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Journal Articles

Recent discussions toward regulatory implementation of the new occupational equivalent dose limit for the lens of the eye and related studies in Japan

Yokoyama, Sumi*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Tsujimura, Norio

International Journal of Radiation Biology, 95(8), p.1103 - 1112, 2019/08

Journal Articles

Development of field estimation technique and improvement of environmental tritium behavior model

Yokoyama, Sumi*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Ota, Masakazu; Kakiuchi, Hideki*; Sugihara, Shinji*; Hirao, Shigekazu*; Momoshima, Noriyuki*; Tamari, Toshiya*; Shima, Nagayoshi*; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 14(Sp.2), p.3405099_1 - 3405099_4, 2019/06

The Large Helical Device of the National Institute for Fusion Science started D-D experiments in 2017. To ensure the safety of the facility, it is important to develop evaluation methods for environmental tritium transfer. Tritiated water (HTO) in atmosphere and soil is transferred to plants, and organically bound tritium (OBT) is formed by photosynthesis. Prediction of OBT formation is important, because OBT accumulates in plants and causes dose through ingestion. The objective of this study is to estimate environmental tritium transfer using a simple compartment model and practical parameters. We proposed a simple compartment model consisting of air-soil-plant components, and tried to validate the model by comparison with a sophisticated model, SOLVEG. In this study, we plan to add wet deposition to the model and obtain parameters from measurements of soil permeability and tritium concentrations in air, soil and plants. We also establish rapid pretreatment methods for OBT analysis.

Journal Articles

Current situations and discussions in Japan in relation to the new occupational equivalent dose limit for the lens of the eye

Yokoyama, Sumi*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Hayashida, Toshiyuki*; Tsujimura, Norio; Tatsuzaki, Hideo*; Kurosawa, Tadahiro*; Nabatame, Kuniaki*; Oguchi, Hiroyuki*; Ono, Kazuko*; Kawaura, Chiyo*; et al.

Journal of Radiological Protection, 37(3), p.659 - 683, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:64.68(Environmental Sciences)

Since the International Commission on Radiological Protection recommended reducing the occupational equivalent dose limit for the lens of the eye in 2011, there have been extensive discussions in various countries. This paper reviews the current situations in radiation protection of the ocular lens and the discussions on the potential impact of the new lens dose limit in Japan. Topics include historical changes to the lens dose limit, the current situations in occupational lens exposures (e.g., in medical workers, nuclear workers, and Fukushima nuclear power plant workers) and measurements, and the current status of biological studies and epidemiological studies on radiation cataracts. Our focus is on the situations in Japan, but we believe such information sharing will be useful in many other countries.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY 2015

Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Mizutani, Tomoko; Hosomi, Kenji; Nagaoka, Mika; Hokama, Tomonori; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Nishimura, Tomohiro; Matsubara, Natsumi; Maehara, Yushi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2016-035, 179 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Review-2016-035.pdf:4.2MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2015 to March 2016. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and were exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

Journal Articles

Improvement of estimation of $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air using data measured by monitoring posts applied by determination of passing-through time of plume using noble gas counts

Yamada, Junya; Hashimoto, Makoto; Seya, Natsumi; Haba, Risa; Muto, Yasunobu; Shimizu, Takehiko; Takasaki, Koji; Yokoyama, Sumi*; Shimo, Michikuni*

Hoken Butsuri, 52(1), p.5 - 12, 2017/03

The purpose of this study is to improve a quick method for estimation of $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air using data measured by monitoring posts in case that a nuclear disaster occurs. In this method, $$^{131}$$I concentrations were estimated by multiplying $$^{131}$$I count rates of cloud-shine measured with NaI (Tl) detector by concentration conversion factor. A previous study suggested that it was difficult to determine passing-through time of plume from temporal change of $$^{131}$$I count rates or dose rate. Our study applies the method for estimating passing-through time of plume from temporal change of noble gas counts. The $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air at Oarai center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency resulting from the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant were estimated by proposal technique. The result of comparison of this method with sampling method for $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air were within factor 3.

Journal Articles

Type II shell evolution in $$A=70$$ isobars from the $$N geq 40$$ island of inversion

Morales, A. I.*; Benzoni, G.*; Watanabe, H.*; Tsunoda, Yusuke*; Otsuka, T.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Browne, F.*; Daido, R.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Fang, Y.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 765, p.328 - 333, 2017/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:8.11(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

Calculation of conversion factor for estimation of $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air from pulse-height distribution observed by NaI(Tl) detector in monitoring posts

Yamada, Junya; Hashimoto, Makoto; Seya, Natsumi; Haba, Risa; Muto, Yasunobu; Shimizu, Takehiko; Takasaki, Koji; Yokoyama, Sumi*; Shimo, Michikuni*

Radioisotopes, 65(10), p.403 - 408, 2016/10

The purpose of this study is to develop a quick method for estimation of $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air using data measured by monitoring posts. In this method, $$^{131}$$I concentrations were estimated by multiplying $$^{131}$$I count rates at the full-energy peak measured with a NaI(Tl) detector by a concentration conversion factor. The concentration conversion factor for monitoring posts in JAEA Oarai Center was calculated with an EGS5 Monte Carlo code. As a result, the concentration conversion factor for an infinite-air-source was 25.7 Bq/m$$^{3}$$/cps.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY 2014

Watanabe, Hitoshi; Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Takeyasu, Masanori; Mizutani, Tomoko; Isozaki, Tokuju*; Nagaoka, Mika; Hokama, Tomonori; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Nishimura, Tomohiro; et al.

