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Level structures of $$^{56,58}$$Ca cast doubt on a doubly magic $$^{60}$$Ca

Chen, S.*; Browne, F.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lee, J.*; Obertelli, A.*; 角田 佑介*; 大塚 孝治*; 茶園 亮樹*; Hagen, G.*; Holt, J. D.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 843, p.138025_1 - 138025_7, 2023/08

$$^{57,59}$$Scからの1陽子ノックアウト反応を用いて、$$^{56}$$Caと$$^{58}$$Caのガンマ崩壊を観測した。$$^{56}$$Caでは1456(12)keVの$$gamma$$線遷移が、$$^{58}$$Caでは1115(34)keVの遷移が観測された。どちらの遷移も暫定的に$$2^{+}_{1} rightarrow 0^{+}_{gs}$$と割り当てられた。有効核子間相互作用をわずかに修正した広い模型空間での殻模型計算では、$$2^{+}_{1}$$準位エネルギー、2中性子分離エネルギー、反応断面積が実験とよく一致し、N=34閉殻の上に新しい殻が形成されていることを裏付けた。その構成要素である$$0_{f5/2}$$$$0_{g9/2}$$軌道はほぼ縮退しており、これは$$^{60}$$Caが二重魔法核である可能性を排除し、Ca同位体のドリップラインを$$^{70}$$Caあるいはそれ以上にまで広げる可能性がある。


Extreme phonon anharmonicity underpins superionic diffusion and ultralow thermal conductivity in argyrodite Ag$$_{8}$$SnSe$$_{6}$$

Ren, Q.*; Gupta, M. K.*; Jin, M.*; Ding, J.*; Wu, J.*; Chen, Z.*; Lin, S.*; Fabelo, O.*; Rodriguez-Velamazan, J. A.*; 古府 麻衣子; et al.

Nature Materials, 22, p.999 - 1006, 2023/05

Ultralow thermal conductivity and fast ionic diffusion endow superionic materials with excellent performance both as thermoelectric converters and as solid-state electrolytes. Yet the correlation and interdependence between these two features remain unclear owing to a limited understanding of their complex atomic dynamics. Here we investigate ionic diffusion and lattice dynamics in argyrodite Ag$$_{8}$$SnSe$$_{6}$$ using synchrotron X-ray and neutron scattering techniques along with machine-learned molecular dynamics. We identify a critical interplay of the vibrational dynamics of mobile Ag and a host framework that controls the overdamping of low-energy Ag-dominated phonons into a quasi-elastic response, enabling superionicity. Concomitantly, the persistence of long-wavelength transverse acoustic phonons across the superionic transition challenges a proposed 'liquid-like thermal conduction' picture. Rather, a striking thermal broadening of low-energy phonons, starting even below 50 K, reveals extreme phonon anharmonicity and weak bonding as underlying features of the potential energy surface responsible for the ultralow thermal conductivity ($$<$$ 0.5 Wm$$^{-1}$$K$$^{-1}$$) and fast diffusion. Our results provide fundamental insights into the complex atomic dynamics in superionic materials for energy conversion and storage.


The Investigations of the $$P$$-wave $$B_s$$ states combining quark model and lattice QCD in the coupled channel framework

Yang, Z.*; Wang, G.-J.*; Wu, J.-J.*; 岡 眞; Zhu, S.-L.*

Journal of High Energy Physics (Internet), 2023(1), p.058_1 - 058_19, 2023/01

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:72.25(Physics, Particles & Fields)

ハミルトニアン有効理論にクォーク模型、クォークペア生成、$$B^{(*)}bar K$$相互作用の情報を含むベアな状態と散乱状態の結合を取り入れた形式を用いて、しきい値近傍の$$P$$波の4個の$$B_s$$状態のスペクトルを研究した。


Two-dimensional quantum universality in the spin-1/2 triangular-lattice quantum antiferromagnet Na$$_{2}$$BaCo(PO$$_{4}$$)$$_{2}$$

