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JAEA Reports

Report of the design examination and the installation work for the radiation shield at the beam injection area in the 3 GeV synchrotron

Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kamiya, Junichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; Kotoku, Hirofumi*; Horino, Koki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Takeda, Osamu*; Yamamoto, Kazami

JAEA-Technology 2021-019, 105 Pages, 2021/11

JAEA-Technology-2021-019.pdf:10.25MB

Since a user operation startup, the 3 GeV synchrotron accelerator (Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron: RCS) gradually reinforced the beam power. As a result, the surface dose rate of the apparatus located at the beam injection area of the RCS, such as the magnet, vacuum chambers, beam monitors, etc., increases year by year. The beam injection area has many apparatuses which required manual maintenance, so reducing worker's dose is a serious issue. To solve this problem, we have organized a task force for the installation of the shield. The task force has aimed to optimize the structure of the radiation shield, construct the installation procedure with due consideration of the worker's dose suppression. As the examination result of the shield design, we have decided to adopt removal shielding that could be installed quickly and easily when needed. We carried out shield installation work during the 2020 summer maintenance period. The renewal work required to install the shielding has been carried out in a under high-dose environment. For this reason, reducing the dose of workers was an important issue. So, we carefully prepared the work plan and work procedure in advance. During the work period, we implemented various dose reduction measures and managed individual dose carefully. As a result, the dose of all workers could be kept below the predetermined management value. We had installed removal shielding at the beam injection area in the 2020 summer maintenance period. We confirmed that this shield can contribute to the reduction of the dose during work near the beam injection area. It was a large-scale work to occupy the beam injection area during almost of the summer maintenance period. However, it is considered very meaningful for dose suppression in future maintenance works.

Journal Articles

Radiation shielding installation for beam injection section of 3GeV synchrotron

Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kamiya, Junichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; Kotoku, Hirofumi*; Horino, Koki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Takeda, Osamu*; Yamamoto, Kazami

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.238 - 242, 2021/10

Since a user operation startup, the 3GeV synchrotron accelerator (Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron: RCS) gradually reinforced the beam power. As a result, the surface dose rate of the apparatus located at the beam injection area of the RCS increases year by year. The beam injection area has many apparatuses which required manual maintenance, so reducing worker's dose is a serious issue. To solve this problem, we have decided to adopt removal shielding that could be installed quickly and easily when needed. We carried out shield installation work during the 2020 summer maintenance period. The installation work of the shield has been carried out in a under high-dose environment. For this reason, reducing the dose of workers was an important issue. So, we carefully prepared the work plan and work procedure in advance. During the work period, we implemented various dose reduction measures and managed individual dose carefully. As a result, the dose of all workers could be kept below the predetermined management value. We had installed removal shielding at the beam injection area in the 2020 summer maintenance period. We confirmed that this shield can contribute to the reduction of the dose during work near the beam injection area.

Journal Articles

Dependence of charge-exchange efficiency on cooling water temperature of a beam transport line

Yamamoto, Kazami; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Saha, P. K.; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Okabe, Kota; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Fujirai, Kosuke; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Suganuma, Kazuaki

EPJ Techniques and Instrumentation (Internet), 8(1), p.9_1 - 9_9, 2021/07

The 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex supplies a high-intensity proton beam for neutron experiments. Various parameters are monitored to achieve a stable operation, and it was found that the oscillations of the charge-exchange efficiency and cooling water temperature were synchronized. We evaluated the orbit fluctuations at the injection point using a beam current of the injection dump, which is proportional to the number of particles that miss the foil and fail in the charge exchange, and profile of the injection beam. The total width of the fluctuations was approximately 0.072 mm. This value is negligible from the user operation viewpoint as our existing beam position monitors cannot detect such a small signal deviation. This displacement corresponds to a 1.63$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$ variation in the dipole magnetic field. Conversely, the magnetic field variation in the L3BT dipole magnet, which was estimated by the temperature change directly, is 4.08$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$. This result suggested that the change in the cooling water temperature is one of the major causes of the efficiency fluctuation.

