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論文

First online operation of TRIGA-TRAP

Grund, J.*; 浅井 雅人; Blaum, K.*; Block, M.*; Chenmarev, S.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Eberhardt, K.*; Lohse, S.*; 永目 諭一郎*; Nagy, Sz.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 972, p.164013_1 - 164013_8, 2020/08

ペニングトラップ型質量分析装置TRIGA-TRAPとTRIGA Mainz研究炉との結合に成功した。これにより、炉心近くに設置した$$^{235}$$U標的の中性子核分裂によって生成された短寿命核の高精度質量測定が可能となった。ターゲットチャンバから表面電離イオン源への短寿命核の効率的な輸送のためにエアロゾルガスジェットシステムを使用した。新規イオン光学系および改良型ビームモニタリングシステムを導入するとともに、実験装置のコミッショニングが終了した。表面イオン源の設計、実験装置の効率、および本装置を用いて得られた最初の結果を報告する。

論文

In-source laser spectroscopy of dysprosium isotopes at the ISOLDE-RILIS

Chrysalidis, K.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Ahmed, R.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ballof, J.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Fraile, L. M.*; Harding, R. D.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 463, p.472 - 475, 2020/01

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

放射壊変によって生成された多数のジスプロシウム同位体について、ISOLDEのレーザー共鳴イオン源(RILIS)を用いてイオン源内レーザー分光法によって研究した。$$^{152}$$Dyに対する相対的な同位体シフトを$$4f^{10}6s^{2}~^{5}I_{8}$$ (gs) $$rightarrow$$ $$4f^{10}6s6p~(8,1)^{o}_{8}$$共鳴遷移を用いて測定した。電子的因子Fとマスシフト因子Mを導出し、それらを使って$$^{rm 145m}$$Dyと$$^{rm 147m}$$Dyの平均自乗荷電半径の変化を初めて決定した。

論文

Inverse odd-even staggering in nuclear charge radii and possible octupole collectivity in $$^{217,218,219}$$At revealed by in-source laser spectroscopy

Barzakh, A. E.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Seliverstov, M. D.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Ascher, P.*; Atanasov, D.*; Beck, D.*; Biero$'n$, J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(5), p.054317_1 - 054317_9, 2019/05

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:22.15(Physics, Nuclear)

Hyperfine-structure parameters and isotope shifts for the 795-nm atomic transitions in $$^{217,218,219}$$At have been measured at CERN-ISOLDE, using the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique. Magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments, and changes in the nuclear mean-square charge radii, have been deduced. A large inverse odd-even staggering in radii, which may be associated with the presence of octupole collectivity, has been observed. Namely, the radius of the odd-odd isotope $$^{218}$$At has been found to be larger than the average.

論文

Observation of a $$gamma$$-decaying millisecond isomeric state in $$^{128}$$Cd$$_{80}$$

Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; S$"o$derstr$"o$m, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Taprogge, J.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 772, p.483 - 488, 2017/09

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:32.93(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

A new high-spin isomer in the neutron-rich nucleus $$^{128}$$Cd was populated in the projectile fission of a $$^{238}$$U beam at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory at RIKEN. A half-life of T$$_{1/2}$$ = 6.3(8) ms was measured for the new state which was tentatively assigned a spin/parity of (15$$^-$$). The isomeric state decays via the emission of a 309-keV $$gamma$$ ray with $$E3$$ multipolarity. The experimental results are compared to shell model calculations performed using state-of-the-art realistic effective interactions and to the neighbouring nucleus $$^{129}$$Cd. The comparison with calculations shows that adjustments of the pairing and multipole parts of the effective interaction derived from the CD-Bonn nucleon-nucleon potential are required in order to describe the properties of nuclei in the region around $$^{132}$$Sn.

