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Journal Articles

Evaluation of change of LSD spikes by long-term storage

Shibano, Koya; Abe, Katsuo; Tsukasa, Kazuo*; Hosogane, Tatsuya; Kayano, Masashi; Sumi, Mika; Fujiwara, Hideki*; Yamaguchi, Kazuya*; Motoki, Chika*

Dai-41-Kai Nihon Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nenji Taikai Kaigi Rombunshu (Internet), 4 Pages, 2020/11

Large-sized dried spikes, called LSD spike, are used as reference material for accountancy analysis for Plutonium and Uranium by Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry. LSD spikes preparation is performed each steps as followed (1) Preparing Plutonium and Uranium mix solution, (2) Aliquoting mix solution to vials, and (3) Drying. J-MOX have planned prepared in-house LSD spike and utilized it for accountancy analysis. If LSD spikes are stored for long term, dried material peel off from bottom of vial and it may affect analytical results. In this study, LSD spikes, which have composition suitable for accountancy analysis in J-MOX, had been stored for about 2 years, then long-term stability of LSD spikes had been evaluated.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2017

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Mizutani, Tomoko; Nagaoka, Mika; Inoue, Kazumi; Koike, Yuko; Yamada, Ryohei; Yoshii, Hideki*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Otani, Kazunori*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2018-028, 120 Pages, 2019/02

JAEA-Review-2018-028.pdf:2.69MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai Reprocessing Plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and by law of Ibaraki Prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2017. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2016

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Nagaoka, Mika; Inoue, Kazumi; Koike, Yuko; Yoshii, Hideki*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Otani, Kazunori*; Kikuchi, Masaaki*; Sakauchi, Nobuyuki*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2017-037, 119 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Review-2017-037.pdf:2.58MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai Reprocessing Plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and bylaw of Ibaraki Prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2016. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

JAEA Reports

Japan - IAEA Joint Nuclear Energy Management School 2016

Yamaguchi, Mika; Hidaka, Akihide; Ikuta, Yuko; Murakami, Kenta*; Tomita, Akira*; Hirose, Hiroya*; Watanebe, Masanori*; Ueda, Kinichi*; Namaizawa, Ken*; Onose, Takatoshi*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2017-002, 60 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Review-2017-002.pdf:9.41MB

Since 2010, IAEA has held the NEM School to develop future leaders who plan and manage nuclear energy utilization in their county. Since 2012, JAEA together with Japan Nuclear HRD Network, University of Tokyo, Japan Atomic Industrial Forum and JAIF International Cooperation Center have cohosted the school in Japan in cooperation with IAEA. Since then, the school has been held in Japan every year. In 2006, Japanese nuclear technology and experience, such as lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, were provided to offer a unique opportunity for the participants to learn about particular cases in Japan. Through the school, we contributed to the internationalization of Japanese young nuclear professionals, development of nuclear human resource of other countries including nuclear newcomers, and enhanced cooperative relationship with IAEA. Additionally, collaborative relationship within the network was strengthened by organizing the school in Japan.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the effluent control of low level liquid waste in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories FY2015

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Kono, Takahiko; Nagaoka, Mika; Inoue, Kazumi; Yoshii, Hideki*; Otani, Kazunori*; Hiyama, Yoshinori*; Kikuchi, Masaaki*; Sakauchi, Nobuyuki*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2017-001, 115 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Review-2017-001.pdf:3.57MB

Based on the regulations (the safety regulation of Tokai reprocessing plant, the safety regulation of nuclear fuel material usage facilities, the radiation safety rule, the regulation about prevention from radiation hazards due to radioisotopes, which are related with the nuclear regulatory acts, the local agreement concerning with safety and environment conservation around nuclear facilities, the water pollution control law, and bylaw of Ibaraki prefecture), the effluent control of liquid waste discharged from the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories of Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performed. This report describes the effluent control results of the liquid waste in the fiscal year 2015. In this period, the concentrations and the quantities of the radioactivity in liquid waste discharged from the reprocessing plant, the plutonium fuel fabrication facilities, and the other nuclear fuel material usage facilities were much lower than the limits authorized by the above regulations.

Journal Articles

Analysis of DNA strand breaks induced by carbon ion beams in ${{it Arabidopsis}}$

Teranishi, Mika*; Yamaguchi, Hiroko*; Sakamoto, Ayako; Hidema, Jun*

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 115, 2015/03

Journal Articles

Mathematical Modeling of Radioactive Contaminants in the Fukushima Environment

Kitamura, Akihiro; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Yamaguchi, Masaaki; Oda, Yoshihiro; Saito, Tatsuo; Kato, Tomoko; Niizato, Tadafumi; Iijima, Kazuki; Sato, Haruo; Yui, Mikazu; et al.

