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Journal Articles

A Chemiluminescence sensor with signal amplification based on a self-immolative reaction for the detection of fluoride ion at low concentrations

Hisamatsu, Shugo; Suzuki, Shinichi; Komoto, Shigeo*; Kishikawa, Keiki*; Yamamoto, Yusuke*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Tetrahedron, 73(27-28), p.3993 - 3998, 2017/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:37.44(Chemistry, Organic)

Journal Articles

Research and development of thick rubber bearing for SFR; Aging properties tests of semi full-scale thick rubber bearing

Watakabe, Tomoyoshi; Yamamoto, Tomohiko; Fukasawa, Tsuyoshi*; Okamura, Shigeki*; Somaki, Takahiro*; Morobishi, Ryota*; Sakurai, Yu*; Kato, Koji*

Nippon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu (Internet), 83(850), p.16-00444_1 - 16-00444_14, 2017/06

A seismic isolation system composed of a thick rubber bearing and an oil damper has been developed for Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor. This paper focused on the aging properties of thick rubber bearings, such as basic mechanical properties and ultimate strength. Aging of the rubber bearings was reproduced using thermal degradation based on Arrhenius law.

Journal Articles

Probabilistic risk assessment method development for high temperature gas-cooled reactors, 1; Project overviews

Sato, Hiroyuki; Nishida, Akemi; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Muramatsu, Ken*; Muta, Hitoshi*; Itoi, Tatsuya*; Takada, Tsuyoshi*; Hida, Takenori*; Tanabe, Masayuki*; Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2017/04

JAEA, in conjunction with Tokyo City University, The University of Tokyo and JGC Corporation, have started development of a PRA method considering the safety and design features of HTGR. The primary objective of the project is to develop a seismic PRA method which enables to provide a reasonably complete identification of accident scenario including a loss of safety function in passive system, structure and components. In addition, we aim to develop a basis for guidance to implement the PRA. This paper provides the overview of the activities including development of a system analysis method for multiple failures, a component failure data using the operation and maintenance experience in the HTTR, seismic fragility evaluation method, and mechanistic source term evaluation method considering failures in core graphite components and reactor building.

Journal Articles

Probabilistic risk assessment method development for high temperature gas-cooled reactors, 2; Development of accident sequence analysis methodology

Matsuda, Kosuke*; Muramatsu, Ken*; Muta, Hitoshi*; Sato, Hiroyuki; Nishida, Akemi; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Itoi, Tatsuya*; Takada, Tsuyoshi*; Hida, Takenori*; Tanabe, Masayuki*; et al.

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2017/04

This paper proposes a set of procedures for accident sequence analysis in seismic PRAs of HTGRs that can consider the unique accident progression characteristics of HTGRs. Main features of our proposed procedure are as follows: (1) Systematic analysis techniques including Master Logic Diagrams are used to ensure reasonable completeness in identification of initiating events and classification of accident sequences, (2) Information on factors that govern the accident progression and source terms are effectively reflected to the construction of event trees for delineation of accident sequences, and (3) Frequency quantification of seismically-initiated accident sequence frequencies that involve multiplepipe ruptures are made with the use of the Direct Quantification of Fault Trees by Monte Carlo (DQFM) method by a computer code SECOM-DQFM.

Journal Articles

Development of seismic isolation systems for sodium-cooled fast reactors in Japan

Kawasaki, Nobuchika; Watakabe, Tomoyoshi; Wakai, Takashi; Yamamoto, Tomohiko; Fukasawa, Tsuyoshi*; Okamura, Shigeki*

Proceedings of 2016 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2016) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2016/07