Sheng, J.*; Wang, L.*; Candini, A.*; Jiang, W.*; Huang, L.*; Xi, B.*; Zhao, J.*; Ge, H.*; Zhao, N.*; Fu, Y.*; et al.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 119(51), p.e2211193119_1 - e2211193119_9, 2022/12

Although considerable progress has been made in the theoretical understanding of the low-dimensional frustrated quantum magnets, experimental realizations of a well-established scaling analysis are still scarce. This is particularly true for the two-dimensional antiferromagnetic triangular lattices. Owing to the small exchange strength, the newly discovered compound Na$$_{2}$$BaCo(PO$$_{4}$$)$$_{2}$$ provides a rare opportunity for clarifying the quantum criticality in an ideal triangular lattice with quantum spin S=1/2. In addition to the establishment of the complete phase diagrams, the spin Hamiltonian with a negligible interplane interaction has been determined through the spin wave dispersion in the polarized state, which is consistent with the observation of a two-dimensional quantum critical point with the Bose-Einstein condensation of diluted free bosons.


$$S$$-wave fully charmed tetraquark resonant states

Wang, G.-J.*; Meng, Q.*; 岡 眞

Physical Review D, 106(9), p.096005_1 - 096005_9, 2022/11

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:79.4(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

クォーク模型を用いて、チャームクォークの4体系であるテトラクォークのS波の共鳴状態の探索を行った。複素スケーリング法を用いた計算でスピンーパリティが$$J^{PC}=0^{++}$$, $$1^{+-}$$, $$2^{++}$$の各チャネルに2個ずつ共鳴が存在することを明らかにした。しかし、これらの共鳴は最近の実験で見つかった$$X(6900)$$と比べると100MeV近く高いところに存在していることが解った。


Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of the 8$$^{+}$$ isomer in $$^{216,218}$$U

Zhang, M. M.*; Tian, Y. L.*; Wang, Y. S.*; Zhang, Z. Y.*; Gan, Z. G.*; Yang, H. B.*; Huang, M. H.*; Ma, L.*; Yang, C. L.*; Wang, J. G.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 106(2), p.024305_1 - 024305_6, 2022/08

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:44(Physics, Nuclear)

The extremely neutron-deficient even-even uranium isotopes $$^{216,218}$$U were produced in the complete-fusion reactions induced by impinging $$^{40}$$Ar and $$^{40}$$Ca ions on $$^{180,182,184}$$W targets. Fusion evaporation residues were separated in flight by the gas-filled recoil separator SHANS (Spectrometer for Heavy Atoms and Nuclear Structure) and subsequently identified using the recoil-$$alpha$$-correlation method. In this paper, we report on new $$alpha$$-decay activities with $$E_{alpha} = 10163(27)$$ keV for $$^{216}$$U and $$E_{alpha} = 10073(16)$$ keV for $$^{218}$$U, which decay from the 8$$^{+}$$ isomeric states of $$^{216,218}$$U into the 2$$^{+}$$ states of their daughter nuclei $$^{212,214}$$Th, respectively. The new results extend the systematics of the $$alpha$$-decay fine structure for the $$N$$ = 124 and 126 even-even isotones.


Urban Working Groups in the IAEA's model testing programmes; Overview from the MODARIA I and MODARIA II programmes

Thiessen, K. M.*; Boznar, M. Z.*; Charnock, T. W.*; Chouhan, S. L.*; Federspiel, L.; Gra$v{s}$i$v{c}$, B.*; Grsic, Z.*; Helebrant, J.*; Hettrich, S.*; Hulka, J.*; et al.

Journal of Radiological Protection, 42(2), p.020502_1 - 020502_8, 2022/06

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:88.57(Environmental Sciences)

The IAEA's model testing programmes (1988-2019) have included a series of Working Groups concerned with modelling radioactive contamination in urban environments. This paper describes the exercises conducted during the MODARIA I (2012-2015) and MODARIA II (2016-2019) programmes. These exercises have included short-range and mid-range atmospheric dispersion exercises based on data from field tests or tracer studies, hypothetical urban dispersion exercises, and an exercise based on data collected after the Fukushima accident. Improvement of model capabilities will lead to improvements in assessing various contamination scenarios (real or hypothetical), and in turn, to improved decision-making and communication with the public following a nuclear or radiological emergency.


