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Journal Articles

Joint meeting of young researchers in the field of radiation protection and radiation biology

Kataoka, Noriaki*; Nakajima, Junya; Miwa, Kazuji; Hirota, Seiko*; Tsubota, Yoichi; Yamada, Ryohei; Fujimichi, Yuki*; Ishikawa, Junya*; Sunaoshi, Masaaki*

Hoken Butsuri (Internet), 54(2), p.140 - 145, 2019/06

It is the written report of the joint meeting of young researchers in the field of radiation protection and radiation biology.

JAEA Reports

Presentation Materials Related to Neutron Instruments in the Technical Study Meetings for Future MLF

Nakajima, Kenji; Harjo, S.; Yamada, Norifumi*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Kajimoto, Ryoichi

JAEA-Review 2018-032, 43 Pages, 2019/02

JAEA-Review-2018-032.pdf:9.78MB

A series of meetings to discuss future neutron/muon sources and instruments at Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) in Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has been held since 2017. Each of the neutron instrument groups in MLF proposed required features for future instruments, while addressing issues of the current instruments and facilities. This report compiles the presentation materials presented by the neutron instrument groups in the meetings to help future discussion for the coming MLF.

Journal Articles

Rapid separation of zirconium using microvolume anion-exchange cartridge for $$^{93}$$Zr determination with isotope dilution ICP-MS

Asai, Shiho; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Konda, Miki; Suzuki, Daisuke; Magara, Masaaki; Kimura, Takaumi; Ishihara, Ryo*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*

Talanta, 185, p.98 - 105, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:45.32(Chemistry, Analytical)

Estimating the risks associated with radiation from long-lived fission products (LLFP) in radioactive waste is essential to ensure the long-term safety of potential disposal sites. In this study, the amount of $$^{93}$$Zr, a LLFP, was determined by ICP-MS after separating Zr from a spent nuclear fuel solution using a microvolume anion-exchange cartridge (TEDA cartridge). The TEDA cartridge achieved highly selective separation of Zr regardless of its small bed volume of 0.08 cm$$^{3}$$. The time taken to complete the Zr separation was 1.2 min with a flow rate of 1.5 mL/min, which was 10 times faster than that for a conventional anion-exchange resin column. Almost all the other elements were removed, leading to accurate measurement of $$^{93}$$Zr. The result connects experimental value to theoretical prediction provided by ORIGEN2, which requires verification. With the measured value, we demonstrated that the theoretical value is reliable enough to estimate radiation risks.

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of Li$$^{+}$$@C$$_{60}$$; Photoelectron spectroscopy of the Li$$^{+}$$@C$$_{60}$$[PF$$_{6}$$$$^{-}$$] salt and STM of the single Li$$^{+}$$@C$$_{60}$$ molecules on Cu(111)

Yamada, Yoichi*; Kuklin, A. V.*; Sato, Sho*; Esaka, Fumitaka; Sumi, Naoya*; Zhang, C.*; Sasaki, Masahiro*; Kwon, E.*; Kasama, Yasuhiko*; Avramov, P. V.*; et al.

Carbon, 133, p.23 - 30, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:47.45(Chemistry, Physical)

We report first STM observation of the Li$$^{+}$$ ion endohedral C$$_{60}$$, which is of a new class of endohedral fullerenes, prepared by means of evaporation of high-purity Li$$^{+}$$@C$$_{60}$$[PF$$_{6}$$$$^{-}$$] salt in ultra-high vacuum. Prior to the STM measurements, the electronic structure of Li$$^{+}$$@C$$_{60}$$ in the Li$$^{+}$$@C$$_{60}$$[PF$$_{6}$$$$^{-}$$] salt was also precisely determined. In the salt, it is shown that Li and PF$$_{6}$$ have nearly single positive and negative charge, respectively, and the C$$_{60}$$ cage is nearly neutral, suggesting that Li$$^{+}$$@C$$_{60}$$ in the salt retains its original electronic state.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 2; Neutron scattering instruments

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12

The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.

Journal Articles

Inelastic and quasi-elastic neutron scattering spectrometers in J-PARC

Seto, Hideki; Ito, Shinichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Endo, Hitoshi*; Nakajima, Kenji; Shibata, Kaoru; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kawakita, Yukinobu; et al.

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta; General Subjects, 1861(1), p.3651 - 3660, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:80.69(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

J-PARC, Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex provides short pulse proton beam at a repetition rate 25 Hz and the maximum power is expected to be 1 MW. Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments have already been operated or under construction / commissioning. There are 6 inelastic / quasi-elastic neutron scattering spectrometers and the complementary use of these spectrometers will open new insight for life science.