Sodium-cooled Fast Reactors (SFRs) have components with thinner walls as compared with light water reactors, although Japan is an earthquake-prone country. Thus, seismic isolation systems have been conventionally employed in SFR system design to reduce seismic forces on the systems in Japan. Implementation of seismic design in the reactor core and buckling design in the reactor vessel requires 8 Hz (or less) vertical frequency's isolation system being applied. This paper introduces three isolation concepts to achieve the frequency. The isolation systems, which enable vertical 8 Hz natural frequency, comprise thicker laminated rubber bearings (TRBs). By combining coned disk springs with TRBs, vertical natural frequency is in a range from roughly 3 Hz to 5 Hz. Combining pneumatic springs to RBs and adding the rocking suppression system, vertical natural frequency becomes under 1 Hz. All isolation systems need horizontal damping like oil dampers. A vertical 8 Hz isolation system with TRBs and oil dampers is under development in Japan as a principal isolation concept. The reasons of choosing this system are its simplicity and the number of developing issues. Since TRBs and oil dampers are basic isolation elements, they can be applied to other isolation systems. The response acceleration of 5 Hz vertical isolation is 50% of that of 8 Hz based on the analytical survey. A series of static tests of coned disk springs was carried out to confirm design equations. Based on these knowledge, 5 Hz vertical isolation system with TRBs and the coned disk springs can be designed. The response acceleration of 1 Hz vertical isolation is 10% of that of 8 Hz. A rocking suppression system was studied in the past, and the further simplification of this system is the largest challenge for this concept. These three isolation concepts are isolation candidates for SFRs in Japan. To obtain enough seismic margins for each plant site, these isolation systems need to be developed.

Journal Articles

Development on rubber bearings for sodium-cooled fast reactor, 4; Aging properties of a half scale thick rubber bearings based on breaking test

Watakabe, Tomoyoshi; Yamamoto, Tomohiko; Fukasawa, Tsuyoshi*; Okamura, Shigeki*; Somaki, Takahiro*; Morobishi, Ryota*; Sakurai, Yu*; Kato, Koji*

Proceedings of 2016 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2016) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2016/07

A seismic isolation system composed of a thick rubber bearing and an oil damper has been developed for Sodium cooled Fast Reactor. One of the advantages of the isolation system is employing the thick rubber bearing in order to realize the longer vertical natural period of a plant, and it leads to mitigation of seismic loads to mechanical components. Rubber bearing technology has progressed based on many past studies, but test data regarding an aging effect is not enough. Also, there is no data of linear strain limit and breaking behavior for the thick rubber bearing after aging. This paper focuses on aging properties of the thick rubber bearing, such as basic mechanical properties and ultimate strength. An aging promote test of the thick rubber bearing was performed by using 1/2 scale and 1/8 scale rubber bearings. Aging of the rubber bearing was reproduced by thermal degradation, where the target aging period was 30 years and 60 years. The load deflection curves of the thick rubber bearing after aging were obtained through the horizontal and vertical static loading tests, and the aging effect was evaluated by comparing with the initial mechanical properties.

Journal Articles

Development on rubber bearings for sodium-cooled fast reactor, 3; Ultimate properties of a half scale thick rubber bearings based on breaking test

Fukasawa, Tsuyoshi*; Okamura, Shigeki*; Yamamoto, Tomohiko; Kawasaki, Nobuchika; Hirotani, Tsutomu*; Moriizumi, Eriko*; Sakurai, Yu*; Masaki, Nobuo*

Proceedings of 2016 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2016) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2016/07

Half-scale thick rubber bearing to investigate ultimate properties application for a Sodium-cooled-Fast-Reactor. The fundamental restoring-force characteristics of the thick rubber bearings has been already cleared through the static loading tests using a half-scale thick rubber bearing, 800 mm in diameter. However, variations of the restoring force characteristics and ultimate properties have not been obtained yet. The purpose of this paper is to indicate the variation of the stiffness and damping ratio concerning restoring force characteristics and the breaking strain or stress as ultimate properties through static loading tests using the half-scale thick rubber bearings.

