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Experimental study on local damage to reinforced concrete panels subjected to oblique impact by projectiles

奥田 幸彦; 西田 明美; Kang, Z.; 坪田 張二; Li, Y.

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 9(2), p.021801_1 - 021801_12, 2023/04



ARKADIA; For the innovation of advanced nuclear reactor design

大島 宏之; 浅山 泰; 古川 智弘; 田中 正暁; 内堀 昭寛; 高田 孝; 関 暁之; 江沼 康弘

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 9(2), p.025001_1 - 025001_12, 2023/04



Validation of feedback reactivity evaluation models for plant dynamics analysis code during unprotected loss of heat sink event in sodium-cooled fast reactors

吉村 一夫; 堂田 哲広; 井川 健一*; 田中 正暁; 山野 秀将

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 9(2), p.021601_1 - 021601_9, 2023/04



Implementation of resonance upscattering treatment in FRENDY nuclear data processing system

山本 章夫*; 遠藤 知弘*; 千葉 豪*; 多田 健一

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 196(11), p.1267 - 1279, 2022/11

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Sensitivity coefficient evaluation of an accelerator-driven system using ROM-Lasso method

方野 量太; 山本 章夫*; 遠藤 知弘*

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 196(10), p.1194 - 1208, 2022/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

本研究では、炉心核特性の核反応断面積に対する感度係数を効率的に行うROM-Lasso法を提案した。本手法は、求めたい感度係数ベクトルを、Reduced Order Modeling (ROM)の考えた方に基づき、Active Subspace (AS)と呼ばれる部分空間基底で展開する。その後、各展開係数をランダムサンプリングにより得られる多数の微視的多群断面積摂動セットと炉心核特性を用いたLasso線形回帰によって求める。本手法はForward計算のみ実施するためAdjoint法の適用が困難な場合でも適用が可能である。さらに、ASは感度係数ベクトルをより少ない次元数で再現する実効的な部分空間であり、元の次元数(入力パラメータ数)より大幅に未知数を削減することから、ASを用いないLasso推定と比較し劇的に計算コストを改善する。本論文では検証計算としてADS燃焼計算における感度係数評価を行い、ASを求める具体的な処方を示し、提案手法の適用性を示した。


Post-test analyses of the CMMR-4 test

山下 拓哉; 間所 寛; 佐藤 一憲

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 8(2), p.021701_1 - 021701_13, 2022/04

Understanding the final distribution of core materials and their characteristics is important for decommissioning the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F). Such characteristics depend on the accident progression in each unit. However, boiling water reactor accident progression involves great uncertainty. This uncertainty, which was clarified by MAAP-MELCOR Crosswalk, cannot be resolved with existing knowledge and was thus addressed in this work through core material melting and relocation (CMMR) tests. For the test bundle, ZrO$$_{2}$$ pellets were installed instead of UO$$_{2}$$ pellets. A plasma heating system was used for the tests. In the CMMR-4 test, useful information was obtained on the core state just before slumping. The presence of macroscopic gas permeability of the core approaching ceramic fuel melting was confirmed, and the fuel columns remained standing, suggesting that the collapse of fuel columns, which is likely in the reactor condition, would not allow effective relocation of the hottest fuel away from the bottom of the core. This information will help us comprehend core degradation in boiling water reactors, similar to those in 1F. In addition, useful information on abrasive water suspension jet (AWSJ) cutting for debris-containing boride was obtained in the process of dismantling the test bundle. When the mixing debris that contains oxide, metal, and boride material is cut, AWSJ may be repelled by the boride in the debris, which may cut unexpected parts, thus generating a large amount of waste in cutting the boride part in the targeted debris. This information will help the decommissioning of 1F.


