchi, Masaru; Ito, Masayasu; Watahiki, Shunsuke; Nagata, Hiroshi; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Naka, Michihiro; Kawamata, Kazuo; Yamaura, Takayuki; Ide, Hiroshi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2011-031, 123 Pages, 2012/01

JAEA-Technology-2011-031.pdf:16.08MB

The number of research reactors in the world is decreasing because of their aging. However, the planning to introduce the nuclear power plants is increasing in Asian countries. In these Asian countries, the key issue is the human resource development for operation and management of nuclear power plants after constructed them, and also the necessity of research reactor, which is used for lifetime extension of LWRs, progress of the science and technology, expansion of industry use, human resources training and so on, is increasing. From above backgrounds, the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center began to discuss basic concept of a multipurpose low-power research reactor for education and training, etc. This design study is expected to contribute not only to design tool improvement and human resources development in the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center but also to maintain and upgrade the technology on research reactors in nuclear power-related companies. This report treats the activities of the working group from July 2010 to June 2011 on the multipurpose low-power research reactor in the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center and nuclear power-related companies.

Journal Articles

Development for advanced solution monitoring and measurement system (ASMS)

Mukai, Yasunobu; Nakamura, Hironobu; Yoshimoto, Katsunobu; Tamura, Takayuki*; Iwamoto, Tomonori*

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nihon Shibu Dai-32-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2011/11

JNFL and JAEA are collaboratively developing an advanced solution monitoring and measurement system (ASMS) that is direct Pu measurement NDA system in the solution tank containing plutonium nitrate solution for the improvement of current safeguards subjects to be solved, and for next generation safeguards instrument. The target measurement uncertainty of ASMS is set less than 6% that is equivalent to detection level of partial defect at interim inventory verification by NDA. The ASMS detector was designed based on MCNPX calculation, and then manufactured. As an actual test, the detector was set in a process tank at Plutonium Conversion Development Facility, the calibration tests (known-alpha) for quantitative measurement was conducted. As a result, the total measurement uncertainty for Pu mass is about 3.4% except for the low liquid height region that is satisfied the target value. In addition, the monitoring capability of ASMS was confirmed.

Journal Articles

Development and future challenge for Advanced Solution Measurement and Monitoring System (ASMS)

Nakamura, Hironobu; Mukai, Yasunobu; Yoshimoto, Katsunobu; Tamura, Takayuki*; Iwamoto, Tomonori*

Proceedings of INMM 52nd Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2011/07

JNFL and JAEA are collaboratively developing an Advanced Solution Measurement and monitoring System (ASMS) that is direct Pu measurement NDA system in the large scale solution tank containing purified plutonium nitrate for the improvement of current safeguards subjects to be solved, and for next generation safeguards instrument (NGSI). In this report, we summarize the first step results of ASMS development regarding quantitative measurement methodology. In order to establish quantitative measurement, accurate MCNPX modeling and calculations are very important and necessary. After calibration exercise implementation, we successfully obtained calibration constants (slope), and the total measurement uncertainty was about 3% for $$^{240}$$Pu effective mass for 2 hours measurement except for the low level region. In addition, the image of safeguards by design and collaboration of SMMS are also presented.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of monitoring capability and sensitivity of Advanced Solution Monitoring and Measurement System (ASMS)

Mukai, Yasunobu; Nakamura, Hironobu; Hosoma, Takashi; Yoshimoto, Katsunobu; Tamura, Takayuki*; Iwamoto, Tomonori*

Proceedings of INMM 51st Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2010/07

JNFL and JAEA are collaboratively developing an advanced solution monitoring and measurement system (ASMS) for Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant (RRP). In this study, as a second trial, we designed and fabricated a new demonstration-type detector for ASMS, then installed it to another process tank in PCDF. Using two detectors, tests for process monitoring capability were performed for several operational conditions such as sampling, bubbling, circulation, solution transfer between two tanks, followed by studies in sensitivity of monitoring and studies in stability for the duration of storage. As a result, excellent performances and advantages of ASMS compared with conventional SMMS were confirmed. It is concluded that ASMS can provide very useful information of operation status and Pu amount shared between operator and inspector. It is sure that the combination of current SMMS and the ASMS is very powerful tool to improve transparency in the future safeguards design.

