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論文

In situ SR-XPS observation of Ni-assisted low-temperature formation of epitaxial graphene on 3C-SiC/Si

長谷川 美佳*; 菅原 健太*; 須藤 亮太*; 三本菅 正太*; 寺岡 有殿; 吉越 章隆; Filimonov, S.*; 吹留 博一*; 末光 眞希*

Nanoscale Research Letters, 10, p.421_1 - 421_6, 2015/10

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:48.8(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

グラフェンは、電子および光デバイスの有望な材料として注目されている。しかしながら、Si上のグラフェン(GOS)の形成には1473K以上の温度が必要となるため、Siテクノロジーとの相性は良いとは言えない。ここでは、Ni援用GOSのグラフェン形成に関して報告する。グラフェン形成温度が200K以上低下することを示し、加熱、アニール、冷却プロセス中の固相反応を放射光XPSで詳細に調べた。Ni/SiC反応の役割、Niシリサイド形成ばかりでなく炭化Ni形成がグラフェン形成に重要なプロセスであることを明にした。

論文

Contracted interlayer distance in graphene/sapphire heterostructure

圓谷 志郎; Antipina, L. Y.*; Avramov, P.*; 大伴 真名歩*; 松本 吉弘*; 平尾 法恵; 下山 巖; 楢本 洋*; 馬場 祐治; Sorokin, P. B.*; et al.

Nano Research, 8(5), p.1535 - 1545, 2015/05

 被引用回数:21 パーセンタイル:72.73(Chemistry, Physical)

Direct growth of graphene on insulators is expected to yield significant improvements in performance of graphene-based electronic and spintronic devices. In this study, we successfully reveal atomic arrangement and electronic properties of the coherent heterostructure of single-layer graphene and $$alpha$$-Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$(0001). In the atomic arrangement analysis of single-layer graphene on $$alpha$$-Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$(0001), we observed apparently contradicting results. The in-plane analysis shows that single-layer graphene grows not in the single-crystalline epitaxial manner but in the polycrystalline form with two strongly pronounced preferred orientations. This suggests the relatively weak interfacial interactions to be operative. But, we demonstrate that there exists unusually strong physical interactions between graphene and $$alpha$$-Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$(0001), as evidenced by the short vertical distance between graphene and $$alpha$$-Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$(0001) surface. The interfacial interactions are shown to be dominated by the electrostatic force involved in the graphene $$pi$$-system and the unsaturated electrons of the topmost O layer of $$alpha$$-Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$(0001) rather than the van der Waals interactions. Such feature causes hole doping into graphene, which gives graphene a chance to slide on the $$alpha$$-Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$(0001) surface with a small energy barrier despite the strong interfacial interactions.

論文

The Preparation, physicochemical properties, and the cohesive energy of liquid sodium containing titanium nanoparticles

斉藤 淳一; 伊丹 俊夫; 荒 邦章

Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 14(12), p.1298_1 - 1298_17, 2012/12

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:21.58(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Liquid sodium containing titanium nanoparticles (LSnanop) of 10 nm diameter was prepared by dispersing titanium nanoparticles (2 at.% Ti) into liquid sodium with the addition of stirring and ultrasonic sound wave. The titanium nanoparticles themselves were prepared by the vapor deposition method. This new liquid metal, LSnanop, shows a remarkable stability due to the Brownian motion of nanoparticles in liquid sodium medium. In addition, the difference of measured heat of reaction to water between this LSnanop and liquid sodium indicates the existence of cohesive energy between the liquid sodium medium and dispersed titanium nanoparticles. The origin of the cohesive energy, which serves to stabilize this new liquid metal, was explained by the model of screened nanoparticles in liquid sodium. In this model negatively charged nanoparticles with transferred electrons from liquid sodium are surrounded by the positively charged screening shell, which may inhibit the gathering of nanoparticles by the "Coulombic repulsion coating". The atomic volume of LSnanop shows the shrinkage from the linear law, which also suggests the existence of cohesive energy. The viscosity of LSnanop is almost same as that of liquid sodium. This behavior was explained by the Einstein equation. The surface tension of LSnanop is 17% larger than that of liquid sodium. The cohesive energy and the negative adsorption may be responsible to this increase. Titanium nanoparticles in liquid sodium seem to be free from the Coulomb fission. This new liquid metal containing nanoparticles suggests the possibility to prepare various stable suspensions with new properties.

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