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Development of heavy element chemistry at interfaces; Observing actinide complexes at the oil/water interface in solvent extraction by nonlinear vibrational spectroscopy

日下 良二; 渡邉 雅之

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 13(30), p.7065 - 7071, 2022/08

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:60.17(Chemistry, Physical)

Understanding the chemistry of elements at the bottom of the periodic table is a challenging goal in chemistry. Observing actinide species at interfaces using interface-selective second-order nonlinear optical spectroscopy, such as vibrational sum frequency generation (VSFG) spectroscopy, is a promising route for developing heavy element chemistry; however, such attempts are scarce. Here, we investigated the phase transfer mechanism of uranyl ions (UO$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$) in solvent extraction using the di-(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid (HDEHP) extractant dissolved in dodecane organic phase by probing the oil/water liquid-liquid interface using VSFG spectroscopy. The POO$$^{-}$$ symmetric stretch vibrational signals of the HDEHP ligands clearly demonstrated that uranyl ions form interfacial complexes with HDEHP at the oil/water interface. The interfacial uranyl-HDEHP complexes were formed with uranyl ions coming from both the aqueous and oil phases, strongly suggesting that the interfacial complex is an intermediate to cross the oil/water interface. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations proposed the molecular structure of the interfacial uranyl-HDEHP complex.


Using CO$$_{2}$$ Reactions to Achieve Mass-spectrometric Discrimination in Simultaneous Plutonium-isotope Speciation with Inductively Coupled Plasma-Tandem Mass Spectrometry

松枝 誠; 川上 智彦*; 小荒井 一真; 寺島 元基; 藤原 健壮; 飯島 和毅; 古川 真*; 高貝 慶隆*

Chemistry Letters, 51(7), p.678 - 682, 2022/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

誘導結合プラズマ質量分析法(ICP-MS)を用いて、複雑な同位体干渉を受けることなく、様々なPu同位体を同時に同定するための新しい方法論を開発した。ICP-MS/MS及びDRC内でのCO$$_{2}$$ガス反応を用いて、Pu同位体分析($$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{240}$$Pu, $$^{241}$$Pu, $$^{242}$$Pu, $$^{244}$$Pu)におけるAm, Cm, Uなどの同重体干渉によるバックグラウンドノイズ強度を除去した。


Polymer photonic crystals prepared by triblock copolymerization-induced ${it in situ}$ microphase separation

磯崎 祐嘉*; 東原口 誠也*; 金子 直矢*; 山崎 駿*; 谷口 竜王*; 唐津 孝*; 上田 祐生; 元川 竜平

Chemistry Letters, 51(6), p.625 - 628, 2022/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Polymer photonic crystals (PPCs) that selectively reflect visible light were prepared by triblock polymerization-induced ${it in situ}$ microphase separation via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization. The addition of homopolymer to the polymerization system swelled a specific phase of the microdomains, enabling the preparation of PPCs with long-wavelength structural colors. Small-angle neutron scattering confirmed the increase in the domain spacing of the lamellar microdomains with the addition of homopolymer, while maintaining their morphology.


Crystalline fully carboxylated polyacetylene obtained under high pressure as a Li-ion battery anode material

Wang, X.*; Tang, X.*; Zhang, P.*; Wang, Y.*; Gao, D.*; Liu, J.*; Hui, K.*; Wang, Y.*; Dong, X.*; 服部 高典; et al.

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 12(50), p.12055 - 12061, 2021/12

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:48.7(Chemistry, Physical)



Prediction of stability constants for novel chelates design in minor actinides partitioning over lanthanides using density functional theory calculation

金子 政志; 佐々木 祐二; 和田 恵梨子*; 中瀬 正彦*; 竹下 健二*

Chemistry Letters, 50(10), p.1765 - 1769, 2021/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

密度汎関数計算を用いて、マイナーアクチノイドとランタノイドの新規分離試薬の分子設計に向けて水溶液中におけるEu$$^{3+}$$及びAm$$^{3+}$$錯体の安定度定数を予想した。実験値の安定度定数の対数と計算した錯生成エンタルピーは、一次の決定係数R$$^{2}$$ $$>$$ 0.98で相関した。さらに、新規キレート配位子の安定度定数の予測を試み、ジエチレントリアミン五酢酸キレート配位子の誘導体が、酸性条件での使用やAm$$^{3+}$$分離性能の観点から有用であることが示唆された。


Highly-sensitive analysis of fluorescence XANES at Europium (Eu) L$$_{rm III}$$-edge for the determination of oxidation state for trace amount of Eu in natural samples by bragg-type crystal analyzer system

小長谷 莉未*; 河村 直己*; 山口 瑛子; 高橋 嘉夫*

Chemistry Letters, 50(8), p.1570 - 1572, 2021/08

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:30.08(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)



Electrochemical studies of uranium (IV) in an ionic liquid-DMF mixture to build a redox flow battery using uranium as an electrode active material

大内 和希; 小松 篤史; 鷹尾 康一朗*; 北辻 章浩; 渡邉 雅之

Chemistry Letters, 50(6), p.1169 - 1172, 2021/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)