Journal Articles

Development of spin-wave-like dispersive excitations below the pseudogap temperature in the high-temperature superconductor La$$_{2-x}$$Sr$$_{x}$$CuO$$_{4}$$

Matsuura, Masato*; Kawamura, Sho*; Fujita, Masaki*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*

Physical Review B, 95(2), p.024504_1 - 024504_6, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:57.46(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Detection of molecular oxygen adsorbate during room-temperature oxidation of Si(100)2$$times$$1 surface; In situ synchrotron radiation photoemission study

Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Yamada, Yoichi*; Taga, Ryo*; Ogawa, Shuichi*; Takakuwa, Yuji*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(10), p.100307_1 - 100307_4, 2016/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:6.36(Physics, Applied)

Synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy during the oxidation of the Si(100)2$$times$$1 surface at room temperature revealed the existence of the molecularly adsorbed oxygen, which was considered to be absent. The O 1s spectra was found to be similar to that of the oxidation of Si(111)7$$times$$7 surfaces. Also the molecular oxygen was appeared after the initial surface oxides, indicating that this was not a precursor for dissociation oxygen adsorption onto the clean surface. We have proposed presumable structural models for atomic configurations, where the molecular oxygen was resided on the oxidized silicon with two oxygen atoms at the backbonds.

Journal Articles

Preparation of microvolume anion-exchange cartridge for inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry-based determination of $$^{237}$$Np content in spent nuclear fuel

Asai, Shiho; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Konda, Miki; Suzuki, Daisuke; Magara, Masaaki; Kimura, Takaumi; Ishihara, Ryo*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*

Analytical Chemistry, 88(6), p.3149 - 3155, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:34.85(Chemistry, Analytical)

Neptunium-237 ($$^{237}$$Np) is one of the major long-lived radionuclides found in spent nuclear fuel. To evaluate the long-term safety of a HLW repository, the $$^{237}$$Np content in spent nuclear fuel must be determined. In this study, micro-volume anion-exchange porous polymer disk-packed cartridges were prepared for Am-Np separation, which is required prior to the measurement of $$^{237}$$ Np with ICP-MS. Disks with a volume of 0.08 cm$$^{3}$$ were cut out from porous sheets having triethylenediamine (TEDA)-containing polymer chains densely attached on the pore surface. The resulting TEDA-introduced disk cartridge was applied to a spent nuclear fuel sample. The chemical yield of Np was 90.4%, which is sufficiently high for ICP-MS measurement of $$^{237}$$Np. Compared with the conventional separation technique using commercially available anion-exchange resin columns, the time required to adsorb, wash and elute Np using the TEDA-introduced disk cartridge was reduced by 75%.

Journal Articles

Neutron scattering study of spin fluctuations in La$$_{2-x}$$Sr$$_{x}$$CuO$$_{4}$$ by four-dimensional mapping of neutron cross-sections using the 4SEASONS chopper spectrometer

Wakimoto, Shuichi; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Arai, Masatoshi; Fujita, Masaki*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kawamura, Sho*; Matsuura, Masato*; Nakajima, Kenji; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.034013_1 - 034013_6, 2015/09

JAEA Reports

Radiation monitoring using manned helicopter around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in the fiscal year 2014 (Contract research)

Sanada, Yukihisa; Mori, Airi; Ishizaki, Azusa; Munakata, Masahiro; Nakayama, Shinichi; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Urabe, Yoshimi; Nakanishi, Chika; Yamada, Tsutomu; Ishida, Mutsushi; et al.

JAEA-Research 2015-006, 81 Pages, 2015/07

JAEA-Research-2015-006.pdf:22.96MB

By the nuclear disaster of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), caused by the East Japan earthquake and the following tsunami occurred on March 11, 2011, a large amount of radioactive materials was released from the NPP. These results of the aerial radiation monitoring using the manned helicopter in the fiscal 2014 were summarized in the report.

Journal Articles

In situ synchrotron radiation photoemission study of ultrathin surface oxides of Ge(111)-c(2$$times$$8) induced by supersonic O$$_{2}$$ beams

Okada, Ryuta; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Yamada, Yoichi*; Sasaki, Masahiro*

Applied Physics Express, 8(2), p.025701_1 - 025701_4, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:37.13(Physics, Applied)

We studied the surface oxidation on a Ge(111)-c(2$$times$$8) surface at room temperature using supersonic oxygen beams as a function of the translational energy of the incident oxygen molecules ranging from 26 meV to 2.3 eV. In situ synchrotron photoemission spectroscopy performed during the oxidation revealed that the surface oxidation terminated with the formation of a sub-monolayer oxide of at most 0.52 ML, for all the beam energies examined. In addition, the oxidation state of the surface oxides was found to depend on the translational energy. These results demonstrate the precise chemical control of the ultrathin surface oxides of Ge(111)-c(2$$times$$8).