JAEA-Review 2015-034, 175 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-034.pdf:8.13MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2014 to March 2015. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Tokyo Electric Power Co. in March 2011.

Journal Articles

Low-lying excitations in $$^{72}$$Ni

Morales, A. I.*; Benzoni, G.*; Watanabe, H.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Browne, F.*; Daido, R.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Fang, Y.*; Lorusso, G.*; Patel, Z.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 93(3), p.034328_1 - 034328_14, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:14.96(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Addendum report of the JHPS expert committee on radiation protection of the lens of the eye, 2; When and how should the dosimetry of beta $$H_{rm p}$$(3) be made?

Akahane, Keiichi*; Iimoto, Takeshi*; Ichiji, Takeshi*; Iwai, Satoshi*; Oguchi, Hiroyuki*; Ono, Kazuko*; Kawaura, Chiyo*; Kurosawa, Tadahiro*; Tatsuzaki, Hideo*; Tsujimura, Norio; et al.

Hoken Butsuri, 50(4), p.257 - 261, 2015/12

In a mixed field of photon and beta radiations, the same dose assigned to skin is normally assigned to the dose to the lens of the eye as a conservative estimate of H$$_{p}$$(3). In exceptional cases that a very high beta dose might be imparted of the same order with the dose limit, however, the conservatively biased dose must be too limiting, and thereby an accurate estimate of beta $$H_{rm p}$$(3) is desirable. This article presents a practical proposal of when and how the dosimetry of beta $$H_{rm p}$$(3) should be made.

Journal Articles

Decay properties of $$^{68,69,70}$$Mn; Probing collectivity up to N=44 in Fe isotopic chain

Benzoni, G.*; Morales, A. I.*; Watanabe, H.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Coraggio, L.*; Itaco, N.*; Gargano, A.*; Browne, F.*; Daido, R.*; Doornenbal, P.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 751, p.107 - 112, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:15.32(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

Temporal variations of radionuclides in seabed sediments off Ibaraki coast

Nagaoka, Mika; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Matsubara, Natsumi; Fujita, Hiroki; Nakano, Masanao; Watanabe, Hitoshi

KEK Proceedings 2015-4, p.214 - 218, 2015/11

The radiological impact of the radionuclides released from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station to the sea offshore of Ibaraki has been studied in this research. Fifty-one seabed sediments were collected in 2012, 2013 and 2014, respectively. Then, all samples were measured for the activities of $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs and some samples were analyzed for the activities of $$^{90}$$Sr. The results indicated that the activities of $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs were elevated by the accident and showed a decreasing tendency between 2012 and 2014. The tendency of activity in Kuji Riverestuary area was different from Ibaraki coast area. The difference could be caused by geological feature and grain size of seabed sediment etc. On the other hand, $$^{90}$$Sr activities were ND-0.26 Bq/kg dry. It was no correlation between $$^{90}$$Sr and $$^{137}$$Cs activity. The $$^{90}$$Sr activity released by the accident was small influence on seabed sediment collected around sea offshore of Ibaraki.

Journal Articles

Superdeformation in $$^{35}$$S

Go, Shintaro*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Yokoyama, Rin*; Kobayashi, Motoki*; Kisamori, Keiichi*; Takaki, Motonobu*; Miya, Hiroyuki*; Ota, Shinsuke*; Michimasa, Shinichiro*; Shimoura, Susumu*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 6, p.030005_1 - 030005_4, 2015/06

Journal Articles

Spatial distribution of radionuclides in seabed sediments off Ibaraki coast after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Nagaoka, Mika; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Fujita, Hiroki; Nakano, Masanao; Watanabe, Hitoshi; Sumiya, Shuichi

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1305 - 1308, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:12.68(Chemistry, Analytical)

Various kinds of radionuclides were released into the atmosphere and the sea from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant on Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) by the accident and then reached around our laboratories. Therefore the accident influence on our environment was investigated to measure the concentrations of cesium-134 ($$^{134}$$Cs), cesium-137 $$^{137}$$Cs, strontium-90 ($$^{90}$$Sr) and plutonium isotopes in seabed sediments. The values for $$^{137}$$Cs ranged from 6.1 to 300 Bq/kg (dry wt) and the ratio of $$^{134}$$Cs /$$^{137}$$Cs ranged from 0.48 to 0.77. The highest point of $$^{137}$$Cs concentration was observed at the northernmost station near Kitaibaraki City and the concentration was similar to report by MEXT.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY 2013

Watanabe, Hitoshi; Nakano, Masanao; Fujita, Hiroki; Takeyasu, Masanori; Mizutani, Tomoko; Isozaki, Tokuju; Morisawa, Masato; Nagaoka, Mika; Hokama, Tomonori; Yokoyama, Hiroya; et al.