Freezable and unfreezable hydration water; Distinct contributions to protein dynamics revealed by neutron scattering

山本 直樹*; 古府 麻衣子; 中島 健次; 中川 洋; 柴山 修哉*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 12(8), p.2172 - 2176, 2021/03

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:48.7(Chemistry, Physical)



Neutron spin-echo studies of the structural relaxation of network liquid ZnCl$$_2$$ at the structure factor primary peak and prepeak

Luo, P.*; Zhai, Y.*; Leao, J. B.*; 古府 麻衣子; 中島 健次; Faraone, A.*; Zhang, Y.*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 12(1), p.392 - 398, 2021/01

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:48.7(Chemistry, Physical)

典型的なネットワークイオン性液体ZnCl$$_2$$の第1およびプレ回折ピークでの微視的な構造緩和を中性子スピンエコー分光により調べた。第1構造ピークの緩和はプレピークのものより速く、活性化エネルギーは約33%高い。融点より十分高温においても、伸長指数関数で記述される緩和が観測された。驚くべきことに、とくに第1ピークにおいて、非指数関数性パラメータは冷却とともに急激に増加し、$$T_{rm m}$$に向かって緩和は伸長指数型から指数型へと変わる。これらの結果は、過冷却状態の典型的なガラス的ダイナミクスが平衡液体で現れること、2つの異なる空間スケールの運動の活性化エネルギーが冷却に伴うネットワーク構造の形成と関連していることを示唆する。


Gas barrier properties of chemical vapor-deposited graphene to oxygen imparted with sub-electronvolt kinetic energy

小川 修一*; 山口 尚人*; Holby, E. F.*; 山田 貴壽*; 吉越 章隆; 高桑 雄二*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 11(21), p.9159 - 9164, 2020/11

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:27.45(Chemistry, Physical)



Extraction and separation between light and heavy lanthanides by $$N,N,N',N'$$-tetraoctyl-diglycolamide from organic acid

佐々木 祐二; 松宮 正彦*; 中瀬 正彦*; 竹下 健二*

Chemistry Letters, 49(10), p.1216 - 1219, 2020/10

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:43.96(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)



Nanoscale relaxation in "Water-in-Salt" and "Water-in-Bisalt" electrolytes

Gonzal$'e$z, M. A.*; Borodin, O.*; 古府 麻衣子; 柴田 薫; 山田 武*; 山室 修*; Xu, K.*; Price, D. L.*; Saboungi, M.-L.*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 11(17), p.7279 - 7284, 2020/09

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:73.13(Chemistry, Physical)

"Water-in-salt" (WIS) and "water-in-bisalt" (WIBS) electrolytes have recently been developed for Li-ion batteries. We report Quasielastic Neutron Scattering (QENS) measurements on solutions of a WIS electrolyte at two concentrations, and a WIBS electrolyte at one concentration. The data were Fourier transformed to obtain experimental intermediate scattering functions (ISFs) and compared with corresponding quantities obtained from Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations. Both QENS and MD ISFs could be fitted well by a single stretched exponential function to obtain apparent translational diffusion coefficients for the water molecules. The QENS values agree well with the MD simulations for the solutions of a WIS electrolyte at two concentrations, but MD simulations predict a slower relaxation of water compared to QENS for the WIBS electrolyte. Comparison of the incoherent and coherent scattering reveals much faster water dynamics compared with structural relaxation of the ionic framework.


Local structure of rare earth elements (REE) in marine ferromanganese oxides by extended X-ray absorption fine structure and its comparison with REE in ion-adsorption type deposits

長澤 真*; Qin, H.-B.*; 山口 瑛子; 高橋 嘉夫*

Chemistry Letters, 49(8), p.909 - 911, 2020/08

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:7.37(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Speciation of rare earth elements (REE) in marine ferromanganese oxides (MFMO) was conducted by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and sequential extraction to compare the enrichment mechanisms and extraction rates between MFMO and ion-adsorption type deposits, which can be reasonably explained by the formation of inner- and outer-sphere complexes in the two materials for yttrium and other REE.


Nanostructural characterization of oleyl acid phosphate in poly-$$alpha$$-olefin using small-angle X-ray scattering

大場 洋次郎; 元川 竜平; 日野 正裕*; 足立 望*; 戸高 義一*; 井上 倫太郎*; 杉山 正明*

Chemistry Letters, 49(7), p.823 - 825, 2020/07

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Nanostructures in lubricants play a key role in lubrication properties. In this study, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) was applied to characterize the nanostructures of oleyl acid phosphate (OLAP) in base oil. The results show that OLAP forms reverse-micellar-like aggregates. This information from SAXS will drive further development of lubricants.