Reactor physics experiment on a graphite-moderated core to construct integral experiment database for HTGR

沖田 将一朗; 深谷 裕司; 左近 敦士*; 佐野 忠史*; 高橋 佳之*; 宇根崎 博信*

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 7 Pages, 2022/00

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In this paper, integral experiments on a graphite-moderated core were conducted at the B-rack of the Kyoto University Criticality Assembly in order to develop an integral experiment database for the applicability of data assimilation techniques to the neutronic design of a high-temperature gas-cooled reactor. The calculation/experiment-1 (C/E-1)values for the $$k_{rm eff}$$ values at critical cores with the major nuclear data libraries, such as JENDL-4.0, JENDL-5, JEFF-3.2, ENDF/B-VII.1, and ENDF/B-VIII.0, were calculated for the core. Of these, the $$k_{rm eff}$$ values with JENDL-5 with thermal neutron scattering law data for 30% porous graphite showed the best agreement with experimental values within 0.02% accuracy.


Experimental analyses of $$^{243}$$Am and $$^{235}$$U fission reaction rates at Kyoto University Critical Assembly

Pyeon, C. H.*; 大泉 昭人; 福島 昌宏

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 195(11), p.1144 - 1153, 2021/11

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

京都大学臨界集合体(KUCA)で2つの核分裂計数管を用い、$$^{243}$$Am/$$^{235}$$Uの核分裂率比を測定した結果、0.0424 $$pm$$ 0.0019であることが明らかとなった。連続エネルギーモンテカルロ計算コードMCNP-6.1を用いて本実験の解析モデルを構築し、3つの主要な核データライブラリ(JENDL-4.0, ENDF/B-VIII.0, JEFF-3.3)による$$^{243}$$Am/$$^{235}$$Uの核分裂率比の予測精度を検証した結果、それぞれ、0.93$$pm$$0.04, 0.94$$pm$$0.04, and 0.93$$pm$$0.04であることが明らかとなった。測定結果と計算結果を比較することにより、3つの主要な核データライブラリの$$^{243}$$Am核分裂断面積データが検証され、KUCAでの以前のマイナーアクチノイド照射実験と同じ精度であることが示された。また、この比較結果は、$$^{243}$$Am核分裂断面積データの精度の検証に資する$$^{243}$$Am核分裂率の積分実験を補足するデータとしても有効である。


Visualization of radioactive substances using a freely moving gamma-ray imager based on Structure from Motion

佐藤 優樹; 峯本 浩二郎*; 根本 誠*; 鳥居 建男

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 7(4), p.042003_1 - 042003_12, 2021/10

Technology for measuring and identifying the positions and distributions of radioactive substances is important for decommissioning work sites at nuclear power stations. A three-dimensional (3D) image reconstruction method that locates radioactive substances by integrating Structure-from-Motion (SfM) with a Compton camera (a type of gamma-ray imager) has been developed. From the photographs captured while freely moving in an experimental environment, a 3D structural model of the experimental environment was created. By projecting the radioactive substance image acquired by the Compton camera on the 3D structural model, the positions of the radioactive substance were visualized in 3D space. In a demonstration study, the $$^{137}$$Cs-radiation source was successfully visualized in the experimental environment captured by the freely moving cameras. In addition, how the imaging accuracy is affected by uncertainty in the self-localization of the Compton camera processed by SfM, and by positional uncertainty in the gamma-ray incidence determined by the sensors of the Compton camera was investigated. The created map depicts the positions of radioactive substances inside radiation work environments, such as decommissioning work sites at nuclear power stations.


Simulation study of a shield-free directional gamma-ray detector using Small-Angle Compton Scattering

北山 佳治; 寺阪 祐太; 佐藤 優樹; 鳥居 建男

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 7(4), p.042006_1 - 042006_7, 2021/10

Gamma-ray imaging is a technique to visualize the spatial distribution of radioactive materials. Recently, gamma-ray imaging has been applied to research on decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS) accident and environmental restoration, and active research has been conducted. This study is the elemental technology study of the new gamma-ray imager GISAS (Gamma-ray Imager using Small-Angle Scattering), which is assumed to be applied to the decommissioning site of FDNPS. GISAS consists of a set of directional gamma-ray detectors that do not require a shield. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of the shield free directional gamma-ray detector by simulation. The simulation result suggests that by measuring several keV of scattered electron energy by scatterer detector, gamma rays with ultra-small angle scattering could be selected. By using Compton scattering kinematics, a shield-free detector with directivity of about 10$$^{circ}$$ could be feasible. By arranging the directional gamma-ray detectors in an array, it is expected to realize the GISAS, which is small, light, and capable of quantitative measurement.