論文

$$beta$$ decay of semi-magic $$^{130}$$Cd; Revision and extension of the level scheme of $$^{130}$$In

Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; S$"o$derstr$"o$m, P. A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Taprogge, J.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 94(2), p.024303_1 - 024303_8, 2016/08

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:20.42(Physics, Nuclear)

The $$beta$$ decay of the semi-magic nucleus $$^{130}$$Cd has been studied at the RIBF facility at the RIKEN Nishina Center. The high statistics of the present experiment allowed for a revision of the established level scheme of $$^{130}$$In and the observation of additional $$beta$$ feeding to high lying core-excited states in $$^{130}$$In. The experimental results are compared to shell-model calculations employing a model space consisting of the full major $$N=50-82$$ neutron and $$Z=28-50$$ proton shells, and good agreement is found.

論文

First observation of $$gamma$$ rays emitted from excited states south-east of $$^{132}$$Sn; The $$pi$$ g$$_{9/2}^{-1}$$ $$ otimes$$ $$nu f_{7/2}$$ multiplet of $$^{132}$$In$$_{83}$$

Jungclaus, A.*; Gargano, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Taprogge, J.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Shimizu, Y.*; Simpson, G. S.*; S$"o$derstr$"o$m, P.-A.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 93(4), p.041301_1 - 041301_6, 2016/04

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:20.42(Physics, Nuclear)

For the first time, the decay of excited states in a nucleus situated "south-east" of $$^{132}$$Sn have been observed, in a region where experimental information is limited to ground-state properties. Six $$gamma$$ rays from $$^{133}$$Cd, produced in the fragmentation of a $$^{238}$$U beam at RIBF at RIKEN. The $$gamma$$ rays were studied using the EURICA array of Ge detectors. The new experimental information is compared to results from realistic shell-model calculations, which are the first in this region far from stability. Comparison with calculations suggests that at least four out of six new transitions can be attributed to the particle-hole configuration of one neutron in the $$f_{7/2}$$ and one proton hole in the $$g_{9/2}$$ orbits, respectively. This work constitutes an important first step towards the exploration of nuclear structure in this unknown region of the nuclear chart.

論文

$$beta$$ decay of $$^{129}$$Cd and excited states in $$^{129}$$In

Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; S$"o$derstr$"o$m, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 91(5), p.054324_1 - 054324_11, 2015/05

 被引用回数:18 パーセンタイル:14.55(Physics, Nuclear)

The $$beta$$ decay of $$^{129}$$Cd, produced in relativistic fission of a $$^{238}$$U beam, was studied at the RIKEN Nishina Center. From the $$gamma$$-ray analysis, 31 excited states and 69 $$gamma$$ ray transitions were established in the level scheme of $$^{129}$$In, and compared with state-of-the-art shell-model calculations. It was found that the $$beta$$ decay of $$^{129}$$Cd is dominated by Gamow teller transitions, but a non-negligible contribution to the $$beta$$ decay is also made by first-forbidden transitions. To estimate the contribution of first-forbidden transitions is important for calculations of the $$beta$$-decay half-lives of nuclei in this region.

論文

$$beta$$-decay half-lives of 110 neutron-rich nuclei across the $$N$$=82 shell gap; Implications for the mechanism and universality of the astrophysical $$r$$ process

Lorusso, G.*; 西村 俊二*; Xu, Z. Y.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Shimizu, Y.*; Simpson, G. S.*; S$"o$derstr$"o$m, P.-A.*; Watanabe, H.*; Browne, F.*; Doornenbal, P.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 114(19), p.192501_1 - 192501_7, 2015/05

 被引用回数:101 パーセンタイル:1.98(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The $$beta$$-decay half-lives of 110 neutron-rich isotopes of the elements from Rb to Sn were measured at the RIBF Facility at RIKEN, Japan. The new data demonstrate the persistence of shell structure far from stability and have direct implications for the $$r$$-process calculations. In particular, the new half-lives have a global impact on the calculated $$r$$-process elemental abundances, and alleviate the underproduction of isotopes just above and below the A=130 peak, which in the past required the introduction of shell structure modifications. Reaction-network calculations based on the new data reinforce the notion that the r-process abundance pattern may result from the freeze-out of a (n,$$gamma$$)$$_leftarrow^{rightarrow}$$($$gamma$$,n) equilibrium.

