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Journal Articles

Progress report of Japanese simulation research projects using the high-performance computer system Helios in the International Fusion Energy Research Centre

Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Imadera, Kenji*; Kasuya, Naohiro*; Kanno, Ryutaro*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Tatsuno, Tomoya*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Maeyama, Shinya*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(3), p.157 - 210, 2016/03

The high-performance computer system Helios which is located at The Computational Simulation Centre (CSC) in The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) started its operation in January 2012 under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and the EU. The Helios system has been used for magnetised fusion related simulation studies in the EU and Japan and has kept high average usage rate. As a result, the Helios system has contributed to many research products in a wide range of research areas from core plasma physics to reactor material and reactor engineering. This project review gives a short catalogue of domestic simulation research projects. First, we outline the IFERC-CSC project. After that, shown are objectives of the research projects, numerical schemes used in simulation codes, obtained results and necessary computations in future.

Journal Articles

Effect of neutron energy and fluence on deuterium retention behaviour in neutron irradiated tungsten

Fujita, Hiroe*; Yuyama, Kenta*; Li, X.*; Hatano, Yuji*; Toyama, Takeshi*; Ota, Masayuki; Ochiai, Kentaro; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Chikada, Takumi*; Oya, Yasuhisa*

Physica Scripta, 2016(T167), p.014068_1 - 014068_5, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:83.69(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The irradiation defects were introduced by Fe$$^{2+}$$ irradiation, fission neutron irradiation and D-T neutron irradiation. After the irradiation, the deuterium ions (D$$_{2}^{+}$$) implantation was performed and the D retention behavior was evaluated by thermal desorption spectroscopy. The experimental results indicated that dense vacancies and voids within the shallow region near the surface were introduced by Fe$$^{2+}$$ irradiation. The trapping state of D by vacancies and void were clearly controlled by the damage concentration and the voids would become the most stable D trapping site. For fission neutron irradiated W, most of the D was adsorbed on the surface and/or trapped by dislocation loops and no vacancies and voids for D trapping due to its lower damage concentration. D trapping by vacancies were found in the bulk of D-T neutron irradiated W, indicating that the neutron energy distribution could make a large impact on irradiation defect formation and the D retention behavior.

Journal Articles

Effects of toroidal rotation shear and magnetic shear on thermal and particle transport in plasmas with electron cyclotron heating on JT-60U

Yoshida, Maiko; Honda, Mitsuru; Narita, Emi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Urano, Hajime; Nakata, Motoki; Miyato, Naoaki; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Ide, Shunsuke; Kamada, Yutaka

Nuclear Fusion, 55(7), p.073014_1 - 073014_9, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:57.11(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Conditions without the increases in the thermal and particle transport with ECH have been experimentally investigated in positive magnetic shear (PS), weak magnetic shear (WS) and reversed magnetic shear (RS) plasmas with internal transport barriers (ITBs) on JT-60U. The ion heat diffusivity around an internal transport barrier in the ion temperature ($$T_{rm i}$$-ITB) remains constant with ECH when a large negative toroidal rotation shear is formed before the ECH. The condition does not depend on the electron to ion temperature ratio ($$T_{rm e}$$/$$T_{rm i}$$) and ECH power. The electron heat diffusivity around a $$T_{rm e}$$-ITB stays constant with ECH when the magnetic shear is negative around the Te-ITB region. Effective particle transport remains constant or reduces during ECH under the condition of negative magnetic shear.

Journal Articles

Development of high-grade VPS-tungsten coatings on F82H reduced activation steel

Tokunaga, Tomonori*; Watanabe, Hideo*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Nagasaka, Takuya*; Kasada, Ryuta*; Lee, Y.-J.*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Tokitani, Masayuki*; Mitsuhara, Masatoshi*; Hinoki, Tatsuya*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 442(1-3), p.S287 - S291, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:63.81(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Temporal and spatial responses of temperature, density and rotation to electron cyclotron heating in JT-60U

Yoshida, Maiko; Ide, Shunsuke; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Honda, Mitsuru; Urano, Hajime; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Nakata, Motoki; Miyato, Naoaki; Kamada, Yutaka