Feasibility study of the one-dimensional radiation distribution sensing method using an optical fiber sensor based on wavelength spectrum unfolding

寺阪 祐太; 渡辺 賢一*; 瓜谷 章*; 山崎 淳*; 佐藤 優樹; 鳥居 建男; 若井田 育夫

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 7(4), p.042002_1 - 042002_7, 2021/10



Effect of moderation condition on neutron multiplication factor distribution in $${1/f^beta}$$ random media

荒木 祥平; 山根 祐一; 植木 太郎; 外池 幸太郎

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 195(10), p.1107 - 1117, 2021/10

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:53.86(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Monte Carlo criticality calculation of random media formed by multimaterials mixture under extreme disorder

植木 太郎

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 195(2), p.214 - 226, 2021/02

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:47.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Judgment on convergence-in-distribution of Monte Carlo tallies under autocorrelation

植木 太郎

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 194(6), p.422 - 432, 2020/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Promising neutron irradiation applications at the high temperature engineering test reactor

Ho, H. Q.; 本多 友貴*; 濱本 真平; 石井 俊晃; 高田 昌二; 藤本 望*; 石塚 悦男

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 6(2), p.021902_1 - 021902_6, 2020/04

High temperature engineering test reactor (HTTR), a prismatic type of the HTGR, has been constructed to establish and upgrade the basic technologies for the HTGRs. Many irradiation regions are reserved in the HTTR to be served as a potential tool for an irradiation test reactor in order to promote innovative basic researches such as materials, fusion reactor technology, and radiation chemistry and so on. This study shows the overview of some possible irradiation applications at the HTTRs including neutron transmutation doping silicon (NTD-Si) and iodine-125 ($$^{125}$$I) productions. The HTTR has possibility to produce about 40 tons of doped Si-particles per year for fabrication of spherical silicon solar cell. Besides, the HTTR could also produce about 1.8$$times$$10$$^{5}$$ GBq/year of $$^{125}$$I isotope, comparing to 3.0$$times$$10$$^{3}$$ GBq of total $$^{125}$$I supplied in Japan in 2016.


A Study on sodium-concrete reaction in presence of internal heating

河口 宗道; 宮原 信哉*; 宇埜 正美*

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 6(2), p.021305_1 - 021305_9, 2020/04



Development of experimental technology for simulated fuel-assembly heating to address core-material-relocation behavior during severe accident

阿部 雄太; 山下 拓哉; 佐藤 一憲; 中桐 俊男; 石見 明洋

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 6(2), p.021113_1 - 021113_9, 2020/04

The authors are developing an experimental technology for simulating severe accident (SA) conditions using simulate fuel material (ZrO$$_{2}$$) that would contribute, not only to Fukushima Daiichi (1F) decommissioning, but also to enhance the safety of worldwide existing and future nuclear power plants through clarification of accident progression behavior. Nontransfer (NTR) type plasma, which has been in practical use with a large torch capacity as high as 2 MW, has the potential to heat subject materials to very high temperatures without selecting the target to be heated. When simulating 1F with SA code, the target of this core-material-melting and relocation (CMMR) experiment was to confirm that NTR plasma has a sufficient heating performance realizing large temperature gradients ($$>$$ 2000 K/m) expected under 1F conditions. The authors selected NTR-type plasma-heating technology that has the advantage of continuous heating in addition to its high-temperature level. The CMMR-2 experiments were carried out in 2017 applying the improved technology (higher heating power and controlled oxygen concentration). The CMMR-2 experiment adopted a 30-min heating period, wherein the power was increased to a level where a large temperature gradient was expected at the lower part of the core under actual 1F accident conditions. Most of the control blade and channel box migrated from the original position. After heating, the simulated fuel assembly was measured by X-ray computed tomography (CT) technology and by electron probe micro-analyzer (EPMA). CT pictures and elemental mapping demonstrated its excellent performance with rather good precision. Based on these results, an excellent perspective, in terms of applicability of the NTR-type plasma-heating technology to the SA experimental study, was obtained.


