Yagi, Naoto; Mita, Yutaka; Kanda, Nobuhiro
Dekomisshoningu Giho, (61), p.2 - 11, 2020/03
Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been conducting research and development on uranium exploration, uranium mining, uranium refining / conversion, and uranium enrichment. Currently, our Center has completed its initial mission and is conducting decommissioning of facilities used for R&D, and R&D for decommissioning. Of the three main facilities of our Center, the refining conversion facility and the enrichment engineering facility have already begun dismantling equipment in the facilities. The uranium enrichment demonstration plant is in the process of applying for a decommissioning plan. This report provides an overview of the current status of our Center's decommissioning.
Sato, Kazuhiko; Yagi, Naoto; Nakagiri, Toshio
Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2019/05
no abstracts in English
Nakayama, Takuya; Yagi, Naoto; Sato, Kazuhiko; Hinoda, Shingo; Nakagiri, Toshio; Morimoto, Yasuyuki; Umezawa, Katsuhiro; Sugitsue, Noritake
JAEA-Review 2018-005, 163 Pages, 2018/03
The Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center of JAEA has been working together with local communities for more than 60 years. Through our R&D projects on from uranium exploration to uranium enrichment as a part of the nuclear fuel cycle (i.e., front-end), we have accumulated experiences in the fields of management of uranium related technology. Taking advantage of such our potential, we will start new R&D program on "Research on Uranium and the Environment." In December 2016 we announced our new concept of the "Uranium and Environmental Research Platform" as a framework aimed at contributing to regional and international society through R&D programs (environmental research and uranium waste engineering research) that are needed to steadily carry out decommissioning of uranium handling facilities.
Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Taprogge, J.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 772, p.483 - 488, 2017/09
Strasser, P.*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.
Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12
Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P. A.*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Taprogge, J.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 94(2), p.024303_1 - 024303_8, 2016/08
Jungclaus, A.*; Gargano, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Taprogge, J.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Shimizu, Y.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(4), p.041301_1 - 041301_6, 2016/04
Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 91(5), p.054324_1 - 054324_11, 2015/05
Lorusso, G.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Xu, Z. Y.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Shimizu, Y.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; Watanabe, H.*; Browne, F.*; Doornenbal, P.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 114(19), p.192501_1 - 192501_7, 2015/05
Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Xu, Z. Y.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Ncher, E.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 738, p.223 - 227, 2014/11
Simpson, G. S.*; Gey, G.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Taprogge, J.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Sieja, K.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 113(13), p.132502_1 - 132502_6, 2014/09
Saito, Tatsuo; Sakai, Akihiro; Sato, Kazuhiko; Yagi, Naoto; Hata, Haruhi; Fumoto, Hiromichi*; Kawagoshi, Hiroshi; Hasegawa, Makoto
JAEA-Review 2014-021, 30 Pages, 2014/07
Japan Atomic Energy Agency surveyed the reference cases for the disposal of uranium bearing waste in low activity concentration as the contents of their own category 2 waste disposal facility for the Research and Development Activities. We reviewed the concepts mentioned in IAEA and ICRP documents, reference cases of uranium bearing waste disposal in selected countries (USA, Canada, UK, France and Sweden), and the disposal styles of long-lived radioactive waste were summarized, and the action items for application to the disposal system of our country was arranged. The disposal facilities in selected countries can be classified into 2 types with the length of performance assessment period for intruder scenario. They are long term assessment type and short term assessment type. It seems that the disposal system construction in category 2 waste disposal is the most realistic since there are many precedence examples of each country. Correspondence of 2 types of these disposal facilities is useful as a reference case.
Watanabe, H.*; Lorusso, G.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Otsuka, T.*; Ogawa, K.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Li, Z.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 113(4), p.042502_1 - 042502_6, 2014/07
Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 112(13), p.132501_1 - 132501_6, 2014/04
Yagi, Naoto*; Matsuo, Tatsuhito; Ota, Noboru*
Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 19(4), p.574 - 578, 2012/07
X-ray diffraction patterns were recorded from isolated single rod outer segments of frog. The outer segments in Ringer's solution were exposed to a 6 m microbeam (15 keV) at the BL40XU beamline, SPring-8. The diffraction pattern demonstrated a remarkable regularity in the stacking and flatness of the disk membranes. The electron density profile calculated from the intensity of up to tenth-order reflections showed a pair of bilayers that comprise a disk membrane. The structure of the disk membrane and the changes in the profile on swelling generally agreed with previous reports. Radiation damage was significant with an irradiation of 5 10 Gy which is much lower than the known damaging dose on proteins at the liquid-nitrogen temperature.
