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Journal Articles

Status of neutron spectrometers at J-PARC

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Matsuura, Masato*; Endo, Hitoshi*; Seto, Hideki*; Ito, Shinichi*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 562, p.148 - 154, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:75.87(Physics, Condensed Matter)

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the MLF User Group Meeting on Direct Geometry Spectrometers (DIRECTION 2017); October 16-17, 2017, Ibaraki Quantum Beam Research Center (Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan)

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kawamura, Seiko; Ito, Shinichi*; Nakajima, Kenji

JAEA-Review 2017-031, 107 Pages, 2018/02

JAEA-Review-2017-031.pdf:17.43MB

The joint user meeting for four direct-geometry neutron spectrometers in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at J-PARC, "DIRECTION 2017", was held at the Ibaraki Quantum Beam Research Center building on October 16th - 17th, 2017. This meeting was purposed to encourage the user activities on the four instruments 4SEASONS (BL01), HRC (BL12), AMATERAS (BL14), and POLANO (BL23), and was jointly organized by J-PARC MLF, KEK-IMSS, and CROSS. In this meeting, recent research activities using these instruments were reported in addition to the current status of the instruments, the sample environments, and software. This report compiles the presentation materials and their abstracts.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 2; Neutron scattering instruments

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12

The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.

Journal Articles

Inelastic and quasi-elastic neutron scattering spectrometers in J-PARC

Seto, Hideki; Ito, Shinichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Endo, Hitoshi*; Nakajima, Kenji; Shibata, Kaoru; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kawakita, Yukinobu; et al.

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta; General Subjects, 1861(1), p.3651 - 3660, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:16.46(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

J-PARC, Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex provides short pulse proton beam at a repetition rate 25 Hz and the maximum power is expected to be 1 MW. Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments have already been operated or under construction / commissioning. There are 6 inelastic / quasi-elastic neutron scattering spectrometers and the complementary use of these spectrometers will open new insight for life science.

Journal Articles

Study of the neutron guide design of the 4SEASONS spectrometer at J-PARC

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakajima, Kenji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Arai, Masatoshi

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 600(1), p.185 - 188, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:37.78(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Irradiation growth of graphite reflector installed in JRR-4

Yagi, Masahiro; Horiguchi, Hironori; Yokoo, Kenji; Oyama, Koji; Kusunoki, Tsuyoshi

JAEA-Technology 2008-072, 79 Pages, 2008/09

JAEA-Technology-2008-072.pdf:43.31MB

A crack had been found on the weld of one reflector element in JRR-4. A survey revealed that the cause for the crack was the expansion of graphite reflector in the reflector element. It appeared that the expansion of graphite reflector was caused by fast neutron irradiation at low temperature. The survey confirmed radiographically that graphite reflectors in the other reflector elements without the crack expanded similarly by the irradiation growth. Irradiated graphite reflectors were carefully observed and were precisely measured the three dimensions after dismantling the irradiated reflector elements in order to understand quantitatively the irradiation growth behavior of IG-110 graphite under the JRR-4 operation condition. As the results, it was confirmed that growth of graphite reflectors increased with increasing of fast neutron fluence. The maximum irradiation growth per fast neutron fluence was 7.13$$times$$10$$^{-25}$$%m$$^{2}$$/n, the minimum was 4.21$$times$$10$$^{-25}$$%m$$^{2}$$/n, the average was 5.71$$times$$10$$^{-25}$$%m$$^{2}$$/n in the range of fast neutron fluence below 2.5$$times$$10$$^{24}$$n/m$$^{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Conceptual design of magic chopper used for 4SEASONS at J-PARC

Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Arai, Masatoshi; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Nakajima, Kenji; Krist, T.*

Journal of Neutron Research, 16(3-4), p.87 - 92, 2008/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Partitioning and transmutation technology in Japan and its benefit on high-level waste management

Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Nishihara, Kenji; Yokoo, Takeshi*

Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles and Systems (Global 2007) (CD-ROM), p.434 - 442, 2007/09

In Japan, the partitioning and transmutation (PT) technology is being studied and developed to reduce the burden of the high-level radioactive waste (HLW) management. To demonstrate clearly the benefit of the PT technology on the waste management of future nuclear fuel cycles, the repository area necessitated to dispose of the HLW was discussed quantitatively for spent fuels from UO$$_{2}$$-LWR, MOX-LWR and MOX-FBR. Four options of separation process were assumed in the analysis: (1) Conventional PUREX reprocessing, (2) Transmutation of minor actinide (MA), (3) Partitioning of FP, and (4) PT for both MA and FP. The results showed that MA transmutation would be necessary to keep the emplacement area for MOX fuel at the same level as that for UO$$_{2}$$ fuel. The adoption of PT for both MA and FP was effective to further reduce the repository area independently on the fuel type, the reactor type and the cooling period.