Journal Articles

${{it In situ}}$ synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy study of the oxidation of the Ge(100)-2$$times$$1 surface by supersonic molecular oxygen beams

Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Okada, Ryuta; Yamada, Yoichi*; Sasaki, Masahiro*

Journal of Chemical Physics, 141(17), p.174708_1 - 174708_7, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:35.49(Chemistry, Physical)

${{it In situ}}$ synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy was performed during the oxidation of the Ge(100)-2$$times$$1 surface induced by a molecular oxygen beam with various incident energies up to 2.2 eV from the initial to saturation coverage of surface oxides. The saturation coverage of oxygen on the clean Ge(100) surface was much lower than one monolayer and the oxidation state of Ge was +2 at most. This indicates that the Ge(100) surface is in strong contrast to Si surfaces. The direct adsorption process can be activated by increasing the translational energy, resulting in an increased population of Ge$$^{2+}$$ and a higher final oxygen coverage. Our findings will contribute to the fundamental understanding of oxygen adsorption processes at 300 K from the initial stages to saturated oxidation.

JAEA Reports

Radiation monitoring using manned helicopter around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in the fiscal year 2013 (Contract research)

Sanada, Yukihisa; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Urabe, Yoshimi; Yamada, Tsutomu; Ishida, Mutsushi; Sato, Yoshiharu; Hirayama, Hirokatsu; Takamura, Yoshihide; Nishihara, Katsuya; Imura, Mitsuo; et al.

JAEA-Research 2014-012, 110 Pages, 2014/08

JAEA-Research-2014-012.pdf:169.17MB
JAEA-Research-2014-012(errata).pdf:0.27MB

By the nuclear disaster of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), caused by the East Japan earthquake and the following tsunami occurred on March 11, 2011, a large amount of radioactive materials was released from the NPP. This document was summarized in the results of the aerial radiation monitoring using the manned helicopter in the fiscal 2013.

Journal Articles

Temperature dependence of spin fluctuations in underdoped La$$_{1.90}$$Sr$$_{0.10}$$CuO$$_4$$

Sato, Kentaro*; Matsuura, Masato*; Fujita, Masaki*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Ji, S.*; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Arai, Masatoshi; Enoki, Masanori*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.017010_1 - 017010_6, 2014/06

Journal Articles

Magnetic and electronic properties of (LaMnO$$_3$$)$$_5$$(SrMnO$$_3$$)$$_5$$ superlattice revealed by resonant soft X-ray scattering

Kubota, Masato; Yamada, Hiroyuki*; Nakao, Hironori*; Okamoto, Jun*; Yamasaki, Yuichi*; Sawa, Akihito*; Murakami, Yoichi*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 53(5S1), p.05FH07_1 - 05FH07_5, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:10.57(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Antiferromagnetic order of the Co$$^{2+}$$ high-spin state with a large orbital angular momentum in La$$_{1.5}$$Ca$$_{0.5}$$CoO$$_{4}$$

Okamoto, Jun*; Nakao, Hironori*; Yamasaki, Yuichi*; Wadachi, Hiroki*; Tanaka, Arata*; Kubota, Masato; Horigane, Kazumasa*; Murakami, Yoichi*; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(4), p.044705_1 - 044705_6, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:53.57(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

High-energy spin and charge excitations in electron-doped copper oxide superconductors

Ishii, Kenji; Fujita, Masaki*; Sasaki, Takanori*; Minola, M.*; Dellea, G.*; Mazzoli, C.*; Kummer, K.*; Ghiringhelli, G.*; Braicovich, L.*; Toyama, Takami*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 5, p.3714_1 - 3714_8, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:75 Percentile:94.66(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Simple method for high-density impregnation of Aliquat 336 onto porous sheet and binding performance of resulting sheet for palladium ions

Tanaka, Ryota*; Ishihara, Ryo*; Miyoshi, Kazuyoshi*; Umeno, Daisuke*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Asai, Shiho; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*

Separation Science and Technology, 49(1), p.154 - 159, 2014/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:19.55(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Determination of mole percentages of brush and root of polymer chain grafted onto porous sheet

Uchiyama, Shoichiro*; Ishihara, Ryo*; Umeno, Daisuke*; Saito, Kyoichi*; Yamada, Shinsuke*; Hirota, Hideyuki*; Asai, Shiho

Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, 46(6), p.414 - 419, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:30.41(Engineering, Chemical)

172 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)