Takechi, Manabu; Matsunaga, Go; Sakurai, Shinji; Sasajima, Tadayuki; Yagyu, Junichi; Hoshi, Ryo*; Kawamata, Yoichi; Kurihara, Kenichi; JT-60SA Team; Nishikawa, T.*; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.985 - 988, 2015/10
Shibama, Yusuke; Okano, Fuminori; Yagyu, Junichi; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Hayakawa, Atsuro*; Sagawa, Keiich*; Mochida, Tsutomu*; Morimoto, Tamotsu*; Hamada, Takashi*; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1614 - 1619, 2015/10
The JT-60SA vacuum vessel (150 tons) is a double wall torus structure and the maximum major radius of 5.0 m and height of 6.6 m. The manufacturing design concept is that the vessel is split in the 10 toroidal sectors manufactured at factory, and assembled on-site; seven of the 40-degree sectors, two of the 30-degree beside final one, and the final of the 20-degree. The final sector is assembled with the VV thermal shield and toroidal field magnets into the 340-degree as prepared in one sector. Sectors are temporally fitted on-site and adjusted one over the other before the assembly. After measurement of the dimensions and the reference, these sectors are transferred onto the cryostat base. First, three 80-degree sectors are manufactured with mating each 40-degree sector by direct joint welding. The rest sectors including the final sector are jointed with splice plates. Welding manipulator and its guide rails are used for these welding. In this paper, the detail of the VV sectors assembly including the final sector is explained. Welding technologies to joint the two of 40-degree sectors are reported with the present manufacturing status and the welding trial on the vertical stub with the partial mock-up of the final sector are discussed with the assembly process.
Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Okano, Fuminori; Sakasai, Akira; Hanada, Masaya; Akino, Noboru; Ichige, Hisashi; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Kiyono, Kimihiro; Kubo, Hirotaka; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; et al.
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 13(4), p.167 - 178, 2014/12
The JT-60U torus was disassembled so as to newly install the superconducting tokamak JT-60SA torus. The JT-60U used the deuterium for 18 years, so the disassembly project of the JT-60U was the first disassembly experience of a fusion device with radioactivation in Japan. All disassembly components were stored with recording the data such as dose rate, weight and kind of material, so as to apply the clearance level regulation in future. The lessons learned from the disassembly project indicated that the cutting technologies and storage management of disassembly components were the key factors to conduct the disassembly project in an efficient way. After completing the disassembly project, efforts have been made to analyze the data for characterizing disassembly activities, so as to contribute the estimation of manpower needs and the radioactivation of the disassembly components on other fusion devices.
Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Okano, Fuminori; Hanada, Masaya; Sakasai, Akira; Kubo, Hirotaka; Akino, Noboru; Chiba, Shinichi; Ichige, Hisashi; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Kiyono, Kimihiro; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(9-10), p.2018 - 2023, 2014/10
Disassembly of the JT-60U torus was started in 2009 after 18-years D operations, and was completed in October 2012. The JT-60U torus was featured by the complicated and welded structure against the strong electromagnetic force, and by the radioactivation due to D-D reactions. Since this work is the first experience of disassembling a large radioactive fusion device in Japan, careful disassembly activities have been made. About 13,000 components cut into pieces with measuring the dose rates were removed from the torus hall and stored safely in storage facilities by using a total wokers of 41,000 person-days during 3 years. The total weight of the disassembly components reached up to 5,400 tons. Most of the disassembly components will be treated as non-radioactive ones after the clearance verification under the Japanese regulation in future. The assembly of JT-60SA has started in January 2013 after this disassembly of JT-60U torus.
Nishiyama, Tomokazu; Yagyu, Junichi; Nakamura, Shigetoshi; Masaki, Kei; Okano, Fuminori; Sakasai, Akira
Heisei-26-Nendo Hokkaido Daigaku Sogo Gijutsu Kenkyukai Hokokushu (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2014/09
no abstracts in English
Okano, Fuminori; Ichige, Hisashi; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Sasajima, Tadayuki; Nishiyama, Tomokazu; Yagyu, Junichi; Ishige, Yoichi; Suzuki, Hiroaki; Komuro, Kenichi; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2014-003, 125 Pages, 2014/03
The disassembly of JT-60 tokamak device and its peripheral equipments, where the total weight was about 5400 tons, started in 2009 and accomplished in October 2012. This disassembly was required process for JT-60SA project, which is the Satellite Tokamak project under Japan-EU international corroboration to modify the JT-60 to the superconducting tokamak. This work was the first experience of disassembling a large radioactive fusion device based on Radiation Hazard Prevention Act in Japan. The cutting was one of the main problems in this disassembly, such as to cut the wielded parts together with toroidal field coils, and to cut the vacuum vessel into two. After solving these problems, the disassembly completed without disaster and accident. This report presents the outline of the JT-60 disassembly, especially tokamak device and ancillary facilities for tokamak device.