Nuclear Fusion, 53(8), p.083022_1 - 083022_10, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:29.97(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Time and special responses of electron channels and ion channels with central electron cyclotron heating (ECH) have been investigated in JT-60U positive shear H-mode and internal transport barrier (ITB) plasmas. The ion temperature reduces with ECH after the increase in the electron temperature where an increase in the ion heat transport with ECH accompanies an increase in the electron thermal transport. The core electron density decreases with ECH when the density profile is peaked before ECH injection. The counter intrinsic rotation with ECH is identified using H-mode plasmas with small torque input (BAL-NBI). The counter intrinsic rotation is generated after the increase in the electron temperature and correlates with the change in the electron temperature with ECH around the EC deposition. Time scale of the change in the toroidal rotation velocity is about 90-200 ms around the ECH deposition and the time scale is longer compared to those in $$T$$$$_{rm e}$$ and $$T$$$$_{rm i}$$.

Journal Articles

Modifications to the edge radial electric field by angular momentum injection in JT-60U and their implication for pedestal transport

Kamiya, Kensaku; Honda, Mitsuru; Miyato, Naoaki; Urano, Hajime; Yoshida, Maiko; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Matsunaga, Go; Oyama, Naoyuki; Koide, Yoshihiko; Kamada, Yutaka; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 52(11), p.114010_1 - 114010_12, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:40.55(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Depending on the direction of the external tangential momentum input, substantial changes in not only toroidal but also poloidal flows for the carbon impurity ions are observed at around the $$E$$$$_{r}$$-well region. The shear in the edge $$E$$$$_{r}$$ becomes wider in the co-NBI case, while the edge $$E$$$$_{r}$$-well becomes deeper in the counter-NBI case.

JAEA Reports

Investigation on cause of outage of Wide Range Monitor (WRM) in High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR); Transport operation toward investigation for cause of outage

Shinohara, Masanori; Sawahata, Hiroaki; Kawamoto, Taiki; Motegi, Toshihiro; Saito, Kenji; Takada, Shoji; Yoshida, Naoaki; Isozaki, Ryosuke; Katsuyama, Kozo

JAEA-Technology 2012-025, 31 Pages, 2012/08


An event, in which one of WRMs were disabled to detect the neutron flux in the reactor core, occurred during the period of reactor shut down of HTTR in March, 2010. The actual life time of WRM was unexpectedly shorter than the past developed life time. Investigation of the cause of the outage of WRM toward the recovery of the life time up to the developed life is one of the issues to develop the technology basis of High Temperature Gas cooled Reactor (HTGR). Then, a post irradiation examination was planned to specify the damaged part causing the event in the WRM was also planned. For the investigation, the X-ray computed tomography scanner in Fuels Monitoring Facility (FMF). This report describes the preliminary investigation on the cause of outage of the WRM. The results of study for transportation method of the irradiated WRM from HTTR to FMF is also reported with the record to complete the transport operation.

Journal Articles

Application of tritium tracer techniques to observation of hydrogen on surface and in bulk of F82H

Otsuka, Teppei*; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Tokunaga, Kazutoshi*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Ezato, Koichiro; Suzuki, Satoshi; Akiba, Masato

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 417(1-3), p.1135 - 1138, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:18.18(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of advanced tritium breeders and neutron multipliers for DEMO solid breeder blankets

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Mishima, Yoshinao*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Terai, Takayuki*; Tanaka, Satoru*; Munakata, Kenzo*; Kato, Shigeru*; Uchida, Munenori*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(9), p.1300 - 1306, 2007/09

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:61.74(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Recent results on beryllium and beryllides in Japan

Mishima, Yoshinao*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Ishida, Kiyohito*; Hatano, Yuji*; Shibayama, Tamaki*; Munakata, Kenzo*; Sato, Yoshiyuki*; Uchida, Munenori*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 367-370(2), p.1382 - 1386, 2007/08

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:83.92(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of advanced tritium breeders and neutron multipliers for DEMO solid breeder blankets

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Mishima, Yoshinao*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Terai, Takayuki*; Tanaka, Satoru*; Munakata, Kenzo*; Kato, Shigeru*; Uchida, Munenori*; et al.