Novel coupled channel framework connecting the quark model and lattice QCD for the near-threshold $$D_s$$ states

Yang, Z.*; Wang, G.-J.*; Wu, J.-J.*; 岡 眞; Zhu, S.-L.*

Physical Review Letters, 128(11), p.112001_1 - 112001_6, 2022/03

 被引用回数:16 パーセンタイル:97.5(Physics, Multidisciplinary)



Revisit the isospin violating decays of $$X$$(3872)

Meng, L.*; Wang, G.-J.*; Wang, B.*; Zhu, S.-L.*

Physical Review D, 104(9), p.094003_1 - 094003_8, 2021/11

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:80.69(Astronomy & Astrophysics)



The $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe cross section from the surrogate ratio method and its effect on the $$^{60}$$Fe nucleosynthesis

Yan, S. Q.*; Li, X. Y.*; 西尾 勝久; Lugaro, M.*; Li, Z. H.*; 牧井 宏之; Pignatari, M.*; Wang, Y. B.*; Orlandi, R.; 廣瀬 健太郎; et al.

Astrophysical Journal, 919(2), p.84_1 - 84_7, 2021/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:11.19(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The long-lived $$^{60}$$Fe (with a half-life of 2.62 Myr) is a crucial diagnostic of active nucleosynthesis in the Milky Way galaxy and in supernovae near the solar system. The neutron-capture reaction $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe on $$^{59}$$Fe (half-life=44.5 days) is the key reaction for the production of $$^{60}$$Fe in massive stars. This reaction cross section has been previously constrained by the Coulomb dissociation experiment, which offered partial constraint on the E1 $$gamma$$-ray strength function but a negligible constraint on the M1 and E2 components. In this work, for the first time, we use the surrogate ratio method to experimentally determine the $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe cross sections in which all the components are included. We derived a Maxwellian-averaged cross section of 27.5$$pm$$3.5 mb at $$kT$$ = 30 keV and 13.4$$pm$$1.7 mb at $$kT$$ = 90 keV, roughly 10%-20% higher than previous estimates. We analyzed the impact of our new reaction rates in nucleosynthesis models of massive stars and found that uncertainties in the production of $$^{60}$$Fe from the $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe rate are at most 25$$%$$. We conclude that stellar physics uncertainties now play a major role in the accurate evaluation of the stellar production of $$^{60}$$Fe.


Implications of the $$Z_{cs}$$(3985) and $$Z_{cs}$$(4000) as two different states

Meng, L.*; Wang, B.*; Wang, G.-J.*; Zhu, S.-L.*

Science Bulletin, 66(20), p.2065 - 2071, 2021/10

 被引用回数:19 パーセンタイル:90.92(Multidisciplinary Sciences)



Phase transition and chemical reactivity of 1H-tetrazole under high pressure up to 100 GPa

Gao, D.*; Tang, X.*; Wang, X.*; Yang, X.*; Zhang, P.*; Che, G.*; Han, J.*; 服部 高典; Wang, Y.*; Dong, X.*; et al.

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 23(35), p.19503 - 19510, 2021/09

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:44.67(Chemistry, Physical)



Probing the long-range structure of the $$T^{+}_{cc}$$ with the strong and electromagnetic decays

Meng, L.*; Wang, G.-J.*; Wang, B.*; Zhu, S.-L.*

Physical Review D, 104(5), p.L051502_1 - L051502_8, 2021/09

 被引用回数:46 パーセンタイル:98.78(Astronomy & Astrophysics)