Suzuki, Sadaaki; Yagyu, Junichi; Masaki, Kei; Nishiyama, Tomokazu; Nakamura, Shigetoshi; Saeki, Hisashi; Hoshi, Ryo; Sawai, Hiroaki; Hasegawa, Koichi; Arai, Takashi; et al.
NIFS-MEMO-67, p.266 - 271, 2014/02
no abstracts in English
Okano, Fuminori; Masaki, Kei; Yagyu, Junichi; Shibama, Yusuke; Sakasai, Akira; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Nishiyama, Tomokazu; Suzuki, Sadaaki; Nakamura, Shigetoshi; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2013-032, 32 Pages, 2013/11
Japan Atomic Energy Agency started to construct a fully superconducting tokamak experiment device, JT-60SA, to support the ITER since January, 2013 at the Fusion Research and Development Directorate in Naka, Japan. The JT-60SA will be constructed with enhancing the previous JT-60 infrastructures, in the JT-60 torus hall, where the ex-JT-60 machine was disassembled. The JT-60SA Cryostat Base, for base of the entire tokamak structure, were assembly as first step of this construction. The Cryostat Base (CB, 250 tons) is consists of 7 main made of stainless steel, 12m diameter and 3m height. It was built in the Spain and transported to the Naka site with the seven major parts split, via Hitachi port. The assembly work of these steps, preliminary measurements, sole plate adjustments of its height and flatness, and assembly of the CB. Introduces the concrete result of assembly work and transport of JT-60SA cryostat base.
Okano, Fuminori; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Sakasai, Akira; Hanada, Masaya; Ichige, Hisashi; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Sasajima, Tadayuki; Nishiyama, Tomokazu; Yagyu, Junichi; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2013-031, 42 Pages, 2013/11
The disassembly of JT-60 tokamak device and its peripheral equipments, where the total weight was about 6200 tons, started in 2009 and accomplished in October 2012. This disassembly was required process for JT-60SA project, which is the Satellite Tokamak project under Japan-EU international corroboration to modify the JT-60 to the superconducting tokamak. This work was the first experience of disassembling a large radioactive fusion device based on Radiation Hazard Prevention Act in Japan. The cutting was one of the main problems in this disassembly, such as to cut the wielded parts together with toroidal field coils, and to cut the vacuum vessel into two. After solving these problems, the disassembly completed without disaster and accident. This report presents the outline of the JT-60 disassembly, especially tokamak device.
Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Arai, Takashi; Hasegawa, Koichi; Hoshi, Ryo; Kamiya, Koji; Kawashima, Hisato; Kubo, Hirotaka; Masaki, Kei; Saeki, Hisashi; Sakurai, Shinji; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), p.705 - 710, 2013/10
Yoshida, Masafumi; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Adachi, Ayumu*; Hayashi, Takao; Nakano, Tomohide; Fukumoto, Masakatsu; Yagyu, Junichi; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Masaki, Kei; Itami, Kiyoshi
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 438, p.S1261 - S1265, 2013/07
Fuel retention rates and carbon re-deposition rates in the plasma shadowed areas in JT-60U were measured. Distributions of the fuel retention as well as the carbon re-deposition in the whole in-vessel of a large tokamak were clarified for the first time in the world. The fuel retention in the plasma shadowed areas was about two times larger than that in the carbon re-deposited layers on the plasma facing surface, although the amount of the carbon re-deposited on the plasma shadowed areas were about a half of that on the plasma facing surface, because of relatively lower temperature in the shadow areas causing higher hydrogen saturation concentration in the carbon re-deposited layers. The total fuel retention rate in JT-60U, including previously measured for all plasma facing areas, was evaluated to be 1.310 H+Ds, which was lower than that in other devices, due to probably to higher temperature operation in JT-60U.
Yoshida, Masafumi; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Hayashi, Takao; Nakano, Tomohide; Fukumoto, Masakatsu; Yagyu, Junichi; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Masaki, Kei; Itami, Kiyoshi
Fusion Science and Technology, 63(1T), p.367 - 370, 2013/05
In this study, the retentions of hydrogen isotopes (H and D) in the gaps in JT-60U are clarified. Carbon tiles used in 1992-2004 were poloidally and toroidally taken out from outboard first wall in JT-60U to measure the retentions. The H and D retentions in the samples were measured by thermal desorption spectrometry (TDS). The H+D retention in the top side was higher than that of the bottom side, which might be due to thicker re-deposited carbon layers on the surface of the top side. The retentions in the surface of the side surfaces were slightly lower than that in the plasma facing surface where the retention was saturated to be 3-4e22 atoms/m. The retention rate was evaluated to be 3e17 H+D atoms/m/s from the measured retentions in two different discharge times by assuming the retention to increase linearly with the discharge time.