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2007/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of beryllides as advanced neutron multipliers for fusion blankets

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Mishima, Yoshinao*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Tanaka, Satoru*; Uchida, Munenori*; Ishida, Kiyohito*; Shibayama, Tamaki*; Munakata, Kenzo*; Sato, Yoshiyuki*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 83(3), p.207 - 214, 2007/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Advanced diagnostics for burning plasma experiments

Sasao, Mamiko*; Yamada, Hiroshi*; Baba, Mamoru*; Kondoh, Takashi; Peterson, B. J.*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Mase, Atsushi*; Yoshikawa, Masayuki*; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Toi, Kazuo*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 51(2T), p.40 - 45, 2007/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Several unexplored physics issues will be studied in burning plasma experiments, planned on ITER in the near future. To carry out these studies, it is essential to develop novel diagnostic systems, such as fusion product measurement systems and high-resolution, high-reliability profile measurement of various plasma parameters. Scientific research on "Advanced Diagnostics for Burning Plasma Experiment" was assigned as a priority area by MEXT in 2004, and more than 20 studies are currently underway under this program. The feasibility of several new diagnostic concepts applicable to ITER is examined and diagnostic components for these systems are now under development.

Journal Articles

Overview of national centralized tokamak program; Mission, design and strategy to contribute ITER and DEMO

Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Akiba, Masato; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Inoue, Nobuyuki; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 49, p.S428 - S432, 2006/12

To contribute DEMO and ITER, the design to modify the present JT-60U into superconducting coil machine, named National Centralized Tokamak (NCT), is being progressed under nationwide collaborations in Japan. Mission, design and strategy of this NCT program is summarized.

Journal Articles

JT-60SA project for JA-EU broader approach satellite tokamak and national centralized tokamak

Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Matsuda, Shinzaburo; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Takase, Yuichi*; Miura, Yukitoshi; Fujita, Takaaki; Matsukawa, Makoto; Tamai, Hiroshi; Sakurai, Shinji; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 82(8), p.455 - 469, 2006/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Overview of the national centralized tokamak programme

Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Fujita, Takaaki; Takase, Yuichi*; Sakurai, Shinji; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kurita, Genichi; Morioka, Atsuhiko; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(3), p.S29 - S38, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:41.56(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The National Centralized Tokamak (NCT) facility program is a domestic research program for advanced tokamak research to succeed JT-60U incorporating Japanese university accomplishments. The mission of NCT is to establish high beta steady-state operation for DEMO and to contribute to ITER. The machine flexibility and mobility is pursued in aspect ratio and shape controllability, feedback control of resistive wall modes, wide current and pressure profile control capability for the demonstration of the high-b steady state.

Journal Articles

Engineering design and control scenario for steady-state high-beta operation in national centralized tokamak

Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1599 - 1605, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:9.91(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Status of beryllium R&D in Japan

Kawamura, Hiroshi; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Mishima, Yoshinao*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Munakata, Kenzo*; Ishida, Kiyohito*; Hatano, Yuji*; Shibayama, Tamaki*; Sato, Yoshiyuki*; Uchida, Munenori*; et al.

INL/EXT-06-01222, p.1 - 7, 2006/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Beryllium intermetallic compounds

Mishima, Yoshinao*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Iwadachi, Takaharu*; Uchida, Munenori*

Kogyo Zairyo, 54(1), p.46 - 47, 2006/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design study of national centralized tokamak facility for the demonstration of steady state high-$$beta$$ plasma operation

Tamai, Hiroshi; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujita, Takaaki; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ichimura, Makoto*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 45(12), p.1676 - 1683, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:45.37(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Design studies are shown on the National Centralized Tokamak facility. The machine design is carried out to investigate the capability for the flexibility in aspect ratio and shape controllability for the demonstration of the high-beta steady state operation with nation-wide collaboration, in parallel with ITER towards DEMO. Two designs are proposed and assessed with respect to the physics requirements such as confinement, stability, current drive, divertor, and energetic particle confinement. The operation range in the aspect ratio and the plasma shape is widely enhanced in consistent with the sufficient divertor pumping. Evaluations of the plasma performance towards the determination of machine design are presented.

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