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Journal Articles

Development of evaluation method for variability of groundwater flow conditions associated with long-term topographic change and climate perturbations

Onoe, Hironori; Kosaka, Hiroshi*; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Komatsu, Tetsuya; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Yasue, Kenichi

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 26(1), p.3 - 14, 2019/06

In this study, it is focused on topographic changes due to uplift and denudation, also climate perturbations, a method which is able to assess the long-term variability of groundwater flow conditions using the coefficient variation based on some steady-state groundwater flow simulation results was developed. Spatial distribution of long residence time area which is not much influenced due to long-term topographic change and recharge rate change during the past one million years was able to estimate through the case study of the Tono area, Central Japan. By applying this evaluation method, it is possible to identify the local area that has low variability of groundwater flow conditions due to topographic changes and climate perturbations from the regional area quantitatively and spatially.

Journal Articles

Provenance identification based on EPMA analyses of heavy minerals; Case study of the Toki Sand and Gravel Formation, central Japan

Shimizu, Mayuko; Sano, Naomi; Ueki, Tadamasa; Komatsu, Tetsuya; Yasue, Kenichi*; Niwa, Masakazu

Island Arc, 28(2), p.e12295_1 - e12295_13, 2019/03

 Percentile:100(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Annual report for research on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste in fiscal year 2016

Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Yasue, Kenichi*; Asamori, Koichi; Kokubu, Yoko; Niwa, Masakazu; Watanabe, Takahiro; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Fujita, Natsuko; Saiga, Atsushi; Shimizu, Mayuko; et al.

JAEA-Research 2018-008, 83 Pages, 2018/12

JAEA-Research-2018-008.pdf:11.43MB

This annual report documents the progress of research and development (R&D) in the 2nd fiscal year during the JAEA 3rd Mid- and Long-term Plan (fiscal years 2015-2021) to provide the scientific base for assessing geosphere stability for long-term isolation of the high-level radioactive waste. The planned framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques. In this paper, the current status of R&D activities with previous scientific and technological progress is summarized.

JAEA Reports

Compilation of information on uplift of the last hundred thousand years in the Japanese Islands

Nomura, Katsuhiro; Tanikawa, Shinichi*; Amamiya, Hiroki; Yasue, Kenichi

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-015, 49 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-015.pdf:2.88MB

The uplift of the last hundred thousand years in the Japanese Islands has been acquired mainly using marine and river terraces. We arranged information regarding the uplift in a table. This data is one of the useful information for the development of the investigation technology of uplift and for the research of the landform evolution in Japanese islands.

Journal Articles

Fission track dating of faulting events accommodating plastic deformation of biotites

Sueoka, Shigeru; Shimada, Koji; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Niwa, Masakazu; Yasue, Kenichi; Umeda, Koji*; Danhara, Toru*; Iwano, Hideki*

Journal of Geophysical Research; Solid Earth, 122(3), p.1848 - 1859, 2017/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characteristics of electron spin resonance signal of quartz from sediments and adjacent bedrocks

Tokuyasu, Kayoko; Yasue, Kenichi; Komatsu, Tetsuya; Tamura, Itoko; Horiuchi, Yasuharu

QST-M-2; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2015, P. 189, 2017/03

Understanding the stage of mountain building is crucial to the stability assessment of geological environments in geological disposal system. In this context, we have carried out the research and development of provenance analysis techniques to elucidate the mountain-building stage. Here we present the results focusing on the R&D using the Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) signals from quartz in sediments and their basement rocks.

JAEA Reports

Annual report for research on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste in fiscal year 2015

Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Umeda, Koji*; Yasue, Kenichi; Kokubu, Yoko; Niwa, Masakazu; Asamori, Koichi; Watanabe, Takahiro; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Fujita, Natsuko; Shimizu, Mayuko; et al.