論文

In-source laser spectroscopy with the laser ion source and trap; First direct study of the ground-state properties of $$^{217,219}$$Po

Fink, D. A.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Bastin, B.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Flanagan, K. T.*; Ghys, L.*; et al.

Physical Review X, 5(1), p.011018_1 - 011018_15, 2015/01

 被引用回数:17 パーセンタイル:21.7(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A Laser Ion Source and Trap (LIST) for a thick-target, isotope-separation on-line facility has been implemented at CERN ISOLDE for the production of pure, laser-ionized, radioactive ion beams. The first physics application of the LIST enables the suppression of francium contamination in ion beams of neutron-rich polonium isotopes at ISOLDE by more than 1000 with a reduction in laser-ionization efficiency of only 20. Resonance ionization spectroscopy is performed directly inside the LIST device, allowing the study of the hyperfine structure and isotope shift of $$^{217}$$Po for the first time. Nuclear decay spectroscopy of $$^{219}$$Po is performed for the first time, revealing its half-life, $$alpha$$-to-$$beta$$-decay branching ratio, and $$alpha$$-particle energy. This experiment demonstrates the applicability of the LIST at radioactive ion-beam facilities for the production and study of pure beams of exotic isotopes.

論文

Identification of a millisecond isomeric state in $$^{129}$$Cd$$_{81}$$ via the detection of internal conversion and Compton electrons

Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Xu, Z. Y.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; N$'a$cher, E.*; Simpson, G. S.*; S$"o$derstr$"o$m, P.-A.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 738, p.223 - 227, 2014/11

 被引用回数:17 パーセンタイル:19.09(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The decay of an isomeric state in the neutron-rich nucleus $$^{129}$$Cd was observed via the detection of internal conversion and Compton electrons. This measurement provided the first experimental information on excited states in this nucleus. The isomer was populated in the projectile fission of a $$^{238}$$U beam at the RIBF facility at RIKEN. From the measured yields of $$gamma$$ rays and internal conversion electrons, E3 multipolarity was tentatively assigned to the isomeric transition. A half-life of 3.6(2) ms was determined for this new state which, by comparison with shell-model calculations, was tentatively assigned a spin of (21/2$$^+$$).

論文

Yrast 6$$^+$$ seniority isomers of $$^{136,138}$$Sn

Simpson, G. S.*; Gey, G.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Taprogge, J.*; 西村 俊二*; Sieja, K.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; S$"o$derstr$"o$m, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 113(13), p.132502_1 - 132502_6, 2014/09

 被引用回数:46 パーセンタイル:7.83(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Delayed $$gamma$$-ray cascades, originating from the decay of 6$$^+$$ isomeric states, in the very neutron-rich, semimagic isotopes $$^{136,138}$$Sn were observed following the projectile fission of a $$^{238}$$U beam at RIBF, RIKEN. The wave functions of these isomeric states are proposed to be predominantly a fully aligned pair of f$$_{7/2}$$ neutrons. Shell-model calculations, performed using a realistic effective interaction, reproduce well the energies of the excited states of these nuclei and the measured transition rates, with the exception of the $$B(E$$2;6$$^+ rightarrow 4^+$$) rate of $$^{136}$$Sn, which deviates from a simple seniority scheme. Empirically reducing the $$nu f$$$$_{7/2}^{2}$$ orbit matrix elements produces a 4+1 state with almost equal seniority 2 and 4 components, correctly reproducing the experimental $$B(E$$2;6$$^+ rightarrow 4^+$$) rate of $$^{136}$$Sn. These data provide a key benchmark for shell-model interactions far from stability.