JAEA-Review 2014-042, 175 Pages, 2015/01

JAEA-Review-2014-042.pdf:10.89MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2013 to March 2014. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant of Tokyo Electric Power Co. in March 2011.

Journal Articles

Interim report of the JHPS expert committee on radiation protection of the lens of the eye, 2; The Dosimetry method for the lens of the eye of workers in Japan

Akahane, Keiichi*; Iimoto, Takeshi*; Ichiji, Takeshi*; Iwai, Satoshi*; Oguchi, Hiroyuki*; Ono, Kazuko*; Kawaura, Chiyo*; Tatsuzaki, Hideo*; Tsujimura, Norio; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; et al.

Hoken Butsuri, 49(3), p.153 - 156, 2014/09

A brief review is given of the history and methodology of external dosimetry for the lens of the eye. Under the 1989 revision to domestic radiological protection regulations, the concept on the effective dose equivalent and the dose limit to the lens of the eye (150 mSv/y) both introduced in ICRP 1977 recommendations has changed nationwide the external monitoring methodology in non-uniform exposure situations to the trunk of a radiological worker. In such situations, often created by the presence of a protective apron, the worker is required to use at least two personal dosemeters, one worn on the trunk under the apron and the other, typically, at the collar over the apron. The latter dosemeter serves the dual purpose of providing the dose profile across the trunk for improved effective dose equivalent assessment and of estimating the dose to lens of the eye. The greater or appropriate value between $$H_{rm p}$$(10) and $$H_{rm p}$$(0.07), given by the dosemeter, is generally used as a surrogate of $$H_{rm p}$$(3).

Journal Articles

Calculation of equivalent dose for the lens of the eye in a positron field using EGS5

Yokoyama, Sumi*; Aoki, Katsunori

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.788 - 792, 2014/04

The equivalent dose rate per positron fluence for the human eye lens is calculated using a Monte Carlo simulation code, EGS5, with two mathematical models (a computational head voxel phantom and a simple eye model). The eye lens doses for medical staff and carers as received from a radiopharmaceutical such as 18F-FDG, which is used in PET examinations, when spilled on the floor, and from positrons passing through a thin injection tube are calculated using a simple eye model. At energies less than 1 MeV, the equivalent dose for the eye lens per electron and positron fluence as calculated using the simple eye model was a maximum of three orders of magnitude lower than that for the head voxel phantom. These values for the simple eye model were equal to the calculation results obtained using the eye lens model in ICRP Publication 116 and those reported in past studies. The eye lens dose rates from the point and tube sources of 18F-FDG as calculated using our simple eye model are about 0.57 and 0.37 $$mu$$Sv min$$^{-1}$$ MBq$$^{-1}$$ at 5 cm, respectively. The doses at 10 cm were one-third to half of those at 5 cm.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY 2012

Sumiya, Shuichi; Watanabe, Hitoshi; Miyagawa, Naoto; Nakano, Masanao; Nakada, Akira; Fujita, Hiroki; Takeyasu, Masanori; Isozaki, Tokuju; Morisawa, Masato; Mizutani, Tomoko; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-056, 181 Pages, 2014/03

JAEA-Review-2013-056.pdf:6.22MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2012 to March 2013. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant of Tokyo Electric Power Co. in March 2011.

Journal Articles

Concentrations of $$^{129}$$I and $$^{127}$$I in soil samples within 10km radius from the Tokai Reprocessing Plant measured by Accelerator Mass Spectrometry method

Kokubun, Yuji; Yokoyama, Hiroya; Fujita, Hiroki; Nakano, Masanao; Sumiya, Shuichi

Hoken Butsuri, 48(4), p.193 - 199, 2013/12

Since the reprocessing contracts with electric power companies were completed in March 2006, the horizontal distribution of $$^{129}$$I in soil within 10 km radius from Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP) as well as the vertical distribution at 2 km southwest from TRP were measured using the Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) method. As a result, the small amounts of $$^{129}$$I were observed due to the atmospheric discharge from TRP. It was good agreement with the predicted concentrations in safety assessment. The validity of the diffusion calculation was confirmed in the 10 km radius. Moreover, the results of vertical distribution of $$^{129}$$I show that the $$^{129}$$I remaining there for several decades that it will be hard to move soil is adsorbed.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY 2011

Sumiya, Shuichi; Watanabe, Hitoshi; Nakano, Masanao; Takeyasu, Masanori; Nakada, Akira; Fujita, Hiroki; Isozaki, Tokuju; Morisawa, Masato; Mizutani, Tomoko; Nagaoka, Mika; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-009, 195 Pages, 2013/06

JAEA-Review-2013-009.pdf:3.35MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2011 to March 2012. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant on Tokyo Electric Power Co. in March 2011.

115 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)