JAEA-Research 2016-023, 91 Pages, 2017/02

JAEA-Research-2016-023.pdf:13.33MB

This annual report documents the progress of research and development (R&D) in the 1st fiscal year during the JAEA 3rd Mid- and Long-term Plan (fiscal years 2015-2021) to provide the scientific base for assessing geosphere stability for long-term isolation of the high-level radioactive waste. The planned framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques. In this paper, the current status of R&D activities with previous scientific and technological progress is summarized.

Journal Articles

Dating of crush zones associated with plastic deformation of biotite; Constraints by fission-track thermochronometry

Sueoka, Shigeru; Shimada, Koji; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Niwa, Masakazu; Yasue, Kenichi; Umeda, Koji*; Danhara, Toru*; Iwano, Hideki*

Fisshion, Torakku Nyusureta, (29), p.5 - 7, 2016/12

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Research plan on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste; Scientific programme for fiscal year 2016

Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Yasue, Kenichi; Kokubu, Yoko; Niwa, Masakazu; Asamori, Koichi; Watanabe, Takahiro; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Fujita, Natsuko; Shimizu, Mayuko; Hama, Yuki

JAEA-Review 2016-016, 44 Pages, 2016/08

JAEA-Review-2016-016.pdf:2.28MB

This report is a plan of research and development (R&D) on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) in JAEA, in fiscal year 2016. The objectives and contents in fiscal year 2016 are described in detail based on the outline of 7 years plan (fiscal years 2015-2021). Background of this research is clarified with the necessity and the significance for site investigation and safety assessment, and the past progress in this report. In addition, the plan framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques.

JAEA Reports

Synthesized research report in the second mid-term research phase, Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project and Geo-stability Project (Translated document)

Hama, Katsuhiro; Sasao, Eiji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Onoe, Hironori; Sato, Toshinori; Fujita, Tomoo; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Takeda, Masaki; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; et al.

JAEA-Review 2016-014, 274 Pages, 2016/08

JAEA-Review-2016-014.pdf:44.45MB

We synthesized the research results from the Mizunami/Horonobe Underground Research Laboratories (URLs) and geo-stability projects in the second midterm research phase. This report can be used as a technical basis for the Nuclear Waste Management Organization of Japan/Regulator at each decision point from siting to beginning of disposal (Principal Investigation to Detailed Investigation Phase).

Journal Articles

Cooling and denudation history of the Tsuruga body of Kojaku granite, southwest Japan, constrained from multi-system thermochronology

Sueoka, Shigeru; Umeda, Koji; Yasue, Kenichi; Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Danhara, Toru*; Iwano, Hideki*; Yagi, Koshi*

Chigaku Zasshi, 125(2), p.201 - 219, 2016/04

We applied multi-system thermochronology to the Tsuruga body of the Kojaku granite to constrain the cooling/denudation history of the Tsuruga area. Based on the thermochronometric results and other data, we reconstructed the cooling and denudation histories of the Tsuruga body as below: (1) the Tsuruga body intruded at c.a. 68 Ma at the depth of 4-5 km, (2) rapidly cooled down to c.a. 200$$^{circ}$$C by heat conduction within a few million years or less, and (3) slowly cooled due to peneplanation during the Cenozoic. This cooling/denudation history is consistent with the observations that cataclasite and fault gouge are dominant in the crush zones of the Tsuruga body, that similar slow cooling histories over the Cenozoic are estimated in the surrounding areas based on thermochronometric ages, and that the amount of denudation in the last few million years in the Tsuruga area is inferred at less than several hundred meters from the elevations of the uplifted peneplains.