Journal Articles

1.2-MW-equivalent high-intensity beam tests in J-PARC RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011018_1 - 011018_6, 2021/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High intensity measurement issues at the J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011017_1 - 011017_6, 2021/03

The J-PARC Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) is designed as an 1-MW high intensity proton accelerator. Beam intensity diagnostics is an important device to prove the accelerator performance. The RCS has two instruments based on different principles, namely Direct-current Current Transformer (DCCT) and Slow-CT (SCT). It was realized that SCT showed strange behavior when continuous 1-MW demonstration had been performed, although there were no problem under 1-MW equivalent operation with single shot. The origin of the problem seems to be limited band width at higher frequency and asymmetric circulating beam current pattern. On the other hand, DCCT also showed output signal saturation with 1.2-MW equivalent single shot. But, SCT worked properly with this conditions. These problems have to be solved for future continuous 1-MW and higher intensity operation. On this presentation, we will show beam and test pulse data and discuss about how to measure these problems.

Journal Articles

Flexible chopper gate pulse generation for the J-PARC RCS

Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yoshii, Masahito*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Hotchi, Hideaki; Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Harada, Hiroyuki

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011021_1 - 011021_6, 2021/03

Chopped beam injection is employed in the J-PARC RCS to avoid the longitudinal beam losses. A fast beam chopper is installed in the MEBT section of the linac. The chopper is driven by the gate pulses sent from the LLRF control system of the RCS. The delay from the zero crossing of the RCS rf and the width are set so that the beam pulse is injected into the proper phase position of the rf bucket. A unique feature of the J-PARC chopper gate pulse generation is thinning of the pulses. The thinning is useful to control the beam intensity without changing much the condition of the longitudinal painting. Also, the beam macro pulse can be trimmed down to a single intermediate pulse by setting the parameters. In this poster, we present the overview of the generation of the chopper gate pulse in the LLRF control system and various beam commissioning results utilizing the flexibility of it. Also, we discuss the upgrade of the chopper gate pulse generation.

Journal Articles

Analysis of J-HBC stripper foil for the J-PARC RCS

Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Saha, P. K.; Kinsho, Michikazu; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Okazaki, Hiroyuki*; Taguchi, Tomitsugu*; Yamada, Naoto*; Yamagata, Ryohei*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011019_1 - 011019_7, 2021/03

The multi-turn charge-exchange H$$^{-}$$ beam injection scheme with stripper foils is one of the key techniques to achieve a MW-class high power proton beam. The J-PARC RCS adopts Hybrid type Boron-doped Carbon (HBC) stripper foil, which was developed in KEK to improve the lifetime. Indeed, the RCS user operation confirmed that HBC foil has the great advantage of a longer lifetime against high beam irradiation. To examine characteristics of the HBC foils, various beam studies were performed, such as the stripping efficiency measurement and long-term observation with an H$$^{-}$$ beam in the J-PARC RCS, foil analysis using RBS, EDR and PIXE methods, and SEM and TEM observation after the ion beam irradiation in Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA) on National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST). Recently, the deposition apparatus for the HBC foils from the KEK Tsukuba-site was relocated to the JAEA Tokai-site, and we started fabrication of new HBC foil in 2017. (The new one fabricated in JAEA we call J-HBC foil.) And, we continue investigations in TIARA with the J-HBC foils. Furthermore, in-depth researches by changing the process parameters of the foil deposition are carried on. Recent results suggest that the amount of the boron doped in the foil is more important parameter than the ratio of the discharge amount of carbon from cathode and anode electrodes. In this presentation, we will report the details of recent analysis of the J-HBC foil.

Journal Articles

High voltage dependence measurement of beam loss monitor in J-PARC RCS

Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Kazami

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.475 - 477, 2020/09

J-PARC accelerators consist of linear accelerator (LINAC), 3GeV synchrotron (RCS) and main ring synchrotron (MR). RCS is an important facility delivering the beam to Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) and MR. In RCS 87 proportional counter type beam loss monitors (PBLM) are installed and it is protecting the equipments on the beam line from the radioactivation by alerting the machine protection system (MPS) when the integrated value of the beam loss in an accelerating cycle gets over the limit. In this presentation, -1000V to -2000V high voltage are adapted to PBLMs and output was measured. In result, some PBLMs where the beam loss is large enough, there are saturations around -1400V to -2000V about the peak value of beam loss but no saturation about integral value of beam loss. Also it is considered the new HV system which solves some issues of the on-going HV system.

Journal Articles

Results of 1-MW operation in J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Nomura, Masahiro; Suganuma, Kazuaki; Fujirai, Kosuke; Kamiya, Junichiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; et al.