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 179(1), p.104 - 118, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:39.55(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The prediction of the distribution and fate of radioactive materials eventually deposited at surface in the Fukushima area is one of the main objectives and expected to be achieved in an efficient manner. In order to make such prediction, a number of mathematical models of radioactive contaminants, with particular attention on cesium, on the land and in rivers, lakes, and estuaries in the Fukushima area are developed. Simulation results are examined with the field investigations simultaneously implemented. The basic studies of the adsorption/absorption mechanism of cesium and soils have been performed to shed light on estimating distribution coefficient between dissolved contaminant and particulate contaminant.

Journal Articles

Aiming for leading parsons development in nuclear field; IAEA nuclear energy management school holding by Japan and IAEA

Yamashita, Kiyonobu; Ikuta, Yuko; Yamaguchi, Mika

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 56(12), P. 812, 2014/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Comparative study on annual $$^{137}$$Cs discharge rates after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident from two distinct watershed simulation models

Kitamura, Akihiro; Imaizumi, Yoshitaka*; Yamaguchi, Masaaki; Yui, Mikazu; Suzuki, Noriyuki*; Hayashi, Seiji*

Kankyo Hoshano Josen Gakkai-Shi, 2(3), p.185 - 192, 2014/09

Annual discharge rates of radioactive cesium through selected rivers due to the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident were simulated by two different watershed models. One is the Soil and Cesium Transport, SACT, model which was developed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency and the other one is the Grid-Catchment Integrated Modeling System, G-CIEMS, which was developed by National Institute of Environmental Studies. We choose the Abukuma, the Ukedo, and the Niida rivers for the present study. Comparative results showed that while components and assumptions adopted in two models differ, both methods predicted the same order of magnitude estimates.

Journal Articles

Predicting sediment and cesium-137 discharge from catchments in eastern Fukushima

Kitamura, Akihiro; Yamaguchi, Masaaki; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Yui, Mikazu; Onishi, Yasuo*

Anthropocene, 5, p.22 - 31, 2014/03

Amount of soil and cesium losses in Eastern Fukushima Prefecture is evaluated by a simple and fast simulation model which we developed utilizing the universal soil loss equation and the geographical information system. We focused on the land use factor of the universal soil loss equation in this study. It was estimated that the forest occupies 64% of the total land surface of the study area, but only accounts for 24% of total soil runoff and 33% of total cesium dispersion. The most contributing component comes from the crop field, while the forest becomes the second. Also, calculation was performed for each river basins and results were compared with field monitoring data.

JAEA Reports

Engineering scale development test of MOX fuel fabrication technology to establish commercialized fast reactor fuel, 1; The O/M ratio preparation tests of sintered pellets

Takato, Kiyoto; Murakami, Tatsutoshi; Suzuki, Kiichi; Shibanuma, Kimikazu; Hatanaka, Nobuhiro; Yamaguchi, Bungo; Tobita, Yoshimasa; Shinozaki, Masaru; Iimura, Naoto; Okita, Takatoshi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2013-026, 42 Pages, 2013/10

JAEA-Technology-2013-026.pdf:3.17MB

In order to cope with making a commercial fast reactor fuel burn-up higher, oxygen-to-metal (O/M) ratio in the fuel specification is designed to 1.95. As the test for the fabrication of such low O/M ratio pellets, two kinds of O/M ratio preparation tests of different reduction mechanism were done. In the first test, we evaluated the technology to prepare the O/M ratio low by annealing the sintered pellets in production scale. In addition, we know from past experience that O/M ratio of the sintered pellets can be reduced by residual carbon when the de-waxed pellets with high carbon content are sintered. Thus, in another test, the green pellets containing a large amount of organic additives were sintered and we evaluated the technology to produce the low O/M ratio sintered pellets by the reduction due to residual carbon. From the first test results, we found a tendency that the higher annealing temperature or the longer annealing time resulted in the lower O/M ratio. However, the amount of O/M ratio reduction was small and it is estimated that a substantial annealing time is necessary to prepare the O/M ratio to 1.95. It is considered that reducing O/M ratio by annealing was difficult because atmosphere gas containing oxygen released from pellets remained and the O/M ratio was changed to the value equilibrated with the gas having high oxygen potential. From another test results, it was confirmed that O/M ratio was reduced by the reduction due to residual carbon. We found that it was important to manage an oxygen potential of atmosphere gas in a sintering furnace low to reduce the O/M ratio effectively.