Yagyu, Junichi; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Sasajima, Tadayuki; Sakasai, Akira; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi
Heisei-22-Nendo Kumamoto Daigaku Sogo Gijutsu Kenkyukai Hokokushu (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2011/03
no abstracts in English
Nobuta, Yuji*; Arai, Takashi; Yagyu, Junichi; Masaki, Kei; Sato, Masayasu; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Yamauchi, Yuji*; Hino, Tomoaki*
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 390-391, p.643 - 646, 2009/06
The hydrogen and deuterium retention in gap side surfaces of the first wall tiles exposed to DD and HH discharges in JT-60U were investigated. The hydrogen and deuterium retention and boron deposition increased with the gap width. The depth profile of deuterium was very similar to that of boron, indicating that deuterium was incorporated with boron. Thick carbon deposition layer ( 1em) was observed in the gap of inboard tile and the atomic ratio in (H+D)/C at the carbon layer was estimated to be approximately 0.15. This value is higher than that observed in the divertor region. In this study, the H+D amount in gap side surfaces of the first wall was of the order of 1e23 1e24m.
Ueda, Yoshio*; Fukumoto, Masakatsu*; Watanabe, Jun*; Otsuka, Yusuke*; Arai, Takashi; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Nobuta, Yuji*; Sato, Masayasu; Nakano, Tomohide; Yagyu, Junichi; et al.
Proceedings of 22nd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2008) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2008/10
Deposition profiles of tungsten released from the outer divertor were studied in JT-60U. A neutron activation method was used for the first time to accurately measure deposited tungsten. Surface density of tungsten in the thick carbon deposition layer can be measured by this method. Tungsten was mainly deposited on the inner divertor (around inner strike points) and on the outer wing of the dome. Toroidal distribution of the W deposition was significantly localized near the tungsten released position, while other metallic impurities such as Fe, Cr, Ni were distributed more uniformly. These data indicate that inward drift in the divertor region played a significant role in tungsten transport in JT-60U.
Miyo, Yasuhiko; Yagyu, Junichi; Nishiyama, Tomokazu; Honda, Masao; Ichige, Hisashi; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Sasajima, Tadayuki; Arai, Takashi; Sakasai, Akira
Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(2-3), p.337 - 340, 2008/04
no abstracts in English
Nakahata, Toshihiko*; Yoshikawa, Akira*; Oyaizu, Makoto*; Oya, Yasuhisa*; Ishimoto, Yuki*; Kizu, Kaname; Yagyu, Junichi; Ashikawa, Naoko*; Nishimura, Kiyohiko*; Miya, Naoyuki; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 367-370(2), p.1170 - 1174, 2007/08
Retention and desorption behavior of deuterium implanted into pure boron films has been studied by means of the secondary ion mass spectroscopy. It was found that the factor dominating deuterium desorption was the sample temperature. At stage 1, below 573 K, the desorption of deuterium from B-D-B bond dominated and diffusion was the rate-determining process in this stage. Above 573 K, deuterium was mainly desorbed from B-D bonds, and recombination was the rate-determining process in this stage. The effective molecular recombination rate constant of deuterium trapped as B-D bond was determined by an isothermal annealing experiment.
Ashikawa, Naoko*; Kizu, Kaname; Yagyu, Junichi; Nakahata, Toshihiko*; Nobuta, Yuji; Nishimura, Kiyohiko*; Yoshikawa, Akira*; Ishimoto, Yuki*; Oya, Yasuhisa*; Okuno, Kenji*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 363-365, p.1352 - 1357, 2007/06
no abstracts in English
Yagyu, Junichi; Sasajima, Tadayuki; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Sakakibara, Satoru*; Kawamata, Yoichi
JAEA-Technology 2007-015, 27 Pages, 2007/03
The feedback control of the plasma position and shape based on signals of magnetic probes is performed on JT-60. The fabrication cost of these magnetic probes is very high. Therefore, the cost reduction is required for the use in a next device. On the other hand, the magnetic field measurement in three axial directions with the advanced technology (AT) probes is simultaneously made on LHD of NIFS. The AT-probe has been developed at a low fabrication cost and in compact size and light weight. The possibility of application of the AT-probe in a Tokamak device (JT-60U) has been investigated in collaboration between JAEA and NIFS. We designed and fabricated the casing and interface for the AT-probe, and installed it under the first wall of JT-60U. A comparison of output signals between the installed AT-probe and a existing magnetic probe was made. Tests have been carried out to evaluate the vibration resistance and the radioactive resistance through about two thousand shots with high performance plasmas including one hundred disruption shots in JT-60U. As a result, the AT-probe has a good performance and an enough usable prospect in environment of the Tokamak device.
Kizu, Kaname; Yagyu, Junichi; Ishimoto, Yuki*; Nakano, Tomohide; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro*; Miya, Naoyuki; Ashikawa, Naoko*; Nishimura, Kiyohiko*; Sagara, Akio*
Annual Report of National Institute for Fusion Science; April 2005 - March 2006, P. 65, 2006/11
no abstracts in English