Higher fully charmed tetraquarks; Radial excitations and $$P$$-wave states

Wang, G.-J.*; Meng, L.*; 岡 眞; Zhu, S.-L.*

Physical Review D, 104(3), p.036016_1 - 036016_15, 2021/08

 被引用回数:18 パーセンタイル:90.07(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

チャームクォーク2個と反クォーク2個の束縛状態であるテトラクォークの動径励起状態と$$P$$波励起状態のスペクトルを、クォーク模型を用いて解析した。クォーク模型は標準的なカラークーロン力と線形閉じ込め力を持つもので、チャーモニウム状態でパラメータを決めた。ダイクォークの基底状態を用いて、カラーが$$bar 3_c 3_c$$$$6_c bar 6_c$$の状態を取り入れた計算の結果、$$6_c bar 6_c$$状態が低いエネルギーとなることがわかった。$$rho$$モードと$$lambda$$モードの励起状態を調べた結果、最近発見されたX(6900)に相当するエネルギー領域には$$0^{++}$$状態、$$2^{++}$$状態、$$1^{+-}$$状態、および$$2^{-+}$$$$P$$波状態が対応していることが明らかになった。また、エキゾチックな量子数を持つ$$0^{--}$$$$1^{-+}$$状態は主に$$P$$波の$$eta_c J/psi$$, $$J/psi J/psi$$にそれぞれ崩壊することがわかった。


Field-tuned magnetic structure and phase diagram of the honeycomb magnet YbCl$$_3$$

Hao, Y. Q.*; Wo, H. L.*; Gu, Y. M.*; Zhang, X. W.*; Gu, Y. Q.*; Zheng, S. Y.*; Zhao, Y.*; Xu, G. Y.*; Lynn, J. W.*; 中島 健次; et al.

Science China; Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy, 64(3), p.237411_1 - 237411_6, 2021/03

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:47.12(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report thermodynamic and neutron diffraction measurements on the magnetic ordering properties of the honeycomb lattice magnet YbCl$$_3$$. We find YbCl$$_3$$ exhibits a N${'e}$el type long-range magnetic order at the wavevector (0, 0, 0) below T$$_N$$ = 600 mK. This magnetic order is associated with a small sharp peak in heat capacity and most magnetic entropy release occurs above the magnetic ordering temperature. The magnetic moment lies in-plane, parallel to the monoclinic a-axis, whose magnitude m$$_{rm Yb}$$ = 0.86(3) $$mu_B$$ is considerably smaller than the expected fully ordered moment of 2.24 $$mu_B$$ for the doublet crystal-field ground state. The magnetic ordering moment gradually increases with increasing magnetic field perpendicular to the ab-plane, reaching a maximum value of 1.6(2) $$mu_B$$ at 4 T, before it is completely suppressed above $$sim$$9 T. These results indicate the presence of strong quantum fluctuations in YbCl$$_3$$.


Coordination number regulation of molybdenum single-atom nanozyme peroxidase-like specificity

Wang, Y.*; Jia, G.*; Cui, X.*; Zhao, X.*; Zhang, Q.*; Gu, L.*; Zheng, L.*; Li, L. H.*; Wu, Q.*; Singh, D. J.*; et al.

Chem, 7(2), p.436 - 449, 2021/02

 被引用回数:147 パーセンタイル:99.81(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Nanozymes are promising alternatives to natural enzymes, but their use remains limited owing to poor specificity. Overcoming this is extremely challenging due to the intrinsic structural complexity of these systems. We report theoretical design and experimental realization of a series of heterogeneous molybdenum single-atom nanozymes (named Mo$$_{rm{SA}}$$-N$$_{x}$$-C), wherein we find that the peroxidase-like specificity is well regulated by the coordination numbers of single Mo sites. The resulting Mo$$_{rm{SA}}$$-N$$_{3}$$-C catalyst shows exclusive peroxidase-like behavior. It achieves this behavior via a homolytic pathway, whereas Mo$$_{rm{SA}}$$-N$$_{2}$$-C and Mo$$_{rm{SA}}$$-N$$_{4}$$-C catalysts have a different heterolytic pathway. The mechanism of this coordination-number-dependent enzymatic specificity is attributed to geometrical structure differences and orientation relationships of the frontier molecular orbitals.