Journal Articles

Hazard-consistent ground motions generated with a stochastic fault-rupture model

Nishida, Akemi; Igarashi, Sayaka*; Sakamoto, Shigehiro*; Uchiyama, Yasuo*; Yamamoto, Yu*; Muramatsu, Ken*; Takada, Tsuyoshi*

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 295, p.875 - 886, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:83.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Most probabilistic risk assessments (PRA) of structures involve the use of probabilistic schemes such as the scheme using probabilistic seismic hazard and fragility curves. Even when earthquake ground motions are required in Monte Carlo Simulations (MCS), they are generated to fit the specified response spectra, such as uniform hazard spectra at a specified exceedance probability. These ground motions, however, are not directly linked with corresponding seismic source characteristics. In this paper, the authors propose a methodology based on MCS to reproduce a set of input ground motions to develop an advanced PRA scheme that can explain the exceedance probability and sequence of functional loss in a nuclear power plant. These generated motions are consistent with the seismic hazard for the target site and their seismic source characteristics can be recognized in detail.

Journal Articles

Development of instrumentation and control systems for the ITER diagnostic systems in JADA

Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Hashimoto, Yasunori*; Kitazawa, Sin-iti; Yatsuka, Eiichi; Hatae, Takaki; Sugie, Tatsuo; Ogawa, Hiroaki; Takeuchi, Masaki; Kawano, Yasunori; Itami, Kiyoshi

Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.1012 - 1016, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:48.46(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Japan Domestic Agency (JADA) is responsible for six diagnostic systems in the ITER project. We have successfully developed an instrumentation and control (I&C) system for the diagnostic systems. The I&C system manages internal operations for measurement such as health checks of sensors, configuration of measurement parameters, and consistency checks between measurement parameters. We developed a conversion tool to convert operational flowcharts to EPICS records. The sequencing management function coordinates the execution of operation steps by monitoring changes in the record values. It was designed so that the relationship between the records and steps is determined automatically according to the flowcharts as much as possible. We validated the performance of the I&C system for the thermocouple measurement system, and are continuing the development of even more complex I&C systems for other JADA diagnostic systems.

Journal Articles

Seismic damage probability by ground motions consistent with seismic hazard

Igarashi, Sayaka*; Sakamoto, Shigehiro*; Uchiyama, Yasuo*; Yamamoto, Yu*; Nishida, Akemi; Muramatsu, Ken; Takada, Tsuyoshi*

Transactions of 23rd International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMiRT-23) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2015/08

In the preceding study, the methodology to generate ground-motion time histories for advanced PRA of NPPs was proposed by Nishida et al.. They are consistent with seismic hazard at reference site, and incorporate uncertainties of seismic-source characteristics. The ground motions utilized in conventional PRA are generated to fit to specified spectra such as UHS, and they are often generated without considering the variation of spectra. Even if it is considered, their inter-period correlations are generally assumed to be 1.0. In this paper, the authors prepared some cases of ground-motions sets. Ground motions are generated to fit to the response spectra calculated from hazard-consistent ground motions. While the target response spectra have the same median for all case, they have different variation and inter-period correlation. The response analyses of general RC structure and PWR building are conducted and the damage frequencies of simplified equipment system are compared.

Journal Articles

Parametric design study about seismic isolation system for fast reactor JSFR

Kawasaki, Nobuchika; Yamamoto, Tomohiko; Fukasawa, Tsuyoshi*; Okamura, Shigeki*

Proceedings of 2015 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2015) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2015/07

Japanese seismic conditions are getting severer and natural frequencies of components are getting lower due to the enlargements of components' size, therefore response accelerations and buckling margins of reactor vessels were parametrically surveyed with attention to thicknesses, diameters, and isolation frequencies for reviewing necessary isolation specification. RV installed floor responses and buckling margins were calculated based on this seismic condition. Expansion characteristic of isolation system was evaluated by parametric acceleration response analyses. Japanese seismic design condition may become severer than present one, and a natural frequency of main component may decrease. However based on the buckling margin with present plant specifications and the expansion characteristic of isolation system, the advanced isolation system with 8Hz vertical natural frequency was selected as the isolation system of JSFR at still present occasion.