Journal Articles

Isolation of a novel UVB-tolerant rice mutant obtained by exposure to carbon-ion beams

Takano, Nao*; Takahashi, Yuko*; Yamamoto, Mitsuru*; Teranishi, Mika*; Yamaguchi, Hiroko*; Sakamoto, Ayako; Hase, Yoshihiro; Fujisawa, Hiroko*; Wu, J.*; Matsumoto, Takashi*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Research, 54(4), p.637 - 648, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:44.94(Biology)

JAEA Reports

The International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Energy Management School 2012

Ohgama, Kazuya; Ando, Yoko; Yamaguchi, Mika; Ikuta, Yuko; Shinohara, Nobuo; Murakami, Hiroyuki; Yamashita, Kiyonobu; Uesaka, Mitsuru*; Demachi, Kazuyuki*; Komiyama, Ryoichi*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-004, 76 Pages, 2013/05

JAEA-Review-2013-004.pdf:13.53MB

JAEA together with the Japan Nuclear Human Resource Development Network (JN-HRD Net), the University of Tokyo (UT) and the Japan Atomic Industrial Forum (JAIF) cohosted the IAEA-Nuclear Energy Management School in Tokai Village, aiming that Japan will be the center of nuclear HRD in the Asian region. In the school, not only lectures by IAEA experts, but also lectures by Japanese experts and technical visits were included for foreign participants. The school contributed to the internationalization of Japanese young professionals, development of nuclear human resource of other countries, and enhancement of cooperation between IAEA and Japan. Additionally, collaborative relationship within JN-HRD Net was strengthened by the school. In this report, findings obtained during the preparatory work and the school period are reported for future international nuclear HRD activities in Japan.

JAEA Reports

Investigations on systematics of thermodynamic data and comparison of estimation of solubility values among different activity coefficient models for development of thermodynamic database

Kitamura, Akira; Shibata, Masahiro; Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Iida, Yoshihisa; Yui, Mikazu

JAEA-Technology 2009-074, 48 Pages, 2010/03

JAEA-Technology-2009-074.pdf:7.33MB

Investigations on systematics of thermodynamic data were performed for performance assessment of geological disposal of high-level and TRU waste. Correlation between standard free energy of formation and standard enthalpy of formation was investigated, and it was shown that estimation of the standard enthalpy of formation from the standard free energy of formation was possible using the correlation. Three models on systematics of formation constant of actinides were compared and the best model was proposed. It was shown that estimation of formation constant for unpublished species was possible using the model. Furthermore, two models for estimation of activity coefficient which was required to estimate solubility of elements of interest and the estimated activity coefficient were compared. It was expected that the obtained results were useful for the performance assessment of geological disposal.

JAEA Reports

Review of the studies on the effect of ionizing radiation for redox front migration in HLW repository

Yamaguchi, Makoto; Yui, Mikazu

JAEA-Review 2008-050, 61 Pages, 2009/01

JAEA-Review-2008-050.pdf:3.67MB

Studies on the effect of ionizing radiation for redox front migration in HLW repository were reviewed. The concept of the redox front by groundwater radiolysis around HLW was proposed by Neretnieks in 1982, and it was employed in the performance assessment of spent fuel disposal system executed by Swedish regulatory organization (SKI) in early 90s. With very conservative assumption that all the radiolytic oxidants diffuse into engineered barrier, the redox front reached the bedrock after several hundred years after canister failure, which increased the dose rate of redox-sensitive radioactive elements. However, dissolution tests of spent fuels under various redox conditions indicated that dissolved hydrogen strongly suppress the oxidative dissolution of UO$$_{2}$$ matrix and redox front migration by radiolytic oxidants has not been mentioned in performance assessments since late 90s.

JAEA Reports

Collection of URL measurement data in 2007 at the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project

Yamazaki, Masanao; Funaki, Hironori; Yamaguchi, Takehiro*; Niinuma, Hiroaki; Fujikawa, Daisuke; Sanada, Hiroyuki; Hiraga, Naoto; Tsusaka, Kimikazu

JAEA-Data/Code 2008-023, 136 Pages, 2008/11

JAEA-Data-Code-2008-023.pdf:17.08MB

This report summarizes the measurements data acquired at the Ventilation Shaft, the East Shaft and the drifts in 2007 based on the Observational Construction Program. The report summarizes for the purpose of the followings: sharing the investigation and measurements data, preventing the loss of them and acquisition the basic data for carrying out the Observational Construction Program.