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.209 - 213, 2020/09

The J-PARC 3GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) is aiming to provide the proton beam of very high power for neutron experiments and the main ring synchrotron. We have continued the beam commissioning and the output power from RCS have been increasing. In recent years, just before the summer shutdown period, we have been trying continuous supply of 1-MW high-intensity beam, which is the design value, to a neutron target. First trial was 1-hour continuous operation in July 2018, and second trial was 10-hours continuous in July 2019. In both cases, we achieved almost stable operation. Furthermore, in June 2020, we tried to operate continuously for over 40 hours. But in this case, some trouble occurred and the operation was frequently suspended. Through these continuous operation trials, we have identified issues for stable operation of 1 MW. In this presentation, we will report the results of 1-MW continuous operation and issues obtained from these results.

Journal Articles

First measurement and online monitoring of the stripper foil thinning and pinhole formation to achieve a longer foil lifetime in high-intensity accelerators

Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Kinsho, Michikazu; Irie, Yoshiro*

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 23(8), p.082801_1 - 082801_13, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:35.83(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

J-PARC 3-GeV RCS; 1-MW beam operation and beyond

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 15(7), p.P07022_1 - P07022_16, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:27.17(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Progress status in fabrication of HBC stripper foil for 3-GeV RCS at J-PARC in Tokai site

Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Saha, P. K.; Kinsho, Michikazu

EPJ Web of Conferences, 229, p.01001_1 - 01001_7, 2020/02

In the 3-GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), we adopted thick Hybrid type Boron-doped Carbon (HBC) stripper foil for the multi-turn H$$^{-}$$ charge-exchange injection. The HBC stripper foil developed at KEK has been successfully demonstrated to improve the foil lifetime significantly. Early manufacturing process of the stripper foil in the J-PARC had been carried out in following two steps: foil fabrication in KEK Tsukuba-site and foil preparation in JAEA Tokai-site. However, to proceed with the foil manufacturing in a same place efficiently, the carbon discharge arc-evaporation system for HBC stripper foil was removed from the Tsukuba-site and relocated in the Tokai-site. After reassembling of the carbon discharge arc-evaporation system, performance evaluation tests of new HBC foil which are produced at the JAEA Tokai site (J-HBC) are implemented at the TIARA facility of QST-Takasaki. As results of argon beam irradiation for lifetime evaluation, components analysis with RBS method, and impurity evaluation with micro-PIXE method, we can verify that the J-HBC foil performs pretty much equally to the original HBC foil. After the irradiation test by using 400MeV H$$^{-}$$ beam in the J-PARC RCS, user operation by using the J-HBC foil was successfully demonstrated for 10 days.

Journal Articles

Beam dynamics study for beam loss mitigation in the J-PARC RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Kasokuki, 16(2), p.109 - 118, 2019/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fabrication status of charge stripper foil for 3 GeV synchrotron of J-PARC

Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Takeda, Osamu*; Saeki, Riuji*; Muto, Masayoshi*

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.545 - 549, 2019/07

In the 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research complex (J-PARC), we adopted the carbon stripper foil for the multi-turn H- charge exchange injection. The charge exchange foil which use in RCS is fabricated by the arc discharge method with the boron doped carbon electrode. The foil fabricated this method is called HBC foil (Hybrid Boron mixed Carbon stripper foil). HBC foil had been developed at KEK. It has high durability for the beam irradiation damage. In past days, the foil fabrication process was conducted in KEK Tsukuba-site and the foil preparation process was conducted in JAEA Tokai-site. In 2017, the foil deposition apparatus has been relocated from KEK to JAEA, and we started both processes in Tokai-site. We carried out the offline beam irradiation test for the new HBC foil which fabricated in JAEA, and we confirmed that its performance is equivalent to the original HBC foil. Next we tested a new HBC foil with actual beam in RCS and we confirmed it could withstand 1 week beam irradiation. After that, we started user operation with the new HBC foil in 2018. So far we accomplished stable user operation for one year by using the new HBC foil only.