Journal Articles

Development on rubber bearings for sodium-cooled fast reactor, 1; Examination plan

Yamamoto, Tomohiko; Kawasaki, Nobuchika; Fukasawa, Tsuyoshi*; Okamura, Shigeki*; Somaki, Takahiro*; Samejima, Yusuke*; Masaki, Nobuo*

Proceedings of 2015 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2015) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2015/07

Since a SFR (Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor) has thin-walled component structures, a seismic isolation system is employed to mitigate the seismic force. Seismic isolation system for applying the SFR consists of the laminated rubber bearing considering characteristics of SFR structures. This paper describes a basic mechanical characteristic examination with a 1/8 scale model and a characterization examination plan of half-scale laminated rubber.

Journal Articles

Development on rubber bearings for sodium-cooled fast reactor, 2; Fundamental characteristics of half-scale rubber bearings based on static test

Fukasawa, Tsuyoshi*; Okamura, Shigeki*; Yamamoto, Tomohiko; Kawasaki, Nobuchika; Somaki, Takahiro*; Sakurai, Yu*; Masaki, Nobuo*

Proceedings of 2015 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2015) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2015/07

This paper described the results of static loading tests using a half-scale rubber bearing model to investigate the fundamental characteristics such as restoring force of a rubber bearing applied to a Sodium-Cooled-Fast-Reactor (SFR). Since the SFR has thin-walled structures, a seismic isolation system is employed to mitigate the seismic force. The static loading tests were performed using the half-scale rubber bearing with a diameter of 800 mm in the range which exceeds a linear limit of horizontal direction and a yield stress of vertical direction to investigate the horizontal and vertical of each stiffness and damping ratio. The fundamental characteristic of rubber bearing employed to the SFR and the validity of a design formula became clear through the static tests.

Journal Articles

Accurate structure analyses of polymer crystals on the basis of wide-angle X-ray and neutron diffractions

Tashiro, Koji*; Hanesaka, Makoto*; Yamamoto, Hiroko*; Wasanasuk, K.*; Jayaratri, P.*; Yoshizawa, Yoshinori*; Tanaka, Ichiro*; Niimura, Nobuo*; Kusaka, Katsuhiro*; Hosoya, Takaaki*; et al.

Kobunshi Rombunshu, 71(11), p.508 - 526, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:76.27(Polymer Science)

The crystal structure analysis of various polymer substances has been reviewed on the basis of wide-angle high-energy X-ray and neutron diffraction data. The progress in structural analytical techniques of polymer crystals have been reviewed at first. The structural models proposed so far were reinvestigated and new models have been proposed for various kinds of polymer crystals including polyethylene, poly(vinyl alcohol), poly(lactic acid) and its stereocomplex etc. The hydrogen atomic positions were also clarified by the quantitative analysis of wide-angle neutron diffraction data, from which the physical properties of polymer crystals have been evaluated theoretically. The bonded electron density distribution has been estimated for a polydiacetylene single crystal on the basis of the so-called X-N method or by the combination of structural information derived from X-ray and neutron diffraction data analysis. Some comments have been added about future developments in the field of structure-property relationship determination.

Journal Articles

Development of ITER CODAC compatible gyrotron local control system and its operation

Oda, Yasuhisa; Oshima, Katsumi; Nakamoto, Takashi*; Hashimoto, Yasunori*; Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Hayashi, Kazuo*; Ikeda, Yukiharu; Ikeda, Ryosuke; Kajiwara, Ken; Takahashi, Koji; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 90(7), p.365 - 373, 2014/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thermal stability of butt joint for CS conductor in JT-60SA