Evaluation of radiation effects on residents living around the NSRR under external hazards

求 惟子; 秋山 佳也; 村尾 裕之

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 6(2), p.021115_1 - 021115_11, 2020/04

NSRR(Nuclear Safety Research Reactor)は、TRIGA-ACPR型(Annular Core Pulse Reactor: 円環炉心パルス炉; GA社製)の研究炉で、反応度事故時の原子炉燃料の安全性を研究するため、燃料照射実験を行っている。福島第一発電所の事故後の新規制基準において、研究炉は施設のリスクに応じた規制(グレーデッドアプローチ)が行われている。グレーデッドアプローチを適用するにあたってNSRR施設のリスクレベルを明らかにするため、外的事象によって受ける周辺の公衆の放射線影響について評価した。そのうち、地震及び地震に伴って発生する津波並びに竜巻によってNSRRの安全機能を喪失した場合の影響評価の結果について報告する。評価の結果、地震及びそれに伴って発生する津波並びに竜巻よってNSRRの安全機能を喪失した場合においても、周辺の公衆の実効線量が5mSv/eventを下回ることから、NSRR施設のリスクが小さいことを確認した。


Systematic measurements and analyses for lead void reactivity worth in a plutonium core and two uranium cores with different enrichments

福島 昌宏; Goda, J.*; 大泉 昭人; Bounds, J.*; Cutler, T.*; Grove, T.*; Hayes, D.*; Hutchinson, J.*; McKenzie, G.*; McSpaden, A.*; et al.

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 194(2), p.138 - 153, 2020/02

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:39.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

鉛の断面積を検証するために、燃料組成の異なる3つの高速中性子スペクトル場における鉛ボイド反応度価値に関する一連の積分実験を、米国の国立臨界実験研究センターの臨界実験装置Cometを用いて系統的に実施した。今回、2016年と2017年に実施した高濃縮ウラン/鉛炉心と低濃縮ウラン/鉛炉心の実験に引き続き、プルトニウム/鉛炉心での実験が完了した。プルトニウム/鉛炉心の構築では、アルゴンヌ国立研究所のZero Power Physics Reactor(ZPPR)で1990年代まで使用されたプルトニウム燃料を用いている。また、高濃縮ウラン/鉛炉心に関して、実験の再現性を高精度・高精度で保証するデバイスをCometに新に設置し、2016年の実験手法の再検討を行い、実験データの再評価を実施した。更に、これらの燃料組成の異なる3つの炉心における鉛ボイド反応度価値の実験データを用いて、モンテカルロ計算コードMCNPバージョン6.1により、最新の核データライブラリJENDL-4.0およびENDF/B-VIII.0を検証した。その結果、ENDF/B-VIII.0は、全ての炉心における実験データの再現性が良好であることを確認した。一方、JENDL-4.0は、高濃縮ウラン/鉛炉心と低濃縮ウラン/鉛炉心における実験データを再現する一方で、プルトニウム/鉛炉心では、20%以上過大評価することが明らかになった。


Application of linear combination method to pulsed neutron source measurement at Kyoto University Critical Assembly

方野 量太; 山中 正朗*; Pyeon, C. H.*

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 193(12), p.1394 - 1402, 2019/12

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:50.24(Nuclear Science & Technology)


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