JAEA Reports

Guidance of operation practice and nuclear physics experiments using JRR-4

Yokoo, Kenji; Horiguchi, Hironori; Yagi, Masahiro; Nagadomi, Hideki; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Sasajima, Fumio; Oyama, Koji; Ishikuro, Yasuhiro; Sasaki, Tsutomu; Hirane, Nobuhiko; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2007-018, 104 Pages, 2007/03

JAEA-Technology-2007-018.pdf:5.92MB

Reactor operation training using JRR-4 (Japan Research Reactor No.4) was started in FY 1969, one of the curriculums of Nuclear Technology and Education Center (NuTEC). After that, the program was updated and carried out for reactor operation training, control rod calibration, and measurement of various kind of characteristics. JRR-4 has been contributed for nuclear engineer training that is over 1,700 trainees from bother domestic and foreign countries. JRR-4 can be used for experiment from zero power to 3500kW, and the trainees can make experience to operate the reactor from start up to shut down, not only zero-power experiments (critical approach, control rod calibration, reactivity measurement, etc.) but also other experiments under high power operation (xenon effect, temperature effects, reactor power calibration, etc.). This report is based on various kinds of guidance texts using for training, and collected for operation and experiments for reactor physics.

Journal Articles

High intensity chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at J-PARC

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Nakajima, Kenji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Ino, Takashi*; Shamoto, Shinichi; Fujita, Masaki*; Oyama, Kenji*; Hiraka, Haruhiro*; et al.

Journal of Neutron Research, 15(1), p.5 - 12, 2007/03

We are developing a new chopper-type neutron inelastic spectrometer 4SEASONS for the spallation neutron source at J-PARC. This spectrometer has middle energy resolution and two orders higher efficiency than the ones at ISIS for a single crystal measurement. With this spectrometer, we try to explore novel quantum phenomena, in particular, the mechanism of the high-$$T_c$$ superconductivity. The high flux at a sample is achieved by incorporating the well designed transport devices in addition to the high flux of the source. The energy resolution is estimated to be 5-6% at $$hbaromega$$ = 0. Furthermore, the most distinguishing feature of 4SEASONS is the availability of the repetition rate multiplication (RRM) method. The RRM method enables us to utilize many $$E_i$$'s at the same time, which will increase the efficiency of the measurement more than five times and make the survey of 4D space of $$mathbf{Q}$$-$$omega$$ much easier.

Journal Articles

Parametric survey for benefit of partitioning and transmutation technology in terms of high-level radioactive waste disposal

Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Yokoo, Takeshi*; Nishihara, Kenji; Morita, Yasuji; Ikeda, Takao*; Takaki, Naoyuki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 44(3), p.398 - 404, 2007/03

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:23.78(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Benefit of implementing Partitioning and Transmutation (P&T) technology was parametrically surveyed in terms of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) disposal by discussing possible reduction of the geological repository area. The results showed that, by recycling minor actinides (MA), the placement area could be reduced by 17-29% in the case of UO$$_{2}$$-LWR and by 63-85% in the case of MOX-LWR in comparison with the conventional PUREX reprocessing. This significant impact in MOX fuel was caused by the recycle of $$^{241}$$Am which was a long-term heat source. Further 70-80% reduction of the placement area in comparison with the MA-recovery case could be expected by partitioning the fission products (FP) into several groups for both fuel types.

JAEA Reports

2005 Annual report of MEXT specially promoted research, "Development of the 4D space access neutron spectrometer (4SEASONS) and elucidation of the mechanism of oxide high-$$T_c$$ superconductivity"

Arai, Masatoshi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakajima, Kenji; Shamoto, Shinichi; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Ino, Takashi*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; et al.

JAEA-Review 2006-033, 58 Pages, 2006/11

JAEA-Review-2006-033.pdf:17.22MB

A research project entitled "Development of the 4D Space Access Neutron Spectrometer (4SEASONS) and Elucidation of the Mechanism of Oxide High-$$T_c$$ Superconductivity" has started in 2005 (repr. by M. Arai). It is supported by MEXT, Grant-in-Aid for Specially Promoted Research and is going to last until fiscal 2009. The goal of the project is to elucidate the mechanism of oxide high-$$T_c$$ superconductivity by neutron scattering technique. For this purpose, we will develop an inelastic neutron scattering instrument 4SEASONS (4d SpacE AccesS neutrON Spectrometer) for the spallation neutron source in Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The instrument will have 100 times higher performance than existing world-class instruments, and will enable detailed observation of anomalous magnetic excitations and phonons in a four-dimensional momentum-energy space. This report summarizes the progress in the research project in fiscal 2007.