Journal Articles

Recent progress of the J-PARC RCS beam commissioning and operation; Efforts to realize a higher beam power beyond 1 MW

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.574 - 578, 2019/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Beam monitor data analysis of interlocked events at J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro*

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1096 - 1100, 2019/07

It is necessary to understand the reason why the accelerator has been interrupted due to beam loss or other machine mal function in order to keep high availability in long term period. At J-PARC RCS, 25 Hz rapid-cycling synchrotron, there is a system to record beam intensity and beam loss monitor signal for all pulses with 10 ms period. At this time, in addition, new system to archive data with better time resolution if interlocked events occurred has been introduced. Using these archived data, the events only RCS BLM gives MPS have been analyzed and it turns out that these events are related to the ion source discharge which makes very low intensity within less than a second. In this paper other typical events are presented and discuss how to improve the accelerator performance in future.

Journal Articles

The Fast measurement of the monitors data with the beam synchronized tag in J-PARC

Hatakeyama, Shuichiro*; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hayashi, Naoki

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.789 - 793, 2019/07

The J-PARC Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) accelerates 400 MeV LINAC beams up to 3 GeV, and distributes them to the Materials Life Science Experiment Facility (MLF) and the Main Ring Synchrotron (MR) in 25 Hz cycle. To prevent radiation damages from the beam loss and also to detect failures of machines an interlock mechanism called the Machine Protection System (MPS) is introduced. If the beam is stopped by the MPS we should recover it quickly for the users of experiment facilities. The MPS related to the beam dynamics is usually diagnosed by beam loss monitors (BLM), beam position monitors (BPM) and current transformers (CT). Data of these monitors should be distinguished MLF or MR since the parameters for the magnet and the RF systems are different between MLF and MR. We confirmed validity of the method to distinguish the beam destination by using the information of the beam synchronized tag from the reflective memory (RFM) when taking the monitor data in 25 Hz.

Journal Articles

Analysis of interlocked events based on beam instrumentation data at J-PARC Linac and RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Miura, Akihiko; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*

Proceedings of 7th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2018) (Internet), p.219 - 223, 2019/01

J-PARC is a multi-purpose facility. Accelerator stability is the one of important issues for users of this facility. To realize stable operation, we must collect data on interlocked events and analyze these data to determine the reasons for the occurrence of such events. In J-PARC Linac, data of interlocked events have been recorded using several some beam loss monitors and current monitors, and these data have been are analyzed and classified. In J-PARC RCS, new instrumentation is being introduced to obtain beam position. We discuss the present status and future plans related to this subject.

Journal Articles

Activation in injection area of J-PARC 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron and its countermeasures

Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamakawa, Emi*; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Miki, Nobuharu*; Kamiya, Junichiro; Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Horino, Koki*; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; et al.

ANS RPSD 2018; 20th Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division of ANS (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2018/08

The existing beam power of the J-PARC Rapid Cycling Synchrotron is up to 500 kW, and higher radiation doses are concentrated in the injection area. These activations are caused by the interaction between the foil and the beam. To reduce dose exposure to workers near the injection point, we study a new design of the injection scheme. Experience has shown that eddy currents are generated in the metal flange near the magnet owing to the pulsed magnetic field, and the temperature exceeds 100 degrees C. The shield installed in the new injection system needs to have a layer structure, in which an insulator is inserted between iron shields to reduce the eddy current. From the results of the shielding calculation, even if 1 mm of polyethylene was inserted between two 9-mm-thick SUS 316 plates, which serve as shielding material, the shielding performance was reduced only about 5%, and we confirmed that it would function well.

Journal Articles

Monitoring of the injected beam to the J-PARC RCS and BPM design for H0 dump line

Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1055 - 1059, 2018/08

The J-PARC Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) is designed as an 1-MW high power accelerator. It has been operated since 2007, and its injection energy and beam current are upgraded in 2014. Its operation is very smooth and provides the high intensity beam to the Material and Life science experimental facility (MLF) and the Main Ring (MR). The beam is injected with multi-turn mode. It is possible because the negative hydrogen ion beam from the Linac, H$$^{-}$$, and the circulating proton beam H$$^{+}$$ are different state. The H$$^{-}$$ is converted to H$$^{+}$$ at the injection point, where a charge stripper foil is set. A small fraction of the injected beam, which is not fully stripped, are transferred to the injection beam dump through H0 dump line to prevent un-necessary activation. Since the limit of beam dump is only 4 kW, which is about 3% of designed injection beam power 133 kW, the beam has to be stopped immediately in case of stripper foil break up incident.

165 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)