論文

Monopole-driven shell evolution below the doubly magic nucleus $$^{132}$$Sn explored with the long-lived isomer in $$^{126}$$Pd

Watanabe, H.*; Lorusso, G.*; 西村 俊二*; Otsuka, T.*; Ogawa, K.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; 炭竃 聡之*; S$"o$derstr$"o$m, P.-A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Li, Z.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 113(4), p.042502_1 - 042502_6, 2014/07

 被引用回数:17 パーセンタイル:22.97(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A new isomer with a half-life of 23.0(8) ms has been identified in $$^{126}$$Pd at 2406 keV excitation. The proposed spin and parity configuration is 10$$^{+}$$, with maximally aligned configuration of two $$h$$$$_{11/2}$$ neutron hole. $$beta$$-decay from the long-lived isomer was also observed to populated excited states at high spins in $$^{126}$$Ag. The small energy difference between the 10$$^{+}$$ and 7$$^{-}$$ isomers in $$^{126}$$Pd was interpreted in the frame of the monopole shift of the 1$$h$$$$_{11/2}$$ neutron orbit. The effects of the monopole interaction on the evolution of single-neutron energies below $$^{132}$$Sn are discussed in terms of central and tensor forces.

論文

$$1p_{3/2}$$ proton-hole state in $$^{132}$$Sn and the shell structure along $$N$$=82

Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G.*; S$"o$derstr$"o$m, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 112(13), p.132501_1 - 132501_6, 2014/04

 被引用回数:40 パーセンタイル:9.82(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A low-lying state in $$^{131}$$In, the one-proton hole nucleus with respect to double magic $$^{132}$$Sn, was observed by its $$gamma$$ decay to the beta emitting isomer. The new state, which was populated both in the beta decay of $$^{131}$$Cd and after beta-delayed neutron emission from $$^{132}$$Cd, was identified, at an excitation energy of 1353 keV, as the previously unknown single-hole state with respect to the $$^{132}$$Sn core. Exploiting this crucial new experimental information, shell-model calculations were performed to study the structure of experimentally inaccessible $$N$$=82 isotones below $$^{132}$$Sn. The results evidence a surprising absence of proton subshell closures along the chain of $$N$$=82 isotones. This finding bears consequences on the evolution of the $$N$$=82 shell gap along the r-process path.

論文

Measurement of the first ionization potential of astatine by laser ionization spectroscopy

Rothe, S.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Borschevsky, A.*; Capponi, L.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; De Witte, H.*; Eliav, E.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 4, p.1835_1 - 1835_6, 2013/05

 被引用回数:64 パーセンタイル:5.07(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The radioactive element astatine exists only in trace amounts in nature. Its properties can therefore only be explored by study of smallest quantities of artificially produced isotopes or by performing theoretical calculations. One of the most important properties influencing the chemical behaviour is the energy required to remove one electron from the valence shell, referred to as the ionization potential (IP). Here we use laser spectroscopy to probe the optical spectrum of astatine near the ionization threshold. The observed series of Rydberg states allowed the deduction of the IP of the astatine atom for the first time. New ab initio calculations were performed to support the experimental result. The measured value of IP(At) serves as a benchmark for quantum chemistry calculations of the properties of astatine as well as for the theoretical prediction of the ionization potential of super-heavy element 117, the heaviest homologue of astatine.

