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Journal Articles

Role of advection in atmospheric ammonia; A Case study at a Japanese lake basin influenced by agricultural ammonia sources

Kubota, Tomohiro; Kuroda, Hisao*; Watanabe, Mirai*; Takahashi, Akiko*; Nakazato, Ryoji*; Tarui, Mika*; Matsumoto, Shunichi*; Nakagawa, Keita*; Numata, Yasuko*; Ouchi, Takao*; et al.

Atmospheric Environment, 243, p.117856_1 - 117856_9, 2020/12

The dry and wet depositions of atmospheric ammonia (NH$$_{3}$$) is one of the important pathways of nitrogen loads to aquatic ecosystems. Crop and livestock agriculture, one of the largest emitters of NH$$_{3}$$ in Asian countries, are known to cause high spatial and seasonal variation of NH$$_{3}$$ and influence the surrounding lake basin areas via its dry and wet deposition. However, the spatial characteristics of the NH$$_{3}$$ concentration in basin scale are not completely understood for regulation in NH$$_{3}$$ emission. Here we aim to clarify dominant factors of spatial and seasonal variations of the NH$$_{3}$$ concentration in a eutrophic lake basin surrounded by agricultural areas in Japan. Passive sampling over various land use categories in the basin was conducted at 36 sites in total from October 2018 to January 2020. Interestingly, the observed NH$$_{3}$$ concentration near the livestock houses were higher in winter than summer, which was inconsistent with knowledge of seasonal changes of current NH$$_{3}$$ emission inventory based on temperature-driven volatilization process. Comparing monthly NH$$_{3}$$ concentrations with various meteorological factors, we suggested the importance of seasonal advection of NH$$_{3}$$ from high emission sources to which has been rarely paid attention by the previous past studies. As for this, should be considered for lake ecosystem management since deposition of NH$$_{3}$$ is known to be closely related to the ecological processes such as phytoplankton blooming.

Journal Articles

High-temperature short-range order in Mn$$_3$$RhSi

Yamauchi, Hiroki; Sari, D. P.*; Watanabe, Isao*; Yasui, Yukio*; Chang, L.-J.*; Kondo, Keietsu; Ito, Takashi; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Hagiwara, Masato*; Frontzek, M. D.*; et al.

Communications Materials (Internet), 1, p.43_1 - 43_6, 2020/07

High-temperature short-range order is discovered up to 720 K in Mn$$_3$$RhSi by complementary use of neutron scattering and muon spin relaxation measurements.

Journal Articles

Magnetic properties of one-dimensional quantum spin system Rb$$_2$$Cu$$_2$$Mo$$_3$$O$$_{12}$$ studied by muon spin relaxation

Kawamura, Seiko; Tomiyasu, Keisuke*; Koda, Akihiro*; Sari, D. P.*; Asih, R.*; Yoon, S.*; Watanabe, Isao*; Nakajima, Kenji

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 21, p.011007_1 - 011007_5, 2018/03

Rb$$_2$$Cu$$_2$$Mo$$_3$$O$$_{12}$$ is a one-dimensional quantum spin system with spin frustration. The magnetic ground state of this system has been expected to be incommensurate spin-singlet from a theoretical study. Furthermore, it was recently reported that this system exhibited ferroelectricity under a magnetic field. We carried out $$mu$$SR studies on this system to understand the magnetic properties. A slow muon spin relaxation due to nuclear dipoles is observed in the whole measured temperatures ranging from 0.06 K to 250 K, indicating that no magnetic ordering. The result suggests that the system shows a spin-singlet ground state. Furthermore, it was found that the distribution of the internal magnetic field were slightly enhanced below 10 K. This temperature dependence resembles that of the electric polarization observed in the magnetic field. It may indicate that some local anomaly of charge/spin related to the ferroelectricity is detected by a microscopic probe.