Journal Articles

Feasibility study of direct plutonium mass measurement in high-concentrated plutonium solution by a new NDA; Advanced Solution Measurement and Monitoring System (ASMS)

Nakamura, Hironobu; Takaya, Akikazu; Mukai, Yasunobu; Hosoma, Takashi; Yoshimoto, Katsunobu; Tamura, Takayuki*; Iwamoto, Tomonori*

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nihon Shibu Dai-30-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2009/11

JNFL and JAEA have collaboratively started to develop an ASMS for RRP since 2007. The purpose of the development is to establish direct plutonium mass measurement technique by NDA of high concentrated pure plutonium nitrate solution in a strategic process tank. If it is established, ASMS provides direct Pu mass measurement and monitoring capability, substitutes for sampling and destructive analysis at IIV, and extends process monitoring to safety purposes. The target of the measurement uncertainty is set less than 6% which is equivalent to the detection level of partial defect at IIV by NDA. The principle is similar to the one of NDA for MOX powder, but extended such as introducing variable alpha depends on solution properties. As a first trial, a simple prototype system was constructed and calibrated at PCDF (Plutonium Conversion Development Facility) using plutonium nitrate solution. Consequently, good consistency between MCNP (Monte Carlo Neutron and Photon Transport Code) calculation and measured singles/doubles count rate were obtained. As a feasibility study, it was necessary to find out subjects to be solved. We would like to present benefits of ASMS, review installation and detector setup and summarize preliminary calibration results.

Journal Articles

First trial to study the feasibility of direct plutonium mass measurement in a process tank by a new NDA; Advanced solution measurement and monitoring system

Nakamura, Hironobu; Takaya, Akikazu; Mukai, Yasunobu; Hosoma, Takashi; Yoshimoto, Katsunobu; Tamura, Takayuki*; Iwamoto, Tomonori*

Proceedings of INMM 50th Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2009/00

JNFL and JAEA have collaboratively started to develop an ASMS for RRP since 2007 as a trial base. The purpose of the development is to establish quantitative plutonium mass measurement technique directly by NDA of high concentrated pure plutonium nitrate solution in a process tank. If it is established, ASMS provides direct Pu mass measurement and monitoring capability, substitutes for sampling and analysis at IIV, and extends process monitoring to safety purposes. The target of the measurement uncertainty is set less than 6% (1 $$sigma$$) which is equivalent to the detection level of partial defect at IIV by NDA. The principle is similar to the one of NDA for MOX powder, but extended such as introducing variable alpha depends on solution properties. As a first trial, a simple prototype system was constructed and tested at Plutonium Conversion Development Facility of JAEA. Prior to the installation, MCNP calculations for entire cell and tank were performed. Two detectors with a gap were installed just center of the annular tank, then we carried out calibration using plutonium nitrate solution in the range up to 52 kgPu. Consequently, good consistency between calculation and measured singles/doubles count rate were obtained. As a feasibility study, it was necessary to find out subjects to be solved. We would like to present benefits of ASMS, review installation and detector setup and summarize preliminary calibration results.

Journal Articles

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:74.53(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.

Oral presentation

Feasibility study of direct plutonium mass measurement in high-concentrated plutonium solution by a new NDA; Advanced Solution Measurement and Monitoring System (ASMS)