JAEA Reports

Experiments of JRR-4 low-enriched-uranium-silicied fuel core

Hirane, Nobuhiko; Ishikuro, Yasuhiro; Nagadomi, Hideki; Yokoo, Kenji; Horiguchi, Hironori; Nemoto, Takumi; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Yagi, Masahiro; Arai, Nobuyoshi; Watanabe, Shukichi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2006-028, 115 Pages, 2006/03

JAEA-Technology-2006-028.pdf:7.96MB

JRR-4, a light-water-moderated and cooled, swimming pool type research reactor using high-enriched uranium plate-type fuels had been operated from 1965 to 1996. In order to convert to low-enriched-uranium-silicied fuels, modification work had been carried out for 2 years, from 1996 to 1998. After the modification, start-up experiments were carried out to obtain characteristics of the low-enriched-uranium-silicied fuel core. The measured excess reactivity, reactor shutdown margin and the maximum reactivity addition rate satisfied the nuclear limitation of the safety report for licensing. It was confirmed that conversion to low-enriched-uranium-silicied fuels was carried out properly. Besides, the necessary data for reactor operation were obtained, such as nuclear, thermal hydraulic and reactor control characteristics. This report describes the results of start-up experiments and burnup experiments. The first criticality of low-enriched-uranium-silicied core was achieved on 14th July 1998, and the operation for joint-use has been carried out since 6th October 1998.

Journal Articles

Parametric survey on possible impact of partitioning and transmutation of high-level radioactive waste

Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Yokoo, Takeshi*; Nishihara, Kenji; Morita, Yasuji; Ikeda, Takao*; Takaki, Naoyuki*

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2005/10

The benefit of implementing Partitioning and Transmutation (P&T) of high-level wastes was parametrically surveyed. The possible reduction of the geological repository area was estimated. By recycling minor actinides (MA), the repository area required for unit spent fuel was reduced significantly in the case of MOX-LWR. This effect was caused by removal of $$^{241}$$Am which is a long-term heat source. By partitioning the fission products, in addition to MA recycling, further 70-80% reduction from the MA-recovery case can be expected for both UO$$_2$$ and MOX. This significant reduction was independent of the cooling time before the partitioning process.

JAEA Reports

Development of colored alumilite dosimeter

Obara, Kenjiro; Yagi, Toshiaki; Yokoo, Noriko*; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi

JAERI-Tech 2003-035, 107 Pages, 2003/03

JAERI-Tech-2003-035.pdf:9.45MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Irradiation tests of critical components for remote handling system in gamma radiation environment

Obara, Kenjiro; Kakudate, Satoshi; Oka, Kiyoshi; Furuya, Kazuyuki; *; Tada, Eisuke; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Koizumi, Koichi; Okawa, Yoshinao; Morita, Yosuke; et al.

JAERI-Tech 96-011, 111 Pages, 1996/03

JAERI-Tech-96-011.pdf:5.9MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Irradiation tests of critical components for remote handling in gamma radiation environment

Obara, Kenjiro; Kakudate, Satoshi; Oka, Kiyoshi; Furuya, Kazuyuki; *; Tada, Eisuke; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Okawa, Yoshinao; Morita, Yosuke; Yokoo, Noriko*; et al.

JAERI-Tech 94-003, 73 Pages, 1994/08

[This article is unavailable to download the full text due to various reasons.]

JAEA Reports

Critical experiments and characteristic measurement for JRR-2

JRR-2 Critical Experiments Group; Kambara, Toyozo; Shoda, Katsuhiko; Hirata, Yutaka; Shoji, Tsutomu; Kohayakawa, Toru; Morozumi, Minoru; Kambayashi, Yuichiro; Shitomi, Hajimu; Kokanezawa, Takashi; et al.

JAERI 1025, 62 Pages, 1962/03

JAERI-1025.pdf:4.6MB

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Current status of the 4SEASONS spectrometer at J-PARC

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Nakajima, Kenji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Ino, Takashi*; Oyama, Kenji*; Sakai, Makiko; Aizawa, Kazuya; et al.

no journal, , 

4SEASONS is one of the day-one chopper spectrometers for the spallation neutron facility in Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The spectrometer targets high-$$T_c$$ superconductors and related strongly correlated materials utilizing incident energies of 5-300 meV. 4SEASONS supplies high flux at a sample by moderating the resolution ($$Delta E/E_i = 5$$-6% at $$E = 0$$) and incorporating efficient neutron optic devices. A new Fermi chopper is designed to multiply the measurement efficiency by repetition rate multiplication (RRM). Recently, we have decided to enlarge the detector coverage by $$30^{circ}$$ in horizontal direction (with the maximum scattering angle being $$120^{circ}$$) to let the spectrometer have more flexibility. The designing of the vacuum scattering chamber has been almost completed. Examination of the 2.5m-$$^3$$He PSD on neutron beam and manufacturing of a prototype of a slit package of the new chopper are going on.

Oral presentation

Chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS for J-PARC

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Nakajima, Kenji; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Maruyama, Ryuji; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Suzuya, Kentaro; Ino, Takashi*; Oyama, Kenji*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

49 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)