Nishiura, Masaya*; Toba, Shiori*; Takao, Daisuke*; Miyashiro, Daisuke*; Sakakibara, Hitoshi*; Matsuo, Tatsuhito; Kamimura, Shinji*; Oiwa, Kazuhiro*; Yagi, Naoto*; Iwamoto, Hiroyuki*
Journal of Structural Biology, 178(3), p.329 - 337, 2012/06
We report the first X-ray diffraction patterns recorded from single axonemes of eukaryotic flagella with a diameter of only 0.2 m, by using the technique of cryomicrodiffraction. A spermatozoon isolated from Drosophila melanogaster, was mounted straight in a glass capillary, quickly frozen and its 800-m segment was irradiated end-on with intense synchrotron radiation X-ray microbeams (diameter, 2 m) at 74 K. Well-defined diffraction patterns were recorded, consisting of a large number of isolated reflection spots. The patterns had features of an 18-fold rotational symmetry as expected from the axonemal structure. The diffraction patterns were compared with the results of model calculations based on a published electron micrograph of the Drosophila axoneme. The comparison provided information on the native state of axoneme, including estimates of axonemal diameter and interdoublet spacing.
Yamada, Yoshiteru*; Matsuo, Tatsuhito; Iwamoto, Hiroyuki*; Yagi, Naoto*
Biochemistry, 51(19), p.3963 - 3970, 2012/05
Calmodulin undergoes characteristic conformational changes by binding Ca. We measured the conformational changes of calmodulin upon Ca and mastoparan binding using the time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering technique combined with flash photolysis of caged calcium. This measurement system covers the time range of 0.5-180 ms. Within 10 ms of the stepwise increase in Ca concentration, we identified a distinct compact conformational state with a drastically different molecular dimension. This process is too fast to study with a conventional stopped-flow apparatus. The compact conformational state was also observed without mastoparan, indicating that the calmodulin forms a compact globular conformation by itself upon Ca binding. This new conformational state of calmodulin seems to regulate Ca binding and conformational changes in the N-terminal domain.
Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Miyamoto, Nobuyoshi*; Fujita, Takako*; Nakato, Teruyuki*; Koizumi, Satoshi; Ota, Noboru*; Yagi, Naoto*; Hashimoto, Takeji
Physical Review E, 85(1), p.011403_1 - 011403_15, 2012/01
Phase transition of aqueous colloidal dispersions of charged plate-like particles of niobate nanosheets were investigated as a function of the aspect ratio () and particle volume concentration () by small-angle neutron scattering and small-angle X-ray scattering. The results elucidated the following three pieces of evidence: (1) the macroscopic phase separation of the dispersions into an isotropic phase and a liquid crystalline phase (LC) under the condition of (a) varying at a constant = 0.01, and of (b) varying (0.01 0.025) at a constant = 2.510. (2) the -induced phase transition of the LC phase from a nematic phase to a highly periodic layered phase upon increasing r under the condition (a). (3) the LC phase having remarkable concentration fluctuations of the particles which are totally unexpected for the conventional lyotropic molecular LC but which are anticipated to be general for the plate-like colloidal particles.
Kudo, Kenji; Kawatsuma, Shinji; Rindo, Hiroshi; Watabe, Kozo; Tomii, Hiroyuki; Shiraishi, Kunio; Yagi, Naoto; Fukushima, Tadashi; Zaitsu, Tomohisa
Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-14) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2006/07
Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) played a leading role in basic research in the field of atomic energy research and development, while Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) did a major role in FBR cycle development and high level waste disposal. Following the Government's decision in December 2001, JAERI and JNC was merged as of October 1st, 2005. The new organization, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), is an institute for comprehensive R&D for atomic energy, and is the largest research and development institute among Governmental R&D organizations. Its missions are basic research on atomic energy, R&D for nuclear fuel cycle, decommissioning of own facilities and disposal of waste, contribution to safety and non-proliferation, etc. The JAEA owns a number of nuclear facilities: research reactors such as JRR-2 and Joyo, prototype reactors such as ATR "Fugen" and FBR "Monju", fuel cycle plants such as Uranium Enrichment Demonstration Plant at Ningyo-Toge, MOX fuel plants at Tokai, Reprocessing Plant at Tokai, and Hot Laboratories such as JRTF and FMF. As a part of preparation of the mergence, JNC and JAERI have jointly developed a comprehensive cost estimation method for decommissioning, based on decommissioning and refurbishing experiences of JAERI and JNC. This method involves more estimation parameters from typical decommissioning activities than before, so as to make it more reliable. JAERI and JNC have estimated the total cost for decommissioning by using this method, and concluded that the cost would be 600 billion yen (approx. 5 billion USD).
Goto, Shunji*; Takeshita, Kunikazu*; Suzuki, Yoshio*; Ohashi, Haruhiko*; Asano, Yoshihiro; Kimura, Hiroaki*; Matsushita, Tomohiro*; Yagi, Naoto*; Isshiki, M.*; Yamazaki, H.*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 467-468(Part1), p.682 - 685, 2001/07
no abstracts in English