JAEA Reports

Research of the tasks on risk communication enforcement in fiscal year 2015 (Contract research)

Tanaka, Masaru*; Aoyama, Isao*; Ishizaka, Kaoru*; Ohata, Yuki*; Fukuike, Iori*; Kawase, Keiichi; Watanabe, Masanori; Tokizawa, Takayuki; Miyagawa, Hiroshi*; Ishimori, Yuu

JAEA-Research 2017-003, 65 Pages, 2017/06


JAEA Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center and Fukushima Environmental Safety Center have same challenges in risk communication. As reference, similar domestic cases were investigated by our two Centers, and requirements for building long-term relationship were clarified. As follows; (1) Develop new relationship with various stakeholders in the region. (2) Make better use of existing resources (personnel, land and facilities, etc.). (3) Make a concerted effort to create new values with local stakeholders. (4) Make an opportunity which local stakeholders confirm safety and build confidence to the project. These efforts will enhance the opportunities for operators and residents to learn about environment management and environmental protection.

JAEA Reports

Preliminary missions for the decommissioning of the laboratory building No.1 for the plutonium research program

Segawa, Yukari; Horita, Takuma; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Kumagai, Yuta; Aoyagi, Noboru; Nakada, Masami; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Tamura, Yukito*; Okamoto, Hisato; Otomo, Takashi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2016-039, 64 Pages, 2017/03


The laboratory building No.1 for the plutonium research program (Bldg. Pu1) was chosen as one of the facilities to decommission by Japan Atomic Energy Agency Reform in September, 2013. The research groups, users of Bldg. Pu1, were driven by necessity to remove used equipment and transport nuclear fuel to other facilities from Bldg. Pu1. Research Group for Radiochemistry proactively established the Used Equipment Removal Team for the smooth operation of the removal in April, 2015. The team classified six types of work into the nature of the operation, removal of used equipment, disposal of chemicals, stabilization of mercury, stabilization of nuclear fuel, transportation of nuclear fuel and radioisotope, and survey of contamination status inside the glove boxes. These works were completed in December, 2015. This report circumstantially shows six works process, with the exception of the approval of the changes on the usage of nuclear fuel in Bldg. Pu1 to help prospective decommission.

Journal Articles

Assessment of olfactory nerve by SPECT-MRI image with nasal thallium-201 administration in patients with olfactory impairments in comparison to healthy volunteers

Shiga, Hideaki*; Taki, Junichi*; Washiyama, Koshin*; Yamamoto, Jumpei*; Kinase, Sakae; Okuda, Koichi*; Kinuya, Seigo*; Watanabe, Naoto*; Tonami, Hisao*; Koshida, Kichiro*; et al.

PLOS ONE (Internet), 8(2), p.e57671_1 - e57671_8, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:34.86(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

$$mu$$SR study of impurity effects on the Cu-spin fluctuations in the overdoped regime of La$$_{2-x}$$Sr$$_x$$Cu$$_{1-y}$$Zn$$_y$$O$$_4$$

Risdiana*; Adachi, Tadashi*; Oki, Naoki*; Yairi, Satoshi*; Tanabe, Yoichi*; Omori, Keisuke*; Suzuki, Takao*; Watanabe, Isao*; Koda, Akihiro*; Higemoto, Wataru; et al.

Physica C, 460-462(2), p.874 - 875, 2007/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:80.38(Physics, Applied)

Zero-field muon-spin-relaxation measurements have been carried out for La$$_{2-x}$$Sr$$_x$$Cu$$_{1-y}$$Zn$$_y$$O$$_4$$ (LSCO)with $$y$$ = 0-0.10 in the overdoped regime up to $$x$$ = 0.30, in order to investigate whether the dynamical stripe correlations are pinned and stabilized even for the overdoped LSCO or not. It has been found that the Zn-induced slowing down of the Cu-spin fluctuations is weakened with increasing $$x$$ but takes place in the overdoped regime and disappears at $$x$$ = 0.30. This suggests that the stripe-pinning model holds good in the whole superconducting regime of LSCO and that there is no quantum critical point at $$x$$ $$sim$$ 0.19.