Takao, Tomoaki*; Kawahara, Yuzuru*; Nakamura, Kazuya*; Yamamoto, Yusuke*; Yagai, Tsuyoshi*; Murakami, Haruyuki; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Natsume, Kyohei*; Hamaguchi, Shinji*; Obana, Tetsuhiro*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 24(3), p.4800804_1 - 4800804_4, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:70.84(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of the supervisory systems for the ITER diagnostic systems in JADA

Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Hashimoto, Yasunori*; Serizawa, Yasunori*; Inamoto, Shuji*; Sato, Kazuyoshi; Sugie, Tatsuo; Takeuchi, Masaki; Kawano, Yasunori

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(5), p.532 - 535, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.74(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The diagnostic systems are essential for the plasma control and physics understandings. JAEA has proposed the new concept of supervisory system which manages operation sequences, current state and configuration parameters for the measurement based on our experiences in operating plasma diagnostic systems. We designed the supervisory system satisfying the requirements from both CODAC system and diagnostic systems. In our design, the tool which converts operational steps described as flowcharts into EPICS Records templates is introduced. This tool will ensure reduction of the system designers' efforts. We also designed the sequencing simulator that can submit transition commands internally instead of CODAC system for the calibration and commissioning. The mechanism which changes the limit values and consistency check algorithms in accordance with the conditions of the diagnostics system is also proposed.

Journal Articles

Progress of preparation for ITER divertor thermocouple in JADA

Kitazawa, Sin-iti; Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Kawano, Yasunori; Itami, Kiyoshi

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 9(Sp.2), p.3405049_1 - 3405049_4, 2014/05

The Japan Domestic Agency (JADA) is scheduled to procure a divertor thermocouple (DTC) system for the divertor outer vertical targets in the ITER project. The DTC is a diagnostic device that will directly measure the surface temperature of the divertor, a plasma-facing component, and will be installed on the surface of the divertors which are in the scope of JADA procurement sharing. A thermocouple itself is a conventional device used for measuring temperature, however, for the DTC to be able to take highly reliable operation under the ultrahigh vacuum and high radiation field of the ITER environment. Therefore various advanced research and development is necessary. Development of the DTC control system, which is based on ITER standards, should also be performed since it is included within the scope of JADA procurement. In this presentation, we will show the current status of research & development on the DTC.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of simulated ground motions consistent with seismic hazard

Nishida, Akemi; Igarashi, Sayaka*; Sakamoto, Shigehiro*; Uchiyama, Yasuo*; Yamamoto, Yu*; Muramatsu, Ken*; Takada, Tsuyoshi*

Transactions of 22nd International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMiRT-22) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2013/08

Most probabilistic risk assessments (PRA) of structures involve the use of probabilistic schemes such as the scheme using probabilistic seismic hazard and fragility curves. Even when earthquake ground motions are required in Monte Carlo Simulations (MCS), they are generated to fit the specified response spectra, such as uniform hazard spectra at a specified exceedance probability. These ground motions, however, are not directly linked with corresponding seismic source characteristics. In this context, the authors propose a methodology based on MCS to reproduce a set of input ground motions to develop an advanced PRA scheme that can explain the exceedance probability and sequence of functional loss in a nuclear power plant. These generated motions are consistent with the seismic hazard for the target site and their seismic source characteristics can be recognized in detail.

Journal Articles

Designing a prototype of the ITER pulse scheduling system

Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Yonekawa, Izuru*; Ota, Kazuya*; Hosoyama, Hiroki*; Hashimoto, Yasunori*; Wallander, A.*; Winter, A.*; Sugie, Tatsuo; Kusama, Yoshinori; Kawano, Yasunori; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(12), p.2016 - 2019, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:76.11(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The ITER pulse scheduling system creates, approves and manage parameters that characterize plasma operation of ITER. JAEA analyzed requirements on the ITER plasma operations based on experience operating the JT-60U and designed essential functions. This system was designed to enable the change and reuse of parameters. The functions to support to check consistency between parameters and to assign parameter values are calculated by the system were proposed. These functions are useful to support operators.

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