Surface coverage dependence of spin-to-charge current across Pt/MoS$$_{2}$$/Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ layers via longitudinal spin Seebeck effect

Lee, W.-Y.*; Park, N.-W.*; Kang, M.-S.*; Kim, G.-S.*; Jang, H. W.*; 齊藤 英治; Lee, S.-K.*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 11(13), p.5338 - 5344, 2020/07

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:69.17(Chemistry, Physical)

The voltage induced by the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) is affected by several factors, including the spin Hall angle of the normal metal (NM), the quality and magnetic properties of the ferromagnetic material (FM), and the interface conditions between the NM and FM bilayers in longitudinal spin Seebeck effect (LSSE) measurement. Specifically, the interface conditions in NM/FM systems via LSSE devices play a crucial role in determining the efficiency of spin current injection into the NM layer. In this letter, we report a new approach to controlling the efficiency of spin current injection into a Pt layer across a Pt/Y$$_{3}$$Fe$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ (YIG) interface by surface coverage of the intermediate layer. A continuous, large-area multilayer molybdenum dichalcogenide (MoS$$_{2}$$) thin film grown by chemical vapor deposition is inserted between the Pt and YIG layers in the LSSE configuration. We found that, when the large-area multilayer MoS$$_{2}$$ film was present, the measured ISHE-induced voltage and theoretically calculated spin current in the Pt/MoS$$_{2}$$/YIG trilayer increased by $$sim$$510% and 470%, respectively, compared to those of a Pt/YIG bilayer. The induced voltage and spin current were very sensitive to the surface conductance, which was affected by the surface coverage of the multilayer MoS$$_{2}$$ films in the LSSE measurement. Furthermore, the theoretically calculated spin current and spin mixing conductance in the trilayer geometry are in qualitatively good agreement with the experimental observations. These measurements enable us to explain the effect of the interface conditions on the spin Seebeck effect in spin transport.


Bromine-isotope selective ionization using field-free alignment of IBr isotopologues with a switched nanosecond laser pulse

赤木 浩*; 熊田 高之; 乙部 智仁*; 板倉 隆二*; 長谷川 宗良*; 大島 康裕*

Chemistry Letters, 49(4), p.416 - 418, 2020/04

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:7.37(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We demonstrate isotope selective ionization of I$$^{79}$$Br and I$$^{81}$$Br isotopologues using field-free alignment induced by a linearly-polarized nanosecond laser pulse with rapid turn off at the maximum. Following the switched nanosecond pulse irradiation, a 60-fs laser pulse ionizes one of the isotopologues preferentially. The ion yield ratio $$I$$(I$$^{81}$$Br$$^+$$)/$$I$$(I$$^{79}$$Br$$^+$$) varies in the range of 0.93-1.06, depending on time delay between the pulses. This is the first demonstration of laser isotope separation of heavy elements using field-free alignment and angular dependent ionization.


Sorption properties of aluminum hexacyanoferrate for platinum group elements

三島 理愛; 稲葉 優介*; 立岡 壮太郎*; 針貝 美樹*; 渡邊 真太*; 尾上 順*; 中瀬 正彦*; 松村 達郎; 竹下 健二*

Chemistry Letters, 49(1), p.83 - 86, 2020/01

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:15.09(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)



Segmental motions of proteins under non-native states evaluated using quasielastic neutron scattering

藤原 悟*; 松尾 龍人*; 杉本 泰伸*; 柴田 薫

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 10(23), p.7505 - 7509, 2019/12

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:27.98(Chemistry, Physical)

無秩序なポリペプチド鎖のダイナミクスの特性評価は、本質的に無秩序状態なタンパク質およびフォールディングプロセスに関連する非ネイティブ状態下のタンパク質の挙動を解明するために必要である。本研究では、小角X線散乱測定データと動的光散乱測定データと組み合わせて準弾性中性子散乱測定データから、タンパク質のセグメント運動と分子全体の拡散および局所側鎖運動を評価する方法を独自に開発した。そしてこの方法を、非フォールディング状態およびメルトグロビュール(MG)状態のタンパク質RNase Aに適用し、セグメント運動から生じる拡散係数を評価し、非フォールディング状態とMG状態で異なる値をとることを明らかにした。またこの方法で得られた値は、蛍光現象を用いた別の測定技術を使用して得られた値と一致していることも確認できた。これらの研究成果は、この方法の、さまざまな無秩序状態でのタンパク質の挙動を特徴付ける実行可能性だけでなく、有用性も示している。


Finding free-energy landmarks of chemical reactions

志賀 基之; Tuckerman, M. E.*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 9(21), p.6207 - 6214, 2018/11

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:21.77(Chemistry, Physical)



Rechargeable batteries based on stable redox reactions of disulfide included in a metal-organic framework as ligands

清水 剛志*; Wang, H.*; 谷藤 尚貴*; 松村 大樹; 吉村 真史*; 中西 康次*; 太田 俊明*; 吉川 浩史*

Chemistry Letters, 47(5), p.678 - 681, 2018/05

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:27.86(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Disulfide, which is a sub-group of organosulfides, has been studied as a promising cathode active material. Herein, to improve battery performance, we inserted disulfide into Cu-based metal organic framework (MOF) as a ligand. As a result, the disulfide inserted MOF exhibited a high capacity based on dual redox reactions of Cu ions and disulfide ligands, and a stable cycle performance. The S $$K$$-edge X-ray absorption fine structure analyses revealed a reversible cleavage and formation of S-S bond in the MOF during discharge and charge process.

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