Journal Articles

Numeral simulation of longitudinal river profile considering fluvial sediment transportation

Tanikawa, Shinichi; Sanga, Tomoji*; Yasue, Kenichi

Chikei, 37(2), p.189 - 207, 2016/04

JP, 2009-239446   Patent publication (In Japanese)

Existing simulation methods of long-term fluvial processes, represented as conventional difference scheme of diffusion equation, cannot control about the expression of sediment transportation satisfactorily, particularly around confluences in middle and lower reach of the river. To address this, we newly developed a numeral model and simulation program of fluvial processes, in which sediment outflux is distributed to multiple grids with the formula that enlarges the fluvial transport efficiency downstream as a function of grain-size and drainage area (named "transport distance increment curve"). This formula can control the concavity of longitudinal profile. With this model, analyses about expressions of geomorphic development in longitudinal river profile were carried out. As a result, it was confirmed that, with accurate settings of parameters, this model can yield features of river profiles, considering sediment transportation around confluences. It is believed from the above that this model enables the expression of fluvial topography as seen in nature, by translating the concept of long-term fluvial process into parameters.

Journal Articles

Thermal constraints on clay growth in fault gouge and their relationship with fault-zone evolution and hydrothermal alteration; Case study of gouges in the Kojaku Granite, Central Japan

Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Tamura, Hajimu*; Shibata, Kenji*; Sueoka, Shigeru; Yasue, Kenichi; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Umeda, Koji*

Clays and Clay Minerals, 64(2), p.86 - 107, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:65.67(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Research plan on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste; Scientific programme for fiscal year 2015

Umeda, Koji; Yasue, Kenichi; Kokubu, Yoko; Niwa, Masakazu; Asamori, Koichi; Fujita, Natsuko; Shimizu, Mayuko; Matsubara, Akihiro; Tamura, Hajimu; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; et al.

JAEA-Review 2015-019, 42 Pages, 2015/09

JAEA-Review-2015-019.pdf:4.64MB

This report is a plan of research and development (R&D) on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) in JAEA, in fiscal year 2015. The objectives and contents in fiscal year 2015 are described in detail based on the outline of 7 years plan (fiscal years 2015-2021). Background of this research is clarified with the necessity and the significance for site investigation and safety assessment, and the past progress in this report. In addition, the plan framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques.

JAEA Reports

Research on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste; Scientific programme for fiscal years 2015-2021

Umeda, Koji; Yasue, Kenichi; Kokubu, Yoko; Niwa, Masakazu; Asamori, Koichi; Fujita, Natsuko; Shimizu, Mayuko; Shimada, Akiomi; Matsubara, Akihiro; Tamura, Hajimu; et al.

JAEA-Review 2015-012, 43 Pages, 2015/08

JAEA-Review-2015-012.pdf:1.24MB

The concept of geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) in Japan is based on a multibarrier system which combines a stable geological environment with an engineered barrier system. Potential geological host formations and their surroundings are chosen, in particular, for their long-term stability, taking into account the fact that Japan is located in tectonically active zone. This report is to outline 7 years plan (fiscal years 2015-2021) of research and development (R&D) for geosphere stability for long-term isolation of the HLW in JAEA. Background of this research is clarified with the necessity and the significance, and the past progress in this report. The objectives, outline, contents and schedule during the next 7 years are described in detail. In addition, the plan framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and Systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques.

JAEA Reports

Synthesized research report in the second mid-term research phase; Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project and Geo-stability Project

Hama, Katsuhiro; Mizuno, Takashi; Sasao, Eiji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Saegusa, Hiromitsu; Sato, Toshinori; Fujita, Tomoo; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Yokota, Hideharu; et al.

JAEA-Research 2015-007, 269 Pages, 2015/08

JAEA-Research-2015-007.pdf:68.65MB
JAEA-Research-2015-007(errata).pdf:0.07MB

We have synthesised the research results from Mizunami/Horonobe URLs and geo-stability projects in the second mid-term research phase. It could be used as technical bases for NUMO/Regulator in each decision point from sitting to beginning of disposal (Principal Investigation to Detailed Investigation Phase). High quality construction techniques and field investigation methods have been developed and implemented and these will be directly applicable to the National Disposal Program (along with general assessments of hazardous natural events and processes). It will be crucial to acquire technical knowledge on decisions of partial backfilling and final closure by actual field experiments in Mizunami/Horonobe URLs as main themes for the next phases.