論文

Development of frequency stabilized diode laser based on a spectroscopic study on magnetically induced circular dichroism of atomic rubidium

宮部 昌文; 加藤 政明; 大場 正規; 若井田 育夫; 渡部 和男; Wendt, K.*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, 45(5A), p.4120 - 4122, 2006/05

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:95.08(Physics, Applied)

多段階共鳴イオン化分析法による難分析核種の分析に不可欠な周波数安定化レーザーシステムのうち、根幹となる周波数基準レーザーに、原子の磁気円2色性を利用した方法(DAVLL法)を適用する研究を行った。ルビジウム原子の${it D}$ $$_{2}$$線のうち、ドップラー拡がりのある吸収線とドップラーフリー吸収線のそれぞれについて、温度や磁場による磁気円二色性スペクトルの変化を測定し、最も安定な吸収線を選定した。2台の安定化レーザーで光のビートを観測し、ビート周波数の長時間変動から波長安定度を評価した。この結果、ドップラー拡がりのない$$^{85}$$Rb(${it F}$=3$$rightarrow$$CO3, 4)クロスオーバー吸収線にロックした場合に、波長変動を8時間で$$pm$$50kHz以内にまで抑えることができ、RIMS分析用光源システムの基準レーザーとして十分な安定度が得られることを確認した。

論文

Determination of ionization potential of calcium by high-resolution resonance ionization spectroscopy

宮部 昌文; Geppert, C.*; 加藤 政明; 大場 正規; 若井田 育夫; 渡部 和男; Wendt, K. D. A.*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 75(3), p.034302_1 - 034302_10, 2006/03

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:41.33(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

高分解能共鳴電離分光によりカルシウム原子のイオン化ポテンシャルを正確に決定した。単一縦モード外部共振器半導体レーザー3台を用いて、基底状態のカルシウム原子を摂動のない4snp(1P1), 4snf(1F3)系列(主量子数20-150)まで3段階共鳴励起した。観測された量子欠損を、拡張されたリッツ公式を用いて近似することで、従来より1桁高い精度で、カルシウムの系列極限を49305.9240 (20)cm$$^{-1}$$と決定できた。

論文

Total angular momenta of even-parity autoionizing levels and odd-parity high-lying levels of atomic uranium

宮部 昌文; Geppert, C.*; 大場 正規; 若井田 育夫; Wendt, K.*

Journal of Physics B; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 35(18), p.3865 - 3877, 2002/09

自動電離準位の光学特性はレーザー極微量分析に必要な高効率電離スキームを決めるうえで重要である。本研究では、3段階共鳴電離分光法を用いて、イオン化極限から約1300cm$$^{-1}$$の範囲に存在する約200個の自動電離単位について、そのエネルギー,全角運動量,自動電離速度を測定した。また全角運動量の確定した自動電離準位へ向かう電離遷移を観測することで、約70個の中間準位の全角運動量を新たに確定した。観測された自動電離速度の角運動量依存性は、遠心力ポテンシャルバリアの効果で説明できることがわかった。

口頭

中性子ドシメトリに向けたガスジェットレーザー共鳴イオン化質量分析法に基づく$$^{rm 93m}$$Nb微量分析法の開発,1; チタンサファイアレーザーを用いたNb共鳴イオン化実験

坂本 知佳*; 高塚 卓旦*; Sonnenchein, V.*; 富田 英生*; 園田 哲*; 三田 浩希*; 能任 琢真*; 足立 義貴*; 伊藤 主税; 前田 茂貴; et al.

no journal, , 

原子炉安全性評価のための高速中性子の長期化積算線量評価に有用な$$^{rm 93m}$$Nbと$$^{93}$$Nbの存在比測定に向けた核異性体選択的共鳴イオン化質量分析法の開発に向けて、チタンサファイアレーザーを用いた真空中でのNb共鳴イオン化実験を行った。中性子ドシメトリのための$$^{rm 93m}$$Nb微量分析に対し、注入同期Ti:Saレーザーを用いたRIMSを行うことを念頭に、Ti:Saレーザーを用いてNb共鳴イオン化を試みた結果、Nbの真空中共鳴イオン化を確認した。さらにTi:Saレーザーのスペクトル線幅を抑制した場合では、超微細分裂によるピークのゆがみも確認された。今後は二色二段のイオン化スキームを用いた共鳴イオン化実証実験を行う予定である。

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