Nakamura, Hironobu; Takaya, Akikazu; Mukai, Yasunobu; Hosoma, Takashi; Yoshimoto, Katsunobu; Tamura, Takayuki*; Iwamoto, Tomonori*

no journal, , 

JNFL and JAEA have collaboratively started to develop an ASMS for RRP since 2007. The purpose of the development is to establish direct plutonium mass measurement technique by NDA of high concentrated pure plutonium nitrate solution in a strategic process tank. If it is established, ASMS provides direct Pu mass measurement and monitoring capability, substitutes for sampling and destructive analysis at IIV, and extends process monitoring to safety purposes. The target of the measurement uncertainty is set less than 6%(1$$sigma$$) which is equivalent to the detection level of partial defect at IIV by NDA. The principle is similar to the one of NDA for MOX powder, but extended such as introducing variable alpha depends on solution properties. As a first trial, a simple prototype system was constructed and tested at PCDF. Two detectors with a gap were installed just center of the annular tank, then we carried out calibration using plutonium nitrate solution (-52kgPu). Consequently, good consistency between MCNP calculation and measured singles/doubles count rate were obtained. As a feasibility study, it was necessary to find out subjects to be solved. We would like to present benefits of ASMS, review installation and detector setup and summarize preliminary calibration results.

Oral presentation

Quantitative evaluation of microstructure in metal by using Anomalous Small-Angle X-ray Scattering (A-SAXS) technique

Konno, Azusa; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Kumada, Takayuki; Oba, Yojiro; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Morooka, Satoshi; Ukai, Shigeharu*; Hashimoto, Naoyuki*; Ono, Naoko*; Shobu, Takahisa; et al.

no journal, , 

Duplex stainless steels is composed by austenite and ferrite phases, offering superior toughness, high strength properties, good weldability, and corrosion-resistance. It has been used as the heat exchanger components for the chemical industrial plants and pipes for the Pressurized light-Water Reactors (PWR). However, the duplex stainless steels is also known to suffer from the embrittlement due to the phase separation into the Cr-rich phase and Fe-rich one when it is annealed at longer time at the temperature over 300 degrees. In this study, we focused on the Anomalous Small-Angle X-ray Scattering (A-SAXS) technique that can analyze "arbitrary element" by using absorption edge of a specific element and estimated the chromium separation quantitatively by utilizing the A-SAXS method, considering the availability of this new technique as the quantitative and non-destructive analysis method for microstructure in metallic material.

Oral presentation

Novel qualitative evaluation method of microstructure in ODS alloy by anomalous small-angle X-ray scattering technique

Konno, Azusa; Oba, Yojiro; Tominaga, Aki; Morooka, Satoshi; Ono, Naoko*; Hashimoto, Naoyuki*; Ukai, Shigeharu; Owada, Kenji*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Kumada, Takayuki; et al.

no journal, , 

An ODS alloy is one of the promising candidate materials applicable to the fusion reactor because of its high-temperature creep strength and irradiation resistance. However, the ODS ferritic stainless steel with high Cr content sometimes suffers from the embrittlement related to phase separation below 748 K for a long term using in the reactor. It is, therefore, an important issue to understand embrittlement phenomena from not only macrostructural viewpoint but also microstructural one. Anomalous Small Angle X-ray Scattering (A-SAXS) is a unique and potential evaluation method that can analyze complex microstructure. This method can extract the signal only from an element of interest to implant the X-ray of the wavelength near orbit electron of the element. In this study, we performed both the A-SAXS analysis and TEM observation for high Cr-ODS alloy in order to assess the applicability of the A-SAXS technique as a microstructure determination and compared the A-SAXS signal with the TEM micrograph. The specimen of the commercial MA956 (Fe-20Cr-4.8Al-0.4Ti-0.02C-0.4Y$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ (mass%)) were thermally-aged at 748 K for 1, 10, 100 and 1000 hrs, and measured using the A-SAXS diffractometer at BL22XU in SPring-8 and a TEM. The A-SAXS data reveal that the average size of Cr precipitations increases with increasing the aging time. Also, using the A-SAXS profiles, it was estimated that there were two cases; one is the case that the microstructure does have a distinct interface between the matrix and Cr precipitate. The other case is the microstructure does not have the distinct interface. On the other hand, in TEM observation, the periodic modulated structure was observed for 10 hrs thermally-aged sample, and the sphere precipitation was confirmed for 100 hrs thermally-aged sample. It was suggested that there would be a crucial phase separation mode from spinodal decomposition to nucleation-growth between 10 and 100 hrs.

15 (Records 1-15 displayed on this page)
  • 1