JAEA Reports

Measurement plan and observational construction program on drift excavation at the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project

Yamazaki, Masanao; Yamaguchi, Takehiro; Funaki, Hironori; Fujikawa, Daisuke; Tsusaka, Kimikazu

JAEA-Research 2008-068, 45 Pages, 2008/09

JAEA-Research-2008-068.pdf:3.76MB

This report summarizes the measurement plan during construction of the underground facility based on the design in advance and the observational construction program for feedback measurements data into design and construction on subsequent steps. This report also describes about design and construction management program for contractor of underground facilities.

JAEA Reports

Effects of overpack corrosion on redox potential of bentonite pore water under geological disposal environment; Important parameter acquisition and a preliminary ${it E}$h analysis (Contract research)

Otsuka, Ichiro; Taki, Hiroshi*; Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Iida, Yoshihisa; Yamada, Fumika; Inada, Daisuke*; Tanaka, Tadao

JAEA-Research 2008-043, 101 Pages, 2008/03

JAEA-Research-2008-043.pdf:6.24MB

The influence of carbon steel overpack corrosion on redox potential (${it E}$h) of bentonite pore water under geological disposal environment was investigated. The thermodynamics data of corrosion products, the corrosion rate of carbon steel, and the information on cathode reactions were acquired by experiments and literature survey. We conducted preliminary analysis of ${it E}$h, ascertained the validity of Phreeq C and identified important points on the analysis. Results were summarized as follows. (1) Thermodynamic data of Fe$$^{2+}$$, FeOH$$^{+}$$, Fe(OH)$$_{2}$$(aq), Fe(OH)$$_{3}$$$$^{-}$$, Fe(OH)$$_{4}$$$$^{2-}$$, Fe$$^{3+}$$, FeS$$_{2}$$(pyrite), FeCO$$_{3}$$(siderite),Fe(OH)$$_{2}$$(s), Fe$$_{3}$$O$$_{4}$$(magnetite), Fe(cr) were determined by literature survey. The solubility product of Fe$$_{2}$$CO$$_{3}$$(OH)$$_{2}$$ was determined experimentally, and thermodynamic data were estimated. (2) The corrosion rate of carbon steel was obtained as a function of pH and sulfide ion concentration. (3) After corrosion tests of carbon steel, no CH$$_{4}$$, HS$$^{-}$$ and H$$_{2}$$S, the reduction product of CO$$_{3}$$$$^{2-}$$ and SO$$_{4}$$$$^{2-}$$,were not detected in liquid and gas phases. (4) Preliminary analysis showed that the redox couple changed as HS$$^{-}$$(aq)/SO$$_{4}$$$$^{2-}$$, CH$$_{4}$$(aq)/CO$$_{3}$$$$^{2-}$$, H$$_{2}$$(aq)/H$$_{2}$$O during the evaluation period. After 1000 years, ${it E}$h attained about -500 to -600 mV (vs. NHE) or -750 mV controlled by CH$$_{4}$$(aq)/CO$$_{3}$$$$^{2-}$$,or H$$_{2}$$(aq)/H$$_{2}$$O, respectively.

Journal Articles

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:50 Percentile:24.32(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.

Journal Articles

Development and verification of a reactive transport model for long-term alteration of bentonite-cement-seawater systems

Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Yamada, Fumika; Negishi, Kumi*; Hoshino, Seiichi; Mukai, Masayuki; Tanaka, Tadao; Nakayama, Shinichi

Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 33(Suppl.1), p.S285 - S294, 2008/00

It is important to assess long-term alteration of engineered barrier composed of bentonite and cement for the safety assessment of radioactive waste disposal. In order to promote our development of the assessment methodologies, we developed a secondary mineral formation model for cement based materials and a hydraulic conductivity model for bentonite buffer materials. These models were verified by comparing with experimental observations. We also calculated changes in mineralogy of bentonite buffer materials and accompanying changes in the hydraulic conductivity over 10,000 y. We identified the temperature as an important factor dominating the alteration of the buffer. We also identified that the alteration is limited by slow kinetics of the dissolution of montmorillonite and by the diffusive mass transfer. Our calculation showed that the mineralogical change proceeds rather fast during the initial 1,000 y and slows down afterwards, and that salinity of the groundwater has both positive and negative effects on the hydraulic conductivity.

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