津田 修一; 佐藤 達彦; 小川 達彦; 佐々木 慎一*
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.060004_1 - 060004_6, 2016/11
辻村 憲雄; 吉田 忠義; 八島 浩*
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.050005_1 - 050005_6, 2016/11
The criticality accident alarm system (CAAS), recently developed and installed at the Tokai Reprocessing Plant of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, consists of a plastic scintillator combined with a cadmium-lined polyethylene moderator and thereby responds both to neutrons and rays. To evaluate the neutron absorbed dose rate response of the CAAS detector, a 24 keV quasi-monoenergetic neutron irradiation experiment was performed at the B-1 facility of Kyoto University Research Reactor. The evaluated neutron response of the detector was confirmed to be in reasonably good agreement with the prior computer-predicted response.
辻村 憲雄; 吉田 忠義; 星 勝也; 百瀬 琢麿
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.070008_1 - 070008_6, 2016/11
A study on the performance of the Panasonic ZP-1460 electronic personal dosemeter, the model used in the aftermath of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in March 2011, was conducted under actual exposure situations likely encountered in the plant. The tests pertained to (1) the dose rate response over dose rates 100 mSv/h and (2) the angular response on an anthropomorphic phantom exposed to the rotational and isotropic irradiation geometries. The test results confirmed that the dosemeter provides H(10) as a reasonably close estimate of the effective dose for any exposure geometries. The dosemeter response data evaluated in this study can be utilized for converting dosemeter readings to the absorbed dose to any organs and tissues for epidemiologic purposes.
酒井 卓郎; 安田 良; 飯倉 寛; 松林 政仁
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.020005_1 - 020005_6, 2016/11
We have developed novel fluorescent plates for high-resolution imaging. The devices consist of capillary plates and fine phosphor grains, namely each capillary is filled with the grains. We used the capillary plates (HAMAMATSU, J5112-25D25U1TB) as substrates. The thickness of the plate is 1 mm and the diameter of each hole is 25 m. The phosphor grains are sifted silver-activated zinc sulfide (ZnS:Ag). The mean particle size is approximately 7 m. The fabricated fluorescent plates are observed using an optical microscope and a scanning electron microscope. The observation results show that all capillaries are filled with grains very well. The imaging experiment is performed using a small X-ray source. The results show that the fluorescent plates are expected to be compatible with both spatial resolution and detection efficiency.
星 勝也; 吉田 忠義; 辻村 憲雄; 岡田 和彦
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.070009_1 - 070009_6, 2016/11
辻村 憲雄; 吉田 忠義; 星 勝也
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.070003_1 - 070003_7, 2016/11
To rationally judge the necessity of the contamination screening measurements required in the decontamination work regulations, a field study of the surface contamination density on the clothing of the workers engaged in decontamination operations was performed. The clothing and footwear of 20 workers was analyzed by high-purity germanium (HPGe) -ray spectroscopy. The maximum radiocesium activities (Cs + Cs) observed were 3600, 1300, and 2100 Bq for the work clothing, gloves, and boots, respectively, and the derived surface contamination densities were below the regulatory limit of 40 Bq/cm. The results of this field study suggest that the upper bounds of the surface contamination density on the work clothing, gloves, and boots are predictable from the maximum soil loading density on the surface of clothing and footwear and the radioactivity concentration in soil at the site.
佐藤 優樹; 村上 浩之*; 嶋岡 毅紘*; 坪田 雅功*; 金子 純一*
no journal, ,
Diamond crystals have long been recognized as an attractive material for radiation detectors because of their unique properties. The high electrical resistivity and high band gap energy of diamond crystal, compared with silicon-based solid-state detectors, makes it possible to operate with low noise performance. Fast responses with superior timing resolution are possible because of high carrier saturation velocities under high breakdown electric fields. Additionally, because of their high displacement energy, it is expected that diamond detectors will show superior radiation hardness compared with detectors made of other materials such as silicon. We have fabricated a charged-particle detector using single crystal (sc) diamond grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) to investigate the radiation hardness of the diamond detector. The radiation dose dependence of the output pulse height from the diamond detector was measured using proton beams generated by a pelletron accelerator. The total kinetic energy of accelerated protons was 2.4 MeV and the incident side of the detector was Au electrode. During an operation of the diamond detector under the proton beam bombardment, the polarization effect was not observed. Additionally, the radiation hardness performance for light ions was compared with that of silicon surface barrier detectors, and the diamond detector showed radiation hardness superior that of the silicon detectors.