Journal Articles

Wave excitation in magnetically confined plasmas with an anisotropic velocity distribution

Ichimura, Makoto*; Higaki, Hiroyuki*; Kakimoto, Shingo*; Yamaguchi, Yusuke*; Nemoto, Kenju*; Katano, Makoto*; Kozawa, Isao*; Muro, Taishi*; Ishikawa, Masao; Moriyama, Shinichi; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 51(2T), p.150 - 153, 2007/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:87.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In magnetically confined plasmas, fluctuations in the ion cyclotron range of frequency (ICRF) will be driven by the presence of non-thermal ion energy distribution. In strong ICRF heating experiments on the GAMMA 10 tandem mirror, plasmas with a strong temperature anisotropy have been formed. Alfven-ion-cyclotron (AIC) modes are spontaneously excited due to strong temperature anisotropy. High-energy ions are trapped in the local mirror and will form the velocity distribution with the strong anisotropy. To study the relation among the AIC modes, ICEs and beam-driven electrostatic instabilities with non-thermal energy distribution is the main purpose of this work. When the NBs are injected, the magnetic fluctuations due to injected beams and FP ions are detected by ICRF antennas used as pickup loops on JT-60U. The wave excitation near ion cyclotron and its higer harmonic frequencies are studied experimentally and theoretically in plasmas with non-thermal ion energy distribution.

Journal Articles

Scattering of $$^{11}$$Be halo nucleus from $$^{209}$$Bi at coulomb barrier

Mazzocco, M.*; Signorini, C.*; Romoli, M.*; De Francesco, A.*; Di Pietro, M.*; Vardaci, E.*; Yoshida, Koichi*; Yoshida, Atsushi*; Bonetti, R.*; De Rosa, A.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 28(3), p.295 - 299, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:11.4(Physics, Nuclear)

The scattering of the radioactive, weakly bound, halo nucleus $$^{11}$$Be from $$^{209}$$Bi has been studied at 40 MeV. The measurement performed with a low-intensity and a large-emittance secondary beam could be made using an extremely compact, large solid angle ($$sim$$ 2$$pi$$ sr) detecting set-up, based on 8 highly segmented Si telescopes. The $$^{9,11}$$Be scattering angular distributions, as well as their relative reaction cross-sections, resulted to be rather similar. This may suggest that at Coulomb barrier energies the halo structure and the small weakly binding energy of the $$^{11}$$Be projectile have no big influence on the reaction dynamics.

Journal Articles

Isolated hydrogen center in wide gap semiconductors studied by $$mu$$SR

Shimomura, Koichiro*; Kadono, Ryosuke*; Nishiyama, Kusuo*; Watanabe, Isao*; Suzuki, Takao*; Pratt, F.*; Oishi, Kazuki; Mizuta, Masashi*; Saito, Mineo*; Chow, K. H.*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 376-377, p.444 - 446, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:92.71(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Magnetic and superconducting phase diagram in oxybromite cuprate Ca$$_{2-x}$$Na$$_x$$CuO$$_2$$Br$$_2$$

Kuroiwa, Sogo*; Zenitani, Yuji*; Yamazawa, Maki*; Tomita, Yoko*; Akimitsu, Jun*; Oishi, Kazuki; Koda, Akihiro*; Saha, S. R.*; Kadono, Ryosuke*; Watanabe, Isao*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 374-375, p.75 - 78, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:92.71(Physics, Condensed Matter)

A comprehensive magnetic and superconducting phase diagram determined by muon spin rotation/relaxation ($$mu$$SR) is presented for Ca$$_{2-x}$$Na$$_x$$CuO$$_2$$Br$$_2$$ which has apical bromine atoms. Evidence for antiferromagnetic (AF) order in lightly doped samples and that for quasi-static spin glass (SG)-like state in moderately doped ones are obtained by ZF-$$mu$$SR at low temperatures. While the phase diagram is qualitatively similar to that in typical 2-1-4 cuprates including Ca$$_{2-x}$$Na$$_x$$CuO$$_2$$Cl$$_2$$ and La$$_{2-x}$$Sr$$_x$$CuO$$_4$$, it exhibits a slight shift (expansion) over the $$x$$ axis.