Journal Articles

Study on index of erosion rate in inland mountains: Case study using old river valley around detached meander core

Yasue, Kenichi; Takatori, Ryoichi*; Tanikawa, Shinichi*; Ninomiya, Atsushi*; Tanase, Atsushi*; Furusawa, Akira*; Tajikara, Masayoshi*

Chishitsugaku Zasshi, 120(12), p.435 - 445, 2014/12

Estimating the rate of change in landforms and geological environments due to erosion is important when assessing the safety of the geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste in Japan. The aim of this study is to develop an index of erosion rates in inland mountains. We focused on circular abandoned channels, which are old river valleys around detached meander cores formed by the cut-off of incised meandering rivers. The channels can be useful for estimating incision rates because they occur at a range of elevations throughout the Japanese Islands. We undertook a case study to determine the incision rate using a circular abandoned channel in the middle reaches of the Kumanogawa River in the Kii Peninsula, where many circular abandoned channels have been identified. We obtained undisturbed core samples of old river channel deposits and angular gravel deposits that overlie the circular abandoned channel. The old river channel deposits have been emergent since at least MIS5, based on an analysis of the soil color in angular gravel deposits. The incision rate, as calculated from this age and the difference in elevation between the abandoned and present channels, is less than about 0.9 m/ky. This study shows that analyses of circular abandoned channels can yield estimates of incision rates and potentially also uplift rates. More accurate estimates of incision rates require further studies of the dating and evolution of sediments that overlie circular abandoned channels.

Journal Articles

Subsurface geological mapping of the Japanese islands

Yasue, Kenichi; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Kobori, Kazuo; Umeda, Koji; Nakatsuka, Noboru

Chishitsugaku Zasshi, 120(12), p.XIII - XIV, 2014/12

From the viewpoint of present and future use of underground space such as the geological disposal of radioactive waste and carbon dioxide, this is a need to understand subsurface geological structures in the Japanese islands. In general, conventional methods of subsurface mapping are widely used to convert subsurface geological information into two-dimensional space. We present subsurface geological structures on horizontal-section maps at depths of 0, 500, and 1,000 meters below sea level. We also map surface geological units consisting of pre-Neogene basement rocks. Data from existing geological maps, geological cross sections and boreholes were used as input to the maps. The data has been gathered from publications prior to 2001.

JAEA Reports

Research plan on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste; Scientific programme for fiscal year 2014

Yasue, Kenichi; Asamori, Koichi; Niwa, Masakazu; Kokubu, Yoko; Kobori, Kazuo; Makuuchi, Ayumu; Matsubara, Akihiro; Shibata, Kenji; Tamura, Hajimu; Tanabe, Hiroaki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2014-033, 43 Pages, 2014/09

JAEA-Review-2014-033.pdf:16.91MB

The concept of geological disposal of HLW in Japan is based on a multi-barrier system which combines a stable geological environment with a robust barrier system. Potential geological host formations and their surroundings are chosen, in particular, for their long-term stability, taking into account the fact that Japan is located in a tectonically active zone. This report is a plan of research and development (R&D) on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of HLW in JAEA, in fiscal year 2014. The objectives and contents in fiscal year 2014 are described in detail based on the outline of 5 years plan (fiscal years 2010-2014). In addition, the planned framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques.

Journal Articles

Geosphere stability for long-term isolation of radioactive waste; Geological predictions and their uncertainties

Umeda, Koji; Yasue, Kenichi; Ishimaru, Tsuneari

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 21(1), p.43 - 48, 2014/06

Long-term predictions of geological and tectonic disturbances are key issues for the safety assessment of radioactive waste disposal, especially on the Japanese Islands. Future geological and tectonic disturbances in Japan can be estimated with relatively high reliability for the next 100,000 years. In this study, mathematical modeling is used to assess how tectonic disturbances influence the present-day and paleohydrogeology of the Kiso valley. In addition, long-term predictions of future hydraulic conditions and their uncertainties are examined by extrapolating temporal changes in groundwater flow.

222 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)