Mass spectrum and strong decays of tetraquark $$bar c bar s qq$$ states

Wang, G.-J.*; Meng, L.*; Xiao, L.-Y.*; 岡 眞; Zhu, S.-L.*

European Physical Journal C, 81(2), p.188_1 - 188_12, 2021/02

 被引用回数:27 パーセンタイル:95.52(Physics, Particles & Fields)

クォーク模型を用いて、S波の$$bar c bar s qq$$テトラクォーク状態の質量を計算し、さらに$$D^{-(*)}K^{(*)}$$チャネルへの崩壊幅の計算を行った。これらは、最近LHCbで報告されている$$X^0(2900)$$状態の理解につながる。また、対応する$$I=0$$の状態として、$$X(2649)$$を予言した。この状態が実験的に見つかることで、この模型が実証されてインパクトが大きい。


${it In-situ}$ observation and analysis of solid-state diffusion and liquid migration in a crystal growth system; A Segregation-driven diffusion couple

Tremsin, A. S.*; Perrodin, D.*; Losko, A. S.*; Vogel, S. C.*; 篠原 武尚; 及川 健一; Bizarri, G. A.*; Bourret, E. D.*; Peterson, J. H.*; Wang, K. P.*; et al.

Acta Materialia, 186, p.434 - 442, 2020/03

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:36.17(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Energy-resolved neutron imaging is employed for ${it in situ}$ measurements of dopant transport in a simple experiment performed before the crystal growth of the scintillator BaBrCl:5%Eu via a vertical gradient freeze technique. During a stabilization period preceding growth, we observed the diffusion of Eu from the solid phase into the melt over a period of approximately 4 h. Comparing the measured centerline concentration profile with a mathematical model for the system, we estimate the solid-state diffusivity of Eu in BaBrCl as $$D$$$$_{1}$$ = 1.9 $$times$$ 10$$^{-10}$$ m$$^{2}$$/s and an upper limit for the liquid-phase diffusivity of Eu in the melt as $$D$$$$_2^{*}$$ = 2.5 $$times$$ 10$$^{-10}$$ m$$^{2}$$/s, at temperatures near the melting point. We compare this experiment, where diffusion is driven by a concentration discontinuity arising from segregation, to the classical diffusion couple technique.


Shell structure of the neutron-rich isotopes $$^{69,71,73}$$Co

Lokotko, T.*; Leblond, S.*; Lee, J.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Obertelli, A.*; Poves, A.*; Nowacki, F.*; 緒方 一介*; 吉田 数貴; Authelet, G.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034314_1 - 034314_7, 2020/03

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:74.42(Physics, Nuclear)

中性子過剰核である$$^{69,71,73}$$Coに対する($$p,2p$$)ノックアウト反応が理化学研究所RIBFで測定された。$$gamma-gamma$$ coincidenceの方法で準位構造が決定され、測定された包括的断面積および排他的断面積から暫定的ではあるがスピン・パリティが決定された。殻模型計算との比較により、$$^{69,71,73}$$Coの低励起状態には球形核と変形核が共存することが示唆された。


IAEA Photonuclear Data Library 2019

河野 俊彦*; Cho, Y. S.*; Dimitriou, P.*; Filipescu, D.*; 岩本 信之; Plujko, V.*; Tao, X.*; 宇都宮 弘章*; Varlamov, V.*; Xu, R.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 163, p.109 - 162, 2020/01

 被引用回数:53 パーセンタイル:99.29(Physics, Nuclear)

We report our coordinated efforts to address these data needs such as radiation shielding design and radiation transport analyses, and present the results of the new evaluations of more than 200 nuclides included in the new updated IAEA Photonuclear Data Library, where the photon energy goes up to 200 MeV. We discuss the new assessment method and make recommendations to the user community in cases where the experimental data are discrepant and the assessments disagree. In addition, in the absence of experimental data, we present model predictions for photon-induced reaction cross section on nuclides of potential interest to medical radioisotope production.

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