Journal Articles

Status of J-PARC muon science facility at the year of 2005

Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Nishiyama, Kusuo*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Makimura, Shunsuke*; Strasser, P.*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Beveridge, J. L.*; Kadono, Ryosuke*; Fukuchi, Koichi*; Sato, Nobuhiko*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 374-375, p.484 - 487, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:70.59(Physics, Condensed Matter)

The construction of the Materials and Life Science building was started in the beginning of the fiscal year of 2004. After commissioning of the accelerator and beam transport sections in 2008, muon beams will be available for users in 2009. In this letter, the latest construction status of the J-PARC Muon Science Facility is reported.

Journal Articles

Possible weak magnetism in MB$$_6$$ (M: Ca, Ba) probed by muon spin relaxation and muon level-crossing resonance

Kuroiwa, Sogo*; Takagiwa, Hiroyuki*; Yamazawa, Maki*; Akimitsu, Jun*; Koda, Akihiro*; Kadono, Ryosuke*; Oishi, Kazuki; Higemoto, Wataru; Watanabe, Isao*

Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, 7(1), p.12 - 16, 2006/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:79.3(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The temperature dependence of muon spin relaxation rate exhibits a significant increase below $$sim$$130 K in CaB$$_6$$ and $$sim$$110 K in BaB$$_6$$, while no sigh of spontaneous muon precession signal under a zero field is observed. Moreover, the electric field gradient at the boron site measured by muon level-crossing resonance exhibits a step like change at $$sim$$110 K in CaB$$_6$$. These results suggest a change in electronic state and the associated emergence of weak random magnetism below 110-130 K in these alkaline earth hexaborides.

Journal Articles

Present status of JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator

Matsuda, Makoto; Takeuchi, Suehiro; Tsukihashi, Yoshihiro; Hanashima, Susumu; Abe, Shinichi; Osa, Akihiko; Ishizaki, Nobuhiro; Tayama, Hidekazu; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kabumoto, Hiroshi; et al.

Proceedings of 3rd Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 31st Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.275 - 277, 2006/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

J-PARC muon science facility with use of 3GeV proton beam

Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Makimura, Shunsuke*; Strasser, P.*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Nishiyama, Kusuo*; Beveridge, J. L.*; Kadono, Ryosuke*; Sato, Nobuhiko*; Fukuchi, Koichi*; et al.

Nuclear Physics B; Proceedings Supplements, 149, p.393 - 395, 2005/12

The J-PARC muon science experimental area is planned to be located in the integrated building of the facility for materials and life science study. One muon target will be installed upstream of the neutron target. The main feature of the facility is introduced.

JAEA Reports

Accuracy investigation of nuclear design method for high temperature engineering test reactor(HTTR) based on VHTRC experimental data

Yamashita, Kiyonobu; ; Murata, Isao; Watanabe, Takashi*

JAERI-M 88-245, 90 Pages, 1988/12


no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on electron beam sensitivities of Bacillus pumilus spores

Watanabe, Yuhei; Ito, Hitoshi; Ishigaki, Isao

Shokuhin Shosha, 22(2), p.12 - 15, 1987/11

In order to estimate the sterility dose of medical supplies for EB, the dry spores of ${it Bacillus pumilus}$ 601 were used as a microbial indicator.

JAEA Reports

2nd power-up test for JRR-2

Kambara, Toyozo; Uno, Hidero; Shoda, Katsuhiko; Hirata, Yutaka; Shoji, Tsutomu; Kohayakawa, Toru; Takayanagi, Hiroshi; Fujimura, Tsutomu; Morita, Morito; Ichihara, Masahiro; et al.

JAERI 1045, 11 Pages, 1963/03


no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of Monju plant dynamics analysis code, 4; Verification of Fanpsy code based on the test operation data of the water steam circuit

Mitsumoto, Rika*; Kimura, Koichi; Tamayama, Kiyoshi; Watanabe, Hisao*

no journal, , 

Monju plant dynamics code Fanpsy to analyze transient of a water steam circuit start-up bypass analysis model was build, based on an actual component valve characteristic, and Fanpsy was verified by analysis of water steam circuit start-up tests.

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